R. Allen Gardner

University of Nevada at Reno, Reno, NV, United States 
Animal Behavior, Teaching Sign Language to Chimpanzees
"R. Allen Gardner"

Allen and his wife, the late Beatrice "Trixie" Gardner, were pioneers in the study of language learning in chimpanzees, first with the Washoe project and later (in the late 70's) with the second project involving Moja, Pili, Dar, and Tatu. More info on the project is at www.friendsofwashoe.org

Mean distance: 15.6 (cluster 25)
Cross-listing: LinguisTree - Animal Behavior Tree

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Scheel MH, Shaw HL, Gardner RA. (2015) More examples of chimpanzees teaching. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 38: e62
Bodamer MD, Gardner RA. (2002) How cross-fostered chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) initiate and maintain conversations. Journal of Comparative Psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983). 116: 12-26
Gardner RA, Van Cantfort TE, Gardner BT. (1992) Categorical replies to categorical questions by cross-fostered chimpanzees. The American Journal of Psychology. 105: 27-57
Drumm P, Gardner BT, Gardner RA. (1986) Vocal and gestural responses of cross-fostered chimpanzees. The American Journal of Psychology. 99: 1-29
Gardner BT, Gardner RA. (1985) Signs of intelligence in cross-fostered chimpanzees. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 308: 159-76
Gardner RA, Gardner BT. (1984) A vocabulary test for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Comparative Psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983). 98: 381-404
Gardner RA, Gardner BT. (1978) Comparative psychology and language acquisition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 309: 37-76
Gardner RA, Gardner BT. (1975) Early signs of language in child and chimpanzee. Science (New York, N.Y.). 187: 752-3
Gardner RA. (1970) The mutual storytelling technique. Use in the treatment of a child with post-traumatic neurosis. American Journal of Psychotherapy. 24: 419-39
Gardner RA, Gardner BT. (1969) Teaching sign language to a chimpanzee. Science (New York, N.Y.). 165: 664-72
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