William K. Estes - Publications

1946-1962 Indiana University, Bloomington, Bloomington, IN, United States 
 1962-1968 Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 
 1968-1979 Rockefeller University, New York, NY, United States 
 1979-1999 Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States 
Learning & memory

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Year Citation  Score
2014 Murdock BB. Methodology in the study of human memory Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes (Volume 4): Attention and Memory. 91-131. DOI: 10.4324/9781315770338  1
2012 Estes WK. Gordon H. Bower: His life and times Memory and Mind: a Festschrift For Gordon H. Bower. 1-13. DOI: 10.4324/9780203809983  0.56
2008 Estes WK. Classification and Cognition Classification and Cognition. 1-294. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.001.0001  1
2005 Estes WK, Maddox WT. Risks of drawing inferences about cognitive processes from model fits to individual versus average performance. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 12: 403-8. PMID 16235625 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03193784  1
2004 Maddox WT, Estes WK. Predicting true patterns of cognitive performance from noisy data. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 11: 1129-35. PMID 15875987 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03196748  1
2002 Estes WK, Maddox WT. On the processes underlying stimulus-familiarity effects in recognition of words and nonwords. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 28: 1003-18. PMID 12450328 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.28.6.1003  1
2002 Estes WK. Traps in the route to models of memory and decision. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 9: 3-25. PMID 12026952 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03196254  1
1998 Estes WK. Models of human memory and their implications for research on aging and psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology. 10: 607-24. PMID 9886218  1
1997 Maddox WT, Estes WK. Direct and indirect stimulus-frequency effects in recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 23: 539-59. PMID 9165706 DOI: 10.1037//0278-7393.23.3.539  1
1997 Estes WK. Processes of memory loss, recovery, and distortion. Psychological Review. 104: 148-69. PMID 9009883 DOI: 10.1037/0033-295X.104.1.148  1
1997 Estes WK. On the communication of information by displays of standard errors and confidence intervals Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. 4: 330-341. DOI: 10.3758/Bf03210790  1
1997 Estes WK. Significance testing in psychological research: Some Persisting Issues Psychological Science. 8: 18-20.  1
1995 Estes WK, Maddox WT. Interactions of stimulus attributes, base rates, and feedback in recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 21: 1075-95. PMID 8744956  1
1994 Estes WK. Psychological science: The first 5 years Psychological Science. 5: 307-312. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1994.tb00276.x  1
1994 Estes WK. Toward a statistical theory of learning Psychological Review. 101: 282-289. DOI: 10.1037/h0058559  1
1993 Estes WK. Concepts, Categories, and Psychological Science Psychological Science. 4: 143-153. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1993.tb00478.x  1
1993 Estes WK. Models of Categorization and Category Learning Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. 29: 15-56. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-7421(08)60135-8  1
1991 Estes WK. Cognitive architectures from the standpoint of an experimental psychologist Annual Review of Psychology. 42: 1-28.  1
1989 Estes WK, Campbell JA, Hatsopoulos N, Hurwitz JB. Base-rate effects in category learning: a comparison of parallel network and memory storage-retrieval models. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 15: 556-71. PMID 2526853 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.15.4.556  1
1988 Estes WK. Toward a framework for combining connectionist and symbol-processing models Journal of Memory and Language. 27: 196-212. DOI: 10.1016/0749-596X(88)90073-3  1
1987 Estes WK, Brunn JL. Discriminability and bias in the word-superiority effect. Perception & Psychophysics. 42: 411-22. PMID 3696936 DOI: 10.3758/BF03209748  1
1987 Estes WK. Application of a cognitive-distance model to learning in a simulated travel task. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 13: 380-6. PMID 2956354  1
1986 Estes WK. Array models for category learning. Cognitive Psychology. 18: 500-49. PMID 3769427 DOI: 10.1016/0010-0285(86)90008-3  1
1986 Estes WK. Memory storage and retrieval processes in category learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 115: 155-74. PMID 2940314 DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.115.2.155  1
1985 Estes WK. Levels of association theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 11: 450-4. PMID 3160810 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.11.3.450  1
1984 Estes WK. Global and local control of choice behavior by cyclically varying outcome probabilities. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 10: 258-70. PMID 6242741 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.10.2.258  1
1982 Estes WK. Similarity-related channel interactions in visual processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance. 8: 353-82. PMID 6212628 DOI: 10.1037/0096-1523.8.3.353  1
1981 Lee CL, Estes WK. Item and order information in short-term memory: Evidence for multilevel perturbation processes Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 7: 149-169. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.7.3.149  1
1980 Estes WK. Is human memory obsolete? American Scientist. 68: 62-9. PMID 7406309  1
1979 Estes WK. Role of response availability in the effects of cued-recall tests on memory Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 5: 567-573. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.5.6.567  1
1979 Whitlow JW, Estes WK. Judgments of relative frequency in relation to shifts of event frequencies: Evidence for a limited-capacity model Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 5: 395-408. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.5.4.395  1
1977 Lee CL, Estes WK. Order and position in primary memory for letter strings Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 16: 395-418. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(77)80036-4  1
1976 Estes WK, Allmeyer DH, Reder SM. Serial position functions for letter identification at brief and extended exposure durations Perception & Psychophysics. 19: 1-15. DOI: 10.3758/BF03199379  1
1976 Estes WK. The cognitive side of probability learning Psychological Review. 83: 37-64. DOI: 10.1037/0033-295X.83.1.37  1
1976 Estes WK. Some Functions of Memory in Probability Learning and Choice Behavior Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. 10: 1-45. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-7421(08)60463-6  1
1975 Estes WK. The locus of inferential and perceptual processes in letter identification Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 104: 122-145. DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.104.2.122  1
1975 Estes WK. Some targets for mathematical psychology Journal of Mathematical Psychology. 12: 263-282. DOI: 10.1016/0022-2496(75)90025-5  1
1975 Estes WK. Human behavior in mathematical perspective American Scientist. 63: 649-655.  1
1974 Estes WK, Bjork EL, Skaar E. Detection of single letters and letters in words with changing vs unchanging mask characters Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society. 3: 201-203. DOI: 10.3758/BF03333444  1
1974 Estes WK. Redundancy of noise elements and signals in visual detection of letters Perception & Psychophysics. 16: 53-60. DOI: 10.3758/BF03203250  1
1973 Bjork EL, Estes WK. Letter identification in relation to linguistic context and masking conditions. Memory & Cognition. 1: 217-23. PMID 24214548 DOI: 10.3758/BF03198099  1
1973 Estes WK. Phonemic coding and rehearsal in short term memory for letter strings J.Verb.Learn.Verb.Behav.. 12: 360-372. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(73)80015-5  1
1973 Estes WK. Phonemic coding and rehearsal in short-term memory for letter strings Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 12: 360-372. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(73)80015-5  1
1972 Estes WK. Reinforcement in human behavior. American Scientist. 60: 723-9. PMID 5086051  1
1972 Estes WK. Elements and patterns in diagnostic discrimination learning. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences. 34: 84-95. PMID 4401392 DOI: 10.1111/J.2164-0947.1972.Tb02662.X  1
1972 Allen GA, Estes WK. Acquisition of correct choices and value judgments in binary choice learning with differential rewards Psychonomic Science. 27: 68-72. DOI: 10.3758/BF03328891  1
1972 Estes WK. Interactions of signal and background variables in visual processing Perception & Psychophysics. 12: 278-286. DOI: 10.3758/BF03207204  1
1972 Estes WK. Research and theory on the learning of probabilities Journal of the American Statistical Association. 67: 81-102. DOI: 10.1080/01621459.1972.10481210  1
1971 Estes WK, Wolford GL. Effects of spaces on report from tachistoscopically presented letter strings Psychonomic Science. 25: 77-80. DOI: 10.3758/BF03335853  1
1971 Bjork EL, Estes WK. Detection and placement of redundant signal elements in tachistoscopic displays of letters Perception & Psychophysics. 9: 439-442. DOI: 10.3758/BF03210248  1
1969 Allen GA, Mahler WA, Estes WK. Effects of recall tests on long-term retention of paired associates Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 8: 463-470.  1
1968 Stillings NA, Allen GA, Estes WK. Reaction time as a function of noncontingent reward magnitude Psychonomic Science. 10: 337-338. DOI: 10.3758/BF03331549  1
1968 Wolford GL, Wessel DL, Estes WK. Further evidence concerning scanning and sampling assumptions of visual detection models Perception & Psychophysics. 3: 439-444. DOI: 10.3758/BF03205751  1
1968 Humphreys MS, Allen GA, Estes WK. Learning of two-choice, differential reward problems with informational constraints on payoff combinations Journal of Mathematical Psychology. 5: 260-280.  1
1967 Estes WK, Da Polito F. Independent variation of information storage and retrieval processes in paired-associate learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 75: 18-26. PMID 6065833 DOI: 10.1037/h0024902  1
1966 Binder A, Estes WK. Transfer of response in visual recognition situations as a function of frequency variables. Psychological Monographs. 80: 1-26. PMID 5970219  1
1966 Estes WK. Transfer of verbal discriminations based on differential reward magnitudes. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 72: 276-83. PMID 4961105 DOI: 10.1037/h0023450  1
1966 Estes WK, Wessel DL. Reaction time in relation to display size and correctness of response in forced-choice visual signal detection Perception & Psychophysics. 1: 369-373. DOI: 10.3758/BF03215808  1
1966 Estes WK, Taylor HA. Visual detection in relation to display size and redundancy of critical elements I Perception & Psychophysics. 1: 9-16. DOI: 10.3758/BF03207814  1
1966 Estes WK. A Descriptive Approach to the Dynamics of Choice Behavior Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics. 44: 424-433. DOI: 10.1016/S0049-237X(09)70609-3  1
1965 Estes WK. Technique for Assessing Variability of Perceptual Span. Science (New York, N.Y.). 148: 665. PMID 17801946 DOI: 10.1126/science.148.3670.665-a  1
1965 Keller L, Cole M, Burke CJ, Estes WK. Reward and information values of trail outcomes in paired-associate learning. Psychological Monographs. 79: 12:1-21. PMID 5826220 DOI: 10.1037/H0093888  1
1965 Estes WK. A technique for assessing variability of perceptual span. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 54: 403-7. PMID 5217428 DOI: 10.1073/Pnas.54.2.403  1
1964 Estes WK. A Detection Method and Probabilistic Models for Assessing Information Processing from Brief Visual Displays. Science (New York, N.Y.). 144: 562. PMID 17836370 DOI: 10.1126/science.144.3618.562-a  1
1964 Estes WK. Editorial note Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 57: 1-2. DOI: 10.1037/h0038613  1
1962 ESTES WK. Learning theory. Annual Review of Psychology. 13: 107-44. PMID 13890856 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ps.13.020162.000543  1
1961 ESTES WK. A descriptive aproach to the dynamics of choice behavior. Behavioral Science. 6: 177-84. PMID 13697447  1
1961 ESTES WK, HOPKINS BL. Acquisition and transfer in pattern-vs.-component discrimination learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 61: 322-8. PMID 13697446 DOI: 10.1037/h0044590  1
1961 Estes WK. New developments in statistical behavior theory: Differential tests of axioms for associative learning Psychometrika. 26: 73-84. DOI: 10.1007/BF02289686  1
1960 ESTES WK. Learning theory and the new "mental chemistry". Psychological Review. 67: 207-23. PMID 13820869 DOI: 10.1037/h0041624  1
1960 ESTES WK, HOPKINS BL, CROTHERS EJ. All-or-none and conservation effects in the learning and retention of paired associates. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 60: 329-39. PMID 13697445 DOI: 10.1037/h0043400  1
1958 ESTES WK, JOHNS MD. Probability learning with ambiguity in the reinforcing stimulus. The American Journal of Psychology. 71: 219-28. PMID 13521032  1
1957 ESTES WK, BURKE CJ, ATKINSON RC, FRANKMANN JP. Probabilistic discrimination learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 54: 233-9. PMID 13481263 DOI: 10.1037/h0048585  1
1957 ESTES WK, LAUER DW. Conditions of invariance and modifiability in simple reversal learning. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 50: 199-206. PMID 13449207 DOI: 10.1037/h0047344  1
1957 Burke CJ, Estes WK. A component model for stimulus variables in discrimination learning Psychometrika. 22: 133-145. DOI: 10.1007/BF02289049  1
1957 Estes WK. Theory of learning with constant, variable, or contingent probabilities of reinforcement Psychometrika. 22: 113-132. DOI: 10.1007/BF02289048  1
1956 ESTES WK. The problem of inference from curves based on group data. Psychological Bulletin. 53: 134-40. PMID 13297917 DOI: 10.1037/h0045156  1
1956 ESTES WK. Learning. Annual Review of Psychology. 7: 1-38. PMID 13275914 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ps.07.020156.000245  1
1955 ESTES WK. Statistical theory of spontaneous recovery and regression. Psychological Review. 62: 145-54. PMID 14371893 DOI: 10.1037/h0048509  1
1955 LAUER DW, ESTES WK. Successive acquisitions and extenctions of a jumping habit in relation to schedule of reinforcement. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 48: 8-13. PMID 14354063 DOI: 10.1037/h0045009  1
1955 ESTES WK, SCHOEFFLER MS. Analysis of variables influencing alternation after forced trials. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 48: 357-62. PMID 13271600 DOI: 10.1037/h0043836  1
1955 ESTES WK. Statistical theory of distributional phenomena in learning. Psychological Review. 62: 369-77. PMID 13254976 DOI: 10.1037/h0046888  1
1955 ESTES WK, BURKE CJ. Application of a statistical model to simple discrimination learning in human subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 50: 81-8. PMID 13242746 DOI: 10.1037/h0045949  1
1954 BURKE CJ, ESTES WK, HELLYER S. Rate of verbal conditioning in relation to stimulus variability. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 48: 153-61. PMID 13201719 DOI: 10.1037/h0053945  1
1954 ESTES WK, STRAUGHAN JH. Analysis of a verbal conditional situation in terms of statistical learning theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 47: 225-34. PMID 13152299 DOI: 10.1037/h0060989  1
1953 ESTES WK, BURKE CJ. A theory of stimulus variability in learning. Psychological Review. 60: 276-86. PMID 13089006 DOI: 10.1037/h0055775  1
1950 ESTES WK. Effects of competing reactions on the conditioning curve for bar pressing. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 40: 200-5. PMID 15415517 DOI: 10.1037/h0062555  1
1950 ESTES WK. Some reflections on the concept of secondary drive--a reply to Professor Mowrer. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 43: 152-3. PMID 15415482 DOI: 10.1037/h0061592  1
1949 ESTES WK. A study of motivating conditions necessary for secondary reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 39: 306-10. PMID 18150774 DOI: 10.1037/h0062434  1
1949 ESTES WK. Generalization of secondary reinforcement from the primary drive. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 42: 286-95. PMID 18147978 DOI: 10.1037/h0058081  1
1949 GUTMAN N, ESTES WK. A modified apparatus for the study of operant behavior in the rat. The Journal of General Psychology. 41: 297-301, illust. PMID 15408028 DOI: 10.1080/00221309.1949.9711229  1
1948 Estes WK. Discriminative conditioning. II. Effects of a Pavlovian conditioned stimulus upon a subsequently established operant response Journal of Experimental Psychology. 38: 173-177. DOI: 10.1037/h0057525  1
1943 Estes WK. Discriminative conditioning. I. A discriminative property of conditioned anticipation Journal of Experimental Psychology. 32: 150-155. DOI: 10.1037/h0058316  1
1942 Estes WK. Spontaneous recovery from extinction in maze-bright and maze-dull rats Journal of Comparative Psychology. 34: 349-351. DOI: 10.1037/h0059411  1
1941 Estes WK, Skinner BF. Some quantitative properties of anxiety Journal of Experimental Psychology. 29: 390-400. DOI: 10.1037/h0062283  1
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