Jonathan Rivnay - Publications

Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 
Materials, Bioelectronics, Neuroengineering

72 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2020 Paulsen BD, Wu R, Takacs CJ, Steinrück HG, Strzalka J, Zhang Q, Toney MF, Rivnay J. Time-Resolved Structural Kinetics of an Organic Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conductor. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). e2003404. PMID 32864811 DOI: 10.1002/adma.202003404  0.68
2020 Paterson AF, Savva A, Wustoni S, Tsetseris L, Paulsen BD, Faber H, Emwas AH, Chen X, Nikiforidis G, Hidalgo TC, Moser M, Maria IP, Rivnay J, McCulloch I, Anthopoulos TD, et al. Water stable molecular n-doping produces organic electrochemical transistors with high transconductance and record stability. Nature Communications. 11: 3004. PMID 32532975 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-16648-0  0.8
2020 Giovannitti A, Rashid RB, Thiburce Q, Paulsen BD, Cendra C, Thorley K, Moia D, Mefford JT, Hanifi D, Weiyuan D, Moser M, Salleo A, Nelson J, McCulloch I, Rivnay J. Energetic Control of Redox-Active Polymers toward Safe Organic Bioelectronic Materials. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). e1908047. PMID 32125736 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201908047  0.8
2019 Parr ZS, Halaksa R, Finn PA, Rashid RB, Kovalenko A, Weiter M, Rivnay J, Krajčovič J, Nielsen CB. Glycolated Thiophene-Tetrafluorophenylene Copolymers for Bioelectronic Applications: Synthesis by Direct Heteroarylation Polymerisation. Chempluschem. 84: 1384-1390. PMID 31944047 DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201900254  0.32
2019 Paulsen BD, Tybrandt K, Stavrinidou E, Rivnay J. Organic mixed ionic-electronic conductors. Nature Materials. PMID 31427743 DOI: 10.1038/s41563-019-0435-z  0.72
2018 Shirinskaya A, Horowitz G, Rivnay J, Malliaras GG, Bonnassieux Y. Numerical Modeling of an Organic Electrochemical Transistor. Biosensors. 8. PMID 30384434 DOI: 10.3390/bios8040103  0.84
2018 Venkatraman V, Friedlein JT, Giovannitti A, Maria IP, McCulloch I, McLeod RR, Rivnay J. Subthreshold Operation of Organic Electrochemical Transistors for Biosignal Amplification. Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany). 5: 1800453. PMID 30128254 DOI: 10.1002/advs.201800453  0.8
2018 Pappa AM, Ohayon D, Giovannitti A, Maria IP, Savva A, Uguz I, Rivnay J, McCulloch I, Owens RM, Inal S. Direct metabolite detection with an n-type accumulation mode organic electrochemical transistor. Science Advances. 4: eaat0911. PMID 29942860 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat0911  0.84
2018 Inal S, Rivnay J, Suiu AO, Malliaras GG, McCulloch I. Conjugated Polymers in Bioelectronics. Accounts of Chemical Research. PMID 29874033 DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00624  0.84
2018 Giovannitti A, Maria IP, Hanifi D, Donahue MJ, Bryant D, Barth KJ, Makdah BE, Savva A, Moia D, Zetek M, Barnes PRF, Reid OG, Inal S, Rumbles G, Malliaras GG, ... ... Rivnay J, et al. The Role of the Side Chain on the Performance of N-type Conjugated Polymers in Aqueous Electrolytes. Chemistry of Materials : a Publication of the American Chemical Society. 30: 2945-2953. PMID 29780208 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00321  0.84
2018 Kiefer D, Giovannitti A, Sun H, Biskup T, Hofmann A, Koopmans M, Cendra C, Weber S, Anton Koster LJ, Olsson E, Rivnay J, Fabiano S, McCulloch I, Müller C. Enhanced n-Doping Efficiency of a Naphthalenediimide-Based Copolymer through Polar Side Chains for Organic Thermoelectrics. Acs Energy Letters. 3: 278-285. PMID 29457139 DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01146  0.8
2017 Curto VF, Marchiori B, Hama A, Pappa AM, Ferro MP, Braendlein M, Rivnay J, Fiocchi M, Malliaras GG, Ramuz M, Owens RM. Organic transistor platform with integrated microfluidics for in-line multi-parametric cell monitoring. Microsystems & Nanoengineering. 3: 17028. PMID 31057869 DOI: 10.1038/micronano.2017.28  0.84
2017 Inal S, Malliaras GG, Rivnay J. Benchmarking organic mixed conductors for transistors. Nature Communications. 8: 1767. PMID 29176599 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01812-w  0.84
2017 Rivnay J, Wang H, Fenno L, Deisseroth K, Malliaras GG. Next-generation probes, particles, and proteins for neural interfacing. Science Advances. 3: e1601649. PMID 28630894 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601649  0.84
2016 Giovannitti A, Nielsen CB, Sbircea DT, Inal S, Donahue M, Niazi MR, Hanifi DA, Amassian A, Malliaras GG, Rivnay J, McCulloch I. Erratum: N-type organic electrochemical transistors with stability in water. Nature Communications. 7: 13955. PMID 27976677 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13955  0.84
2016 Giovannitti A, Sbircea DT, Inal S, Nielsen CB, Bandiello E, Hanifi DA, Sessolo M, Malliaras GG, McCulloch I, Rivnay J. Controlling the mode of operation of organic transistors through side-chain engineering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 113: 12017-12022. PMID 27790983 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1608780113  0.84
2016 Lee W, Kim D, Rivnay J, Matsuhisa N, Lonjaret T, Yokota T, Yawo H, Sekino M, Malliaras GG, Someya T. Integration of Organic Electrochemical and Field-Effect Transistors for Ultraflexible, High Temporal Resolution Electrophysiology Arrays. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). PMID 27717052 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201602237  0.84
2016 Giovannitti A, Nielsen CB, Sbircea DT, Inal S, Donahue M, Niazi MR, Hanifi DA, Amassian A, Malliaras GG, Rivnay J, McCulloch I. N-type organic electrochemical transistors with stability in water. Nature Communications. 7: 13066. PMID 27713414 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13066  0.84
2016 Jonsson A, Inal S, Uguz L, Williamson AJ, Kergoat L, Rivnay J, Khodagholy D, Berggren M, Bernard C, Malliaras GG, Simon DT. Bioelectronic neural pixel: Chemical stimulation and electrical sensing at the same site. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 27506784 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1604231113).  0.84
2016 Nielsen CB, Giovannitti A, Sbircea DT, Bandiello E, Niazi MR, Hanifi DA, Sessolo M, Amassian A, Malliaras GG, Rivnay J, McCulloch I. Molecular Design of Semiconducting Polymers for High-Performance Organic Electrochemical Transistors. Journal of the American Chemical Society. PMID 27444189 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b05280  0.84
2016 Rivnay J, Inal S, Collins BA, Sessolo M, Stavrinidou E, Strakosas X, Tassone C, Delongchamp DM, Malliaras GG. Structural control of mixed ionic and electronic transport in conducting polymers. Nature Communications. 7: 11287. PMID 27090156 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11287  0.84
2016 Proctor CM, Rivnay J, Malliaras GG. Understanding volumetric capacitance in conducting polymers Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics. 54: 1433-1436. DOI: 10.1002/polb.24038  0.84
2016 Inal S, Rivnay J, Hofmann AI, Uguz I, Mumtaz M, Katsigiannopoulos D, Brochon C, Cloutet E, Hadziioannou G, Malliaras GG. Organic electrochemical transistors based on PEDOT with different anionic polyelectrolyte dopants Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics. 54: 147-151. DOI: 10.1002/polb.23938  0.84
2016 Giovannitti A, Nielsen CB, Rivnay J, Kirkus M, Harkin DJ, White AJP, Sirringhaus H, Malliaras GG, McCulloch I. Sodium and Potassium Ion Selective Conjugated Polymers for Optical Ion Detection in Solution and Solid State Advanced Functional Materials. 26: 514-523. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201503791  0.84
2015 Rivnay J, Leleux P, Ferro M, Sessolo M, Williamson A, Koutsouras DA, Khodagholy D, Ramuz M, Strakosas X, Owens RM, Benar C, Badier JM, Bernard C, Malliaras GG. High-performance transistors for bioelectronics through tuning of channel thickness. Science Advances. 1: e1400251. PMID 26601178 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1400251  0.84
2015 Williamson A, Ferro M, Leleux P, Ismailova E, Kaszas A, Doublet T, Quilichini P, Rivnay J, Rózsa B, Katona G, Bernard C, Malliaras GG. Localized Neuron Stimulation with Organic Electrochemical Transistors on Delaminating Depth Probes. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). PMID 26129730 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201500218  0.84
2015 Rivnay J, Leleux P, Hama A, Ramuz M, Huerta M, Malliaras GG, Owens RM. Using white noise to gate organic transistors for dynamic monitoring of cultured cell layers. Scientific Reports. 5: 11613. PMID 26112429 DOI: 10.1038/srep11613  0.84
2015 Williamson A, Rivnay J, Kergoat L, Jonsson A, Inal S, Uguz I, Ferro M, Ivanov A, Sjöström TA, Simon DT, Berggren M, Malliaras GG, Bernard C. Epilepsy treatment: controlling epileptiform activity with organic electronic ion pumps (adv. Mater. 20/2015). Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 27: 3097. PMID 25994770 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201570133  0.84
2015 Williamson A, Rivnay J, Kergoat L, Jonsson A, Inal S, Uguz I, Ferro M, Ivanov A, Sjöström TA, Simon DT, Berggren M, Malliaras GG, Bernard C. Controlling epileptiform activity with organic electronic ion pumps. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 27: 3138-44. PMID 25866154 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201500482  0.84
2015 Ramuz M, Margita K, Hama A, Leleux P, Rivnay J, Bazin I, Owens RM. Optimization of a planar all-polymer transistor for characterization of barrier tissue. Chemphyschem : a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry. 16: 1210-6. PMID 25752503 DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201402878  0.84
2015 Leleux P, Rivnay J, Lonjaret T, Badier JM, Bénar C, Hervé T, Chauvel P, Malliaras GG. Organic electrochemical transistors for clinical applications. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 4: 142-7. PMID 25262967 DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201400356  0.84
2015 Wang C, Duong DT, Vandewal K, Rivnay J, Salleo A. Optical measurement of doping efficiency in poly(3-hexylthiophene) solutions and thin films Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 91. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.085205  0.84
2015 Huerta M, Rivnay J, Ramuz M, Hama A, Owens RM. Research Update: Electrical monitoring of cysts using organic electrochemical transistors Apl Materials. 3. DOI: 10.1063/1.4915493  0.84
2015 Rivnay J, Ramuz M, Leleux P, Hama A, Huerta M, Owens RM. Organic electrochemical transistors for cell-based impedance sensing Applied Physics Letters. 106. DOI: 10.1063/1.4906872  0.84
2015 Ramuz M, Hama A, Rivnay J, Leleux P, Owens RM. Monitoring of cell layer coverage and differentiation with the organic electrochemical transistor Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 3: 5971-5977. DOI: 10.1039/c5tb00922g  0.84
2015 Himmelberger S, Duong DT, Northrup JE, Rivnay J, Koch FPV, Beckingham BS, Stingelin N, Segalman RA, Mannsfeld SCB, Salleo A. Role of side-shain branching on thin-film structure and electronic properties of polythiophenes Advanced Functional Materials. 25: 2616-2624. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201500101  0.84
2014 Strakosas X, Sessolo M, Hama A, Rivnay J, Stavrinidou E, Malliaras GG, Owens RM. A facile biofunctionalisation route for solution processable conducting polymer devices. Journal of Materials Chemistry. B. 2: 2537-2545. PMID 32261421 DOI: 10.1039/c3tb21491e  0.84
2014 Inal S, Rivnay J, Leleux P, Ferro M, Ramuz M, Brendel JC, Schmidt MM, Thelakkat M, Malliaras GG. A high transconductance accumulation mode electrochemical transistor. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 26: 7450-5. PMID 25312252 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201403150  0.84
2014 Ramuz M, Hama A, Huerta M, Rivnay J, Leleux P, Owens RM. Combined optical and electronic sensing of epithelial cells using planar organic transistors. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 26: 7083-90. PMID 25179835 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201401706  0.84
2014 Sessolo M, Rivnay J, Bandiello E, Malliaras GG, Bolink HJ. Ion-selective organic electrochemical transistors. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 26: 4803-7. PMID 24862110 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201400731  0.84
2014 Leleux P, Johnson C, Strakosas X, Rivnay J, Hervé T, Owens RM, Malliaras GG. Ionic liquid gel-assisted electrodes for long-term cutaneous recordings. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 3: 1377-80. PMID 24591460 DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201300614  0.84
2014 Tria SA, Ramuz M, Huerta M, Leleux P, Rivnay J, Jimison LH, Hama A, Malliaras GG, Owens RM. Dynamic monitoring of Salmonella typhimurium infection of polarized epithelia using organic transistors. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 3: 1053-60. PMID 24497469 DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201300632  0.84
2014 Stavrinidou E, Winther-Jensen O, Shekibi BS, Armel V, Rivnay J, Ismailova E, Sanaur S, Malliaras GG, Winther-Jensen B. Engineering hydrophilic conducting composites with enhanced ion mobility. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics : Pccp. 16: 2275-9. PMID 24352071 DOI: 10.1039/c3cp54061h  0.84
2014 Leleux P, Badier JM, Rivnay J, Bénar C, Hervé T, Chauvel P, Malliaras GG. Conducting polymer electrodes for electroencephalography. Advanced Healthcare Materials. 3: 490-3. PMID 24106008 DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201300311  0.84
2014 Faria GC, Duong DT, Salleo A, Polyzoidis CA, Logothetidis S, Rivnay J, Owens R, Malliaras GG. Organic electrochemical transistors as impedance biosensors Mrs Communications. 4: 189-194. DOI: 10.1557/mrc.2014.35  0.84
2014 Strakosas X, Sessolo M, Hama A, Rivnay J, Stavrinidou E, Malliaras GG, Owens RM. A facile biofunctionalisation route for solution processable conducting polymer devices Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 2: 2537-2545. DOI: 10.1039/c3tb21491e  0.84
2014 Rivnay J, Owens RM, Malliaras GG. The rise of organic bioelectronics Chemistry of Materials. 26: 679-685. DOI: 10.1021/cm4022003  0.84
2013 Rivnay J, Leleux P, Sessolo M, Khodagholy D, Hervé T, Fiocchi M, Malliaras GG. Organic electrochemical transistors with maximum transconductance at zero gate bias. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 25: 7010-4. PMID 24123258 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201303080  0.84
2013 Noriega R, Rivnay J, Vandewal K, Koch FP, Stingelin N, Smith P, Toney MF, Salleo A. A general relationship between disorder, aggregation and charge transport in conjugated polymers. Nature Materials. 12: 1038-44. PMID 23913173 DOI: 10.1038/nmat3722  0.84
2013 Khodagholy D, Rivnay J, Sessolo M, Gurfinkel M, Leleux P, Jimison LH, Stavrinidou E, Herve T, Sanaur S, Owens RM, Malliaras GG. High transconductance organic electrochemical transistors. Nature Communications. 4: 2133. PMID 23851620 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3133  0.84
2013 Armel V, Rivnay J, Malliaras G, Winther-Jensen B. Unexpected interaction between PEDOT and phosphonium ionic liquids. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 135: 11309-13. PMID 23834210 DOI: 10.1021/ja405032c  0.6
2013 Stavrinidou E, Leleux P, Rajaona H, Khodagholy D, Rivnay J, Lindau M, Sanaur S, Malliaras GG. Direct measurement of ion mobility in a conducting polymer. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 25: 4488-93. PMID 23784809 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201301240  0.84
2013 Wang C, Rivnay J, Himmelberger S, Vakhshouri K, Toney MF, Gomez ED, Salleo A. Ultrathin body poly(3-hexylthiophene) transistors with improved short-channel performance. Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces. 5: 2342-6. PMID 23429794 DOI: 10.1021/am3027103  0.84
2013 Sessolo M, Khodagholy D, Rivnay J, Maddalena F, Gleyzes M, Steidl E, Buisson B, Malliaras GG. Easy-to-fabricate conducting polymer microelectrode arrays. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 25: 2135-9. PMID 23417987 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201204322  0.84
2013 Koch FPV, Rivnay J, Foster S, Müller C, Downing JM, Buchaca-Domingo E, Westacott P, Yu L, Yuan M, Baklar M, Fei Z, Luscombe C, McLachlan MA, Heeney M, Rumbles G, et al. The impact of molecular weight on microstructure and charge transport in semicrystalline polymer semiconductors-poly(3-hexylthiophene), a model study Progress in Polymer Science. 38: 1978-1989. DOI: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2013.07.009  0.84
2013 Jimison LH, Himmelberger S, Duong DT, Rivnay J, Toney MF, Salleo A. Vertical confinement and interface effects on the microstructure and charge transport of P3HT thin films Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics. 51: 611-620. DOI: 10.1002/polb.23265  0.84
2012 Rivnay J, Mannsfeld SC, Miller CE, Salleo A, Toney MF. Quantitative determination of organic semiconductor microstructure from the molecular to device scale. Chemical Reviews. 112: 5488-519. PMID 22877516 DOI: 10.1021/cr3001109  0.84
2012 Kronemeijer AJ, Gili E, Shahid M, Rivnay J, Salleo A, Heeney M, Sirringhaus H. A selenophene-based low-bandgap donor-acceptor polymer leading to fast ambipolar logic. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 24: 1558-65. PMID 22351605 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201104522  0.68
2012 Peters CH, Sachs-Quintana IT, Mateker WR, Heumueller T, Rivnay J, Noriega R, Beiley ZM, Hoke ET, Salleo A, McGehee MD. The mechanism of burn-in loss in a high efficiency polymer solar cell. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 24: 663-8. PMID 21989825 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201103010  0.68
2011 Goetz KP, Li Z, Ward JW, Bougher C, Rivnay J, Smith J, Conrad BR, Parkin SR, Anthopoulos TD, Salleo A, Anthony JE, Jurchescu OD. Effect of acene length on electronic properties in 5-, 6-, and 7-ringed heteroacenes. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 23: 3698-703. PMID 21732562 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201101619  0.84
2011 Holcombe TW, Norton JE, Rivnay J, Woo CH, Goris L, Piliego C, Griffini G, Sellinger A, Brédas JL, Salleo A, Fréchet JM. Steric control of the donor/acceptor interface: implications in organic photovoltaic charge generation. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 133: 12106-14. PMID 21688785 DOI: 10.1021/ja203235z  0.84
2011 Rivnay J, Steyrleuthner R, Jimison LH, Casadei A, Chen Z, Toney MF, Facchetti A, Neher D, Salleo A. Drastic control of texture in a high performance n-type polymeric semiconductor and implications for charge transport Macromolecules. 44: 5246-5255. DOI: 10.1021/ma200864s  0.84
2010 Rivnay J, Toney MF, Zheng Y, Kauvar IV, Chen Z, Wagner V, Facchetti A, Salleo A. Unconventional face-on texture and exceptional in-plane order of a high mobility n-type polymer. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.). 22: 4359-63. PMID 20623753 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201001202  0.68
2010 Arias AC, MacKenzie JD, McCulloch I, Rivnay J, Salleo A. Materials and applications for large area electronics: solution-based approaches. Chemical Reviews. 110: 3-24. PMID 20070114 DOI: 10.1021/cr900150b  0.84
2010 Noriega R, Rivnay J, Goris L, Kälblein D, Klauk H, Kern K, Thompson LM, Palke AC, Stebbins JF, Jokisaari JR, Kusinski G, Salleo A. Probing the electrical properties of highly-doped Al:ZnO nanowire ensembles Journal of Applied Physics. 107. DOI: 10.1063/1.3360930  0.84
2010 Letizia JA, Rivnay J, Facchetti A, Ratner MA, Marks TJ. Variable temperature mobility analysis of n-channel, p-channel and ambipolar organic field-effect transistors Advanced Functional Materials. 20: 50-58. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200900831  0.84
2009 Rivnay J, Jimison LH, Northrup JE, Toney MF, Noriega R, Lu S, Marks TJ, Facchetti A, Salleo A. Large modulation of carrier transport by grain-boundary molecular packing and microstructure in organic thin films. Nature Materials. 8: 952-8. PMID 19898460 DOI: 10.1038/nmat2570  0.68
2009 Noriega R, Goris L, Rivnay J, Scholl J, Thompson LM, Palke AC, Stebbins JF, Salleo A. Transport and structural characterization of solution-processable doped zno nanowires Proceedings of Spie - the International Society For Optical Engineering. 7411. DOI: 10.1117/12.826204  0.84
2009 Mayer AC, Toney MF, Scully SR, Rivnay J, Brabec CJ, Scharber M, Koppe M, Heeney M, McCulloch I, McGehee MD. Bimolecular crystals of fullerenes in conjugated polymers and the implications of molecular mixing for solar cells Advanced Functional Materials. 19: 1173-1179. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200801684  0.84
2008 Rivnay J, Jimison LH, Toney MF, Preiner M, Melosh NA, Salleo A. Interfacial effects in thin films of polymeric semiconductors Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures. 26: 1454-1460. DOI: 10.1116/1.2952454  0.84
2007 Blasini DR, Rivnay J, Smilgies DM, Slinker JD, Flores-Torres S, Abruña HD, Malliaras GG. Observation of intermediate-range order in a nominally amorphous molecular semiconductor film Journal of Materials Chemistry. 17: 1458-1461. DOI: 10.1039/b700505a  0.84
2006 Slinker JD, Rivnay J, Defranco JA, Bernards DA, Gorodetsky AA, Parker ST, Cox MP, Rohl R, Malliaras GG, Flores-Torres S, Abruña HD. Direct 120 V, 60 Hz operation of an organic light emitting device Journal of Applied Physics. 99. DOI: 10.1063/1.2186031  0.84
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