William S Baer, MD
Hip joint arthroplasty, osteomyelitis, low back pain
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At the invitation of Dr. William Halsted, chief of surgery at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Dr. William S. Baer organized the first Orthopaedic Outpatient Clinic in 1900. Dr. Baer had received his undergraduate and medical degrees from The Johns Hopkins University and was an intern and resident in general surgery at Johns Hopkins. The clinic was located in the space now occupied by the Emergency Medicine Department.
Dr. Baer developed a hip joint arthroplasty using an interposition membrane of pig's bladder. He also developed new procedures for low back pain and the treatment of osteomyelitis. He graduated his first resident, Lewis C. Spencer, from the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in 1915. Until his death in 1931, he graduated one resident annually, many of whom became leaders in American orthopaedics.
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|Harvey Williams Cushing
| (He completed his medical education in 1898 and served his internship under Harvey Cushing (1869–1939). In 1900, Cushing recommended to William Stewart Halsted (1852–1922) that Baer be assigned to create an orthopaedic service at Hopkins. Baer visited coll)|