Norman Spear - Publications

Affiliations: 
State University of New York at Binghamton, Vestal, NY, United States 

245 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any innacuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2015 Cullere M, Macchione AF, Haymal B, Paradelo M, Langer MD, Spear NE, Molina JC. Neonatal sensitization to ethanol-induced breathing disruptions as a function of late prenatal exposure to the drug in the rat: modulatory effects of ethanol's chemosensory cues. Physiology & Behavior. 139: 412-22. PMID 25447327 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.10.017  1
2014 Nizhnikov ME, Pautassi RM, Carter JM, Landin JD, Varlinskaya EI, Bordner KA, Werner DF, Spear NE. Brief prenatal ethanol exposure alters behavioral sensitivity to the kappa opioid receptor agonist (U62,066E) and antagonist (Nor-BNI) and reduces kappa opioid receptor expression. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 38: 1630-8. PMID 24796820 DOI: 10.1111/acer.12416  1
2014 Miranda-Morales RS, Nizhnikov ME, Waters DH, Spear NE. New evidence of ethanol's anxiolytic properties in the infant rat. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 48: 367-74. PMID 24776303 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2014.01.007  1
2014 Culleré ME, Spear NE, Molina JC. Prenatal ethanol increases sucrose reinforcement, an effect strengthened by postnatal association of ethanol and sucrose. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 48: 25-33. PMID 24398347 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2013.11.003  1
2014 Fernández M, Fabio MC, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE, Abate P, Pautassi RM. Maternal isolation during the first two postnatal weeks affects novelty-induced responses and sensitivity to ethanol-induced locomotor activity during infancy. Developmental Psychobiology. 56: 1070-82. PMID 24374748 DOI: 10.1002/dev.21192  1
2014 Miranda-Morales RS, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE. Prenatal exposure to ethanol during late gestation facilitates operant self-administration of the drug in 5-day-old rats. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 48: 19-23. PMID 24355072 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2013.11.001  1
2014 Nizhnikov ME, Kozlov AP, Kramskaya TA, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Central effects of ethanol interact with endogenous mu-opioid activity to control isolation-induced analgesia in maternally separated infant rats. Behavioural Brain Research. 260: 119-30. PMID 24315831 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.11.043  1
2014 Fabio MC, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE, Pautassi RM. Binge ethanol intoxication heightens subsequent ethanol intake in adolescent, but not adult, rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 56: 574-83. PMID 23341340 DOI: 10.1002/dev.21101  1
2014 Spear NE. The processing of memories: Forgetting and retention The Processing of Memories: Forgetting and Retention. 1-553. DOI: 10.4324/9781315794211  1
2014 Spear NE, Campbell BA. Ontogeny of learning and memory Ontogeny of Learning and Memory. 1-334. DOI: 10.4324/9781315774756  1
2014 Spear NE, Campbell BA. Preface Ontogeny of Learning and Memory. ix-x.  1
2013 March SM, Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov M, Fernández-Vidal J, Spear NE, Molina JC. Olfactory preference for ethanol following social interaction with an intoxicated peer in adolescent rats exposed to ethanol in-utero. Psicothema. 25: 355-62. PMID 23910751 DOI: 10.7334/psicothema2012.95  1
2013 March SM, Culleré ME, Abate P, Hernández JI, Spear NE, Molina JC. Acetaldehyde reinforcement and motor reactivity in newborns with or without a prenatal history of alcohol exposure. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 7: 69. PMID 23785319 DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00069  1
2013 Acevedo MB, Pautassi RM, Spear NE, Spear LP. Age-dependent effects of stress on ethanol-induced motor activity in rats. Psychopharmacology. 230: 389-98. PMID 23775530 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-013-3163-0  1
2013 Miranda-Morales RS, Nizhnikov ME, Waters DH, Spear NE. Participation of the nociceptin/orphanin FQ receptor in ethanol-mediated locomotor activation and ethanol intake in preweanling rats. Behavioural Brain Research. 245: 137-44. PMID 23439216 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.02.017  1
2013 Fabio MC, March SM, Molina JC, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE, Pautassi RM. Prenatal ethanol exposure increases ethanol intake and reduces c-Fos expression in infralimbic cortex of adolescent rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 103: 842-52. PMID 23266368 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2012.12.009  1
2013 March SM, Abate P, Spear NE, Molina JC. The role of acetaldehyde in ethanol reinforcement assessed by Pavlovian conditioning in newborn rats. Psychopharmacology. 226: 491-9. PMID 23196716 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-012-2920-9  1
2013 Kozlov AP, Nizhnikov ME, Kramskaya TA, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. μ-Opioid blockade reduces ethanol effects on intake and behavior of the infant rat during short-term but not long-term social isolation. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 103: 773-82. PMID 23182856 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2012.11.008  1
2013 Acevedo MB, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE, Molina JC, Pautassi RM. Ethanol-induced locomotor activity in adolescent rats and the relationship with ethanol-induced conditioned place preference and conditioned taste aversion. Developmental Psychobiology. 55: 429-42. PMID 22592597 DOI: 10.1002/dev.21048  1
2013 Revillo DA, Arias C, Spear NE. The unconditioned stimulus pre-exposure effect in preweanling rats in taste aversion learning: role of the training context and injection cues. Developmental Psychobiology. 55: 193-204. PMID 22252883 DOI: 10.1002/dev.21011  1
2012 Miranda-Morales RS, Spear NE, Nizhnikov ME, Molina JC, Abate P. Role of mu, delta and kappa opioid receptors in ethanol-reinforced operant responding in infant rats. Behavioural Brain Research. 234: 267-77. PMID 22789403 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2012.07.002  1
2012 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE, Molina JC. Prenatal ethanol exposure leads to greater ethanol-induced appetitive reinforcement. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 46: 585-93. PMID 22698870 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2012.05.004  1
2012 Arias C, Revillo DA, Spear NE. Chronic tolerance to the locomotor stimulating effect of ethanol in preweanling rats as a function of social stress. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 46: 245-52. PMID 22444952 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2011.09.025  1
2012 Nizhnikov ME, Pautassi RM, Varlinskaya EI, Rahmani P, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in ethanol's motivational properties during infancy. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 46: 225-34. PMID 22440692 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2011.09.026  1
2012 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Acevedo MB, Spear NE. Early role of the κ opioid receptor in ethanol-induced reinforcement. Physiology & Behavior. 105: 1231-41. PMID 22261437 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2012.01.003  1
2012 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Fabio MC, Spear NE. Early maternal separation affects ethanol-induced conditioning in a nor-BNI insensitive manner, but does not alter ethanol-induced locomotor activity. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 100: 630-8. PMID 22108648 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2011.11.005  1
2012 Kozlov AP, Nizhnikov ME, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. The role of social isolation in ethanol effects on the preweanling rat. Behavioural Brain Research. 227: 43-57. PMID 22051944 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2011.10.029  1
2012 Miranda-Morales RS, Molina JC, Spear NE, Abate P. Naloxone attenuation of ethanol-reinforced operant responding in infant rats in a re-exposure paradigm. Psychopharmacology. 219: 235-46. PMID 21750896 DOI: 10.1007/s00213-011-2402-5  1
2012 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE. Ethanol-mediated appetitive conditioning in infant rats, but not corticosterone release, is dependent on route of ethanol administration. Developmental Psychobiology. 54: 98-104. PMID 21594871 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20567  1
2011 Arias C, Spear NE. Mianserin, but not ondansetron, reduces the locomotor stimulating effect of ethanol in preweanling rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 100: 81-5. PMID 21835193 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2011.07.016  1
2011 Revillo DA, Spear NE, Arias C. Ontogenetic differences in sensitivity to LiCl- and amphetamine-induced taste avoidance in preweanling rats. Chemical Senses. 36: 565-77. PMID 21444932 DOI: 10.1093/chemse/bjr026  1
2011 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Truxell E, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Ontogeny of ethanol intake in alcohol preferring (P) and alcohol nonpreferring (NP) rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 53: 234-45. PMID 21400486 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20516  1
2011 Ponce LF, Pautassi RM, Spear NE, Molina JC. Maternal care alterations induced by repeated ethanol leads to heightened consumption of the drug and motor impairment during adolescence: a dose-response analysis. Physiology & Behavior. 103: 477-86. PMID 21334354 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.02.018  1
2011 Pautassi RM, Myers M, Spear LP, Molina JC, Spear NE. Ethanol induces second-order aversive conditioning in adolescent and adult rats. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 45: 45-55. PMID 21187242 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2010.10.004  1
2011 Pueta M, Rovasio RA, Abate P, Spear NE, Molina JC. Prenatal and postnatal ethanol experiences modulate consumption of the drug in rat pups, without impairment in the granular cell layer of the main olfactory bulb. Physiology & Behavior. 102: 63-75. PMID 20951715 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2010.10.009  1
2011 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Fabio MC, Spear NE. An acetaldehyde-sequestering agent inhibits appetitive reinforcement and behavioral stimulation induced by ethanol in preweanling rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 97: 462-9. PMID 20951160 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2010.10.005  1
2011 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Acevedo MB, Spear NE. Naloxone blocks ethanol-mediated appetitive conditioning and locomotor activation in adolescent rats. Behavioural Brain Research. 216: 262-9. PMID 20708642 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2010.08.005  1
2010 Arias C, Pautassi RM, Molina JC, Spear NE. A comparison between taste avoidance and conditioned disgust reactions induced by ethanol and lithium chloride in preweanling rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 52: 545-57. PMID 20806327 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20460  1
2010 Miranda-Morales RS, Molina JC, Spear NE, Abate P. Participation of the endogenous opioid system in the acquisition of a prenatal ethanol-related memory: effects on neonatal and preweanling responsiveness to ethanol. Physiology & Behavior. 101: 153-60. PMID 20451537 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2010.04.033  1
2010 Miller SS, Spear NE. Mere odor exposure learning in the rat neonate immediately after birth and 1 day later. Developmental Psychobiology. 52: 343-51. PMID 20411590 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20456  1
2010 Acevedo MB, Molina JC, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE, Pautassi RM. High ethanol dose during early adolescence induces locomotor activation and increases subsequent ethanol intake during late adolescence. Developmental Psychobiology. 52: 424-40. PMID 20373327 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20444  1
2010 Arias C, Solari AC, Mlewski EC, Miller S, Haymal B, Spear NE, Molina JC. Social isolation and stress related hormones modulate the stimulating effect of ethanol in preweanling rats. Behavioural Brain Research. 211: 64-70. PMID 20226814 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2010.03.010  1
2010 Arias C, Molina JC, Spear NE. Differential role of mu, delta and kappa opioid receptors in ethanol-mediated locomotor activation and ethanol intake in preweanling rats. Physiology & Behavior. 99: 348-54. PMID 19954749 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.11.012  1
2010 Arias C, Mlewski EC, Hansen C, Molina JC, Paglini MG, Spear NE. Dopamine receptors modulate ethanol's locomotor-activating effects in preweanling rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 52: 13-23. PMID 19842128 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20407  1
2009 Nizhnikov ME, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. The Central Reinforcing Properties of Ethanol Are Mediated by Endogenous Opioid Systems: Effects of Mu and Kappa Opioid Antagonists. Revista Argentina De Ciencias Del Comportamiento. 1: 1-12. PMID 22267966  0.92
2009 Chotro MG, Arias C, Spear NE. Binge ethanol exposure in late gestation induces ethanol aversion in the dam but enhances ethanol intake in the offspring and affects their postnatal learning about ethanol. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 43: 453-63. PMID 19801275 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2009.08.001  1
2009 March SM, Abate P, Spear NE, Molina JC. Fetal exposure to moderate ethanol doses: heightened operant responsiveness elicited by ethanol-related reinforcers. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 33: 1981-93. PMID 19719792 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01037.x  1
2009 Nizhnikov ME, Pautassi RM, Truxell E, Spear NE. Opioid antagonists block the acquisition of ethanol-mediated conditioned tactile preference in infant rats. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 43: 347-58. PMID 19671461 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2009.06.001  1
2009 Miller SS, Spear NE. Olfactory learning in the rat immediately after birth: Unique salience of first odors. Developmental Psychobiology. 51: 488-504. PMID 19582793 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20388  1
2009 Kozlov AP, Nizhnikov ME, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Pharmacological effects of ethanol on ingestive behavior of the preweanling rat. Behavioural Brain Research. 205: 162-74. PMID 19549546 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2009.06.023  1
2009 Arias C, Mlewski EC, Miller S, Molina JC, Spear NE. Novelty modulates the stimulating motor effects of ethanol in preweanling rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 92: 448-56. PMID 19463258 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2009.01.012  1
2009 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE. Assessing appetitive, aversive, and negative ethanol-mediated reinforcement through an immature rat model. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 33: 953-74. PMID 19428502 DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2009.03.008  1
2009 Arias C, Molina JC, Spear NE. Ethanol-mediated aversive learning as a function of locomotor activity in a novel environment in infant Sprague-Dawley rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 92: 621-8. PMID 19281838 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2009.03.001  1
2009 Arias C, Mlewski EC, Molina JC, Spear NE. Ethanol induces locomotor activating effects in preweanling Sprague-Dawley rats. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 43: 13-23. PMID 19185206 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2008.09.002  1
2009 Nizhnikov ME, Pautassi RM, Molina JC, Spear NE. Conditioned preferences and aversions in infant rats mediated through ethanol inhalation. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 43: 1-12. PMID 19185205 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2008.09.006  1
2009 Arias C, Mlewski EC, Molina JC, Spear NE. Naloxone and baclofen attenuate ethanol's locomotor-activating effects in preweanling Sprague-Dawley rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 123: 172-80. PMID 19170442 DOI: 10.1037/a0014049  1
2009 Eade AM, Sheehe PR, Molina JC, Spear NE, Youngentob LM, Youngentob SL. The consequence of fetal ethanol exposure and adolescent odor re-exposure on the response to ethanol odor in adolescent and adult rats. Behavioral and Brain Functions : Bbf. 5: 3. PMID 19146665 DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-5-3  1
2008 Pautassi RM, Myers M, Spear LP, Molina JC, Spear NE. Adolescent but not adult rats exhibit ethanol-mediated appetitive second-order conditioning. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 32: 2016-27. PMID 18782343 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2008.00789.x  1
2008 Miller SS, Spear NE. Olfactory learning in the rat neonate soon after birth. Developmental Psychobiology. 50: 554-65. PMID 18683189 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20318  1
2008 Pueta M, Abate P, Haymal OB, Spear NE, Molina JC. Ethanol exposure during late gestation and nursing in the rat: effects upon maternal care, ethanol metabolism and infantile milk intake. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 91: 21-31. PMID 18602418 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2008.06.007  1
2008 Ponce LF, Pautassi RM, Spear NE, Molina JC. Ethanol-mediated operant learning in the infant rat leads to increased ethanol intake during adolescence. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 90: 640-50. PMID 18571224 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2008.05.007  1
2008 Pautassi RM, Arias C, Molina JC, Spear N. Domperidone interferes with conditioned disgust reactions but not taste avoidance evoked by a LiCl-paired taste in infant rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 50: 343-52. PMID 18393275 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20288  1
2008 Arias C, Molina JC, Mlewski EC, Pautassi RM, Spear N. Acute sensitivity and acute tolerance to ethanol in preweanling rats with or without prenatal experience with the drug. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 89: 608-22. PMID 18374972 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2008.02.017  1
2008 Bordner KA, Molina JC, Spear NE. Analysis of ethanol reinforcement in 1-day-old rats: assessment through a brief and novel operant procedure. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 32: 580-92. PMID 18366451 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00609.x  1
2008 Esmorís-Arranz FJ, Méndez C, Spear NE. Contextual fear conditioning differs for infant, adolescent, and adult rats. Behavioural Processes. 78: 340-50. PMID 18343048 DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2008.01.010  1
2008 Abate P, Pueta M, Spear NE, Molina JC. Fetal learning about ethanol and later ethanol responsiveness: evidence against "safe" amounts of prenatal exposure. Experimental Biology and Medicine (Maywood, N.J.). 233: 139-54. PMID 18222969 DOI: 10.3181/0703-MR-69  1
2008 Kozlov AP, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Ethanol, saccharin, and quinine: early ontogeny of taste responsiveness and intake. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 32: 294-305. PMID 18162068 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00581.x  1
2008 Pautassi RM, Molina JC, Spear N. Infant rats exhibit aversive learning mediated by ethanol's orosensory effects but are positively reinforced by ethanol's post-ingestive effects. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 88: 393-402. PMID 17936347 DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2007.09.012  1
2008 Pautassi RM, Truxell E, Molina JC, Spear NE. Motivational effects of intraorally-infused ethanol in rat pups in an operant self-administration task. Physiology & Behavior. 93: 118-29. PMID 17854847 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.08.004  1
2007 Youngentob SL, Molina JC, Spear NE, Youngentob LM. The effect of gestational ethanol exposure on voluntary ethanol intake in early postnatal and adult rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 121: 1306-15. PMID 18085883 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.121.6.1306  1
2007 Youngentob SL, Kent PF, Sheehe PR, Molina JC, Spear NE, Youngentob LM. Experience-induced fetal plasticity: the effect of gestational ethanol exposure on the behavioral and neurophysiologic olfactory response to ethanol odor in early postnatal and adult rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 121: 1293-305. PMID 18085882 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.121.6.1293  1
2007 Nizhnikov ME, Molina JC, Spear NE. Central reinforcing effects of ethanol are blocked by catalase inhibition. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 41: 525-34. PMID 17980789 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2007.08.006  1
2007 Pautassi RM, Nizhnikov M, Molina JC, Boehm SL, Spear N. Differential effects of ethanol and midazolam upon the devaluation of an aversive memory in infant rats. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 41: 421-31. PMID 17936511 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2007.05.001  1
2007 Arias C, Spear NE, Molina JC, Molina A, Molina JC. Rapid acquisition of operant conditioning in 5-day-old rat pups: a new technique articulating suckling-related motor activity and milk reinforcement. Developmental Psychobiology. 49: 576-88. PMID 17680606 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20236  1
2007 Molina JC, Pautassi RM, Truxell E, Spear N. Differential motivational properties of ethanol during early ontogeny as a function of dose and postadministration time. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 41: 41-55. PMID 17452298 DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2007.01.005  1
2007 Sanders S, Spear NE. Ethanol acceptance is high during early infancy and becomes still higher after previous ethanol ingestion. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 31: 1148-58. PMID 17451398 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00400.x  1
2007 Truxell EM, Molina JC, Spear NE. Ethanol intake in the juvenile, adolescent, and adult rat: effects of age and prior exposure to ethanol. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 31: 755-65. PMID 17386073 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00358.x  1
2007 Molina JC, Spear NE, Spear LP, Mennella JA, Lewis MJ. The International society for developmental psychobiology 39th annual meeting symposium: Alcohol and development: beyond fetal alcohol syndrome. Developmental Psychobiology. 49: 227-42. PMID 17380525 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20224  1
2007 Sweatt JD, Spear NE, Gardiner JM, McDermott KB. Retrieval Science of Memory: Concepts. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0011  1
2006 Nizhnikov ME, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Reinforcing effects of central ethanol injections in newborn rat pups. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 30: 2089-96. PMID 17117974 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00253.x  1
2006 Molina JC, Ponce LF, Truxell E, Spear NE. Infantile sensitivity to ethanol's motivational effects: Ethanol reinforcement during the third postnatal week. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 30: 1506-19. PMID 16930213 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00182.x  1
2006 Nizhnikov ME, Varlinskaya EI, Petrov ES, Spear NE. Reinforcing properties of ethanol in neonatal rats: involvement of the opioid system. Behavioral Neuroscience. 120: 267-80. PMID 16719691 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.120.2.267  1
2006 Petrov ES, Nizhnikov ME, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Dynorphin A (1-13) and responsiveness of the newborn rat to a surrogate nipple: immediate behavioral consequences and reinforcement effects in conditioning. Behavioural Brain Research. 170: 1-14. PMID 16621051 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2006.03.012  1
2006 Pautassi RM, Sanders S, Miller S, Spear N, Molina JC. Early ethanol's anxiolytic effects assessed through an unconditional stimulus revaluation procedure. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 30: 448-59. PMID 16499485 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00049.x  1
2006 Kozlov AP, Petrov ES, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Taste differentiation in the context of suckling and independent, adultlike ingestive behavior. Developmental Psychobiology. 48: 133-45. PMID 16489597 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20123  1
2006 Bordner KA, Spear NE. Olfactory learning in the one-day old rat: reinforcing effects of isoproterenol. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 86: 19-27. PMID 16442317 DOI: 10.1016/j.nlm.2005.12.005  1
2006 Nizhnikov ME, Molina JC, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Prenatal ethanol exposure increases ethanol reinforcement in neonatal rats. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 30: 34-45. PMID 16433730 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00009.x  1
2006 Bordner KA, Spear NE. Trace conditioning in 1-day-old rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 48: 58-70. PMID 16381027 DOI: 10.1002/dev.20108  1
2005 Spear NE, Molina JC. Fetal or infantile exposure to ethanol promotes ethanol ingestion in adolescence and adulthood: a theoretical review. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 29: 909-29. PMID 15976517 DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000171046.78556.66  1
2004 Cheslock SJ, Sanders SK, Spear NE. Learning during the newborn's first meal: special resistance to retroactive interference. Developmental Science. 7: 581-98. PMID 15603291 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2004.00382.x  1
2004 Petrov ES, Nizhnikov ME, Kozlov AP, Varlinskaya EI, Kramskaya TA, Spear NE. Repetitive exposures to a surrogate nipple providing nutritive and non-nutritive fluids: effects on suckling behavior of the newborn rat. Appetite. 43: 185-94. PMID 15458805 DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2004.04.005  1
2004 Land C, Spear NE. Fear conditioning is impaired in adult rats by ethanol doses that do not affect periadolescents. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the International Society For Developmental Neuroscience. 22: 355-62. PMID 15380835 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2004.04.008  1
2004 Truxell E, Spear NE. Immediate acceptance of ethanol in infant rats: ontogenetic differences with moderate but not high ethanol concentration. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 28: 1200-11. PMID 15318119 DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000134220.34842.18  1
2004 Ponce LF, Pautassi RM, Spear NE, Molina JC. Nursing from an ethanol-intoxicated dam induces short- and long-term disruptions in motor performance and enhances later self-administration of the drug. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 28: 1039-50. PMID 15252290 DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000131298.32045.96  1
2004 Pepino MY, Abate P, Spear NE, Molina JC. Heightened ethanol intake in infant and adolescent rats after nursing experiences with an ethanol-intoxicated dam. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 28: 895-905. PMID 15201632  1
2004 Abate P, Pepino MY, Spear NE, Molina JC. Fetal learning with ethanol: correlations between maternal hypothermia during pregnancy and neonatal responsiveness to chemosensory cues of the drug. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 28: 805-15. PMID 15166658 DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000125354.15808.24  1
2004 Land C, Spear NE. Ethanol impairs memory of a simple discrimination in adolescent rats at doses that leave adult memory unaffected. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 81: 75-81. PMID 14670361 DOI: 10.1016/j.nlm.2003.08.005  1
2004 Brasser SM, Spear NE. Contextual conditioning in infants, but not older animals, is facilitated by CS conditioning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 81: 46-59. PMID 14670358 DOI: 10.1016/S1074-7427(03)00068-6  1
2003 Kozlov AP, Petrov ES, Kashinsky W, Nizhnikov ME, Spear NE. Oral compression activity on a surrogate nipple in the newborn rat: nutritive and nonnutritive sucking. Developmental Psychobiology. 43: 290-303. PMID 15027412 DOI: 10.1002/dev.10145  1
2003 Petrov ES, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Reinforcement from pharmacological effects of ethanol in newborn rats. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 27: 1583-91. PMID 14574228 DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000089960.62640.58  1
2003 Fernández-Vidal JM, Spear NE, Molina JC. Adolescent rats discriminate a mild state of ethanol intoxication likely to act as an appetitive unconditioned stimulus. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 30: 45-60. PMID 12878274 DOI: 10.1016/S0741-8329(03)00093-4  1
2003 Petrov ES, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. The surrogate nipple technique in the rat provides a useful animal model of suckling in bottle-feeding circumstances: reply to Blass (2002). Physiology & Behavior. 78: 813-7. PMID 12782239 DOI: 10.1016/S0031-9384(03)00038-6  1
2003 Jagielo JA, Miller JS, Spear Smith J, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in the expression of conditioned visual aversions. Developmental Psychobiology. 42: 123-30. PMID 12555277 DOI: 10.1002/dev.10081  1
2003 Cheslock SJ, Varlinskaya EI, High JM, Spear NE. Higher order conditioning in the newborn rat: Effects of temporal disparity imply infantile encoding of simultaneous events Infancy. 4: 157-176. DOI: 10.1207/S15327078IN0402_01  1
2002 Abate P, Varlinskaya EI, Cheslock SJ, Spear NE, Molina JC. Neonatal activation of alcohol-related prenatal memories: impact on the first suckling response. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 26: 1512-22. PMID 12394284 DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000034668.93601.8F  1
2002 Pepino MY, Abate P, Spear NE, Molina JC. Disruption of maternal behavior by alcohol intoxication in the lactating rat: a behavioral and metabolic analysis. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 26: 1205-14. PMID 12198395 DOI: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000025884.74272.BC  1
2002 Nizhnikov ME, Petrov ES, Spear NE. Olfactory aversive conditioning in the newborn (3-hr-old) rat impairs later suckling for water and milk. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes. 28: 277-83. PMID 12136703 DOI: 10.1037/0097-7403.28.3.277  1
2002 Pautassi RM, Godoy JC, Spear NE, Molina JC. Early responsiveness to stimuli paired with different stages within the state of alcohol intoxication. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 26: 644-54. PMID 12045472  1
2002 Nizhnikov ME, Petrov ES, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Newborn rats' first suckling experience: taste differentiation and suckling plasticity. Physiology & Behavior. 76: 181-98. PMID 12044590 DOI: 10.1016/S0031-9384(01)00672-2  1
2002 Brasser SM, Spear NE. Physiological and behavioral effects of acute ethanol hangover in juvenile, adolescent, and adult rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 116: 305-20. PMID 11996316 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.116.2.305  1
2002 Kraebel KS, Brasser SM, Campbell JO, Spear LP, Spear NE. Developmental differences in temporal patterns and potentiation of isolation-induced ultrasonic vocalizations: influence of temperature variables. Developmental Psychobiology. 40: 147-59. PMID 11857329 DOI: 10.1002/dev.10022  1
2001 Petrov ES, Varlinskaya EI, Spear NE. Self-administration of ethanol and saccharin in newborn rats: effects on suckling plasticity. Behavioral Neuroscience. 115: 1318-31. PMID 11770062 DOI: 10.1037//0735-7044.115.6.1318  1
2001 Abate P, Spear NE, Molina JC. Fetal and infantile alcohol-mediated associative learning in the rat Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 25: 989-998. PMID 11505023  1
2001 Cheslock SJ, Varlinskaya EI, Petrov ES, Silveri MM, Spear LP, Spear NE. Ethanol as a reinforcer in the newborn's first suckling experience. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 25: 391-402. PMID 11290850  1
2001 Varlinskaya EI, Spear LP, Spear NE. Acute effects of ethanol on behavior of adolescent rats: role of social context. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 25: 377-85. PMID 11290848  1
2001 Pepino MY, Spear NE, Molina JC. Nursing experiences with an alcohol-intoxicated rat dam counteract appetitive conditioned responses toward alcohol. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 25: 18-24. PMID 11198710  1
2000 Cheslock SJ, Varlinskaya EI, Silveri MM, Petrov ES, Spear LP, Spear NE. Acute effects of ethanol and the first suckling episode in the newborn rat. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 24: 996-1002. PMID 10924002  1
2000 Cheslock SJ, Varlinskaya EI, Petrov ES, Spear NE. Rapid and robust olfactory conditioning with milk before suckling experience: promotion of nipple attachment in the newborn rat. Behavioral Neuroscience. 114: 484-95. PMID 10883799 DOI: 10.1037//0735-7044.114.3.484  1
2000 Molina JC, Pepino MY, Johnson J, Spear NE. The infant rat learns about alcohol through interaction with an intoxicated mother. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 24: 428-37. PMID 10798578  1
2000 Abate P, Pepino MY, Domínguez HD, Spear NE, Molina JC. Fetal associative learning mediated through maternal alcohol intoxication. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 24: 39-47. PMID 10656191  1
2000 Kraebel KS, Spear NE. Infant rats are more likely than adolescents to orient differentially to amodal (intensity-based) features of single-element and compound stimuli. Developmental Psychobiology. 36: 49-66. PMID 10607361 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2302(200001)36:1<49::AID-DEV6>3.0.CO;2-B  1
1999 Varlinskaya EI, Spear LP, Spear NE. Social behavior and social motivation in adolescent rats: role of housing conditions and partner's activity. Physiology & Behavior. 67: 475-82. PMID 10549884 DOI: 10.1016/S0031-9384(98)00285-6  1
1999 Varlinskaya EI, Petrov ES, Cheslock SJ, Spear NE. A new model of ethanol self-administration in newborn rats: gender effects on ethanol ingestion through a surrogate nipple. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 23: 1368-76. PMID 10470980  1
1999 Hecht GS, Spear NE, Spear LP. Changes in progressive ratio responding for intravenous cocaine throughout the reproductive process in female rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 35: 136-45. PMID 10461127 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2302(199909)35:2<136::AID-DEV6>3.0.CO;2-K  1
1999 Pepino MY, López MF, Spear NE, Molina JC. Infant rats respond differently to alcohol after nursing from an alcohol-intoxicated dam. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 18: 189-201. PMID 10456571 DOI: 10.1016/S0741-8329(99)00003-8  1
1998 Lee JS, Crawford J, Spear NE. Characteristics and consequences of free-feeding ethanol ingestion during the first two postnatal weeks of the rat. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 22: 1615-22. PMID 9835272  1
1998 Kraebel KS, Vizvary LM, Heron JS, Spear NE. Effect of context salience on heart rate orienting and habituation in preweanling and periadolescent rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 112: 1080-91. PMID 9829786 DOI: 10.1037//0735-7044.112.5.1080  1
1998 McKinzie DL, Chen WJ, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in the expression of conditioned stimulus conditioning: effects of retention interval. Behavioral Neuroscience. 112: 920-8. PMID 9733198 DOI: 10.1037//0735-7044.112.4.920  1
1998 Pepino MY, Kraebel KS, López MF, Spear NE, Molina JC. Behavioral detection of low concentrations of ethanol in milk in the preweanling rat. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 15: 337-53. PMID 9590520 DOI: 10.1016/S0741-8329(97)00154-7  1
1998 Hecht GS, Spear NE, Spear LP. Alterations in the reinforcing efficacy of cocaine in adult rats following prenatal exposure to cocaine. Behavioral Neuroscience. 112: 410-8. PMID 9588487 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.112.2.410  1
1998 Kraebel KS, Vizvary LM, Spear NE. Stimulus intensity modulates associative and nonassociative responding in preweanling rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 32: 199-214. PMID 9553730 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2302(199804)32:3<199::AID-DEV4>3.0.CO;2-J  1
1998 Bannoura MD, Kraebel KS, Spear LP, Spear NE. Effects of preweanling ethanol odor exposure on ethanol preference. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 15: 213-7. PMID 9539378 DOI: 10.1016/S0741-8329(97)00122-5  1
1998 Brasser SM, Spear NE. A sensory-enhanced context facilitates learning and multiple measures of unconditioned stimulus processing in the preweanling rat. Behavioral Neuroscience. 112: 126-40. PMID 9517821 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.112.1.126  1
1997 Chotro MG, Spear NE. Repeated exposure to moderate doses of alcohol in the rat fetus: evidence of sensitization to toxic and chemosensory aspects of alcohol. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 21: 360-7. PMID 9113276  1
1996 Molina JC, Bannoura MD, Chotro MG, McKinzie DL, Arnold HM, Spear NE. Alcohol-mediated tactile conditioned aversions in infant rats: devaluation of conditioning through alcohol-sucrose associations. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 66: 121-32. PMID 8946405 DOI: 10.1006/nlme.1996.0053  1
1996 Lariviere NA, Spear NE. Early Pavlovian conditioning impairs later Pavlovian conditioning. Developmental Psychobiology. 29: 613-35. PMID 8911775 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2302(199611)29:7<613::AID-DEV5>3.0.CO;2-X  1
1996 Lopez MF, Spear NE, Molina JC. Ontogenetic differences in the expression of olfactory-conditioned aversions resulting from a state of acute alcohol intoxication in the rat. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 13: 473-81. PMID 8888944 DOI: 10.1016/0741-8329(96)00037-7  1
1996 Chotro MG, Kraebel KS, McKinzie DL, Molina JC, Spear N. Prenatal and postnatal ethanol exposure influences preweanling rats' behavioral and autonomic responding to ethanol odor. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 13: 377-85. PMID 8836327 DOI: 10.1016/0741-8329(96)00027-4  1
1996 Spear NE. A model for research in developmental psychobiology. Developmental Psychobiology. 29: 395-6. PMID 8809486 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420290502  1
1996 Miller JS, McKinzie DL, Kraebel KS, Spear NE. Changes in the expression of stimulus selection: Blocking represents selective memory retrieval rather than selective associations Learning and Motivation. 27: 307-316. DOI: 10.1006/lmot.1996.0017  1
1996 McKinzie DL, Lee JS, McKinzie JH, Spear LP, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in ethanol-induced impairment of context and CS learning Psychobiology. 24: 306-313.  1
1995 Arnold HM, Spear NE. Isolation disrupts retention in preweanling rat pups. Behavioral Neuroscience. 109: 744-58. PMID 7576218 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.109.4.744  1
1995 Heyser CJ, Spear NE, Spear LP. Effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine on Morris water maze performance in adult rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 109: 734-43. PMID 7576217 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.109.4.734  1
1995 Mckinzie DL, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in conditioning to context and CS as a function of context saliency and CS-US interval Animal Learning & Behavior. 23: 304-313. DOI: 10.3758/BF03198927  1
1994 Dominguez HD, Bocco GC, Chotro MG, Spear NE, Molina JC. Aversions to alcohol's orosensory cues in infant rats: generalization to compounds of alcohol with sucrose or sodium chloride. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 11: 225-33. PMID 8060523 DOI: 10.1016/0741-8329(94)90035-3  1
1994 Heyser CJ, Rajachandran L, Spear NE, Spear LP. Responsiveness to cocaine challenge in adult rats following prenatal exposure to cocaine. Psychopharmacology. 116: 45-55. PMID 7862930 DOI: 10.1007/BF02244870  1
1994 McKinzie DL, Lee J, Bronfen JH, Spear LP, Spear NE. Context and tone conditioning are selectively impaired by ethanol in the preweanling rat: effects of dose and time of administration. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 62: 201-9. PMID 7857242 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(05)80018-4  1
1994 Heyser CJ, McKinzie DL, Athalie F, Spear NE, Spear LP. Effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine on heart rate and nonassociative learning and retention in infant rats. Teratology. 49: 470-8. PMID 7747268 DOI: 10.1002/tera.1420490607  1
1993 Hunt PS, Molina JC, Rajachandran L, Spear LP, Spear NE. Chronic administration of alcohol in the developing rat: expression of functional tolerance and alcohol olfactory aversions. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 59: 87-99. PMID 8476387 DOI: 10.1016/0163-1047(93)90795-J  1
1993 Dominguez HD, Bocco G, Chotro MG, Spear NE, Molina JC. Operant responding controlled by milk or milk contaminated with alcohol as positive reinforcers in infant rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 44: 403-9. PMID 8446672  0.88
1993 Hunt PS, Kraebel KS, Rabine H, Spear LP, Spear NE. Enhanced ethanol intake in preweanling rats following exposure to ethanol in a nursing context. Developmental Psychobiology. 26: 133-53. PMID 8314435 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420260302  1
1993 Rajachandran L, Spear NE, Spear LP. Effects of the combined administration of the 5-HT3 antagonist MDL 72222 and ethanol on conditioning in the periadolescent and adult rat. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 46: 535-42. PMID 8278430 DOI: 10.1016/0091-3057(93)90541-Z  1
1993 Robinson SR, Arnold HM, Spear NE, Smotherman WP. Experience with milk and an artificial nipple promotes conditioned opioid activity in the rat fetus. Developmental Psychobiology. 26: 375-87. PMID 8270121 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420260702  1
1993 Arnold HM, Robinson SR, Spear NE, Smotherman WP. Conditioned opioid activity in the rat fetus. Behavioral Neuroscience. 107: 963-9. PMID 8136071 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.107.6.963  1
1993 Chen WJ, Spear LP, Spear NE. Disruptive influence of norepinephrine depletion on sensory preconditioning, but not first-order conditioning, in preweanling rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 60: 110-7. PMID 7509594 DOI: 10.1016/0163-1047(93)90187-M  1
1993 Arnold HM, Spear NE. Order and duration of stimuli are important determinants of reactivation Animal Learning & Behavior. 21: 391-398. DOI: 10.3758/BF03198006  1
1992 Heyser CJ, Miller JS, Spear NE, Spear LP. Prenatal exposure to cocaine disrupts cocaine-induced conditioned place preference in rats. Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 14: 57-64. PMID 1593980 DOI: 10.1016/0892-0362(92)90029-A  1
1992 Chen WJ, Spear LP, Spear NE. Enhancement of sensory preconditioning by a moderate dose of ethanol in infant and juvenile rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 57: 44-57. PMID 1567333 DOI: 10.1016/0163-1047(92)90746-Q  1
1992 Goodwin GA, Heyser CJ, Moody CA, Rajachandran L, Molina VA, Arnold HM, McKinzie DL, Spear NE, Spear LP. A fostering study of the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure: II. Offspring behavioral measures. Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 14: 423-32. PMID 1488037 DOI: 10.1016/0892-0362(92)90053-D  1
1992 Heyser CJ, Spear NE, Spear LP. Effects of prenatal exposure to cocaine on conditional discrimination learning in adult rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 106: 837-45. PMID 1445659 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.106.5.837  1
1991 Miller JS, Jagielo JA, Spear NE. Differential effectiveness of various prior-cuing treatments in the reactivation and maintenance of memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes. 17: 249-58. PMID 1890384  0.64
1991 Hunt PS, Spear LP, Spear NE. An ontogenetic comparison of ethanol-mediated taste aversion learning and ethanol-induced hypothermia in preweanling rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 105: 971-83. PMID 1777109 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.105.6.971  1
1991 Chen WJ, Lariviere NA, Heyser CJ, Spear LP, Spear NE. Age-related differences in sensory conditioning in rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 24: 307-26. PMID 1752352 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420240502  1
1991 Molina JC, Hoffmann H, Serwatka J, Spear NE. Establishing intermodal equivalence in preweanling and adult rats. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes. 17: 433-47. PMID 1744597  0.88
1990 Spear NE, Miller JS, Jagielo JA. Animal memory and learning. Annual Review of Psychology. 41: 169-211. PMID 2407170 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ps.41.020190.001125  0.64
1990 Heyser CJ, Chen WJ, Miller J, Spear NE, Spear LP. Prenatal cocaine exposure induces deficits in Pavlovian conditioning and sensory preconditioning among infant rat pups. Behavioral Neuroscience. 104: 955-63. PMID 2285493 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.104.6.955  1
1990 Miller JS, Molina JC, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in the expression of odor-aversion learning in 4- and 8-day-old rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 23: 319-30. PMID 2170214 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420230404  0.88
1990 Hoffmann H, Hunt P, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in the association of gustatory and tactile cues with lithium chloride and footshock. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 53: 441-50. PMID 2161652 DOI: 10.1016/0163-1047(90)90324-Y  1
1990 Hunt PS, Molina JC, Spear LP, Spear NE. Ethanol-mediated taste aversions and state-dependency in preweanling (16-day-old) rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 54: 300-22. PMID 2078162 DOI: 10.1016/0163-1047(90)90650-U  1
1989 Miller JS, Jagielo JA, Spear NE. Age-related differences in short-term retention of separable elements of an odor aversion. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes. 15: 194-201. PMID 2760562  0.64
1989 Miller JS, Hunt PS, Spear NE. Age-dependent facilitation of taste-footshock conditioning by prior exposure to the training context. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 52: 123-130. PMID 2757581 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(89)90242-2  1
1989 Molina JC, Chotro G, Spear NE. Early (preweanling) recognition of alcohol's orosensory cues resulting from acute ethanol intoxication. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 51: 307-25. PMID 2730496 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(89)90961-8  1
1989 Spear LP, Kirstein CL, Bell J, Yoottanasumpun V, Greenbaum R, O'Shea J, Hoffmann H, Spear NE. Effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on behavior during the early postnatal period. Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 11: 57-63. PMID 2725442 DOI: 10.1016/0892-0362(89)90086-X  1
1989 Miller JS, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in short-term retention of Pavlovian conditioning. Developmental Psychobiology. 22: 377-87. PMID 2721819 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420220405  1
1989 Smith GJ, Miller JS, Wigal T, Spear NE. Facilitation of acquisition and retention in preweanling but not postweanling rats by the presence of familiar home-nest material. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 52: 370-85. PMID 2590147 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(89)90487-1  1
1988 Hoffmann H, Spear NE. Ontogenetic differences in conditioning of an aversion to a gustatory CS with a peripheral US. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 50: 16-23. PMID 3401194 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(88)90732-7  1
1988 Serwatka J, Spear NE. Acquisition and retention of separate elements of a conditioned olfactory discrimination in preweanling rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 21: 145-59. PMID 3345867 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420210204  1
1987 Molina JC, Hoffmann H, Spear LP, Spear NE. Sensorimotor maturation and alcohol responsiveness in rats prenatally exposed to alcohol during gestational day 8. Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 9: 121-8. PMID 3657747 DOI: 10.1016/0892-0362(87)90088-2  1
1987 Molina JC, Serwatka J, Enters EK, Spear LP, Spear NE. Acute alcohol intoxication disrupts brightness but not olfactory conditioning in preweanling rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 101: 846-53. PMID 3426798 DOI: 10.1037/0735-7044.101.6.846  1
1987 Hoffmann H, Molina JC, Kucharski D, Spear NE. Further examination of ontogenetic limitations on conditioned taste aversion. Developmental Psychobiology. 20: 455-63. PMID 3038640 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420200409  1
1986 Serwatka J, Molina JC, Spear NE. Weanlings' transfer of conditioned ethanol aversion from olfaction to ingestion depends on the unconditioned stimulus. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 45: 57-70. PMID 3954715 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(86)80006-1  1
1986 Markiewicz B, Kucharski D, Spear NE. Ontogenetic comparison of memory for Pavlovian conditioned aversions to temperature, vibration, odor, or brightness. Developmental Psychobiology. 19: 139-54. PMID 3699257 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420190206  1
1986 Molina JC, Serwatka J, Spear NE. Alcohol drinking patterns of young adult rats as a function of infantile aversive experiences with alcohol odor. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 46: 257-71. PMID 3028363 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(86)90191-3  1
1986 Molina JC, Hoffmann H, Spear NE. Conditioning of aversion to alcohol orosensory cues in 5- and 10-day rats: subsequent reduction in alcohol ingestion. Developmental Psychobiology. 19: 175-83. PMID 3011570 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420190304  1
1985 Smith GJ, Kucharski D, Spear NE. Conditioning of an odor aversion in preweanlings with isolation from home nest as the unconditioned stimulus. Developmental Psychobiology. 18: 421-34. PMID 4065430 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420180507  1
1985 Emerich DF, Scalzo FM, Enters EK, Spear NE, Spear LP. Effects of 6-hydroxydopamine-induced catecholamine depletion on shock-precipitated wall climbing of infant rat pups. Developmental Psychobiology. 18: 215-27. PMID 3921418 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420180303  1
1985 Spear NE, Kucharski D, Hoffmann H. Contextual influences on conditioned taste aversions in the developing rat. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 443: 42-53. PMID 3860078  1
1985 Molina JC, Serwatka J, Spear LP, Spear NE. Differential ethanol olfactory experiences affect ethanol ingestion in preweanlings but not in older rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 44: 90-100. PMID 3834925 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(85)91226-9  1
1985 Kucharski D, Spear NE. Potentiation and overshadowing in preweanling and adult rats. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes. 11: 15-34. PMID 2578009 DOI: 10.1037/0097-7403.11.1.15  1
1984 Caza PA, Spear NE. Short-term exposure to an odor increases its subsequent preference in preweanling rats: a descriptive profile of the phenomenon. Developmental Psychobiology. 17: 407-22. PMID 6745501 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420170407  1
1984 Spear NE. Behaviours that indicate memory: levels of expression. Canadian Journal of Psychology. 38: 348-67. PMID 6744118  1
1984 Molina JC, Moyano HF, Spear LP, Spear NE. Acute alcohol exposure during gestational day 8 in the rat: effects upon physical and behavioral parameters. Alcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.). 1: 459-64. PMID 6543578 DOI: 10.1016/0741-8329(84)90022-3  1
1984 Smith GJ, Spear NE. Analysis of treatments to alleviate forgetting in rats. The American Journal of Psychology. 97: 475-91. PMID 6517161  1
1984 Barrett BA, Rizzo T, Spear NE, Spear LP. Stimulus selection in passive avoidance learning and retention: weanling, periadolescent, and young adult rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 42: 23-32. PMID 6508690 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(84)90388-1  1
1984 Wigal T, Kucharski D, Spear NE. Familiar contextual odors promote discrimination learning in preweanling but not in older rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 17: 555-70. PMID 6479457 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420170512  1
1984 Kucharski D, Spear NE. Conditioning of aversion to an odor paired with peripheral shock in the developing rat. Developmental Psychobiology. 17: 465-79. PMID 6479451 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420170505  1
1984 Kucharski D, Spear NE. Potentiation of a conditioned taste aversion in preweanling and adult rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 40: 44-57. PMID 6329158 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(84)90158-4  1
1984 Molina JC, Serwatka J, Spear NE. Changes in alcohol intake resulting from prior experiences with alcohol odor in young rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 21: 387-91. PMID 6093151  1
1983 Mueller CW, Lisman SA, Spear NE. Alcohol enhancement of human memory: tests of consolidation and interference hypotheses. Psychopharmacology. 80: 226-30. PMID 6412266 DOI: 10.1007/BF00436158  1
1982 Corby JR, Caza PA, Spear NE. Ontogenetic changes in the effectiveness of home nest odor as a conditioned stimulus. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 35: 354-67. PMID 7165619  0.24
1982 Smith GJ, Spear LP, Spear NE. Detection of cholinergic mediation of behavior in 7-, 9-, and 12-day old rat pups. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior. 16: 805-9. PMID 7089037 DOI: 10.1016/0091-3057(82)90239-8  1
1982 Barrett BA, Caza P, Spear NE, Spear LP. Wall climbing, odors from the home nest and catecholaminergic activity in rat pups. Physiology & Behavior. 29: 501-7. PMID 6891075 DOI: 10.1016/0031-9384(82)90273-6  1
1982 Caza PA, Brown L, Spear NE. Epinephrine-induced conditioned taste aversion. Hormones and Behavior. 16: 31-45. PMID 6279486 DOI: 10.1016/0018-506X(82)90004-6  1
1981 Smith GJ, Spear NE. Home environmental stimuli facilitate learning of shock escape spatial discrimination in rats 7-11 days of age. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 31: 360-5. PMID 7225031 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(81)91439-4  1
1980 Solheim GS, Hensler JG, Spear NE. Age-dependent contextual effects on short-term active avoidance retention in rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 30: 250-9. PMID 7469965  1
1980 Caza P, Steinert PA, Spear NE. Comparison of circadian susceptibility to LiCl-induced taste aversion learning between preweanling and adult rats. Physiology & Behavior. 25: 389-96. PMID 7443808 DOI: 10.1016/0031-9384(80)90278-4  1
1980 Kessler P, Spear NE. Neonatal thyroxine treatment enhances classical conditioning in the infant rat. Hormones and Behavior. 14: 204-10. PMID 7429439  1
1980 Smith GJ, Spear NE. Facilitation of conditioning in two-day-old rats by training in the presence of conspecifics. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 28: 491-5. PMID 7406807 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(80)91878-6  1
1979 Steinert PA, Infurna RN, Jardula MF, Spear NE. Effects of CS concentration on long-delay taste aversion learning in preweaning and adult rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology. 27: 487-502. PMID 526228 DOI: 10.1016/S0163-1047(79)92082-X  1
1979 Infurna RN, Steinert PA, Spear NE. Ontogenetic changes in the modulation of taste aversion learning by home environmental cues in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 93: 1097-108. PMID 521521  1
1979 Infurna RN, Steinert PA, Freda JS, Spear NE. Sucrose preference and LiCl illness-induced a version as a function of drug dose and phase of the illumination cycle. Physiology & Behavior. 22: 955-61. PMID 504403 DOI: 10.1016/0031-9384(79)90341-X  1
1979 Spear NE, Smith GJ, Sherr A, Bryan RG. Forgetting of a drug-conditional discrimination. Physiology & Behavior. 22: 851-4. PMID 504393  0.48
1979 Smith GJ, Spear LP, Spear NE. Ontogeny of cholinergic mediation of behaviors in the rat. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 93: 636-47. PMID 479401  1
1978 Spear NE, Smith GJ. Alleviation of forgetting in preweanling rats. Developmental Psychobiology. 11: 513-29. PMID 720759 DOI: 10.1002/dev.420110602  1
1978 Smith GJ, Spear NE. Effects of the home environment on withholding behaviors and conditioning in infant and neonatal rats. Science (New York, N.Y.). 202: 327-9. PMID 694538  1
1976 Spear NE. Ontogenetic factors in the retrieval of memories. Activitas Nervosa Superior. 18: 302-11. PMID 1015208  1
1973 Parsons PJ, Fagan T, Spear NE. Short-term retention of habituation in the rat: a developmental study from infancy to old age. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 84: 545-53. PMID 4745823  1
1973 Gordon WC, Spear NE. Effect of reactivation of a previously acquired memory on the interaction between memories in the rat. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 99: 349-55. PMID 4742548  1
1973 Gordon WC, Spear NE. The effects of strychnine on recently acquired and reactivated passive avoidance memories. Physiology & Behavior. 10: 1071-5. PMID 4717643 DOI: 10.1016/0031-9384(73)90190-X  1
1972 Parsons PJ, Spear NE. Long-term retention of avoidance learning by immature and adult rats as a function of environmental enrichment. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 80: 297-303. PMID 5065427 DOI: 10.1037/h0032995  1
1972 Bronstein PM, Spear NE. Acquisition of a spatial discrimination by rats as a function of age. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 78: 208-12. PMID 5058459 DOI: 10.1037/h0032188  1
1972 Feigley DA, Parsons PJ, Hamilton LW, Spear NE. Development of habituation to novel environments in the rat. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 79: 443-52. PMID 5054479 DOI: 10.1037/h0032842  1
1972 Campbell BA, Spear NE. Ontogeny of memory. Psychological Review. 79: 215-36. PMID 4341445 DOI: 10.1037/h0032690  1
1970 Feigley DA, Spear NE. Effect of age and punishment condition on long-term retention by the rat of active- and passive-avoidance learning. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 73: 515-26. PMID 5514687 DOI: 10.1037/h0030234  1
1969 Klein SB, Spear NE. Influence of age on short-term retention of active-avoidance learning in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 69: 583-9. PMID 5349044 DOI: 10.1037/h0028225  1
1968 Vogel JR, Mikulka PJ, Spear NE. Effects of shifts in sucrose and saccharine concentrations on licking behavior in the rat. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 66: 661-6. PMID 5721493 DOI: 10.1037/h0026556  1
1968 Spear NE, Spitzner JH. Residual effects of reinforcer magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 77: 135-49. PMID 5663584 DOI: 10.1037/h0025836  1
1967 Spear NE, Spitzner JH. Effect of initial nonrewarded trials: factors responsible for increased resistance to extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 74: 525-37. PMID 6065473 DOI: 10.1037/h0024820  1
1967 Spear NE. Retention of reinforcer magnitude. Psychological Review. 74: 216-34. PMID 5342884 DOI: 10.1037/h0024517  1
1966 Spear NE, Spitzner JH. Simultaneous and successive contrast effects of reward magnitude in selective learning. Psychological Monographs. 80: 1-31. PMID 5970213  1
1966 Vogel JR, Mikulka PJ, Spear NE. Effect of interpolated extinction and level of training on the "depression effect". Journal of Experimental Psychology. 72: 51-60. PMID 5967732 DOI: 10.1037/h0023356  1
1966 Spear NE, Mikulka PJ, Podd M. Transfer as a function of time to mediate. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 72: 40-6. PMID 5967730 DOI: 10.1037/h0023332  1
1966 Spear NE, Pavlik WB. Percentage of reinforcement and reward magnitude effects in a T MAZE: between and within subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 71: 521-8. PMID 5909077 DOI: 10.1037/h0023014  1
1965 HILL WF, ERLEBACHER A, SPEAR NE. REMINISCENCE AND FORGETTING IN A RUNWAY. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70: 201-9. PMID 14341753 DOI: 10.1037/h0022331  1
1965 SPEAR NE. REPLICATION REPORT: ABSENCE OF A SUCCESSIVE CONTRAST EFFECT ON INSTRUMENTAL RUNNING BEHAVIOR AFTER A SHIFT IN SUCROSE CONCENTRATION. Psychological Reports. 16: 393-4. PMID 14285834 DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1965.16.2.393  1
1965 SPEAR NE, HILL WF, O'SULLIVAN DJ. ACQUISITION AND EXTINCTION AFTER INITIAL TRIALS WITHOUT REWARD. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69: 25-9. PMID 14256243 DOI: 10.1037/h0021628  1
1965 Spear NE, Hill WF. Adjustment to new reward: simultaneous- and successive-contrast effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70: 510-9. PMID 5833673 DOI: 10.1037/h0022580  1
1964 SPEAR NE. CHOICE BETWEEN MAGNITUDE AND PERCENTAGE OF REINFORCEMENT. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 68: 44-52. PMID 14177680 DOI: 10.1037/h0041883  1
1964 SPEAR NE, EKSTRAND BR, UNDERWOOD BJ. ASSOCIATION BY CONTIGUITY. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 67: 151-61. PMID 14114913 DOI: 10.1037/h0047886  1
1963 HILL WF, SPEAR NE. Choice between magnitudes of reward in a T maze. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 56: 723-6. PMID 13954556 DOI: 10.1037/h0043380  1
1963 HILL WF, SPEAR NE. Extinction in a runway as a function of acquisition level and reinforcement percentage. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 65: 495-500. PMID 13954552 DOI: 10.1037/h0046941  1
1963 HILL WF, SPEAR NE. A replication of overlearning and reversal in a T maze. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 65: 317. PMID 13954551 DOI: 10.1037/h0042417  1
1962 SPEAR NE. Comparison of the reinforcing effect of brain stimulation on Skinner box, runway, and maze performance. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 55: 679-84. PMID 13989950 DOI: 10.1037/h0046508  1
1962 HILL WF, SPEAR NE. Resistance to extinction as a joint function of reward magnitude and the spacing of extinction trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 64: 636-9. PMID 13954554 DOI: 10.1037/h0043597  1
1962 HILL WF, SPEAR NE, CLAYTON KN. T maze reversal learning after several different overtraining procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 64: 533-40. PMID 13954553 DOI: 10.1037/h0045869  1
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