William H. Butler, Ph.D. - Publications

Affiliations: 
1972-2001 Metals and Ceramics Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, United States 
 2001- Physics The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 
Area:
Condensed Matter Physics

127 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2016 Naghibolashrafi N, Keshavarz S, Hegde VI, Gupta A, Butler WH, Romero J, Munira K, Leclair P, Mazumdar D, Ma J, Ghosh AW, Wolverton C. Synthesis and characterization of Fe-Ti-Sb intermetallic compounds: Discovery of a new Slater-Pauling phase Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 93. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.104424  0.64
2016 Azadani JG, Munira K, Romero J, Ma J, Sivakumar C, Ghosh AW, Butler WH. Anisotropy in layered half-metallic Heusler alloy superlattices Journal of Applied Physics. 119. DOI: 10.1063/1.4940878  0.64
2015 Chshiev M, Manchon A, Kalitsov A, Ryzhanova N, Vedyayev A, Strelkov N, Butler WH, Dieny B. Analytical description of ballistic spin currents and torques in magnetic tunnel junctions Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 92. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.104422  0.64
2014 Ramasamy K, Sims H, Butler WH, Gupta A. Mono-, few-, and multiple layers of copper antimony sulfide (CuSbS2): a ternary layered sulfide. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 136: 1587-98. PMID 24400989 DOI: 10.1021/ja411748g  1
2014 Munira K, Romero J, Butler WH. Achieving perpendicular anisotropy in half-metallic Heusler alloys for spin device applications Journal of Applied Physics. 115. DOI: 10.1063/1.4866703  1
2014 Ramasamy K, Sims H, Butler WH, Gupta A. Selective nanocrystal synthesis and calculated electronic structure of all four phases of copper-antimony-sulfide Chemistry of Materials. 26: 2891-2899. DOI: 10.1021/cm5005642  1
2013 Khvalkovskiy AV, Apalkov D, Watts S, Chepulskii R, Beach RS, Ong A, Tang X, Driskill-Smith A, Butler WH, Visscher PB, Lottis D, Chen E, Nikitin V, Krounbi M. Basic principles of STT-MRAM cell operation in memory arrays Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 46. DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/46/7/074001  1
2013 Sims H, Ramasamy K, Butler WH, Gupta A. Electronic structure of magnetic semiconductor CdCr2Te 4: A possible spin-dependent symmetry filter Applied Physics Letters. 103. DOI: 10.1063/1.4827818  1
2013 Holinsworth BS, Mazumdar D, Sims H, Sun QC, Yurtisigi MK, Sarker SK, Gupta A, Butler WH, Musfeldt JL. Chemical tuning of the optical band gap in spinel ferrites: CoFe 2O4 vs NiFe2O4 Applied Physics Letters. 103. DOI: 10.1063/1.4818315  1
2013 Lu Z, Guo J, Gan Z, Liu Y, Xiong R, Mankey GL, Butler WH. Reducing the writing field of L10-FePt by graded order parameter Journal of Applied Physics. 113. DOI: 10.1063/1.4791583  1
2013 Ramasamy K, Sims H, Gupta RK, Kumar D, Butler WH, Gupta A. CoxCu1- xCr2S4 nanocrystals: Synthesis, magnetism, and band structure calculations Chemistry of Materials. 25: 4003-4009. DOI: 10.1021/cm401938f  1
2012 Butler WH, Mewes T, Mewes CKA, Visscher PB, Rippard WH, Russek SE, Heindl R. Switching distributions for perpendicular spin-torque devices within the macrospin approximation Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 48: 4684-4700. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2012.2209122  1
2012 Munira K, Butler WH, Ghosh AW. A Quasi-Analytical Model for Energy-Delay-Reliability Tradeoff Studies During Write Operations in a Perpendicular STT-RAM Cell Ieee Transactions On Electron Devices. DOI: 10.1109/TED.2012.2198825  1
2012 Williams ME, Sims H, Mazumdar D, Butler WH. Effects of 3d and 4d transition metal substitutional impurities on the electronic properties of CrO2 Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 86. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.235124  1
2012 Sun QC, Sims H, Mazumdar D, Ma JX, Holinsworth BS, O'Neal KR, Kim G, Butler WH, Gupta A, Musfeldt JL. Optical band gap hierarchy in a magnetic oxide: Electronic structure of NiFe 2O 4 Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 86. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.205106  1
2012 Sims H, Butler WH, Richter M, Koepernik K, A?Io?lu E, Friedrich C, Blügel S. Theoretical investigation into the possibility of very large moments in Fe16N2 Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 86. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.174422  1
2012 Chepulskii RV, Butler WH. Tuning of L1 0 atomic order in Co-Pt nanoparticles: Ab initio insights Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 86. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.155401  1
2012 Chepulskii RV, Butler WH. Ab initio magnetocrystalline anisotropy at nanoscale: The case of FePt Applied Physics Letters. 100. DOI: 10.1063/1.3700746  1
2011 Chetry KB, Sims H, Butler WH, Gupta A. Electronic and magnetic structure of CrO2-RuO2 interfaces Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 84. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.054438  1
2011 Chetry KB, Sims H, Butler WH, Gupta A. A comparison of the growth modes of (100)- and (110)-oriented CrO 2 films through the calculation of surface and interface energies Journal of Applied Physics. 110. DOI: 10.1063/1.3664768  1
2010 Gong J, Butler WH, Zangari G. Tailoring morphology in free-standing anodic aluminium oxide: control of barrier layer opening down to the sub-10 nm diameter. Nanoscale. 2: 778-85. PMID 20648324 DOI: 10.1039/c0nr00055h  1
2010 Chen E, Apalkov D, Diao Z, Driskill-Smith A, Druist D, Lottis D, Nikitin V, Tang X, Watts S, Wang S, Wolf SA, Ghosh AW, Lu JW, Poon SJ, Stan M, ... Butler WH, et al. Advances and future prospects of spin-transfer torque random access memory Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 46: 1873-1878. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2010.2042041  1
2010 Sims H, Oset SJ, Butler WH, MacLaren JM, Marsman M. Determining the anisotropic exchange coupling of CrO2 via first-principles density functional theory calculations Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 81. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.224436  1
2010 Lu Z, Chepulskii RV, Butler WH. First-principles study of magnetic properties of L 10 -ordered MnPt and FePt alloys Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 81. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.094437  1
2010 Tang YH, Kioussis N, Kalitsov A, Butler WH, Car R. Influence of asymmetry on bias behavior of spin torque Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 81. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.054437  1
2010 Tang YH, Kioussis N, Kalitsov A, Butler WH, Car R. Field-like spin torque in magnetic tunnel junctions Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 200. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/200/6/062033  1
2010 Yang HX, Chshiev M, Kalitsov A, Schuhl A, Butler WH. Effect of structural relaxation and oxidation conditions on interlayer exchange coupling in Fe MgO Fe tunnel junctions Applied Physics Letters. 96. DOI: 10.1063/1.3459148  1
2010 Chepulskii RV, Butler WH, van de Walle A, Curtarolo S. Surface segregation in nanoparticles from first principles: The case of FePt Scripta Materialia. 62: 179-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2009.10.019  1
2009 Tang YH, Kioussis N, Kalitsov A, Butler WH, Car R. Controlling the nonequilibrium interlayer exchange coupling in asymmetric magnetic tunnel junctions. Physical Review Letters. 103: 057206. PMID 19792533 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.057206  1
2009 Lu Z, Walock MJ, Leclair P, Butler WH, Mankey GJ. Controlling magnetic anisotropy in epitaxial FePt(001) films Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology a: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 27: 1067-1070. DOI: 10.1116/1.3098497  1
2009 Pathak M, Sims H, Chetry KB, Mazumdar D, Leclair PR, Mankey GJ, Butler WH, Gupta A. Robust room-temperature magnetism of (110) CrO2 thin films Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 80. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.212405  1
2009 Kalitsov A, Chshiev M, Theodonis I, Kioussis N, Butler WH. Spin-transfer torque in magnetic tunnel junctions Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 79. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.79.174416  1
2009 Fukuma Y, Lu Z, Fujiwara H, Mankey GJ, Butler WH, Matsunuma S. Strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in CoFe films on obliquely sputtered Ru underlayer Journal of Applied Physics. 106. DOI: 10.1063/1.3223538  1
2009 Lee H, Wang YHA, Mewes CKA, Butler WH, Mewes T, Maat S, York B, Carey MJ, Childress JR. Magnetization relaxation and structure of CoFeGe alloys Applied Physics Letters. 95. DOI: 10.1063/1.3207749  1
2009 Liu C, Mewes CKA, Chshiev M, Mewes T, Butler WH. Origin of low Gilbert damping in half metals Applied Physics Letters. 95. DOI: 10.1063/1.3157267  1
2009 Wang YHA, Gupta A, Chshiev M, Butler WH. Induced half-metallicity in Cr-based ferromagnetic chalcospinels with anion substitutions: CuCr2S (Se)4-xEx (E=F, Cl, Br), Cu (Cd) Cr2 S (Se)4-x, and CdCr2S (Se) 4-x Dx (D=N, P, As) Applied Physics Letters. 94. DOI: 10.1063/1.3080210  1
2009 Williams ME, Butler WH, Mewes CK, Sims H, Chshiev M, Sarker SK. Calculated electronic and magnetic structure of rutile phase V1-x Crx O2 Journal of Applied Physics. 105. DOI: 10.1063/1.3072033  1
2009 Sims H, Butler WH. Tunable coupling in CrO2 via RuO2 layers Journal of Applied Physics. 105. DOI: 10.1063/1.3068417  1
2008 Walock MJ, Ambaye H, Chshiev M, Klose FR, Butler WH, Mankey GJ. High magnetization FeCoPd multilayers Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology a: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 26: 731-734. DOI: 10.1116/1.2830631  1
2008 Chshiev M, Theodonis I, Kalitsov A, Kioussis N, Butler WH. Voltage dependence of spin transfer torque in magnetic tunnel junctions Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 44: 2543-2546. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2008.2002605  1
2008 Butler WH. Tunneling magnetoresistance from a symmetry filtering effect Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. 9. DOI: 10.1088/1468-6996/9/1/014106  1
2008 Wang YHA, Gupta A, Chshiev M, Butler WH. Half-metallic electronic structures of quaternary ferromagnetic chalcospinels: Cdx Cu1-x Cr2 S4 and Cdx Cu1-x Cr2 Se4 Applied Physics Letters. 92. DOI: 10.1063/1.2841848  1
2008 Liberati M, Neulinger JR, Chopdekar RV, Bettinger JS, Arenholz E, Butler WH, Stacy AM, Idzerda YI, Suzuki Y. Electronic structure of halogen doped CuCr2Se4 Journal of Applied Physics. 103. DOI: 10.1063/1.2837241  1
2008 Culbert CA, Williams M, Chshiev M, Butler WH. Half-metallic L21 structures with (001) planar insertions Journal of Applied Physics. 103. DOI: 10.1063/1.2833303  1
2008 Gong J, Butler WH, Zangari G. Electrochemical/chemical synthesis of nanostructured arrays of oxide cones or rings Journal of Materials Chemistry. 18: 1741-1746. DOI: 10.1039/b719097b  1
2007 Oset SJ, Butler WH. Exchange interactions in bcc Co: Implications for temperature dependence of TMR Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 43: 2794-2796. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2007.894141  1
2007 Zhihong L, Visscher PB, Butler WH. Domain wall switching: Optimizing the energy landscape Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 43: 2941-2943. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2007.893630  1
2007 Chshiev M, Butler WH. Ab initio studies of magnetic properties of CoFePd alloys and multilayers Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 43: 2199-2201. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2007.893298  1
2007 Bettinger JS, Chopdekar RV, Liberati M, Neulinger JR, Chshiev M, Takamura Y, Alldredge LMB, Arenholz E, Idzerda YU, Stacy AM, Butler WH, Suzuki Y. Magnetism and transport of CuCr2Se4 thin films Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 318: 65-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2007.04.024  1
2006 Theodonis I, Kioussis N, Kalitsov A, Chshiev M, Butler WH. Anomalous bias dependence of spin torque in magnetic tunnel junctions. Physical Review Letters. 97: 237205. PMID 17280241 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.237205  1
2006 Miao GX, Chetry KB, Gupta A, Butler WH, Tsunekawa K, Djayaprawira D, Xiao G. Inelastic tunneling spectroscopy of magnetic tunnel junctions based on CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB with Mg insertion layer Journal of Applied Physics. 99. DOI: 10.1063/1.2162047  1
2006 Vutukuri S, Chshiev M, Butler WH. Spin-dependent tunneling in FM|semiconductor|FM structures Journal of Applied Physics. 99. DOI: 10.1063/1.2151805  1
2006 Kalitsov A, Theodonis I, Kioussis N, Chshiev M, Butler WH, Vedyayev A. Spin-polarized current-induced torque in magnetic tunnel junctions Journal of Applied Physics. 99. DOI: 10.1063/1.2151796  1
2005 Gong J, Butler WH, Zangari G. Optimization of magnetoresistive sensitivity in electrodeposited FeCoNi/Cu multilayers Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 41: 3634-3636. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2005.855170  1
2005 Butler WH, Zhang XG, Chshiev M, Vutukuri S, Schulthess TC. Theory of tunneling magnetoresistance for epitaxial systems Intermag Asia 2005: Digests of the Ieee International Magnetics Conference. 782. DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2005.854763  1
2005 Chepulskii RV, Butler WH. Temperature and particle-size dependence of the equilibrium order parameter of FePt alloys Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 72. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.134205  1
2005 Bailey WE, Russek SE, Zhang XG, Butler WH. Experimental separability of channeling giant magnetoresistance in Co/Cu/Co Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 72. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.012409  1
2005 Monchesky TL, Enders A, Urban R, Myrtle K, Heinrich B, Zhang XG, Butler WH, Kirschner J. Spin-dependent transport in Fe and Fe Au multilayers Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 71. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.214440  1
2005 Velev J, Bandyopadhyay A, Butler WH, Sarker S. Electronic and magnetic structure of transition-metal-doped α -hematite Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 71. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.205208  1
2005 Gong J, Butler WH, Zangari G. High magnetoresistive sensitivity in electrodeposited FeCoNiCu multilayers Applied Physics Letters. 87. DOI: 10.1063/1.1952573  1
2005 Velev J, Butler WH. Applicability of the coherent potential approximation for transmission through disordered interfaces Journal of Applied Physics. 97. DOI: 10.1063/1.1856171  1
2005 Miao GX, Gupta A, Sims H, Butler WH, Ghosh S, Xiao G. Giant magnetoresistive structures based on Cr O2 with epitaxial Ru O2 as the spacer layer Journal of Applied Physics. 97. DOI: 10.1063/1.1855532  1
2005 Chepulskii RV, Velev J, Butler WH. Monte Carlo simulation of equilibrium L1 0 ordering in FePt nanoparticles Journal of Applied Physics. 97. DOI: 10.1063/1.1852351  1
2005 Schulthess TC, Temmerman WM, Szotek Z, Butler WH, Stocks GM. Electronic structure and exchange coupling of Mn impurities in III-V semiconductors Nature Materials. 4: 838-844. DOI: 10.1038/nmat1509  1
2005 Butler WH, Zhang XG. Electron transport in magnetic multilayers Ultrathin Magnetic Structures Iii: Fundamentals of Nanomagnetism. 5-50. DOI: 10.1007/3-540-27163-5_2  1
2005 Gong J, Butler WH, Zangari G. Improved GMR sensitivity of electrodeposited FeCoNi/Cu Multilayers Intermag Asia 2005: Digests of the Ieee International Magnetics Conference. 208.  1
2004 Butler WH, Gupta A. Magnetic memory: A signal boost is in order. Nature Materials. 3: 845-7. PMID 15573110 DOI: 10.1038/nmat1272  1
2004 Zhang XG, Butler WH. Large magnetoresistance in bcc Co/MgO/Co and FeCo/MgO/FeCo tunnel junctions Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 70: 1-4. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.70.172407  1
2004 Bandyopadhyay A, Velev J, Butler WH, Sarker SK, Bengone O. Effect of electron correlations on the electronic and magnetic structure of Ti-doped α-hematite Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 69. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.69.174429  1
2004 Zhang C, Zhang XG, Krstić PS, Cheng HP, Butler WH, MacLaren JM. Electronic structure and spin-dependent tunneling conductance under a finite bias Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 69. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.69.134406  1
2004 Velev J, Butler WH. Domain-wall resistance in metal nanocontacts Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 69: 944251-944256.  1
2004 Velev J, Butler WH. Effects of interface disorder on transmission probability in magnetic multilayer Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 69: 244041-244047.  1
2003 Zhang XG, Butler WH. Band structure, evanescent states, and transport in spin tunnel junctions Journal of Physics Condensed Matter. 15. DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/15/41/R01  1
2003 Butler WH, Bandyopadhyay A, Srinivasan R. Electronic and magnetic structure of a 1000 K magnetic semiconductor: α-hematite (Ti) Journal of Applied Physics. 93: 7882-7884. DOI: 10.1063/1.1556127  1
2003 Zhang XG, Krstić PS, Butler WH. Generalized Tight-Binding Approach for Molecular Electronics Modeling International Journal of Quantum Chemistry. 95: 394-403. DOI: 10.1002/qua.10675  1
2003 Zhang XG, Butler WH, Bandyopadhyay A. Effects of the iron-oxide layer in Fe-FeO-MgO-Fe tunneling junctions Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 68: 924021-924024.  1
2003 Stewart DA, Butler WH, Zhang XG, Los VF. Interfacial scattering in magnetic multilayers and spin valves Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 68: 144331-1443314.  1
2002 Sun M, Butler WH. Application of data driven models in quantum mechanics calculations Proceedings of the Annual Southeastern Symposium On System Theory. 2002: 426-430. DOI: 10.1109/SSST.2002.1027081  0.48
2002 Krstić PS, Zhang XG, Butler WH. Generalized conductance formula for the multiband tight-binding model Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 66: 2053191-20531912. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.66.205319  1
2002 Stocks GM, Shelton WA, Schulthess TC, Újfalussy B, Butler WH, Canning A. On the magnetic structure of γ-FeMn alloys Journal of Applied Physics. 91: 7355-7357. DOI: 10.1063/1.1458922  1
2002 Brown G, Lee HK, Schulthess TC, Ujfalussy B, Stocks GM, Butler WH, Landau DP, Pierce JP, Shen J, Kirschner J. Model of Fe nanostripes on Cu(111) Journal of Applied Physics. 91: 7056-7058. DOI: 10.1063/1.1452252  1
2001 Kai T, Fujiwara H, Schulthess TC, Butler WH. First principles study of direct exchange coupling between the grains in NiMn antiferromagnets Journal of Applied Physics. 89: 7940-7942. DOI: 10.1063/1.1371945  1
2001 Schulthess TC, Benakli M, Visscher PB, Sorge KD, Thompson JR, Modine FA, Haynes TE, Boatner LA, Stocks GM, Butler WH. Role of magnetostatic interactions in assemblies of Fe nanoparticles Journal of Applied Physics. 89: 7594-7596. DOI: 10.1063/1.1363608  1
2001 Schulthess TC, Butler WH. Electronic structure and magnetic interactions in Mn doped semiconductors Journal of Applied Physics. 89: 7021-7023. DOI: 10.1063/1.1359456  1
2001 Enders A, Monchesky TL, Myrtle K, Urban R, Heinrich B, Kirschner J, Zhang XG, Butler WH. The role of interfaces in the magnetoresistance of Au/Fe/Au/Fe/GaAs(001) Journal of Applied Physics. 89: 7110-7112. DOI: 10.1063/1.1357844  1
2001 Moghadam NY, Stocks GM, Kowalewski M, Butler WH. Effects of Ta on the magnetic structure of permalloy Journal of Applied Physics. 89: 6886-6888. DOI: 10.1063/1.1356032  1
2001 Butler WH, Zhang XG, Schulthess TC, MacLaren JM. Reduction of electron tunneling current due to lateral variation of the wave function Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 63: 924021-924024.  1
2001 Butler WH, Zhang XG, Schulthess TC, MacLaren JM. Spin-dependent tunneling conductance of Fe/MgO/Fe sandwiches Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 63: 544161-5441612.  1
2000 Butler WH, Zhang XG, MacLaren JM. Semiclassical theory of spin-dependent transport in magnetic multilayers Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism. 13: 221-238.  1
2000 Zhang XG, Butler WH. A simple treatment of the "scattering-in" term of the Boltzmann equation for multilayers Journal of Applied Physics. 87: 5176-5178.  1
2000 Schulthess TC, Butler WH. Magnetostatic coupling in spin valves: Revisiting Néel's formula Journal of Applied Physics. 87: 5759-5761.  1
2000 Butler WH, Zhang XG, MacLaren JM. Solution to the Boltzmann equation for layered systems for current perpendicular to the planes Journal of Applied Physics. 87: 5173-5175.  1
2000 Orgassa D, Fujiwara H, Schulthess TC, Butler WH. Disorder dependence of the magnetic moment of the half-metallic ferromagnet NiMnSb from first principles Journal of Applied Physics. 87: 5870-5871.  1
2000 Kowalewski M, Butler WH, Moghadam N, Stocks GM, Schulthess TC, Song KJ, Thompson JR, Arrott AS, Zhu T, Drewes J, Katti RR, McClure MT, Escorcia O. The effect of Ta on the magnetic thickness of permalloy (Ni81Fe19) films Journal of Applied Physics. 87: 5732-5734.  1
1999 Schulthess TC, Butler WH. Exchange coupling and coercivity in ferro-antiferromagnetic bilayers Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 198: 321-324. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-8853(98)01103-2  1
1999 MacLaren JM, Zhang XG, Butler WH, Wang X. Layer KKR approach to Bloch-wave transmission and reflection: Application to spin-dependent tunneling Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 59: 5470-5478.  1
1999 Orgassa D, Fujiwara H, Schulthess TC, Butler WH. First-principles calculation of the effect of atomic disorder on the electronic structure of the half-metallic ferromagnet NiMnSb Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 60: 13237-13240.  1
1999 Schulthess TC, Butler WH. Coupling mechanisms in exchange biased films (invited) Journal of Applied Physics. 85: 5510-5515.  1
1999 MacLaren JM, Schulthess TC, Butler WH, Sutton R, McHenry M. Electronic structure, exchange interactions, and Curie temperature of FeCo Journal of Applied Physics. 85: 4833-4835.  1
1999 Schulthess TC, Butler WH, Stocks GM, Maat S, Mankey GJ. Noncollinear magnetism in substitutionally disordered face-centered-cubic FeMn Journal of Applied Physics. 85: 4842-4844.  1
1999 Oparin AB, Nicholson DMC, Zhang XG, Butler WH, Shelton WA, Stocks GM, Wang Y. Magnetic structure at copper-permalloy interfaces Journal of Applied Physics. 85: 4548-4550.  1
1999 Butler WH, Zhang XG, Schulthess TC, Nicholson DMC, Oparin AB, MacLaren JM. First principles modeling of magnetic random access memory devices (invited) Journal of Applied Physics. 85: 5834-5839.  1
1998 Kowalewski M, Heinrich B, Schulthess TC, Butler WH. First principles calculations of interlayer exchange coupling in bcc Fe/Cu/Fe structures Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 34: 1225-1227. DOI: 10.1109/20.706503  1
1998 Butler WH, Zhang XG, MacLaren JM. First-principles based semi-classical model for transport in magnetic layered structures Ieee Transactions On Magnetics. 34: 927-929. DOI: 10.1109/20.706314  1
1998 Schulthess TC, Butler WH. First-principles exchange interactions between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic films: Co on NiMn, a case study Journal of Applied Physics. 83: 7225-7227.  1
1998 MacLaren JM, Butler WH, Zhang XG. Spin-dependent tunneling in epitaxial systems: Band dependence of conductance Journal of Applied Physics. 83: 6521-6523.  1
1998 Schulthess TC, Butler WH. Consequences of spin-flop coupling in exchange biased films Physical Review Letters. 81: 4516-4519.  1
1998 Brown RH, Nicholson DMC, Butler WH, Zhang XG, Shelton WA, Schulthess TC, MacLaren JM. Giant-magnetoresistance calculation for {111} Co/Cu/Co spin valves Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 58: 11146-11149.  1
1997 Butler WH, Zhang XG, Schulthess TC, Nicholson DMC, MacLaren JM, Speriosu VS, Gurney BA. Conductance and giant magnetoconductance of Co|Cu|Co spin valves: Experiment and theory Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 56: 14574-14582.  1
1997 MacLaren JM, Zhang XG, Butler WH. Validity of the Julliere model of spin-dependent tunneling Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 56: 11827-11832.  1
1997 Schulthess TC, Butler WH, Zhang XG, Nicholson DMC, MacLaren JM. Calculation of conductivity in the presence of structural defects: Application to spin dependence of conductivity in cobalt Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 56: 8970-8977.  1
1997 Zhang XG, Butler WH. Local field and quantum effects for current perpendicular to planes in multilayers Journal of Applied Physics. 81: 4576-4578.  1
1997 Zhang XG, Butler WH. Landauer conductance in the diffusive regime Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 55: 10308-10318.  1
1997 Butler WH, Zhang XG, Wang X, Van Ek J, MacLaren JM. Electronic structure of FM|semiconductor|FM spin tunneling structures Journal of Applied Physics. 81: 5518-5520.  1
1997 Brown RH, Nicholson DMC, Butler WH, Zhang XG, Shelton WA, Schulthess TC, MacLaren JM. Calculation of the canting angle dependence of the resistivity in Cu/Co spin valves Journal of Applied Physics. 81: 4008-4010.  1
1997 Nicholson DMC, Butler WH, Shelton WA, Wang Y, Zhang XG, Stocks GM, MacLaren JM. Magnetic structure and electronic transport in permalloy Journal of Applied Physics. 81: 4023-4025.  1
1996 Butler WH, Zhang X, Nicholson DM, Schulthess TC, MacLaren JM. Giant magnetoresistance from an electron waveguide effect in cobalt-copper multilayers. Physical Review Letters. 76: 3216-3219. PMID 10060904 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.76.3216  1
1995 Butler WH, Zhang X, Nicholson DM, MacLaren JM. First-principles calculations of electrical conductivity and giant magnetoresistance of Co||Cu||Co spin valves. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 52: 13399-13410. PMID 9980533  1
1995 Zhang X, Butler WH. Conductivity of metallic films and multilayers. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 51: 10085-10103. PMID 9977684  1
1994 Zhang X, Butler WH, MacLaren JM, van Ek J. Cellular solutions for the Poisson equation in extended systems. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 49: 13383-13393. PMID 10010273  1
1993 Butler WH, Gonis A, Zhang X. Basis functions for arbitrary cells in multiple-scattering theory. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 48: 2118-2130. PMID 10008603  1
1992 Zhang X, Butler WH. Simple cellular method for the exact solution of the one-electron Schrödinger equation. Physical Review Letters. 68: 3753-3756. PMID 10045788 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.68.3753  1
1992 Zhang X, Butler WH, Nicholson DM, Nesbet RK. Green-function cellular method for the electronic structure of molecules and solids. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 46: 15031-15039. PMID 10003614  1
1992 Wang X, Zhang X, Butler WH, Stocks GM, Harmon BN. Relativistic-multiple-scattering theory for space-filling potentials. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 46: 9352-9358. PMID 10002739  1
1992 Zhang X, Butler WH. Multiple-scattering theory with a truncated basis set. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 46: 7433-7447. PMID 10002480  1
1992 Butler WH, Gonis A, Zhang X. Multiple-scattering theory for space-filling cell potentials. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 45: 11527-11541. PMID 10001166  1
1991 Butler WH, Zhang X. Accuracy and convergence properties of multiple-scattering theory in three dimensions. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 44: 969-983. PMID 9999602  1
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