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Robert M. Shapley - Publications

Affiliations: 
1987- Center for Neural Science New York University, New York, NY, United States 
Area:
Visual cortex
Website:
http://www.cns.nyu.edu/corefaculty/Shapley.php

137 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Hawken MJ, Shapley RM, Disney AA, Garcia-Marin V, Henrie JA, Henry CA, Johnson EN, Joshi S, Kelly JG, Ringach DL, Xing D. Functional clusters of neurons in layer 6 of macaque V1. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. PMID 32041896 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1394-19.2020  1
2018 Nunez V, Shapley RM, Gordon J. Cortical Double-Opponent Cells in Color Perception: Perceptual Scaling and Chromatic Visual Evoked Potentials. I-Perception. 9: 2041669517752715. PMID 29375753 DOI: 10.1177/2041669517752715  0.76
2017 Nunez V, Shapley RM, Gordon J. Nonlinear dynamics of cortical responses to color in the human cVEP. Journal of Vision. 17: 9. PMID 28973563 DOI: 10.1167/17.11.9  0.76
2015 Zweig S, Zurawel G, Shapley R, Slovin H. Representation of color surfaces in V1: Edge enhancement and unfilled holes Journal of Neuroscience. 35: 12103-12115. PMID 26338322 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1334-15.2015  1
2015 Betz T, Shapley R, Wichmann FA, Maertens M. Testing the role of luminance edges in White's illusion with contour adaptation. Journal of Vision. 15: 14. PMID 26305862 DOI: 10.1167/15.11.14  1
2015 Xing D, Ouni A, Chen S, Sahmoud H, Gordon J, Shapley R. Brightness-color interactions in human early visual cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 35: 2226-32. PMID 25653377 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3740-14.2015  1
2015 Maertens M, Wichmann FA, Shapley R. Context affects lightness at the level of surfaces. Journal of Vision. 15: 15.1.15. PMID 25589299 DOI: 10.1167/15.1.15  1
2014 Zurawel G, Ayzenshtat I, Zweig S, Shapley R, Slovin H. A contrast and surface code explains complex responses to black and white stimuli in V1 Journal of Neuroscience. 34: 14388-14402. PMID 25339751 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0848-14.2014  1
2014 Xing D, Yeh CI, Gordon J, Shapley RM. Cortical brightness adaptation when darkness and brightness produce different dynamical states in the visual cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 111: 1210-5. PMID 24398523 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1314690111  1
2013 Maertens M, Shapley R. Linking appearance to neural activity through the study of the perception of lightness in naturalistic contexts. Visual Neuroscience. 30: 289-98. PMID 23880033 DOI: 10.1017/S0952523813000229  1
2013 Henry CA, Joshi S, Xing D, Shapley RM, Hawken MJ. Functional characterization of the extraclassical receptive field in macaque V1: contrast, orientation, and temporal dynamics. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 33: 6230-42. PMID 23554504 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4155-12.2013  1
2013 Shapley RM, Xing D. Local circuit inhibition in the cerebral cortex as the source of gain control and untuned suppression. Neural Networks : the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society. 37: 172-81. PMID 23036513 DOI: 10.1016/j.neunet.2012.09.005  1
2012 Xing D, Shen Y, Burns S, Yeh CI, Shapley R, Li W. Stochastic generation of gamma-band activity in primary visual cortex of awake and anesthetized monkeys. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 32: 13873-80a. PMID 23035096 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5644-11.2012  1
2012 Xing D, Yeh CI, Burns S, Shapley RM. Laminar analysis of visually evoked activity in the primary visual cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109: 13871-6. PMID 22872866 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1201478109  1
2012 Lin IC, Xing D, Shapley R. Integrate-and-fire vs Poisson models of LGN input to V1 cortex: noisier inputs reduce orientation selectivity. Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 33: 559-72. PMID 22684587 DOI: 10.1007/s10827-012-0401-0  1
2012 Lee BB, Shapley RM, Hawken MJ, Sun H. Spatial distributions of cone inputs to cells of the parvocellular pathway investigated with cone-isolating gratings. Journal of the Optical Society of America. a, Optics, Image Science, and Vision. 29: A223-32. PMID 22330383 DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.29.00A223  1
2011 Xing D, Ringach DL, Hawken MJ, Shapley RM. Untuned suppression makes a major contribution to the enhancement of orientation selectivity in macaque v1. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 31: 15972-82. PMID 22049440 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2245-11.2011  1
2011 Burns SP, Xing D, Shapley RM. Is gamma-band activity in the local field potential of V1 cortex a "clock" or filtered noise? The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 31: 9658-64. PMID 21715631 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0660-11.2011  1
2011 Shapley R, Hawken MJ. Color in the cortex: single- and double-opponent cells. Vision Research. 51: 701-17. PMID 21333672 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2011.02.012  1
2010 Burns SP, Xing D, Shapley RM. Comparisons of the dynamics of local field potential and multiunit activity signals in macaque visual cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 30: 13739-49. PMID 20943914 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0743-10.2010  1
2010 Xing D, Yeh CI, Shapley RM. Generation of black-dominant responses in V1 cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 30: 13504-12. PMID 20926676 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2473-10.2010  1
2010 Burns SP, Xing D, Shelley MJ, Shapley RM. Searching for autocoherence in the cortical network with a time-frequency analysis of the local field potential. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 30: 4033-47. PMID 20237274 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5319-09.2010  1
2010 Zhu W, Xing D, Shelley M, Shapley R. Correlation between spatial frequency and orientation selectivity in V1 cortex: implications of a network model. Vision Research. 50: 2261-73. PMID 20079759 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2010.01.007  1
2010 Kang K, Shelley M, Henrie JA, Shapley R. LFP spectral peaks in V1 cortex: network resonance and cortico-cortical feedback. Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 29: 495-507. PMID 19862612 DOI: 10.1007/s10827-009-0190-2  1
2010 Shapley R. Visual Cortical Models of Orientation Tuning Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 269-275. DOI: 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01414-5  1
2009 Shapley R. Vision: Gene therapy in colour Nature. 461: 737-739. PMID 19812661 DOI: 10.1038/461737a  1
2009 Yeh CI, Xing D, Shapley RM. "Black" responses dominate macaque primary visual cortex v1. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 29: 11753-60. PMID 19776262 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1991-09.2009  1
2009 Xing D, Yeh CI, Shapley RM. Spatial spread of the local field potential and its laminar variation in visual cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 29: 11540-9. PMID 19759301 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2573-09.2009  1
2009 Yeh CI, Xing D, Williams PE, Shapley RM. Stimulus ensemble and cortical layer determine V1 spatial receptive fields. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 106: 14652-7. PMID 19706551 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0907406106  1
2009 Shapley R. Linear and nonlinear systems analysis of the visual system: Why does it seem so linear?. A review dedicated to the memory of Henk Spekreijse Vision Research. 49: 907-921. PMID 18940193 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2008.09.026  1
2009 Zhu W, Shelley M, Shapley R. A neuronal network model of primary visual cortex explains spatial frequency selectivity Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 26: 271-287. PMID 18668360 DOI: 10.1007/s10827-008-0110-x  1
2009 Yeh CI, Xing D, Williams PE, Shapley RM. Stimulus ensemble and cortical layer determine V1 spatial receptive fields (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2009) 106, 34, (14652-14657) DOI:10.1073/pnas.0907406106)) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 106: 16890. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909813106  1
2008 Maertens M, Shapley R. Local determinants of contour interpolation. Journal of Vision. 8: 3.1-11. PMID 19146236 DOI: 10.1167/8.7.3  1
2008 Shapley R, Maertens M. Angle alignment evokes perceived depth and illusory surfaces. Perception. 37: 1471-87. PMID 19065852 DOI: 10.1068/p5987  1
2008 Johnson EN, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. The orientation selectivity of color-responsive neurons in macaque V1. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 28: 8096-106. PMID 18685034 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1404-08.2008  1
2008 Koelling M, Shapley R, Shelley M. Retinal and cortical nonlinearities combine to produce masking in V1 responses to plaids Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 25: 390-400. PMID 18574681 DOI: 10.1007/s10827-008-0086-6  1
2007 Shapley R. Early Vision Is Early in Time Neuron. 56: 755-756. PMID 18054851 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.11.010  1
2007 Shapley R, Hawken M, Xing D. The dynamics of visual responses in the primary visual cortex. Progress in Brain Research. 165: 21-32. PMID 17925238 DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(06)65003-6  1
2007 Williams PE, Shapley RM. A dynamic nonlinearity and spatial phase specificity in macaque V1 neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 27: 5706-18. PMID 17522315 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4743-06.2007  1
2006 Tao L, Cai D, McLaughlin DW, Shelley MJ, Shapley R. Orientation selectivity in visual cortex by fluctuation-controlled criticality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 103: 12911-6. PMID 16905648 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0605415103  1
2006 Gordon J, Shapley R. Brightness contrast inhibits color induction: Evidence for a new kind of color theory Spatial Vision. 19: 133-146. PMID 16862836 DOI: 10.1163/156856806776923498  1
2006 Shapley R. Specificity of cone connections in the retina and color vision. Focus on "specificity of cone inputs to macaque retinal ganglion cells" Journal of Neurophysiology. 95: 587-588. PMID 16424450 DOI: 10.1152/jn.01054.2005  1
2005 Xing D, Shapley RM, Hawken MJ, Ringach DL. Effect of stimulus size on the dynamics of orientation selectivity in Macaque V1. Journal of Neurophysiology. 94: 799-812. PMID 15728763 DOI: 10.1152/jn.01139.2004  1
2005 Henrie JA, Shapley R. LFP power spectra in V1 cortex: the graded effect of stimulus contrast. Journal of Neurophysiology. 94: 479-90. PMID 15703230 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00919.2004  1
2005 Imber ML, Shapley RM, Rubin N. Differences in real and illusory shape perception revealed by backward masking. Vision Research. 45: 91-102. PMID 15571740 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2004.07.034  1
2004 Williams PE, Mechler F, Gordon J, Shapley R, Hawken MJ. Entrainment to video displays in primary visual cortex of macaque and humans. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 24: 8278-88. PMID 15385611 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2716-04.2004  1
2004 Shapley R. A new view of the primary visual cortex Neural Networks. 17: 615-623. PMID 15288887 DOI: 10.1016/j.neunet.2004.03.006  1
2004 Xing D, Ringach DL, Shapley R, Hawken MJ. Correlation of local and global orientation and spatial frequency tuning in macaque V1. The Journal of Physiology. 557: 923-33. PMID 15090603 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2004.062026  1
2004 Kang K, Shapley RM, Sompolinsky H. Information tuning of populations of neurons in primary visual cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 24: 3726-35. PMID 15084652 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4272-03.2004  1
2004 Johnson EN, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Cone inputs in macaque primary visual cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 91: 2501-14. PMID 14749310 DOI: 10.1152/jn.01043.2003  1
2004 Tao L, Shelley M, McLaughlin D, Shapley R. An egalitarian network model for the emergence of simple and complex cells in visual cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101: 366-71. PMID 14695891 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2036460100  1
2004 Mareschal I, Shapley RM. Effects of contrast and size on orientation discrimination. Vision Research. 44: 57-67. PMID 14599571 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2003.07.009  1
2004 Ringach D, Shapley R. Reverse correlation in neurophysiology Cognitive Science. 28: 147-166. DOI: 10.1016/j.cogsci.2003.11.003  1
2003 McLaughlin D, Shapley R, Shelley M. Large-scale modeling of the primary visual cortex: influence of cortical architecture upon neuronal response. Journal of Physiology, Paris. 97: 237-52. PMID 14766144 DOI: 10.1016/j.jphysparis.2003.09.019  1
2003 Shapley R, Hawken M, Ringach DL. Dynamics of orientation selectivity in the primary visual cortex and the importance of cortical inhibition. Neuron. 38: 689-99. PMID 12797955 DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(03)00332-5  1
2003 Ringach DL, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Dynamics of orientation tuning in macaque V1: the role of global and tuned suppression. Journal of Neurophysiology. 90: 342-52. PMID 12611936 DOI: 10.1152/jn.01018.2002  1
2003 Mareschal I, Shapley RM. The effects of contrast and size on orientation discrimination Journal of Vision. 3: 215a. DOI: 10.1167/3.9.215  1
2002 Ringach DL, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Receptive field structure of neurons in monkey primary visual cortex revealed by stimulation with natural image sequences. Journal of Vision. 2: 12-24. PMID 12678594 DOI: 10:1167/2.1.2  1
2002 Shelley M, McLaughlin D, Shapley R, Wielaard J. States of high conductance in a large-scale model of the visual cortex. Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 13: 93-109. PMID 12215724 DOI: 10.1023/A:1020158106603  1
2002 Sceniak MP, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Contrast-dependent changes in spatial frequency tuning of macaque V1 neurons: effects of a changing receptive field size. Journal of Neurophysiology. 88: 1363-73. PMID 12205157  1
2002 Shapley R, Hawken M. Neural mechanisms for color perception in the primary visual cortex. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 12: 426-32. PMID 12139991 DOI: 10.1016/S0959-4388(02)00349-5  1
2002 Mareschal I, Andrew Henrie J, Shapley RM. A psychophysical correlate of contrast dependent changes in receptive field properties. Vision Research. 42: 1879-87. PMID 12128018 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(02)00099-8  1
2002 Reid RC, Shapley RM. Space and time maps of cone photoreceptor signals in macaque lateral geniculate nucleus. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 22: 6158-75. PMID 12122075  1
2002 Ringach DL, Shapley RM, Hawken MJ. Orientation selectivity in macaque V1: diversity and laminar dependence. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 22: 5639-51. PMID 12097515  1
2002 Ringach DL, Bredfeldt CE, Shapley RM, Hawken MJ. Suppression of neural responses to nonoptimal stimuli correlates with tuning selectivity in macaque V1. Journal of Neurophysiology. 87: 1018-27. PMID 11826065  1
2002 Mareschal I, Shapley RM. Effects of contrast on spatial binding and resolution Journal of Vision. 2: 205a. DOI: 10.1167/2.7.205  1
2001 Wielaard DJ, Shelley M, McLaughlin D, Shapley R. How simple cells are made in a nonlinear network model of the visual cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 21: 5203-11. PMID 11438595  1
2001 Mareschal I, Sceniak MP, Shapley RM. Contextual influences on orientation discrimination: binding local and global cues. Vision Research. 41: 1915-30. PMID 11412884 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(01)00082-7  1
2001 Sceniak MP, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Visual spatial characterization of macaque V1 neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 85: 1873-87. PMID 11353004  1
2001 Henrie JA, Shapley RM. The relatively small decline in orientation acuity as stimulus size decreases. Vision Research. 41: 1723-33. PMID 11348653 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(01)00048-7  1
2001 Johnson EN, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. The spatial transformation of color in the primary visual cortex of the macaque monkey. Nature Neuroscience. 4: 409-16. PMID 11276232 DOI: 10.1038/86061  1
2000 McLaughlin D, Shapley R, Shelley M, Wielaard DJ. A neuronal network model of macaque primary visual cortex (V1): orientation selectivity and dynamics in the input layer 4Calpha. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 97: 8087-92. PMID 10869422 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.110135097  1
2000 Pugh MC, Ringach DL, Shapley R, Shelley MJ. Computational modeling of orientation tuning dynamics in monkey primary visual cortex. Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 8: 143-59. PMID 10798599 DOI: 10.1023/A:1008921231855  1
2000 Victor JD, Apkarian P, Hirsch J, Conte MM, Packard M, Relkin NR, Kim KH, Shapley RM. Visual function and brain organization in non-decussating retinal-fugal fibre syndrome. Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). 10: 2-22. PMID 10639391  1
1999 Corballis PM, Fendrich R, Shapley RM, Gazzaniga MS. Illusory contour perception and amodal boundary completion: evidence of a dissociation following callosotomy. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 11: 459-66. PMID 10471851 DOI: 10.1162/089892999563535  1
1999 Sceniak MP, Ringach DL, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Contrast's effect on spatial summation by macaque V1 neurons. Nature Neuroscience. 2: 733-9. PMID 10412063 DOI: 10.1038/11197  1
1998 Shapley R. Visual cortex: Pushing the envelope Nature Neuroscience. 1: 95-96. PMID 10195120  1
1998 Shapley R. In the mind's eye of the beholder Nature. 395: 845-846. PMID 9804414 DOI: 10.1038/27554  1
1998 O'Keefe LP, Levitt JB, Kiper DC, Shapley RM, Movshon JA. Functional organization of owl monkey lateral geniculate nucleus and visual cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 80: 594-609. PMID 9705453  1
1998 Mechler F, Victor JD, Purpura KP, Shapley R. Robust temporal coding of contrast by V1 neurons for transient but not for steady-state stimuli. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 18: 6583-98. PMID 9698345  1
1997 Reid RC, Victor JD, Shapley RM. The use of m-sequences in the analysis of visual neurons: linear receptive field properties. Visual Neuroscience. 14: 1015-27. PMID 9447685  1
1997 Ringach DL, Sapiro G, Shapley R. A subspace reverse-correlation technique for the study of visual neurons. Vision Research. 37: 2455-64. PMID 9381680 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(96)00247-7  1
1997 Sompolinsky H, Shapley R. New perspectives on the mechanisms for orientation selectivity. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 7: 514-22. PMID 9287203 DOI: 10.1016/S0959-4388(97)80031-1  1
1997 Rubin N, Nakayama K, Shapley R. Abrupt learning and retinal size specificity in illusory-contour perception. Current Biology : Cb. 7: 461-7. PMID 9210373  1
1997 Shapley R. Retinal physiology: Adapting to the changing scene Current Biology. 7: R421-R423. PMID 9210365  1
1997 Ringach DL, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Dynamics of orientation tuning in macaque primary visual cortex. Nature. 387: 281-4. PMID 9153392 DOI: 10.1038/387281a0  1
1997 Mechler F, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. The variance of V1 neurons' responses saturates in brief counting periods Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 38: S15.  1
1997 Ringach DL, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. The dynamics of orientation tuning in macaque primary visual cortex Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 38: S16.  1
1996 Ringach DL, Shapley R. Spatial and temporal properties of illusory contours and amodal boundary completion. Vision Research. 36: 3037-50. PMID 8917767 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(96)00062-4  1
1996 Hawken MJ, Shapley RM, Grosof DH. Temporal-frequency selectivity in monkey visual cortex. Visual Neuroscience. 13: 477-92. PMID 8782375  1
1996 Ringach DL, Hawken MJ, Shapley R. Binocular eye movements caused by the perception of three-dimensional structure from motion. Vision Research. 36: 1479-92. PMID 8762765 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(95)00285-5  1
1996 Rubin N, Nakayama K, Shapley R. Enhanced perception of illusory contours in the lower versus upper visual hemifields. Science (New York, N.Y.). 271: 651-3. PMID 8571128  1
1996 Shapley R, Rubin N. Marked effects of global orientation on appearance and perceived direction of motion Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S737.  1
1996 Hirsch J, Kim K, Relkin N, Victor J, Lee KM, Moreno DR, Kalik S, DeLaPaz RL, Rubin N, Shapley R. Extrastriate loci for the perception of stereo depth and illusory contours: Evidence from fMRI Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S934.  1
1996 Gordon J, Shapley R, Caggiano S. Spatial scale of interactions between lines and aperture edges in the barberpole illusion Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S737.  1
1996 Ringach DL, Sapiro G, Shapley R. A simple reverse correlation scheme for the identification of visual neurons Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S904.  1
1996 Mechler F, Shapley R, Hawken MJ, Ringach D. Edges, more than sinusoidal gratings, evoke reliable responses in both simple and complex cells Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S938.  1
1996 Zhou YX, Shapley R. Evidence against a specialized mechanism for transparent surface perception Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S173.  1
1996 Rubin N, Shapley R, Nakayama K, Grossetete A. Abrupt learning in illusory contour perception Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S180.  1
1995 Hirsch J, DeLaPaz RL, Relkin NR, Victor J, Kim K, Li T, Borden P, Rubin N, Shapley R. Illusory contours activate specific regions in human visual cortex: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 92: 6469-73. PMID 7604015 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.92.14.6469  1
1994 Golomb D, Kleinfeld D, Reid RC, Shapley RM, Shraiman BI. On temporal codes and the spatiotemporal response of neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus. Journal of Neurophysiology. 72: 2990-3003. PMID 7897504  1
1994 Shapley RM. Linearity and non-linearity in cortical receptive fields. Ciba Foundation Symposium. 184: 71-81; discussion 81. PMID 7882762  1
1993 Grosof DH, Shapley RM, Hawken MJ. Macaque V1 neurons can signal 'illusory' contours. Nature. 365: 550-2. PMID 8413610 DOI: 10.1038/365550a0  1
1992 Reid RC, Shapley RM. Spatial structure of cone inputs to receptive fields in primate lateral geniculate nucleus. Nature. 356: 716-8. PMID 1570016 DOI: 10.1038/356716a0  1
1992 Reid RC, Victor JD, Shapley RM. Broadband temporal stimuli decrease the integration time of neurons in cat striate cortex. Visual Neuroscience. 9: 39-45. PMID 1321658 DOI: 10.1017/S0952523800006350  1
1991 Soodak RE, Shapley RM, Kaplan E. Fine structure of receptive-field centers of X and Y cells of the cat. Visual Neuroscience. 6: 621-8. PMID 1883766 DOI: 10.1017/S0952523800002613  1
1991 Reid RC, Soodak RE, Shapley RM. Directional selectivity and spatiotemporal structure of receptive fields of simple cells in cat striate cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 66: 505-29. PMID 1774584  1
1991 Shechter S, Hillman P, Hochstein S, Shapley RM. Gender differences in apparent motion perception. Perception. 20: 307-14. PMID 1762873  1
1990 Purpura K, Tranchina D, Kaplan E, Shapley RM. Light adaptation in the primate retina: analysis of changes in gain and dynamics of monkey retinal ganglion cells. Visual Neuroscience. 4: 75-93. PMID 2176096 DOI: 10.1017/S0952523800002789  1
1990 Kaplan E, Lee BB, Shapley RM. Chapter 7 New views of primate retinal function Progress in Retinal Research. 9: 273-336. DOI: 10.1016/0278-4327(90)90009-7  1
1988 Purpura K, Kaplan E, Shapley RM. Background light and the contrast gain of primate P and M retinal ganglion cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 85: 4534-7. PMID 3380804  1
1988 Kaplan E, Shapley RM, Purpura K. Color and luminance contrast as tools for probing the primate retina. Neuroscience Research. Supplement : the Official Journal of the Japan Neuroscience Society. 8: S151-65. PMID 3231364 DOI: 10.1016/0921-8696(88)90014-X  1
1987 Soodak RE, Shapley RM, Kaplan E. Linear mechanism of orientation tuning in the retina and lateral geniculate nucleus of the cat. Journal of Neurophysiology. 58: 267-75. PMID 3655866  1
1987 Reid RC, Soodak RE, Shapley RM. Linear mechanisms of directional selectivity in simple cells of cat striate cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 84: 8740-4. PMID 3479811  1
1987 Kaplan E, Purpura K, Shapley RM. Contrast affects the transmission of visual information through the mammalian lateral geniculate nucleus. The Journal of Physiology. 391: 267-88. PMID 2832591  1
1986 Kaplan E, Shapley RM. The primate retina contains two types of ganglion cells, with high and low contrast sensitivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 83: 2755-7. PMID 3458235  1
1986 Spekreijse H, Shapley RM, Regan D. Foreword Vision Research. 26: v-vi. DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(86)90065-9  1
1984 Tranchina D, Gordon J, Shapley RM. Retinal light adaptation--evidence for a feedback mechanism. Nature. 310: 314-6. PMID 6462216  1
1982 Kaplan E, Shapley RM. X and Y cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus of macaque monkeys. The Journal of Physiology. 330: 125-43. PMID 7175738 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1982.sp014333  1
1981 Shapley RM, Victor JD. How the contrast gain control modifies the frequency responses of cat retinal ganglion cells. The Journal of Physiology. 318: 161-79. PMID 7320887 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1981.sp013856  1
1980 Shapley RM, Victor JD. The effect of contrast on the non-linear response of the Y cell. The Journal of Physiology. 302: 535-47. PMID 7411468 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1980.sp013259  1
1979 Victor JD, Shapley RM. Receptive field mechanisms of cat X and Y retinal ganglion cells. The Journal of General Physiology. 74: 275-98. PMID 490143  1
1979 Shapley RM, Victor JD. Nonlinear spatial summation and the contrast gain control of cat retinal ganglion cells. The Journal of Physiology. 290: 141-61. PMID 469742 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1979.sp012765  1
1979 Victor JD, Shapley RM. The nonlinear pathway of Y ganglion cells in the cat retina. The Journal of General Physiology. 74: 671-89. PMID 231636  1
1978 Shapley RM, Victor JD. The effect of contrast on the transfer properties of cat retinal ganglion cells. The Journal of Physiology. 285: 275-98. PMID 745079 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1978.sp012571  1
1978 Shapley RM, Gordon J. The eel retina. Ganglion cell classes and spatial mechanisms. The Journal of General Physiology. 71: 139-55. PMID 641518  1
1978 Gordon J, Shapley RM, Kaplan E. The eel retina. Receptor classes and spectral mechanisms. The Journal of General Physiology. 71: 123-38. PMID 641517  1
1977 Victor JD, Shapley RM, Knight BW. Nonlinear analysis of cat retinal ganglion cells in the frequency domain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 74: 3068-72. PMID 268656  1
1976 Hochstein S, Shapley RM. Linear and nonlinear spatial subunits in Y cat retinal ganglion cells. The Journal of Physiology. 262: 265-84. PMID 994040 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1976.sp011595  1
1976 Hochstein S, Shapley RM. Quantitative analysis of retinal ganglion cell classifications. The Journal of Physiology. 262: 237-64. PMID 994039 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1976.sp011594  1
1975 Enroth-Cugell C, Lennie P, Shapley RM. Surround contribution to light adaptation in cat retinal ganglion cells. The Journal of Physiology. 247: 579-88. PMID 1142302 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1975.sp010948  1
1974 Shapley RM, Enroth-Cugell C. Letter: The sensitivity distribution, not the receptive field size, is a fixed property of retinal ganglion cells. Vision Research. 14: 153-6. PMID 4812915 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(74)90134-5  1
1973 Enroth-Cugell C, Shapley RM. Flux, not retinal illumination, is what cat retinal ganglion cells really care about. The Journal of Physiology. 233: 311-26. PMID 4747230 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1973.sp010309  1
1973 Enroth-Cugell C, Shapley RM. Adaptation and dynamics of cat retinal ganglion cells. The Journal of Physiology. 233: 271-309. PMID 4747229 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1973.sp010308  1
1973 Shapley RM, Tolhurst DJ. Edge detectors in human vision. The Journal of Physiology. 229: 165-83. PMID 4689964 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1973.sp010133  1
1972 Enroth-Cugell C, Shapley RM. Cat retinal ganglion cells: correlation between size of receptive field centre and level of field adaptation. The Journal of Physiology. 225: 58P-59P. PMID 5074415  1
1970 Dodge FA, Shapley RM, Knight BW. Linear systems analysis of the Limulus retina. Behavioral Science. 15: 24-36. PMID 4312962  1
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