Laura E. Schulz, Ph.D. - Publications

Psychology Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States 
Cognitive Development, Causal Inference

57 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Jara-Ettinger J, Schulz LE, Tenenbaum JB. The Naïve Utility Calculus as a unified, quantitative framework for action understanding. Cognitive Psychology. 123: 101334. PMID 32738590 DOI: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2020.101334  1
2019 Leonard JA, Garcia A, Schulz LE. How Adults' Actions, Outcomes, and Testimony Affect Preschoolers' Persistence. Child Development. PMID 31502258 DOI: 10.1111/cdev.13305  0.72
2019 Jara-Ettinger J, Floyd S, Huey H, Tenenbaum JB, Schulz LE. Social Pragmatics: Preschoolers Rely on Commonsense Psychology to Resolve Referential Underspecification. Child Development. PMID 31301068 DOI: 10.1111/cdev.13290  1
2018 Gweon H, Shafto P, Schulz L. Development of children's sensitivity to overinformativeness in learning and teaching. Developmental Psychology. PMID 30265027 DOI: 10.1037/dev0000580  1
2018 Gweon H, Shafto P, Schulz L. Development of children's sensitivity to overinformativeness in learning and teaching. Developmental Psychology. PMID 30265027 DOI: 10.1037/dev0000580  1
2018 Gweon H, Schulz L. From Exploration to Instruction: Children Learn From Exploration and Tailor Their Demonstrations to Observers' Goals and Competence. Child Development. PMID 29635785 DOI: 10.1111/cdev.13059  1
2018 Jara-Ettinger J, Sun F, Schulz L, Tenenbaum JB. Sensitivity to the Sampling Process Emerges From the Principle of Efficiency. Cognitive Science. PMID 29451315 DOI: 10.1111/cogs.12596  1
2018 Jara-Ettinger J, Sun F, Schulz L, Tenenbaum JB. Sensitivity to the Sampling Process Emerges From the Principle of Efficiency. Cognitive Science. PMID 29451315 DOI: 10.1111/cogs.12596  1
2017 Wu Y, Baker CL, Tenenbaum JB, Schulz LE. Rational Inference of Beliefs and Desires From Emotional Expressions. Cognitive Science. PMID 28986938 DOI: 10.1111/cogs.12548  1
2017 Leonard JA, Lee Y, Schulz LE. Infants make more attempts to achieve a goal when they see adults persist. Science (New York, N.Y.). 357: 1290-1294. PMID 28935806 DOI: 10.1126/science.aan2317  0.72
2017 Jara-Ettinger J, Floyd S, Tenenbaum JB, Schulz LE. Children Understand That Agents Maximize Expected Utilities. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. PMID 28714711 DOI: 10.1037/xge0000345  1
2017 Magid RW, Yan P, Siegel MH, Tenenbaum JB, Schulz LE. Changing minds: Children's inferences about third party belief revision. Developmental Science. PMID 28497524 DOI: 10.1111/desc.12553  1
2016 Jara-Ettinger J, Gweon H, Schulz LE, Tenenbaum JB. The Naïve Utility Calculus: Computational Principles Underlying Commonsense Psychology: (Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20, 589-604; July 19, 2016). Trends in Cognitive Sciences. PMID 27612984 DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2016.08.007  1
2016 Jara-Ettinger J, Gweon H, Schulz LE, Tenenbaum JB. The Naïve Utility Calculus: Computational Principles Underlying Commonsense Psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. PMID 27388875 DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2016.05.011  1
2016 Shneidman L, Gweon H, Schulz LE, Woodward AL. Learning From Others and Spontaneous Exploration: A Cross-Cultural Investigation. Child Development. 87: 723-35. PMID 27189400 DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12502  1
2015 Wu Y, Muentener P, Schulz LE. The Invisible Hand: Toddlers Connect Probabilistic Events With Agentive Causes. Cognitive Science. PMID 26452530 DOI: 10.1111/cogs.12309  1
2015 Jara-Ettinger J, Tenenbaum JB, Schulz LE. Not so innocent: toddlers' inferences about costs and culpability. Psychological Science. 26: 633-40. PMID 25870405 DOI: 10.1177/0956797615572806  1
2015 Jara-Ettinger J, Gweon H, Tenenbaum JB, Schulz LE. Children's understanding of the costs and rewards underlying rational action. Cognition. 140: 14-23. PMID 25867996 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.03.006  1
2015 Schulz L. Psychology. Infants explore the unexpected. Science (New York, N.Y.). 348: 42-3. PMID 25838368 DOI: 10.1126/science.aab0582  1
2015 Magid RW, Sheskin M, Schulz LE. Imagination and the generation of new ideas Cognitive Development. 34: 99-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2014.12.008  1
2014 Muentener P, Schulz L. Toddlers infer unobserved causes for spontaneous events. Frontiers in Psychology. 5: 1496. PMID 25566161 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01496  1
2014 Gweon H, Pelton H, Konopka JA, Schulz LE. Sins of omission: children selectively explore when teachers are under-informative. Cognition. 132: 335-41. PMID 24873737 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.04.013  1
2012 Schulz L. Finding new facts; thinking new thoughts. Advances in Child Development and Behavior. 43: 269-94. PMID 23205415 DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-397919-3.00010-1  1
2012 Muentener P, Friel D, Schulz L. Giving the giggles: prediction, intervention, and young children's representation of psychological events. Plos One. 7: e42495. PMID 22916130 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042495  1
2012 Schulz L. The origins of inquiry: inductive inference and exploration in early childhood. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 16: 382-9. PMID 22721579 DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.06.004  1
2012 Muentener P, Bonawitz E, Horowitz A, Schulz L. Mind the gap: investigating toddlers' sensitivity to contact relations in predictive events. Plos One. 7: e34061. PMID 22514616 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034061  1
2012 Bonawitz EB, van Schijndel TJ, Friel D, Schulz L. Children balance theories and evidence in exploration, explanation, and learning. Cognitive Psychology. 64: 215-34. PMID 22365179 DOI: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2011.12.002  1
2012 Muentener P, Schulz L. What Doesn't Go Without Saying: Communication, Induction, and Exploration Language Learning and Development. 8: 61-85. DOI: 10.1080/15475441.2011.616455  1
2012 Bonawitz E, Fischer A, Schulz L. Teaching 3.5-Year-Olds to Revise Their Beliefs Given Ambiguous Evidence Journal of Cognition and Development. 13: 266-280. DOI: 10.1080/15248372.2011.577701  1
2011 Gweon H, Schulz L. 16-month-olds rationally infer causes of failed actions. Science (New York, N.Y.). 332: 1524. PMID 21700866 DOI: 10.1126/science.1204493  1
2011 Cook C, Goodman ND, Schulz LE. Where science starts: spontaneous experiments in preschoolers' exploratory play. Cognition. 120: 341-9. PMID 21561605 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2011.03.003  1
2011 Bonawitz E, Shafto P, Gweon H, Goodman ND, Spelke E, Schulz L. The double-edged sword of pedagogy: Instruction limits spontaneous exploration and discovery. Cognition. 120: 322-30. PMID 21216395 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2010.10.001  1
2010 Kushnir T, Gopnik A, Lucas C, Schulz L. Inferring hidden causal structure. Cognitive Science. 34: 148-60. PMID 21564209 DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2009.01072.x  1
2010 Gweon H, Tenenbaum JB, Schulz LE. Infants consider both the sample and the sampling process in inductive generalization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 107: 9066-71. PMID 20435914 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1003095107  1
2010 Bonawitz EB, Ferranti D, Saxe R, Gopnik A, Meltzoff AN, Woodward J, Schulz LE. Just do it? Investigating the gap between prediction and action in toddlers' causal inferences. Cognition. 115: 104-17. PMID 20097329 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2009.12.001  1
2010 Richardson T, Schulz L, Gopnik A. Data-Mining Probabilists or Experimental Determinists? Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0014  1
2010 Schulz L, Kushnir T, Gopnik A. Learning From Doing: Intervention and Causal Inference Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0006  1
2010 Gopnik A, Schulz L. Introduction Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0001  1
2010 Gopnik A, Schulz L. Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. 1-358. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.001.0001  1
2009 Huber B, Bocchicchio M, Hauser I, Horstmann V, Jokeit G, May T, Meinert T, Robertson E, Schorlemmer H, Schulz L, Wagner W, Seidel M. Ambiguous results of an attempt to withdraw barbiturates in epilepsy patients with intellectual disability. Seizure. 18: 109-18. PMID 18760938 DOI: 10.1016/j.seizure.2008.07.006  1
2008 Shtulman A, Schulz L. The relation between essentialist beliefs and evolutionary reasoning. Cognitive Science. 32: 1049-62. PMID 21585442 DOI: 10.1080/03640210801897864  1
2008 Schulz LE, Goodman ND, Tenenbaum JB, Jenkins AC. Going beyond the evidence: abstract laws and preschoolers' responses to anomalous data. Cognition. 109: 211-23. PMID 18930186 DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2008.07.017  1
2008 Schulz LE, Standing HR, Bonawitz EB. Word, thought, and deed: the role of object categories in children's inductive inferences and exploratory play. Developmental Psychology. 44: 1266-76. PMID 18793061 DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.5.1266  1
2008 Schulz LE, Hooppell C, Jenkins AC. Judicious imitation: children differentially imitate deterministically and probabilistically effective actions. Child Development. 79: 395-410. PMID 18366430 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01132.x  1
2008 Bonawitz EB, Schulz L. Why learning can be hard: Preschooler's causal inferences Aaai Fall Symposium - Technical Report. 27-34.  1
2007 Schulz LE, Bonawitz EB, Griffiths TL. Can being scared cause tummy aches? Naive theories, ambiguous evidence, and preschoolers' causal inferences. Developmental Psychology. 43: 1124-39. PMID 17723040 DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.5.1124  1
2007 Schulz LE, Bonawitz EB. Serious fun: preschoolers engage in more exploratory play when evidence is confounded. Developmental Psychology. 43: 1045-50. PMID 17605535 DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.4.1045  1
2007 Schulz LE, Gopnik A, Glymour C. Preschool children learn about causal structure from conditional interventions. Developmental Science. 10: 322-32. PMID 17444973 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00587.x  1
2007 Bonawitz EB, Schulz L. Children's rational exploration Aaai Fall Symposium - Technical Report. 1-8.  1
2006 Saxe R, Schulz LE, Jiang YV. Reading minds versus following rules: dissociating theory of mind and executive control in the brain. Social Neuroscience. 1: 284-98. PMID 18633794 DOI: 10.1080/17470910601000446  1
2006 Schulz LE, Sommerville J. God does not play dice: causal determinism and preschoolers' causal inferences. Child Development. 77: 427-42. PMID 16611182 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00880.x  1
2004 Gopnik A, Schulz L. Mechanisms of theory formation in young children. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 8: 371-7. PMID 15335464 DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2004.06.005  1
2004 Leigland LA, Schulz LE, Janowsky JS. Age related changes in emotional memory. Neurobiology of Aging. 25: 1117-24. PMID 15212836 DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2003.10.015  1
2004 Huber B, Bömmel W, Hauser I, Horstmann V, Liem S, May T, Meinert T, Robertson E, Schulz L, Seidel M, Tomka-Hoffmeister M, Wagner W. Efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam in patients with therapy-resistant epilepsy and learning disabilities. Seizure. 13: 168-75. PMID 15010054 DOI: 10.1016/S1059-1311(03)00154-7  1
2004 Schulz LE, Gopnik A. Causal learning across domains. Developmental Psychology. 40: 162-76. PMID 14979758 DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.40.2.162  1
2004 Gopnik A, Glymour C, Sobel DM, Schulz LE, Kushnir T, Danks D. A theory of causal learning in children: causal maps and Bayes nets. Psychological Review. 111: 3-32. PMID 14756583 DOI: 10.1037/0033-295X.111.1.3  1
2001 Gopnik A, Sobel DM, Schulz LE, Glymour C. Causal learning mechanisms in very young children: two-, three-, and four-year-olds infer causal relations from patterns of variation and covariation. Developmental Psychology. 37: 620-9. PMID 11552758  1
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