Kipling D. Williams - Publications

Affiliations: 
Psychological Sciences Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States 
Area:
Social Psychology

114 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Dvir M, Kelly JR, Tyler JM, Williams KD. I'm up here! Sexual objectification leads to feeling ostracized. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. PMID 32790469 DOI: 10.1037/pspi0000328  1
2019 Zhang D, Li S, Shao L, Hales AH, Williams KD, Teng F. Ostracism Increases Automatic Aggression: The Role of Anger and Forgiveness. Frontiers in Psychology. 10: 2659. PMID 31866894 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02659  1
2019 Reis HT, Nezlek JB, Suls J, Williams KD. Ladd Wheeler (1937-2018). The American Psychologist. 74: 987. PMID 31697132 DOI: 10.1037/amp0000499  0.48
2018 Dvir M, Kelly J, Williams KD. Is inclusion a valid control for ostracism? The Journal of Social Psychology. PMID 29621427 DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2018.1460301  1
2018 Ren D, Wesselmann ED, Williams KD. Hurt people hurt people: ostracism and aggression. Current Opinion in Psychology. 19: 34-38. PMID 29279219 DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.026  1
2017 Rudert SC, Hales AH, Greifeneder R, Williams KD. When Silence Is Not Golden: Why Acknowledgment Matters Even When Being Excluded. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. 43: 678-692. PMID 28903639 DOI: 10.1177/0146167217695554  1
2016 Hales AH, Kassner MP, Williams KD, Graziano WG. Disagreeableness as a Cause and Consequence of Ostracism. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. PMID 27044246 DOI: 10.1177/0146167216643933  1
2016 Ren D, Wesselmann E, Williams KD. Evidence for Another Response to Ostracism: Solitude Seeking Social Psychological and Personality Science. 7: 204-212. DOI: 10.1177/1948550615616169  1
2016 Hales AH, Wesselmann ED, Williams KD. Prayer, self-affirmation, and distraction improve recovery from short-term ostracism Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 64: 8-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2016.01.002  1
2016 Yaakobi E, Williams KD. Recalling an Attachment Event Moderates Distress After Ostracism European Journal of Personality. DOI: 10.1002/per.2050  1
2015 Wesselmann ED, Wirth JH, Pryor JB, Reeder GD, Williams KD. The Role of Burden and Deviation in Ostracizing Others. The Journal of Social Psychology. 155: 483-96. PMID 26267129 DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2015.1060935  0.56
2015 Nezlek JB, Wesselmann ED, Wheeler L, Williams KD. Ostracism in Everyday Life: The Effects of Ostracism on Those Who Ostracize. The Journal of Social Psychology. 155: 432-51. PMID 26267126 DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2015.1062351  1
2015 Yaakobi E, Williams KD. Ostracism and attachment orientation: Avoidants are less affected in both individualistic and collectivistic cultures. The British Journal of Social Psychology / the British Psychological Society. PMID 26227441 DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12122  1
2015 Meyer ML, Williams KD, Eisenberger NI. Why Social Pain Can Live on: Different Neural Mechanisms Are Associated with Reliving Social and Physical Pain. Plos One. 10: e0128294. PMID 26061877 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0128294  0.56
2015 Hartgerink CH, van Beest I, Wicherts JM, Williams KD. The ordinal effects of ostracism: a meta-analysis of 120 cyberball studies. Plos One. 10: e0127002. PMID 26023925 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127002  0.56
2015 Wesselmann ED, Ren D, Williams KD. Motivations for responses to ostracism. Frontiers in Psychology. 6: 40. PMID 25691876 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00040  1
2015 Wolf W, Levordashka A, Ruff JR, Kraaijeveld S, Lueckmann JM, Williams KD. Ostracism Online: A social media ostracism paradigm. Behavior Research Methods. 47: 361-73. PMID 24878596 DOI: 10.3758/s13428-014-0475-x  1
2015 Nezlek JB, Wesselmann ED, Wheeler L, Williams KD. Ostracism in Everyday Life: The Effects of Ostracism on Those Who Ostracize Journal of Social Psychology. 155: 432-451. DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2015.1062351  0.56
2015 Hales AH, Williams KD, Eckhardt CI. A participant walks into a bar...: Subjective intoxication buffers ostracism's negative effects Social Psychology. 46: 157-166. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000235  1
2014 McCarty MK, Kelly JR, Williams KD. The cognitive costs of the counter-stereotypic: gender, emotion, and social presence. The Journal of Social Psychology. 154: 447-62. PMID 25175993 DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2014.933160  1
2014 Xie Y, Liu S, Lu W, Yang Q, Williams KD, Binhazim AA, Carver BS, Matusik RJ, Chen Z. Slug regulates E-cadherin repression via p19Arf in prostate tumorigenesis. Molecular Oncology. 8: 1355-64. PMID 24910389 DOI: 10.1016/j.molonc.2014.05.006  1
2014 Riva P, Williams KD, Torstrick AM, Montali L. Orders to shoot (a camera): effects of ostracism on obedience. The Journal of Social Psychology. 154: 208-16. PMID 24873024 DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2014.883354  1
2014 Riva P, Williams KD, Gallucci M. The relationship between fear of social and physical threat and its effect on social distress and physical pain perception. Pain. 155: 485-93. PMID 24269494 DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2013.11.006  1
2014 Miller HC, Bourrasseau C, Williams KD, Molet M. There is no sweet escape from social pain: glucose does not attenuate the effects of ostracism. Physiology & Behavior. 124: 8-14. PMID 24184410 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.10.032  1
2014 Arriaga XB, Capezza NM, Reed JT, Wesselmann ED, Williams KD. With partners like you, who needs strangers? Ostracism involving a romantic partner Personal Relationships. 21: 557-569. DOI: 10.1111/pere.12048  1
2014 Riva P, Wesselmann ED, Wirth JH, Carter-Sowell AR, Williams KD. When Pain Does Not Heal: The Common Antecedents and Consequences of Chronic Social and Physical Pain Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 36: 329-346. DOI: 10.1080/01973533.2014.917975  1
2014 Iannone NE, McCarty MK, Kelly JR, Williams KD. Friends with each other but strangers to you: Source relationship softens ostracism's blow Group Dynamics. 18: 349-356. DOI: 10.1037/gdn0000018  1
2014 Wesselmann ED, Williams KD, Pryor JB, Eichler FA, Gill DM, Hogue JD. Revisiting Schachter's research on rejection, deviance, and communication (1951) Social Psychology. 45: 164-169. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000180  1
2013 Molet M, Macquet B, Lefebvre O, Williams KD. A focused attention intervention for coping with ostracism. Consciousness and Cognition. 22: 1262-70. PMID 24021854 DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2013.08.010  1
2013 Pryor JB, Reeder GD, Wesselmann ED, Williams KD, Wirth JH. The influence of social norms upon behavioral expressions of implicit and explicit weight-related stigma in an interactive game. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 86: 189-201. PMID 23766740  1
2013 Wesselmann ED, Williams KD, Hales AH. Vicarious ostracism. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7: 153. PMID 23630484 DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00153  1
2013 Saylor CF, Williams KD, Nida SA, McKenna ME, Twomey KE, Macias MM. Ostracism in pediatric populations: review of theory and research. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : Jdbp. 34: 279-87. PMID 23535341 DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e3182874127  1
2013 Wesselmann ED, Ren D, Swim E, Williams KD. Rumination hinders recovery from ostracism International Journal of Developmental Sciences. 7: 33-39. DOI: 10.3233/DEV-1312115  1
2013 Wesselmann ED, Williams KD. A commentary on 'cyberball: A reasonable paradigm for studying ostracism in developmental science?' International Journal of Developmental Sciences. 7: 57-63. DOI: 10.3233/DEV-1300070  1
2013 Wesselmann ED, Wirth JH, Pryor JB, Reeder GD, Williams KD. When Do We Ostracize? Social Psychological and Personality Science. 4: 108-115. DOI: 10.1177/1948550612443386  1
2013 Ren D, Wesselmann ED, Williams KD. Interdependent self-construal moderates coping with (but not the initial pain of) ostracism Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 16: 320-326. DOI: 10.1111/ajsp.12037  1
2013 Sebastian C, Viding E, Williams KD, Blakemore SJ. Corrigendum to "Social brain development and the affective consequences of ostracism in adolescence" [Brain and Cognition 72(1) (2010) 134-145] Brain and Cognition. 83: 92. DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2013.07.008  1
2012 Wesselmann ED, Wirth JH, Mroczek DK, Williams KD. Dial a feeling: Detecting moderation of affect decline during ostracism. Personality and Individual Differences. 53: 580-586. PMID 23585705 DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.04.039  1
2012 Kassner MP, Wesselmann ED, Law AT, Williams KD. Virtually ostracized: studying ostracism in immersive virtual environments. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking. 15: 399-403. PMID 22897472 DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2012.0113  1
2012 Ijzerman H, Gallucci M, Pouw WT, Weiβgerber SC, Van Doesum NJ, Williams KD. Cold-blooded loneliness: social exclusion leads to lower skin temperatures. Acta Psychologica. 140: 283-8. PMID 22717422 DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.05.002  1
2012 Wesselmann ED, Cardoso FD, Slater S, Williams KD. To be looked at as though air: civil attention matters. Psychological Science. 23: 166-8. PMID 22246319 DOI: 10.1177/0956797611427921  1
2012 Williams KD, Zadro L. Ostracism: On Being Ignored, Excluded, and Rejected Interpersonal Rejection. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.003.0002  1
2012 Hawes DJ, Zadro L, Fink E, Richardson R, O'Moore K, Griffiths B, Dadds MR, Williams KD. The effects of peer ostracism on children's cognitive processes European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 9: 599-613. DOI: 10.1080/17405629.2011.638815  1
2012 Saylor CF, Nida SA, Williams KD, Taylor LA, Smyth W, Twyman KA, MacIas MM, Spratt EG. Bullying and ostracism screening scales (BOSS): Development and applications Children's Health Care. 41: 322-343. DOI: 10.1080/02739615.2012.720962  1
2012 van Beest I, Carter-Sowell AR, van Dijk E, Williams KD. Groups being ostracized by groups: Is the pain shared, is recovery quicker, and are groups more likely to be aggressive? Group Dynamics. 16: 241-254. DOI: 10.1037/a0030104  1
2012 Schaafsma J, Williams KD. Exclusion, intergroup hostility, and religious fundamentalism Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 48: 829-837. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.02.015  1
2012 Chen Z, Williams KD. Imagined future social pain hurts more now than imagined future physical pain European Journal of Social Psychology. 42: 314-317. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.1861  1
2012 Wesselmann ED, Nairne JS, Williams KD. An evolutionary social psychological approach to studying the effects of ostracism Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology. 6: 309-328.  1
2011 Hawkley LC, Williams KD, Cacioppo JT. Responses to ostracism across adulthood. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 6: 234-43. PMID 20504868 DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsq045  1
2011 van Beest I, Williams KD. "Why hast thou forsaken me?" The effect of thinking about being ostracized by God on well-being and prosocial behavior Social Psychological and Personality Science. 2: 379-386. DOI: 10.1177/1948550610393312  1
2011 Van Beest I, Williams KD, Van Dijk E. Cyberbomb: Effects of being ostracized from a death game Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 14: 581-596. DOI: 10.1177/1368430210389084  1
2011 Williams KD, Nida SA. Ostracism: Consequences and coping Current Directions in Psychological Science. 20: 71-75. DOI: 10.1177/0963721411402480  1
2011 Wesselmann ED, Williams KD. Ostracism in cyberspace: Being ignored and excluded in electronic-based interactions Strategic Uses of Social Technology: An Interactive Perspective of Social Psychology. 127-144. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139042802.007  1
2011 Sacco DF, Wirth JH, Hugenberg K, Chen Z, Williams KD. The world in black and white: Ostracism enhances the categorical perception of social information Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 47: 836-842. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.03.001  1
2011 Riva P, Wirth JH, Williams KD. The consequences of pain: The social and physical pain overlap on psychological responses European Journal of Social Psychology. 41: 681-687. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.837  1
2010 Wesselmann ED, Butler FA, Williams KD, Pickett CL. Adding injury to insult: unexpected rejection leads to more aggressive responses. Aggressive Behavior. 36: 232-7. PMID 20540160 DOI: 10.1002/ab.20347  1
2010 Wirth JH, Sacco DF, Hugenberg K, Williams KD. Eye gaze as relational evaluation: averted eye gaze leads to feelings of ostracism and relational devaluation. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. 36: 869-82. PMID 20505162 DOI: 10.1177/0146167210370032  1
2010 Jamieson JP, Harkins SG, Williams KD. Need threat can motivate performance after ostracism. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. 36: 690-702. PMID 20388870 DOI: 10.1177/0146167209358882  1
2010 Sebastian C, Viding E, Williams KD, Blakemore SJ. Social brain development and the affective consequences of ostracism in adolescence. Brain and Cognition. 72: 134-45. PMID 19628323 DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2009.06.008  1
2010 DeWall CN, Twenge JM, Bushman B, Im C, Williams K. A Little Acceptance Goes a Long Way: Applying Social Impact Theory to the Rejection-Aggression Link Social Psychological and Personality Science. 1: 168-174. DOI: 10.1177/1948550610361387  1
2010 Williams KD. Dyads can be groups (and Often Are) Small Group Research. 41: 268-274. DOI: 10.1177/1046496409358619  1
2010 Wesselmann ED, Williams KD. The potential balm of religion and spirituality for recovering from ostracism Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion. 7: 31-49. DOI: 10.1080/14766080903497623  1
2010 Wirth JH, Lynam DR, Williams KD. When social pain is not automatic: Personality disorder traits buffer ostracism's immediate negative impact Journal of Research in Personality. 44: 397-401. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2010.03.001  1
2010 Goodwin SA, Williams KD, Carter-Sowell AR. The psychological sting of stigma: The costs of attributing ostracism to racism Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 46: 612-618. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.02.002  1
2009 Jones EE, Carter-Sowell AR, Kelly JR, Williams KD. 'I'm out of the loop': Ostracism through information exclusion Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 12: 157-174. DOI: 10.1177/1368430208101054  1
2009 Wirth JH, Williams KD. 'They don't like our kind': Consequences of being ostracized while possessing a group membership Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 12: 111-127. DOI: 10.1177/1368430208098780  1
2009 Williams KD, Carter-Sowell AR. Marginalization through social ostracism: Effects of being ignored and excluded Coping With Minority Status: Responses to Exclusion and Inclusion. 104-122. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511804465.006  1
2009 Williams KD. Chapter 6 Ostracism. A Temporal Need-Threat Model Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. 41: 275-314. DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2601(08)00406-1  1
2009 Wesselmann ED, Bagg D, Williams KD. "I Feel Your Pain": The effects of observing ostracism on the ostracism detection system Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 45: 1308-1311. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.08.003  1
2008 Chen Z, Williams KD, Fitness J, Newton NC. When hurt will not heal: exploring the capacity to relive social and physical pain. Psychological Science. 19: 789-95. PMID 18816286 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02158.x  1
2008 Jones EE, Williams KD, Brewer N. "I had a confidence epiphany!": Obstacles to combating post-identification confidence inflation. Law and Human Behavior. 32: 164-76. PMID 17874286 DOI: 10.1007/s10979-007-9101-0  1
2008 Oaten M, Williams KD, Jones A, Zadro L. The effects of ostracism on self-regulation in the socially anxious Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 27: 471-504. DOI: 10.1521/jscp.2008.27.5.471  1
2008 Carter-Sowell AR, Chen Z, Williams KD. Ostracism increases social susceptibility Social Influence. 3: 143-153. DOI: 10.1080/15534510802204868  1
2008 Williams KD. Editorial Social Influence. 3: 1-3. DOI: 10.1080/15534510801943565  1
2007 Williams KD. Ostracism. Annual Review of Psychology. 58: 425-52. PMID 16968209 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.58.110405.085641  1
2007 Gonsalkorale K, Williams KD. The KKK won't let me play: Ostracism even by a despised outgroup hurts European Journal of Social Psychology. 37: 1176-1186. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.392  1
2006 van Beest I, Williams KD. When inclusion costs and ostracism pays, ostracism still hurts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 91: 918-28. PMID 17059310 DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.91.5.918  1
2006 Williams KD, Jarvis B. Cyberball: a program for use in research on interpersonal ostracism and acceptance. Behavior Research Methods. 38: 174-80. PMID 16817529  1
2006 Howard MVA, Brewer N, Williams KD. How processing resources shape the influence of stealing thunder on mock-juror verdicts Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. 13: 60-66. DOI: 10.1375/pplt.13.1.60  1
2006 Knack JM, Chen Z, Williams KD, Jensen-Campbell LA. Opportunities and challenges for studying disaster survivors Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy. 6: 175-189. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-2415.2006.00116.x  1
2006 Warburton WA, Williams KD, Cairns DR. When ostracism leads to aggression: The moderating effects of control deprivation Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 42: 213-220. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.03.005  1
2006 Williams KD, Jarvis B. Cyberball: A program for use in research on interpersonal ostracism and acceptance Behavior Research Methods. 38: 174-180.  1
2005 Zadro L, Williams KD, Richardson R. Riding the 'O' train: Comparing the effects of Ostracism and verbal dispute on targets and sources Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 8: 125-143. DOI: 10.1177/1368430205051062  1
2005 Williams KD, Gerber J. Ostracism: The making of the ignored and excluded mind Interaction Studies. 6: 359-374. DOI: 10.1075/is.6.3.04wil  1
2005 Williams KD, Nida SA. Obliviously ostracizing singles Psychological Inquiry. 16: 127-130.  1
2004 Smith A, Williams KD. R u there? Ostracism by cell phone text messages Group Dynamics. 8: 291-301. DOI: 10.1037/1089-2699.8.4.291  1
2004 Warburton WA, Williams KD. Ostracism: When competing motivations collide Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. 294-313. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511735066.018  0.56
2004 Forgas JP, Williams KD, Laham SM. Social motivation: Introduction and overview Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. 1-18. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511735066.003  0.56
2004 Forgas JP, Williams KD, Laham SM. Preface Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. 17-20. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511735066.001  0.56
2004 Forgas JP, Williams KD, Laham SM. Social motivation: Conscious and unconscious processes Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. 1-386. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511735066  0.56
2004 Zadro L, Williams KD, Richardson R. How low can you go? Ostracism by a computer is sufficient to lower self-reported levels of belonging, control, self-esteem, and meaningful existence Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 40: 560-567. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2003.11.006  1
2004 Govan CL, Williams KD. Changing the affective valence of the stimulus items influences the IAT by re-defining the category labels Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 40: 357-365. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2003.07.002  1
2003 Eisenberger NI, Lieberman MD, Williams KD. Does rejection hurt? An FMRI study of social exclusion. Science (New York, N.Y.). 302: 290-2. PMID 14551436 DOI: 10.1126/science.1089134  1
2003 Dolnik L, Case TI, Williams KD. Stealing thunder as a courtroom tactic revisited: processes and boundaries. Law and Human Behavior. 27: 267-87. PMID 12794964 DOI: 10.1023/A:1023431823661  1
2003 Williams KD, Harkins SG, Karau SJ. Social performance The Sage Handbook of Social Psychology. 289-311. DOI: 10.4135/9781848608221.n13  1
2002 Williams KD, Govan CL, Croker V, Tynan D, Cruickshank M, Lam A. Investigations into differences between social- and cyberostracism Group Dynamics. 6: 65-77. DOI: 10.1037//1089-2699.6.1.65  1
2001 Sommer KL, Williams KD, Ciarocco NJ, Baumeister RF. When silence speaks louder than words: Explorations into the intrapsychic and interpersonal consequences of social ostracism Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 23: 225-243. DOI: 10.1207/153248301753225694  1
2001 Oliver KG, Huon GF, Zadro L, Williams KD. The role of interpersonal stress in overeating among high and low disinhibitors Eating Behaviors. 2: 19-26. DOI: 10.1016/S1471-0153(00)00020-9  1
2000 Williams KD, Cheung CK, Choi W. Cyberostracism: effects of being ignored over the Internet. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 79: 748-62. PMID 11079239  1
2000 Hogg MA, Williams KD. From I to we: Social identity and the collective self Group Dynamics. 4: 81-97. DOI: 10.1037//1089-2699.4.1.81  1
2000 Grahe JE, Williams KD, Hinsz VB. Teaching experimental methods while bringing smiles to your students' faces Teaching of Psychology. 27: 108-111.  1
2000 Karau SJ, Markus MJ, Williams KD. On the Elusive Search for Motivation Gains in Groups: Insights from the Collective Effort Model Zeitschrift Fur Sozialpsychologie. 31: 179-190.  1
2000 Williams KD, Bernieri FJ, Faulkner SL, Gada-Jain N, Grahe JE. The scarlet letter study: Five days of social ostracism Journal of Personal and Interpersonal Loss. 5: 19-63.  1
1998 Williams KD, Shore WJ, Grahe JE. The silent treatment: Perceptions of its behaviors and associated feelings Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. 1: 117-141. DOI: 10.1177/1368430298012002  1
1997 Williams KD, Sommer KL. Social ostracism by coworkers: Does rejection lead to loafing or compensation? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 23: 693-706.  1
1997 Karau SJ, Williams KD. The effects of group cohesiveness on social loafing and social compensation Group Dynamics. 1: 156-168.  1
1995 Karau SJ, Williams KD. Social Loafing: Research Findings, Implications, and Future Directions Current Directions in Psychological Science. 4: 134-140. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8721.ep10772570  1
1993 Williams KD, Bourgeois MJ, Croyle RT. The effects of stealing thunder in criminal and civil trials Law and Human Behavior. 17: 597-609. DOI: 10.1007/BF01044684  1
1993 Karau SJ, Williams KD. Social Loafing: A Meta-Analytic Review and Theoretical Integration Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 65: 681-706.  1
1991 Williams KD, Karau SJ. Social loafing and social compensation: the effects of expectations of co-worker performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 61: 570-81. PMID 1960649  1
1989 Williams KD, Williams KB. Impact of Source Strength on Two Compliance Techniques Basic and Applied Social Psychology. 10: 149-159. DOI: 10.1207/s15324834basp1002_5  1
1985 Jackson JM, Williams KD. Social Loafing on Difficult Tasks. Working Collectively Can Improve Performance Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 49: 937-942. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.49.4.937  1
1983 Williams KB, Williams KD. Social inhibition and asking for help: The effects of number, strength, and immediacy of potential help givers Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 44: 67-77. DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.44.1.67  1
1980 Petty RE, Harkins SG, Williams KD. The effects of group diffusion of cognitive effort on attitudes: An information-processing view Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 38: 81-92. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.38.1.81  1
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