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Robert A. Bjork - Publications

University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 
human learning and memory

114 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Imundo MN, Pan SC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Where and how to learn: The interactive benefits of contextual variation, restudying, and retrieval practice for learning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2006). 1747021820968483. PMID 33174522 DOI: 10.1177/1747021820968483  1
2020 Sana F, Yan VX, Clark CM, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Improving conceptual learning via pretests. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied. PMID 33090823 DOI: 10.1037/xap0000322  1
2020 Brabec JA, Pan SC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. True-False Testing on Trial: Guilty as Charged or Falsely Accused? Educational Psychology Review. 1-26. DOI: 10.1007/S10648-020-09546-W  1
2019 Bjork RA, Bjork EL. Forgetting as the friend of learning: implications for teaching and self-regulated learning. Advances in Physiology Education. 43: 164-167. PMID 30998108 DOI: 10.1152/advan.00001.2019  1
2017 Yan VX, Soderstrom NC, Seneviratna GS, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. How Should Exemplars Be Sequenced in Inductive Learning? Empirical Evidence Versus Learners' Opinions. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied. PMID 28816472 DOI: 10.1037/Xap0000139  1
2016 Sparck EM, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. On the learning benefits of confidence-weighted testing. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. 1: 3. PMID 28180154 DOI: 10.1186/s41235-016-0003-x  1
2016 Storm BC, Bjork RA. Do learners predict a shift from recency to primacy with delay? Memory & Cognition. PMID 27380499 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-016-0632-9  1
2016 Noh SM, Yan VX, Bjork RA, Maddox WT. Optimal sequencing during category learning: Testing a dual-learning systems perspective. Cognition. 155: 23-29. PMID 27343480 DOI: 10.1016/J.Cognition.2016.06.007  1
2016 Yan VX, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. On the Difficulty of Mending Metacognitive Illusions: A Priori Theories, Fluency Effects, and Misattributions of the Interleaving Benefit. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. PMID 27227415 DOI: 10.1037/xge0000177  1
2016 Kircanski K, Johnson DC, Mateen M, Bjork RA, Gotlib IH. Impaired Retrieval Inhibition of Threat Material in Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Clinical Psychological Science : a Journal of the Association For Psychological Science. 4: 320-327. PMID 27042388 DOI: 10.1177/2167702615590996  1
2016 Bjork RA, Yue CL. Commentary: Is disfluency desirable? Metacognition and Learning. 1-5. DOI: 10.1007/S11409-016-9156-8  1
2015 Soderstrom NC, Kerr TK, Bjork RA. The Critical Importance of Retrieval-and Spacing-for Learning. Psychological Science. PMID 26674128 DOI: 10.1177/0956797615617778  1
2015 Giebl S, Storm BC, Buchli DR, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Retrieval-induced Forgetting is Associated with Increased Positivity When Imagining the Future. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2006). 1-26. PMID 26329492 DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1085586  1
2015 Buchli DR, Storm BC, Bjork RA. Explaining retrieval-induced forgetting: A change in mental context between the study and restudy practice phases is not sufficient to cause forgetting. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2006). 1-33. PMID 26241795 DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1076866  1
2015 Cantor AD, Eslick AN, Marsh EJ, Bjork RA, Bjork EL. Multiple-choice tests stabilize access to marginal knowledge. Memory & Cognition. 43: 193-205. PMID 25201690 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-014-0462-6  1
2015 Bjork RA, Kroll JF. Desirable difficulties in vocabulary learning American Journal of Psychology. 128: 241-252. DOI: 10.5406/amerjpsyc.128.2.0241  1
2015 Soderstrom NC, Bjork RA. Learning Versus Performance: An Integrative Review Perspectives On Psychological Science. 10: 176-199. DOI: 10.1177/1745691615569000  1
2014 Yan VX, Yu Y, Garcia MA, Bjork RA. Why does guessing incorrectly enhance, rather than impair, retention? Memory & Cognition. 42: 1373-83. PMID 25120240 DOI: 10.3758/s13421-014-0454-6  1
2014 Noh SM, Yan VX, Vendetti MS, Castel AD, Bjork RA. Multilevel induction of categories: venomous snakes hijack the learning of lower category levels. Psychological Science. 25: 1592-9. PMID 24966070 DOI: 10.1177/0956797614535938  1
2014 Vlach HA, Sandhofer CM, Bjork RA. Equal spacing and expanding schedules in children's categorization and generalization. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 123: 129-37. PMID 24613074 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jecp.2014.01.004  1
2014 Storm BC, Friedman MC, Murayama K, Bjork RA. On the transfer of prior tests or study events to subsequent study. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 40: 115-24. PMID 23978234 DOI: 10.1037/A0034252  1
2014 Soderstrom NC, Bjork RA. Testing facilitates the regulation of subsequent study time Journal of Memory and Language. 73: 99-115. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jml.2014.03.003  1
2013 Cohen MS, Yan VX, Halamish V, Bjork RA. Do students think that difficult or valuable materials should be restudied sooner rather than later? Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 39: 1682-96. PMID 23565792 DOI: 10.1037/A0032425  1
2013 Birnbaum MS, Kornell N, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Why interleaving enhances inductive learning: the roles of discrimination and retrieval. Memory & Cognition. 41: 392-402. PMID 23138567 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-012-0272-7  1
2013 Bjork RA, Dunlosky J, Kornell N. Self-regulated learning: beliefs, techniques, and illusions. Annual Review of Psychology. 64: 417-44. PMID 23020639 DOI: 10.1146/Annurev-Psych-113011-143823  1
2013 Yue CL, Castel AD, Bjork RA. When disfluency is--and is not--a desirable difficulty: the influence of typeface clarity on metacognitive judgments and memory. Memory & Cognition. 41: 229-41. PMID 22976883 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-012-0255-8  1
2013 Hays MJ, Kornell N, Bjork RA. When and why a failed test potentiates the effectiveness of subsequent study. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 39: 290-6. PMID 22582968 DOI: 10.1037/A0028468  1
2013 Lindsay DS, Read JD. Adults memories of long-past events Memory and Society: Psychological Perspectives. 43-64. DOI: 10.4324/9780203086254  1
2013 Yue CL, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Reducing verbal redundancy in multimedia learning: An undesired desirable difficulty? Journal of Educational Psychology. 105: 266-277. DOI: 10.1037/A0031971  1
2012 Little JL, Bjork EL, Bjork RA, Angello G. Multiple-choice tests exonerated, at least of some charges: fostering test-induced learning and avoiding test-induced forgetting. Psychological Science. 23: 1337-44. PMID 23034566 DOI: 10.1177/0956797612443370  1
2012 Marsh EJ, Lozito JP, Umanath S, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Using verification feedback to correct errors made on a multiple-choice test. Memory (Hove, England). 20: 645-53. PMID 22640417 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2012.684882  1
2012 Storm BC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. On the durability of retrieval-induced forgetting Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 24: 617-629. DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2012.674030  1
2012 Yan VX, Thai KP, Bjork RA. Habits and beliefs that guide self-regulated learning: Do they varywith mindset Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. 3: 140-152. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jarmac.2014.04.003  1
2011 Finley JR, Benjamin AS, Hays MJ, Bjork RA, Kornell N. Benefits of Accumulating Versus Diminishing Cues in Recall. Journal of Memory and Language. 64: 289-298. PMID 21499516 DOI: 10.1016/J.Jml.2011.01.006  1
2011 Halamish V, Bjork RA. When does testing enhance retention? A distribution-based interpretation of retrieval as a memory modifier. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 37: 801-12. PMID 21480751 DOI: 10.1037/a0023219  1
2011 Roediger HL, Karpicke JD. Intricacies of spaced retrieval: A resolution Successful Remembering and Successful Forgetting: a Festschrift in Honor of Robert a. Bjork. 23-48. DOI: 10.4324/9780203842539  1
2011 Tulving E. Are there 256 different kinds of memory? The Foundations of Remembering: Essays in Honor of Henry L. Roediger, Iii. 39-52. DOI: 10.4324/9780203837672  1
2011 Kornell N, Bjork RA, Garcia MA. Why tests appear to prevent forgetting: A distribution-based bifurcation model Journal of Memory and Language. 65: 85-97. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jml.2011.04.002  1
2010 Hays MJ, Kornell N, Bjork RA. The costs and benefits of providing feedback during learning. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 17: 797-801. PMID 21169571 DOI: 10.3758/Pbr.17.6.797  1
2010 Francis WS, Fernandez NP, Bjork RA. Conceptual and non-conceptual repetition priming in category exemplar generation: Evidence from bilinguals. Memory (Hove, England). 18: 787-98. PMID 20924951 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2010.511234  1
2010 Kornell N, Castel AD, Eich TS, Bjork RA. Spacing as the friend of both memory and induction in young and older adults. Psychology and Aging. 25: 498-503. PMID 20545435 DOI: 10.1037/A0017807  1
2010 Storm BC, Bjork RA, Storm JC. Optimizing retrieval as a learning event: when and why expanding retrieval practice enhances long-term retention. Memory & Cognition. 38: 244-53. PMID 20173196 DOI: 10.3758/Mc.38.2.244  1
2009 Kornell N, Bjork RA. A stability bias in human memory: overestimating remembering and underestimating learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 138: 449-68. PMID 19883130 DOI: 10.1037/A0017350  1
2009 Kornell N, Hays MJ, Bjork RA. Unsuccessful retrieval attempts enhance subsequent learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 35: 989-98. PMID 19586265 DOI: 10.1037/A0015729  1
2009 Pashler H, McDaniel M, Rohrer D, Bjork R. Learning styles concepts and evidence Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Supplement. 9: 105-119. DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6053.2009.01038.x  1
2008 Kornell N, Bjork RA. Learning concepts and categories: is spacing the "enemy of induction"? Psychological Science. 19: 585-92. PMID 18578849 DOI: 10.1111/J.1467-9280.2008.02127.X  1
2008 Kimbal DR, Bjork EL, Bjork RA, Smith TA. Part-list cuing and the dynamics of false recall. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 15: 296-301. PMID 18488643 DOI: 10.3758/Pbr.15.2.296  1
2008 Bell DS, Harless CE, Higa JK, Bjork EL, Bjork RA, Bazargan M, Mangione CM. Knowledge retention after an online tutorial: a randomized educational experiment among resident physicians. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 23: 1164-71. PMID 18446414 DOI: 10.1007/s11606-008-0604-2  1
2008 Kircanski K, Craske MG, Bjork RA. Thought suppression enhances memory bias for threat material. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 46: 462-76. PMID 18308292 DOI: 10.1016/J.Brat.2008.01.009  1
2008 Kornell N, Bjork RA. Optimising self-regulated study: the benefits - and costs - of dropping flashcards. Memory (Hove, England). 16: 125-36. PMID 18286417 DOI: 10.1080/09658210701763899  1
2008 Storm BC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Accelerated relearning after retrieval-induced forgetting: the benefit of being forgotten. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 34: 230-6. PMID 18194065 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.34.1.230  1
2008 Richland LE, Linn MC, Bjork RA. Instruction Handbook of Applied Cognition, Second Edition. 553-583. DOI: 10.1002/9780470713181.ch21  1
2007 Kornell N, Bjork RA. The promise and perils of self-regulated study. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 14: 219-24. PMID 17694904 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03194055  1
2007 Marsh EJ, Roediger HL, Bjork RA, Bjork EL. The memorial consequences of multiple-choice testing. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 14: 194-9. PMID 17694900 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03194051  1
2007 Storm BC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. When intended remembering leads to unintended forgetting. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (2006). 60: 909-15. PMID 17616909 DOI: 10.1080/17470210701288706  1
2007 Buzsáki G, Hasher L, Anderson MC, MacLeod CM, Bjork RA. Inhibition Science of Memory: Concepts. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0014  1
2006 Storm BC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA, Nestojko JF. Is retrieval success a necessary condition for retrieval-induced forgetting? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 13: 1023-7. PMID 17484429 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03213919  1
2006 Koriat A, Bjork RA. Illusions of competence during study can be remedied by manipulations that enhance learners' sensitivity to retrieval conditions at test. Memory & Cognition. 34: 959-72. PMID 17128596 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03193244  1
2006 Koriat A, Bjork RA. Mending metacognitive illusions: a comparison of mnemonic-based and theory-based procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 32: 1133-45. PMID 16938051 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.32.5.1133  1
2006 Koriat A, Fiedler K, Bjork RA. Inflation of conditional predictions. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 135: 429-47. PMID 16846273 DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.135.3.429  1
2006 Koriat A, Ma'ayan H, Sheffer L, Bjork RA. Exploring a mnemonic debiasing account of the underconfidence-with-practice effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 32: 595-608. PMID 16719669 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.32.3.595  1
2006 Spellman BA, De Loache J, Bjork RA. Making claims in papers and talks Critical Thinking in Psychology. 177-195. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511804632.012  1
2005 Koriat A, Bjork RA. Illusions of competence in monitoring one's knowledge during study. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 31: 187-94. PMID 15755238 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.31.2.187  1
2005 Appleton-Knapp SL, Bjork RA, Wickens TD. Examining the spacing effect in advertising: Encoding variability, retrieval processes, and their interaction Journal of Consumer Research. 32: 266-276. DOI: 10.1086/432236  1
2005 Storm BC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Social metacognitive judgments: The role of retrieval-induced forgetting in person memory and impressions Journal of Memory and Language. 52: 535-550. DOI: 10.1016/J.Jml.2005.01.008  1
2004 Koriat A, Bjork RA, Sheffer L, Bar SK. Predicting one's own forgetting: the role of experience-based and theory-based processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 133: 643-56. PMID 15584811 DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.133.4.643  1
2003 Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Intentional forgetting can increase, not decrease, residual influences of to-be-forgotten information. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 29: 524-31. PMID 12924855 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.29.4.524  1
2002 Simon DA, Bjork RA. Models of performance in learning multisegment movement tasks: consequences for acquisition, retention, and judgments of learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied. 8: 222-32. PMID 12570097 DOI: 10.1037//1076-898X.8.4.222  1
2002 Kimball DR, Bjork RA. Influences of intentional and unintentional forgetting on false memories. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 131: 116-30. PMID 11900099 DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.131.1.116  1
2001 Wagner AD, Maril A, Bjork RA, Schacter DL. Prefrontal contributions to executive control: fMRI evidence for functional distinctions within lateral Prefrontal cortex. Neuroimage. 14: 1337-47. PMID 11707089 DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0936  1
2001 Simon DA, Bjork RA. Metacognition in motor learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 27: 907-12. PMID 11486923 DOI: 10.1037//0278-7393.27.4.907  1
2000 Ceci SJ, Bjork RA. Psychological Science in the Public Interest: the case for juried analyses. Psychological Science. 11: 177-8. PMID 11273399 DOI: 10.1111/1467-9280.00237  1
2000 Fritz CO, Morris PE, Bjork RA, Gelman R, Wickens TD. When further learning fails: stability and change following repeated presentation of text. British Journal of Psychology (London, England : 1953). 91: 493-511. PMID 11104175 DOI: 10.1348/000712600161952  1
2000 Anderson MC, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Retrieval-induced forgetting: evidence for a recall-specific mechanism. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 7: 522-30. PMID 11082860 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03214366  1
2000 Bjork RA. Independence of scientific publishing. Reaffirming the principle. The American Psychologist. 55: 981-4. PMID 11036696 DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.55.9.981  1
2000 Benjamin AS, Bjork RA. On the relationship between recognition speed and accuracy for words rehearsed via rote versus elaborative rehearsal. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 26: 638-48. PMID 10855422 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.26.3.638  1
1999 Lang AJ, Craske MG, Bjork RA. Implications of a New Theory of Disuse for the Treatment of Emotional Disorders Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. 6: 80-94. DOI: 10.1093/Clipsy.6.1.80  1
1999 Bjork RA. Assessing our own competence: Heuristics and illusions Attention and Performance. 17: 433-459.  1
1998 Benjamin AS, Bjork RA, Hirshman E. Predicting the future and reconstructing the past: a Bayesian characterization of the utility of subjective fluency. Acta Psychologica. 98: 267-90. PMID 9621834 DOI: 10.1016/S0001-6918(97)00046-2  1
1998 Benjamin AS, Bjork RA, Schwartz BL. The mismeasure of memory: when retrieval fluency is misleading as a metamnemonic index. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 127: 55-68. PMID 9503651 DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.127.1.55  1
1997 Schwartz BL, Benjamin AS, Bjork RA. The inferential and experiential bases of metamemory Current Directions in Psychological Science. 6: 132-137. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8721.Ep10772899  1
1997 Benjamin AS, Bjork RA. Problematic aspects of embodied memory Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 20: 20. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X97230013  1
1996 Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Continuing Influences of To-Be-Forgotten Information Consciousness and Cognition. 5: 176-96. PMID 8978530  1
1996 de Winstanley PA, Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Generation effects and the lack thereof: the role of transfer-appropriate processing. Memory (Hove, England). 4: 31-48. PMID 8821084 DOI: 10.1080/741940667  1
1996 Bjork EL, Bjork RA. Continuing influences of to-be-forgotten information. Consciousness and Cognition. 5: 176-96. PMID 8733930 DOI: 10.1006/ccog.1996.0011  1
1995 Shaw JS, Bjork RA, Handal A. Retrieval-induced forgetting in an eyewitness-memory paradigm. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 2: 249-53. PMID 24203660 DOI: 10.3758/BF03210965  1
1995 Bjork RA. Editorial Psychological Review. 102: 3.  1
1994 Richardson-Klavehn A, Lee MG, Joubran R, Bjork RA. Intention and awareness in perceptual identification priming. Memory & Cognition. 22: 293-312. PMID 8007833 DOI: 10.3758/BF03200858  1
1994 Anderson MC, Bjork RA, Bjork EL. Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 20: 1063-87. PMID 7931095 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.20.5.1063  1
1992 Spellman Ba, Bjork Ra. When Predictions Create Reality: Judgments of Learning May Alter What They Are Intended to Assess Psychological Science. 3: 315-316. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1992.tb00680.x  1
1992 Schmidt RA, Bjork RA. New Conceptualizations of Practice: Common Principles in Three Paradigms Suggest New Concepts for Training Psychological Science. 3: 207-217. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1992.tb00029.x  1
1991 Metcalfe J, Bjork RA. Composite models never (well, hardly ever) compromise: reply to Schooler and Tanaka (1991) Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 120: 203-10. PMID 1830611 DOI: 10.1037//0096-3445.120.2.203  1
1988 Richardson-Klavehn A, Bjork RA. Primary versus secondary rehearsal in an imagined voice: Differential effects on recognition memory and perceptual identification Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society. 26: 187-190. DOI: 10.3758/BF03337282  1
1988 Hirshman E, Bjork RA. The Generation Effect: Support for a Two-Factor Theory Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 14: 484-494. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.14.3.484  1
1985 Jahnke JC, Bower RE, Bjork RA. The stimulus prefix is not irrelevant and is redundant in different ways. Memory & Cognition. 13: 501-6. PMID 3831707 DOI: 10.3758/BF03198320  1
1983 Geiselman RE, Bjork RA, Fishman DL. Disrupted retrieval in directed forgetting: a link with posthypnotic amnesia. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General. 112: 58-72. PMID 6221062 DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.112.1.58  1
1982 Bjork RA. Editorial: Some Observations on a Year's Worth of Manuscripts Memory & Cognition. 10: 1. DOI: 10.3758/BF03197619  1
1980 Geiselman RE, Bjork RA. Primary versus secondary rehearsal in imagined voices: differential effects on recognition. Cognitive Psychology. 12: 188-205. PMID 7371376 DOI: 10.1016/0010-0285(80)90008-0  1
1978 Smith SM, Glenberg A, Bjork RA. Environmental context and human memory Memory & Cognition. 6: 342-353. DOI: 10.3758/Bf03197465  1
1978 Bjork RA, Geiselman RE. Constituent processes in the differentiation of items in memory Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 4: 347-361. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.4.4.347  1
1978 Bjork RA. The Updating of Human Memory Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. 12: 235-259. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-7421(08)60011-0  1
1977 Whitten WB, Bjork RA. Learning from tests: Effects of spacing Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 16: 465-478. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(77)80040-6  1
1975 Jongeward RH, Woodward AE, Bjork RA. The relative roles of input and output mechanisms in directed forgetting. Memory & Cognition. 3: 51-7. PMID 24203827 DOI: 10.3758/BF03198210  1
1975 Elmes DG, Bjork RA. The interaction of encoding and rehearsal processes in the recall of repeated and nonrepeated items J.Verb.Learn.Verb.Behav.. 14: 30-42. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(75)80004-1  1
1974 Reder LM, Anderson JR, Bjork RA. A semantic interpretation of encoding specificity Journal of Experimental Psychology. 102: 648-656. DOI: 10.1037/h0036115  1
1974 Bjork RA, Whitten WB. Recency-sensitive retrieval processes in long-term free recall Cognitive Psychology. 6: 173-189. DOI: 10.1016/0010-0285(74)90009-7  1
1973 Bjork RA, Woodward AE. Directed forgetting of individual words in free recall J.Exp.Psychol.. 99: 22-27. DOI: 10.1037/H0034757  1
1973 Woodward AE, Bjork RA, Jongeward RH. Recall and recognition as a function of primary rehearsal J.Verb.Learn.Verb.Behav.. 12: 608-617. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(73)80040-4  1
1973 Reitman W, Malin JT, Bjork RA, Higman B. Strategy control and directed forgetting Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 12: 140-149. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(73)80003-9  1
1971 Woodward AE, Bjork RA. Forgetting and remembering in free recall: Intentional and unintentional Journal of Experimental Psychology. 89: 109-116. DOI: 10.1037/h0031188  1
1970 Bjork RA, Allen TW. The spacing effect: Consolidation or differential encoding? Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 9: 567-572. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(70)80103-7  1
1970 Bjork RA. Positive forgetting: The noninterference of Items intentionally forgotten Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 9: 255-268. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(70)80059-7  1
1968 Bjork RA, LaBerge D, Legrand R. The modification of short-term memory through instructions to forget Psychonomic Science. 10: 55-56. DOI: 10.3758/Bf03331404  1
1968 Bjork RA. All-or-none subprocesses in the learning of complex sequences Journal of Mathematical Psychology. 5: 182-195. DOI: 10.1016/0022-2496(68)90062-X  1
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