Howard C. Howland - Publications

Affiliations: 
Cornell, Ithaca, NY, United States 
Area:
Visual system

147 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2016 Wahl C, Li T, Howland HC. Intraocular pressure fluctuations of growing chick eyes are suppressed in constant light conditions. Experimental Eye Research. PMID 27223608 DOI: 10.1016/j.exer.2016.05.018  0.72
2015 Wahl C, Li T, Howland H. Plasticity in the growth of the chick eye: emmetropization achieved by alternate morphologies. Vision Research. 110: 15-22. PMID 25765992 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2015.02.021  1
2015 Maier FM, Howland HC, Ohlendorf A, Wahl S, Schaeffel F. Lack of oblique astigmatism in the chicken eye. Vision Research. 109: 68-76. PMID 25701740 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2015.02.002  1
2012 Machovsky-Capuska GE, Howland HC, Raubenheimer D, Vaughn-Hirshorn R, Würsig B, Hauber ME, Katzir G. Visual accommodation and active pursuit of prey underwater in a plunge-diving bird: the Australasian gannet. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / the Royal Society. 279: 4118-25. PMID 22874749 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1519  1
2011 Wahl C, Li T, Takagi Y, Howland H. The effects of light regimes and hormones on corneal growth in vivo and in organ culture Journal of Anatomy. 219: 766-775. PMID 21951233 DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2011.01429.x  1
2011 Tarutta E, Chua WH, Young T, Goldschmidt E, Saw SM, Rose KA, Smith E, Mutti DO, Ashby R, Stone RA, Wildsoet C, Howland HC, Fischer AJ, Stell WK, Reichenbach A, et al. Myopia: Why Study the Mechanisms of Myopia? Novel Approaches to Risk Factors Signalling Eye Growth- How Could Basic Biology Be Translated into Clinical Insights? Where Are Genetic and Proteomic Approaches Leading? How Does Visual Function Contribute to and Interact with Ametropia? Does Eye Shape Matter? Why Ametropia at All? Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. PMID 21297512 DOI: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e31820e6a6a  1
2011 Howland HC. History of the study of monochromatic aberrations of the eye Optics Infobase Conference Papers 1
2009 Howland HC. Photorefraction of eyes: history and future prospects. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 86: 603-6. PMID 19390473 DOI: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e3181a523c9  1
2009 Wahl C, Li T, Choden T, Howland H. Morphometrics of corneal growth in chicks raised in constant light Journal of Anatomy. 214: 355-361. PMID 19245502 DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.01022.x  1
2009 Howland HC. Orbital orientation is not visual orientation: a comment on "X-ray Vision and the evolution of forward-facing eyes" by M.A. Changizi and S. Shimojo. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 257: 522-3; author reply . PMID 19150616 DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.12.010  1
2008 Howland HC, Howland M. A standard nomenclature for the axes and planes of vertebrate eyes. Vision Research. 48: 1926-7. PMID 18585402 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2008.06.002  1
2008 Sharma R, Mihashi T, Howland HC. Compensation of monochromatic aberrations in older eyes Journal of Modern Optics. 55: 773-781. DOI: 10.1080/09500340701469765  1
2007 Rompala K, Rand R, Howland H. Dynamics of three coupled van der Pol oscillators with application to circadian rhythms Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation. 12: 794-803. DOI: 10.1016/j.cnsns.2005.08.002  1
2006 Li T, Howland HC. Role of the pineal gland in ocular development of the chick in normal and constant light conditions. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 47: 5132-6. PMID 17065535 DOI: 10.1167/iovs.05-0671  0.72
2006 Holzman R, Shashar N, Howland HC, Katzir G. Changes in the refractive state during prey capture under low light in the nocturnal cardinalfish Apogon annularis. Vision Research. 46: 2094-101. PMID 16483628 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2005.11.031  1
2006 Ronneburger A, Basarab J, Howland HC. Growth of the cornea from infancy to adolescence. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics : the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 26: 80-7. PMID 16390486 DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2005.00362.x  1
2006 Campbell CE, Benjamin WJ, Howland HC. Objective Refraction: Retinoscopy, Autorefraction, and Photorefraction Borish's Clinical Refraction. 682-764. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-7506-7524-6.50023-5  1
2005 Howland HC. Allometry and scaling of wave aberration of eyes. Vision Research. 45: 1091-3. PMID 15707916 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2004.11.002  1
2005 Shapiro JA, Kelly JE, Howland HC. Accommodative state of young adults using reading spectacles. Vision Research. 45: 233-45. PMID 15581922 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2004.08.024  1
2004 Howland HC, Merola S, Basarab JR. The allometry and scaling of the size of vertebrate eyes. Vision Research. 44: 2043-65. PMID 15149837 DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2004.03.023  1
2004 Kelly JE, Mihashi T, Howland HC. Compensation of corneal horizontal/vertical astigmatism, lateral coma, and spherical aberration by internal optics of the eye. Journal of Vision. 4: 262-71. PMID 15134473 DOI: 10:1167/4.4.2  1
2004 Schaeffel F, Burkhardt E, Howland HC, Williams RW. Measurement of refractive state and deprivation myopia in two strains of mice. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 81: 99-110. PMID 15127929 DOI: 10.1097/00006324-200402000-00008  1
2004 Camacho E, Rand R, Howland H. Dynamics of two van der Pol oscillators coupled via a bath International Journal of Solids and Structures. 41: 2133-2143. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2003.11.035  1
2003 Li T, Howland HC. The effects of constant and diurnal illumination of the pineal gland and the eyes on ocular growth in chicks. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 44: 3692-7. PMID 12882825 DOI: 10.1167/iovs.02-0990  1
2003 Montiani-Ferreira F, Li T, Kiupel M, Howland H, Hocking P, Curtis R, Petersen-Jones S. Clinical features of the retinopathy, globe enlarged (rge) chick phenotype. Vision Research. 43: 2009-18. PMID 12842154 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(03)00303-1  1
2003 Katzir G, Howland HC. Corneal power and underwater accommodation in great cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis). The Journal of Experimental Biology. 206: 833-41. PMID 12547938 DOI: 10.1242/jeb.00142  1
2003 Mihashi T, Shioiri S, Hirohara Y, Howland HC, Yaguchi H, Kuroda T, Maeda N, Fujikado T. Evaluation of images of visual acuity charts degraded by wavefront aberrations by a human observer and by using cross correlation functions of the images of Landolt rings Journal of Vision. 3: 54a. DOI: 10.1167/3.12.54  1
2002 Howland HC. High order wave aberration of eyes. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics : the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 22: 434-9. PMID 12358315 DOI: 10.1046/j.1475-1313.2002.00072.x  1
2002 MacLachlan C, Howland HC. Normal values and standard deviations for pupil diameter and interpupillary distance in subjects aged 1 month to 19 years. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics : the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 22: 175-82. PMID 12090630 DOI: 10.1046/j.1475-1313.2002.00023.x  1
2001 Endl MJ, Martinez CE, Klyce SD, McDonald MB, Coorpender SJ, Applegate RA, Howland HC. Effect of larger ablation zone and transition zone on corneal optical aberrations after photorefractive keratectomy. Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960). 119: 1159-64. PMID 11483083  1
2001 Hueter RE, Murphy CJ, Howland M, Sivak JG, Paul-Murphy JR, Howland HC. Refractive state and accommodation in the eyes of free-swimming versus restrained juvenile lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris). Vision Research. 41: 1885-9. PMID 11412881 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(01)00064-5  1
2001 Meyer T, Howland HC. How large is the optic disc? Systematic errors in fundus cameras and topographers. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics : the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 21: 139-50. PMID 11261348 DOI: 10.1046/j.1475-1313.2001.00551.x  1
2000 Blackie CA, Howland HC. Stability analysis of two linear accommodation and convergence models. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 77: 608-15. PMID 11138836  1
2000 Choi M, Weiss S, Schaeffel F, Seidemann A, Howland HC, Wilhelm B, Wilhelm H. Laboratory, clinical, and kindergarten test of a new eccentric infrared photorefractor (PowerRefractor). Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 77: 537-48. PMID 11100892  1
2000 Howland HC. The history and methods of ophthalmic wavefront sensing. Journal of Refractive Surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995). 16: S552-3. PMID 11019870  1
2000 Applegate RA, Hilmantel G, Howland HC, Tu EY, Starck T, Zayac EJ. Corneal first surface optical aberrations and visual performance. Journal of Refractive Surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995). 16: 507-14. PMID 11019864  1
2000 Li T, Howland HC. Modulation of constant light effects on the eye by ciliary ganglionectomy and optic nerve section. Vision Research. 40: 2249-56. PMID 10927112 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(00)00097-3  1
2000 Li T, Howland HC, Troilo D. Diurnal illumination patterns affect the development of the chick eye. Vision Research. 40: 2387-93. PMID 10915880 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(00)00098-5  1
2000 Bobier WR, Guinta A, Kurtz S, Howland HC. Prism induced accommodation in infants 3 to 6 months of age. Vision Research. 40: 529-37. PMID 10820611 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(99)00196-0  1
2000 Rand RH, Li T, Wirkus ET, Howland HC. A mathematical model of a retinal oscillator American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Bioengineering Division (Publication) Bed. 48: 89-90.  1
1999 Blackie CA, Howland HC. An extension of an accommodation and convergence model of emmetropization to include the effects of illumination intensity. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics : the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 19: 112-25. PMID 10615447 DOI: 10.1016/S0275-5408(98)00077-5  1
1999 Schaeffel F, Murphy CJ, Howland HC. Accommodation in the cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis). The Journal of Experimental Biology. 202: 3127-34. PMID 10539961  1
1999 Oshika T, Klyce SD, Applegate RA, Howland HC. Changes in corneal wavefront aberrations with aging. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 40: 1351-5. PMID 10359316  1
1999 López-Gil N, Howland HC. Measurement of the eye's near infrared wave-front aberration using the objective crossed-cylinder aberroscope technique. Vision Research. 39: 2031-7. PMID 10343787 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(98)00315-0  1
1999 Li T, Howland HC. A true neuronal consensual pupillary reflex in chicks. Vision Research. 39: 897-900. PMID 10341943 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(98)00197-7  1
1999 Endl MJ, Martínez CE, Klyce SD, McDonald MB, Coorpender SJ, Applegate RA, Howland HC. Irregular astigmatism after photorefractive keratectomy. Journal of Refractive Surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995). 15: S249-51. PMID 10202735  1
1999 Hilmantel G, Blunt RJ, Garrett BP, Howland HC, Applegate RA. Accuracy of the tomey topographic modeling system in measuring surface elevations of asymmetric objects. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 76: 108-14. PMID 10082057  1
1999 Oshika T, Klyce SD, Applegate RA, Howland HC, El Danasoury MA. Comparison of corneal wavefront aberrations after photorefractive keratectomy and laser in situ keratomileusis. American Journal of Ophthalmology. 127: 1-7. PMID 9932992 DOI: 10.1016/S0002-9394(98)00288-8  1
1998 López-Gil N, Howland HC, Howland B, Charman N, Applegate R. Generation of third-order spherical and coma aberrations by use of radically symmetrical fourth-order lenses. Journal of the Optical Society of America. a, Optics, Image Science, and Vision. 15: 2563-71. PMID 9729869  1
1998 Martínez CE, Applegate RA, Klyce SD, McDonald MB, Medina JP, Howland HC. Effect of pupillary dilation on corneal optical aberrations after photorefractive keratectomy. Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960). 116: 1053-62. PMID 9715686  1
1998 Applegate RA, Howland HC, Sharp RP, Cottingham AJ, Yee RW. Corneal aberrations and visual performance after radial keratotomy. Journal of Refractive Surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995). 14: 397-407. PMID 9699163  1
1998 Cronin TW, Fasick JI, Howland HC. Video photoretinoscopy of the eyes of the small odontocetes Tursiops truncatus, Phocoena phocoena, and Kogia breviceps Marine Mammal Science. 14: 584-590.  1
1997 Gekeler F, Schaeffel F, Howland HC, Wattam-Bell J. Measurement of astigmatism by automated infrared photoretinoscopy. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 74: 472-82. PMID 9293513 DOI: 10.1097/00006324-199707000-00013  1
1997 Applegate RA, Howland HC. Refractive surgery, optical aberrations, and visual performance. Journal of Refractive Surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995). 13: 295-9. PMID 9183761  1
1997 Howland HC, Howland M, Giunta A, Cronin TW. Corneal curvatures and refractions of central American frogs. Vision Research. 37: 169-74. PMID 9068817 DOI: 10.1016/S0042-6989(96)00135-6  1
1997 Kurtz S, Peck LB, Howland HC. Prevalence of undercorrected refractive error and amblyopia in a normal, non-strabismic longitudinal study population Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 38: S70.  1
1996 Glasser A, Howland HC. A history of studies of visual accommodation in birds. The Quarterly Review of Biology. 71: 475-509. PMID 8987172  1
1996 Smith G, Applegate RA, Howland HC. The crossed-cylinder aberroscope: an alternative method of calculation of the aberrations. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics : the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 16: 222-9. PMID 8977886 DOI: 10.1016/0275-5408(95)00088-7  1
1996 Thompson AM, Li T, Peck LB, Howland HC, Counts R, Bobier WR. Accuracy and precision of the Tomey ViVA infrared photorefractor. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 73: 644-52. PMID 8916135 DOI: 10.1097/00006324-199610000-00003  1
1996 Patten B, Howland HC. Clinical findings before the onset of myopia in youth. I. Ocular optical components. Survey of Ophthalmology. 41: 184-5. PMID 8890445  1
1996 Applegate RA, Hilmantel G, Howland HC. Corneal aberrations increase with the magnitude of radial keratotomy refractive correction. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 73: 585-9. PMID 8887401  1
1996 Saunders DD, Howland HC. Measurement of the infrared line and point spreads in the human eye Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S720.  1
1996 Giunta AL, Peck LB, Howland HC. Near pupillary response in children Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S162.  1
1996 Peck LB, Howland HC. Five-year screening experience using photorefraction, cover, and visual acuity testing on 920 head start children Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S729.  1
1996 Martinez CE, Applegate RA, Howland HC, Klyce SD, McDonald MB, Medina JP. Changes in corneal aberration structure after photorefractive keratectomy Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S933.  1
1996 Thunyalukul V, Peck LB, Howland HC. Pupil sizes and interpupillary distances of 970 infants and children measured in 2800 visits Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S731.  1
1996 Li T, Howland HC. There is a true consensual pupillary response in chickens Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S158.  1
1996 Kurtz S, Lowe H, Peck LB, Howland HC. Visual acuities of 324 children in a study of normal visual development Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S1004.  1
1996 Laskowski FH, Howland HC. Effect of experimentally simulated astigmatism on eye growth and refractive development in chicks Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S687.  1
1996 Lowe H, Bobier WR, Peck LB, Howland HC. Comparison of refractions from eccentric photorefraction and streak retinoscopy Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S729.  1
1996 Koop MR, Applegate RA, Howland HC. Changes in the Area Under the Log Contrast Sensitivity Function (AULCSF) with myopic refractive error Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 37: S322.  1
1995 Applegate RA, Nuñez R, Buettner J, Howland HC. How accurately can videokeratographic systems measure surface elevation? Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 72: 785-92. PMID 8587766  1
1995 Murphy CJ, Glasser A, Howland HC. The anatomy of the ciliary region of the chicken eye. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 36: 889-96. PMID 7706037  1
1995 Glasser A, Murphy CJ, Troilo D, Howland HC. The mechanism of lenticular accommodation in chicks. Vision Research. 35: 1525-40. PMID 7667911 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00211-4  1
1995 Glasser A, Howland HC. In vitro changes in back vertex distance of chick and pigeon lenses: species differences and the effects of aging. Vision Research. 35: 1813-24. PMID 7660588 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00292-T  1
1995 Hui J, Peck L, Howland HC. Correlations between familial refractive error and children's non-cycloplegic refractions. Vision Research. 35: 1353-8. PMID 7610597 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00224-A  1
1995 Troilo D, Li T, Glasser A, Howland HC. Differences in eye growth and the response to visual deprivation in different strains of chicken. Vision Research. 35: 1211-6. PMID 7610582 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00230-J  1
1995 Li T, Troilo D, Glasser A, Howland HC. Constant light produces severe corneal flattening and hyperopia in chickens. Vision Research. 35: 1203-9. PMID 7610581 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00231-A  1
1995 Murphy CJ, Howland M, Howland HC. Raptors lack lower-field myopia. Vision Research. 35: 1153-5. PMID 7610576 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00240-M  1
1995 Schaeffel F, Howland HC. Myopia. Vision Research. 35: 1135-9. PMID 7610574 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(95)90012-8  1
1995 Applegate RA, Howland HC. Noninvasive Measurement of Corneal Topography Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine. 14: 30-42. DOI: 10.1109/51.340746  1
1994 Glasser A, Troilo D, Howland HC. The mechanism of corneal accommodation in chicks. Vision Research. 34: 1549-66. PMID 7941363 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)90112-0  1
1993 Troilo D, Howland HC, Judge SJ. Visual optics and retinal cone topography in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Vision Research. 33: 1301-10. PMID 8333154 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(93)90038-X  1
1993 Howland HC, Howland M, Murphy CJ. Refractive state of the rhinoceros. Vision Research. 33: 2649-51. PMID 8296461 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(93)90224-K  1
1993 Wildsoet CF, Howland HC, Falconer S, Dick K. Chromatic aberration and accommodation: their role in emmetropization in the chick. Vision Research. 33: 1593-603. PMID 8236848 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(93)90026-S  1
1993 Applegate RA, Howland HC. Magnification and visual acuity in refractive surgery. Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960). 111: 1335-42. PMID 8216013 DOI: 10.1001/archopht.1993.01090100043025  1
1992 Mutti DO, Zadnik K, Johnson CA, Howland HC, Murphy CJ. Retinoscopic measurement of the refractive state of the rat. Vision Research. 32: 583-6. PMID 1604846 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(92)90251-D  1
1992 Howland HC, Rand RH, Lubkin SR. A thin-shell model of the cornea and its application to corneal surgery. Refractive & Corneal Surgery. 8: 183-6. PMID 1591214  1
1992 Howland HC, Howland M, Schmid KL. Focusing and accommodation in the brown kiwi (Apteryx australis). Journal of Comparative Physiology. a, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology. 170: 687-9. PMID 1432849 DOI: 10.1007/BF00198978  1
1992 Howland HC, Murphy CJ, McCosker JE. Detection of eyeshine by flashlight fishes of the family Anomalopidae. Vision Research. 32: 765-9. PMID 1413559 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(92)90191-K  0.48
1992 Murphy CJ, Kern TJ, Howland HC. Refractive state, corneal curvature, accommodative range and ocular anatomy of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Vision Research. 32: 2013-21. PMID 1304078 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(92)90062-N  1
1992 Schmid KL, Howland HC, Howland M. Focusing and accommodation in tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus) Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 170: 263-266. DOI: 10.1007/BF00191413  1
1992 Bobier WR, Schmitz P, Strong G, Knight J, Widdersheim K, Howland HC. Comparison of three photorefractive methods in a study of a developmentally handicapped population Clinical Vision Sciences. 7: 225-235.  1
1992 Howland HC, Adams A. Monocular focusing and convergence of infants Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 12: 88.  1
1991 Rand RH, Lubkin SR, Howland HC. Analytical model of corneal surgery. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 113: 239-41. PMID 1875699  1
1991 Schaeffel F, Howland HC. Properties of the feedback loops controlling eye growth and refractive state in the chicken. Vision Research. 31: 717-34. PMID 1843772 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(91)90011-S  1
1991 Howland HC, Rowland MJ, Schmid K, Pettigrew JD. Restricted range of ocular accommodation in barn owls (Aves:Tytonidae) Journal of Comparative Physiology A. 168: 299-303. DOI: 10.1007/BF00198349  1
1990 Murphy CJ, Bellhorn RW, Williams T, Burns MS, Schaeffel F, Howland HC. Refractive state, ocular anatomy, and accommodative range of the sea otter (Enhydra lutris). Vision Research. 30: 23-32. PMID 2321364 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(90)90125-5  1
1990 Howland HC. The Photographic Method for Brückner and Hirschberg Testing. Optometry and Vision Science : Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry. 67: 59-61. PMID 2308754  1
1990 Schaeffel F, Troilo D, Wallman J, Howland HC. Developing eyes that lack accommodation grow to compensate for imposed defocus. Visual Neuroscience. 4: 177-83. PMID 2271446  1
1990 Almeder LM, Peck LB, Howland HC. Prevalence of anisometropia in volunteer laboratory and school screening populations. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 31: 2448-55. PMID 2243007  1
1989 Sivak JG, Howland HC, West J, Weerheim J. The eye of the hooded seal, Cystophora cristata, in air and water. Journal of Comparative Physiology. a, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology. 165: 771-7. PMID 2810150 DOI: 10.1007/BF00610875  1
1989 Howland HC, Buettner J. Computing high order wave aberration coefficients from variations of best focus for small artificial pupils. Vision Research. 29: 979-83. PMID 2629212 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(89)90112-0  1
1988 Mathis U, Schaeffel F, Howland HC. Visual optics in toads (Bufo americanus). Journal of Comparative Physiology. a, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology. 163: 201-13. PMID 3404484 DOI: 10.1007/BF00612429  1
1988 Schaeffel F, Howland HC. Mathematical model of emmetropization in the chicken. Journal of the Optical Society of America. a, Optics and Image Science. 5: 2080-6. PMID 3230476  1
1988 Schaeffel F, Glasser A, Howland HC. Accommodation, refractive error and eye growth in chickens. Vision Research. 28: 639-57. PMID 3195068 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(88)90113-7  1
1988 Fleishman LJ, Howland HC, Howland MJ, Rand AS, Davenport ML. Crocodiles don't focus underwater. Journal of Comparative Physiology. a, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology. 163: 441-3. PMID 3184006 DOI: 10.1007/BF00604898  1
1988 Schaeffel F, Howland HC. Visual optics in normal and ametropic chickens Clinical Vision Sciences. 3: 83-98.  1
1987 Schaeffel F, Farkas L, Howland HC. Infrared photoretinoscope. Applied Optics. 26: 1505-9. PMID 20454351  1
1987 Howland HC, Sayles N, Cacciotti C, Howland M. Simple pointspread retinoscope suitable for vision screening. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics. 64: 114-22. PMID 3826285  1
1987 Murphy CJ, Howland HC. The optics of comparative ophthalmoscopy. Vision Research. 27: 599-607. PMID 3660621 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(87)90045-9  0.48
1987 Howland HC, Sayles N. A photorefractive characterization of focusing ability of infants and young children. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 28: 1005-15. PMID 3583625  1
1987 Schaeffel F, Howland HC. Corneal accommodation in chick and pigeon. Journal of Comparative Physiology. a, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology. 160: 375-84. PMID 3572853 DOI: 10.1007/BF00613027  1
1987 Howland HC, Dobson V, Sayles N. Accommodation in infants as measured by photorefraction. Vision Research. 27: 2141-52. PMID 3447363 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(87)90128-3  1
1987 Sivak J, Howland HC, McGill-Harelstad P. Vision of the Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) in air and water. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 229: 467-72. PMID 2881308  1
1986 Ballarino J, Howland HC. Studies of otoconial development in a "giant-crystal" strain of chicks using scanning electron microscopy, polarized light microscopy, and X-ray crystallography. Scanning Electron Microscopy. 1667-80. PMID 3810030  1
1986 Murphy CJ, Howland HC. On the gekko pupil and Scheiner's disc. Vision Research. 26: 815-7. PMID 3750863 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(86)90097-0  1
1986 Schaeffel F, Howland HC, Farkas L. Natural accommodation in the growing chicken. Vision Research. 26: 1977-93. PMID 3617538 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(86)90123-9  1
1985 Ballarino J, Howland HC, Skinner HC, Brothers EB, Bassett W. Studies of otoconia in the developing chick by polarized light microscopy. The American Journal of Anatomy. 174: 131-44. PMID 4061339 DOI: 10.1002/aja.1001740204  1
1985 Howland HC. Optics of photoretinoscopy: results from ray tracing. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics. 62: 621-5. PMID 4050964  1
1984 Ballarino J, Howland HC. Centrifugation of 2 g does not affect otoconial mineralization in chick embryos. The American Journal of Physiology. 246: R305-10. PMID 6703084  1
1984 Howland HC, Sayles N. Photorefractive measurements of astigmatism in infants and young children. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 25: 93-102. PMID 6698735  1
1984 Howland HC, Sivak JG. Penguin vision in air and water. Vision Research. 24: 1905-9. PMID 6534014 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(84)90024-5  1
1984 Walsh G, Charman WN, Howland HC. Objective technique for the determination of monochromatic aberrations of the human eye. Journal of the Optical Society of America. a, Optics and Image Science. 1: 987-92. PMID 6481506  1
1983 Howland HC, Braddick O, Atkinson J, Howland B. Optics of photorefraction: orthogonal and isotropic methods. Journal of the Optical Society of America. 73: 1701-8. PMID 6663374  1
1983 Dobson V, Howland HC, Moss C, Banks MS. Photorefraction of normal and astigmatic infants during viewing of patterned stimuli. Vision Research. 23: 1043-52. PMID 6649421 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(83)90015-9  1
1983 Howland HC, Sayles N. Photorefractive studies of normal and handicapped infants and children. Behavioural Brain Research. 10: 81-5. PMID 6639734 DOI: 10.1016/0166-4328(83)90153-5  1
1983 Murphy CJ, Howland HC, Kwiecinski GG, Kern T, Kallen F. Visual accommodation in the flying fox (Pteropus giganteus). Vision Research. 23: 617-20. PMID 6613001 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(83)90067-6  1
1983 Murphy CJ, Howland HC. Owl eyes: Accommodation, corneal curvature and refractive state Journal of Comparative Physiology □ A. 151: 277-284. DOI: 10.1007/BF00623904  1
1982 Howland HC. Infant eyes: optics and accommodation. Current Eye Research. 2: 217-24. PMID 7151466 DOI: 10.3109/02713688208997697  1
1982 Ballarino J, Howland HC. Otoconial morphology of the developing chick. The Anatomical Record. 204: 83-7. PMID 7149284 DOI: 10.1002/ar.1092040111  1
1980 Howland HC. The optics of static photographic skiascopy. Comments on a paper by K. Kaakinen: A simple method for screening of children with strabismus, anisometropia or ametropia by simultaneous photography of the corneal and the fundus reflexes. Acta Ophthalmologica. 58: 221-7. PMID 7395482  1
1979 Braddick O, Atkinson J, French J, Howland HC. A photorefractive study of infant accommodation. Vision Research. 19: 1319-30. PMID 532100 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(79)90204-9  1
1979 Röhler R, Howland HC. Merits of the Gaussian moment in judging optical line spread width--coment on a paper by W. N. Charman and J. A. M. Jennings. Vision Research. 19: 847-9. PMID 483607 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(79)90165-2  1
1978 Howland HC, Atkinson J, Braddick O, French J. Infant astigmatism measured by photorefraction. Science (New York, N.Y.). 202: 331-3. PMID 694540  1
1978 Howland HC. Retinoscopy of infants at a distance: limits of normal and anomalous reflexes. Vision Research. 18: 597-9. PMID 664344 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(78)90209-2  1
1977 Howland HC, Howland B. A subjective method for the measurement of monochromatic aberrations of the eye. Journal of the Optical Society of America. 67: 1508-18. PMID 925774  1
1976 Howland B, Howland HC. Subjective measurement of high-order aberrations of the eye. Science (New York, N.Y.). 193: 580-2. PMID 959814  1
1976 Howland HC. Grade inflation [6] Science. 191: 340.  1
1974 Howland HC. Optimal strategies for predator avoidance: the relative importance of speed and manoeuvrability. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 47: 333-50. PMID 4437191 DOI: 10.1016/0022-5193(74)90202-1  1
1973 Howland HC. Orientation of European robins to Kramer cages. Eliminating possible sources of error and bias in Kramer cage studies. Zeitschrift FüR Tierpsychologie. 33: 295-312. PMID 4785204  1
1973 Sivak J, Howland HC. Accommodation in the northern rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris rupestris) in response to natural stimuli. Vision Research. 13: 2059-64. PMID 4763518 DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(73)90182-X  1
1973 Howland HC, Masci J. The functional allometry of semicircular canals, fins, and body dimensions in the juvenile centrarchid fish, Lepomis gibbosus (L.). Journal of Embryology and Experimental Morphology. 29: 721-43. PMID 4717986  1
1973 Howland HC, Masci J. The phylogenetic allometry of the semicircular canals of small fishes Zeitschrift FüR Morphologie Der Tiere. 75: 283-296. DOI: 10.1007/BF00288475  1
1971 Howland HC. The role of the semicircular canals in the angular orientation of fish. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 188: 202-16. PMID 5288856  1
1969 Eisner T, Silberglied RE, Aneshansley D, Carrel JE, Howland HC. Ultraviolet video-viewing: The television camera as an insect eye Science. 166: 1172-1174.  1
1966 Howland HC, Howland B, Ströbele R, Jähde J. An inexpensive variable-radius centrifuge for physiological experiments. Journal of Applied Physiology. 21: 1938-42. PMID 5929331  1
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