Wolfram Schultz - Publications

Affiliations: 
Physiology, Development and Neuroscience University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom 
Area:
reward, decision making
Website:
http://www.pdn.cam.ac.uk/staff/schultz/index.shtml

169 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2019 Grabenhorst F, Tsutsui KI, Kobayashi S, Schultz W. Primate prefrontal neurons signal economic risk derived from the statistics of recent reward experience. Elife. 8. PMID 31343407 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.44838  1
2019 Grabenhorst F, Báez-Mendoza R, Genest W, Deco G, Schultz W. Primate Amygdala Neurons Simulate Decision Processes of Social Partners. Cell. PMID 30982599 DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2019.02.042  1
2018 O'Neill M, Schultz W. Predictive coding of the statistical parameters of uncertain rewards by orbitofrontal neurons. Behavioural Brain Research. PMID 29709608 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2018.04.041  1
2018 Cromwell HC, Tremblay L, Schultz W. Neural encoding of choice during a delayed response task in primate striatum and orbitofrontal cortex. Experimental Brain Research. PMID 29610950 DOI: 10.1007/s00221-018-5253-z  1
2017 Tsutsui KI, Grabenhorst F, Kobayashi S, Schultz W. Author Correction: A dynamic code for economic object valuation in prefrontal cortex neurons. Nature Communications. 8: 16175. PMID 29168476 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms16175  1
2017 Schultz W, Stauffer WR, Lak A. The phasic dopamine signal maturing: from reward via behavioural activation to formal economic utility. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 43: 139-148. PMID 28390863 DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2017.03.013  1
2017 Diederen KM, Ziauddeen H, Vestergaard MD, Spencer T, Schultz W, Fletcher PC. Dopamine Modulates Adaptive Prediction Error Coding in the Human Midbrain and Striatum. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 37: 1708-1720. PMID 28202786 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1979-16.2016  0.32
2016 Báez-Mendoza R, Schultz W. Performance error-related activity in monkey striatum during social interactions. Scientific Reports. 6: 37199. PMID 27849004 DOI: 10.1038/srep37199  0.52
2016 Lak A, Stauffer WR, Schultz W. Dopamine neurons learn relative chosen value from probabilistic rewards. Elife. 5. PMID 27787196 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.18044  1
2016 Zangemeister L, Grabenhorst F, Schultz W. Neural Basis for Economic Saving Strategies in Human Amygdala-Prefrontal Reward Circuits. Current Biology : Cb. PMID 27773572 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.09.016  1
2016 Grabenhorst F, Hernadi I, Schultz W. Primate amygdala neurons evaluate the progress of self-defined economic choice sequences. Elife. 5. PMID 27731795 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.18731  1
2016 Burke CJ, Baddeley M, Tobler PN, Schultz W. Partial Adaptation of Obtained and Observed Value Signals Preserves Information about Gains and Losses. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 36: 10016-25. PMID 27683899 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0487-16.2016  1
2016 Tsutsui K, Grabenhorst F, Kobayashi S, Schultz W. A dynamic code for economic object valuation in prefrontal cortex neurons. Nature Communications. 7: 12554. PMID 27618960 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12554  1
2016 Stauffer WR, Lak A, Yang A, Borel M, Paulsen O, Boyden ES, Schultz W. Dopamine Neuron-Specific Optogenetic Stimulation in Rhesus Macaques. Cell. 166: 1564-1571.e6. PMID 27610576 DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2016.08.024  1
2016 Genest W, Stauffer WR, Schultz W. Utility functions predict variance and skewness risk preferences in monkeys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 27402743 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1602217113  1
2016 Diederen KM, Spencer T, Vestergaard MD, Fletcher PC, Schultz W. Adaptive Prediction Error Coding in the Human Midbrain and Striatum Facilitates Behavioral Adaptation and Learning Efficiency. Neuron. PMID 27181060 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2016.04.019  1
2016 Schultz W. Dopamine reward prediction error coding. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. 18: 23-32. PMID 27069377  1
2016 Schultz W. Dopamine reward prediction-error signalling: a two-component response. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. PMID 26865020 DOI: 10.1038/nrn.2015.26  1
2016 Schultz W. Reward functions of the basal ganglia. Journal of Neural Transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996). PMID 26838982 DOI: 10.1007/s00702-016-1510-0  1
2015 Schultz W, Carelli RM, Wightman RM. Phasic dopamine signals: from subjective reward value to formal economic utility. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 5: 147-154. PMID 26719853 DOI: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.09.006  1
2015 Brzosko Z, Schultz W, Paulsen O. Retroactive modulation of spike timing-dependent plasticity by dopamine. Elife. 4. PMID 26516682 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.09685  1
2015 Báez-Mendoza R, van Coeverden CR, Schultz W. A neuronal reward inequity signal in primate striatum. Journal of Neurophysiology. jn.00321.2015. PMID 26378202 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00321.2015  1
2015 Stauffer WR, Lak A, Kobayashi S, Schultz W. Components and characteristics of the dopamine reward utility signal. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. PMID 26272220 DOI: 10.1002/cne.23880  1
2015 Diederen KM, Schultz W. Scaling prediction errors to reward variability benefits error-driven learning in humans. Journal of Neurophysiology. 114: 1628-40. PMID 26180123 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00483.2015  1
2015 Stauffer WR, Lak A, Bossaerts P, Schultz W. Economic choices reveal probability distortion in macaque monkeys. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 35: 3146-54. PMID 25698750 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3653-14.2015  1
2015 Hernádi I, Grabenhorst F, Schultz W. Planning activity for internally generated reward goals in monkey amygdala neurons. Nature Neuroscience. 18: 461-9. PMID 25622146 DOI: 10.1038/nn.3925  1
2015 O'Neill M, Schultz W. Economic risk coding by single neurons in the orbitofrontal cortex. Journal of Physiology, Paris. 109: 70-77. PMID 24954027 DOI: 10.1016/j.jphysparis.2014.06.002  1
2015 Schultz W. Neuronal reward and decision signals: From theories to data Physiological Reviews. 95: 853-951. DOI: 10.1152/physrev.00023.2014  1
2015 Vestergaard MD, Schultz W. Choice mechanisms for past, temporally extended outcomes Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 282. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1766  1
2014 Medic N, Ziauddeen H, Vestergaard MD, Henning E, Schultz W, Farooqi IS, Fletcher PC. Dopamine modulates the neural representation of subjective value of food in hungry subjects. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 34: 16856-64. PMID 25505337 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2051-14.2014  1
2014 Stauffer WR, Lak A, Schultz W. Dopamine reward prediction error responses reflect marginal utility. Current Biology : Cb. 24: 2491-500. PMID 25283778 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.08.064  1
2014 Lak A, Stauffer WR, Schultz W. Dopamine prediction error responses integrate subjective value from different reward dimensions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 111: 2343-8. PMID 24453218 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1321596111  1
2014 Bermudez MA, Schultz W. Timing in reward and decision processes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 369: 20120468. PMID 24446502 DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0468  1
2014 Kobayashi S, Schultz W. Reward contexts extend dopamine signals to unrewarded stimuli. Current Biology : Cb. 24: 56-62. PMID 24332545 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.061  1
2013 Báez-Mendoza R, Schultz W. The role of the striatum in social behavior. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 7: 233. PMID 24339801 DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00233  1
2013 O'Neill M, Schultz W. Risk prediction error coding in orbitofrontal neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 33: 15810-4. PMID 24089488 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4236-12.2013  1
2013 Báez-Mendoza R, Harris CJ, Schultz W. Activity of striatal neurons reflects social action and own reward. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110: 16634-9. PMID 24062436 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1211342110  1
2013 d'Acremont M, Schultz W, Bossaerts P. The human brain encodes event frequencies while forming subjective beliefs. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 33: 10887-97. PMID 23804108 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5829-12.2013  1
2013 Schultz W. Updating dopamine reward signals. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 23: 229-38. PMID 23267662 DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2012.11.012  1
2013 Miyapuram KP, Schultz W, Tobler PN. Predicting the imagined contents using brain activation 2013 4th National Conference On Computer Vision, Pattern Recognition, Image Processing and Graphics, Ncvpripg 2013. DOI: 10.1109/NCVPRIPG.2013.6776230  1
2013 Schultz W. Rewarding Dopamine Catecholamine Research in the 21st Century: Abstracts and Graphical Abstracts, 10th International Catecholamine Symposium, 2012. 148. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800044-1.00129-X  1
2012 Grabenhorst F, Hernádi I, Schultz W. Prediction of economic choice by primate amygdala neurons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109: 18950-5. PMID 23112182 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1212706109  1
2012 Bermudez MA, Göbel C, Schultz W. Sensitivity to temporal reward structure in amygdala neurons. Current Biology : Cb. 22: 1839-44. PMID 22959346 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.07.062  1
2012 Ariansen JL, Heien ML, Hermans A, Phillips PE, Hernadi I, Bermudez MA, Schultz W, Wightman RM. Monitoring extracellular pH, oxygen, and dopamine during reward delivery in the striatum of primates. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 6: 36. PMID 22783176 DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2012.00036  1
2012 Schultz W. Risky dopamine. Biological Psychiatry. 71: 180-1. PMID 22226120 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2011.11.019  1
2012 Miyapuram KP, Tobler PN, Gregorios-Pippas L, Schultz W. BOLD responses in reward regions to hypothetical and imaginary monetary rewards. Neuroimage. 59: 1692-9. PMID 21985912 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.09.029  1
2012 Prescott MJ, Brown VJ, Flecknell PA, Garrod K, Lemon RN, Parker AJ, Ryder K, Schultz W, Scott L, Watson J, Whitfield L. Response to Westlund's commentary: 'Can conditioned reinforcers and variable-Ratio Schedules make food- and fluid control redundant?' Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 204: 206-209. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2011.08.038  1
2011 Schultz W, O'Neill M, Tobler PN, Kobayashi S. Neuronal signals for reward risk in frontal cortex. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1239: 109-17. PMID 22145880 DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06256.x  1
2011 Hare TA, Schultz W, Camerer CF, O'Doherty JP, Rangel A. Transformation of stimulus value signals into motor commands during simple choice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 108: 18120-5. PMID 22006321 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1109322108  1
2011 Schultz W. Potential vulnerabilities of neuronal reward, risk, and decision mechanisms to addictive drugs. Neuron. 69: 603-17. PMID 21338874 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.02.014  1
2010 O'Neill M, Schultz W. Coding of reward risk by orbitofrontal neurons is mostly distinct from coding of reward value. Neuron. 68: 789-800. PMID 21092866 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2010.09.031  1
2010 Schultz W. Multiple functions of dopamine neurons. F1000 Biology Reports. 2. PMID 20948813 DOI: 10.3410/B2-2  1
2010 Prescott MJ, Brown VJ, Flecknell PA, Gaffan D, Garrod K, Lemon RN, Parker AJ, Ryder K, Schultz W, Scott L, Watson J, Whitfield L. Refinement of the use of food and fluid control as motivational tools for macaques used in behavioural neuroscience research: report of a Working Group of the NC3Rs. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 193: 167-88. PMID 20868708 DOI: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2010.09.003  1
2010 Bermudez MA, Schultz W. Reward magnitude coding in primate amygdala neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 104: 3424-32. PMID 20861431 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00540.2010  1
2010 Nomoto K, Schultz W, Watanabe T, Sakagami M. Temporally extended dopamine responses to perceptually demanding reward-predictive stimuli. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 30: 10692-702. PMID 20702700 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4828-09.2010  1
2010 Burke CJ, Tobler PN, Baddeley M, Schultz W. Neural mechanisms of observational learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 107: 14431-6. PMID 20660717 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1003111107  1
2010 Burke CJ, Tobler PN, Schultz W, Baddeley M. Striatal BOLD Response Reflects the Impact of Herd Information on Financial Decisions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 4: 48. PMID 20589242 DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2010.00048  1
2010 Schultz W. Subjective neuronal coding of reward: temporal value discounting and risk. The European Journal of Neuroscience. 31: 2124-35. PMID 20497474 DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2010.07282.x  1
2010 Schultz W. Dopamine signals for reward value and risk: basic and recent data. Behavioral and Brain Functions : Bbf. 6: 24. PMID 20416052 DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-6-24  1
2010 Kobayashi S, Schultz W, Sakagami M. Operant conditioning of primate prefrontal neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 103: 1843-55. PMID 20107129 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00173.2009  1
2010 Kobayashi S, Pinto de Carvalho O, Schultz W. Adaptation of reward sensitivity in orbitofrontal neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 30: 534-44. PMID 20071516 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4009-09.2010  1
2010 Bermudez MA, Schultz W. Responses of amygdala neurons to positive reward-predicting stimuli depend on background reward (contingency) rather than stimulus-reward pairing (contiguity). Journal of Neurophysiology. 103: 1158-70. PMID 20032233 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00933.2009  1
2010 Schultz W, Tremblay L. Involvement of primate orbitofrontal neurons in reward, uncertainty, and learning The Orbitofrontal Cortex. 1-30. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0007  1
2010 Schultz W. Neurophysiological Correlates of Reward Learning Primate Neuroethology. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0017  1
2010 Schultz W. Dopamine Neurons: Reward and Uncertainty Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 571-577. DOI: 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01299-7  1
2009 Christopoulos GI, Tobler PN, Bossaerts P, Dolan RJ, Schultz W. Neural correlates of value, risk, and risk aversion contributing to decision making under risk. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 29: 12574-83. PMID 19812332 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2614-09.2009  1
2009 Tobler PN, Christopoulos GI, O'Doherty JP, Dolan RJ, Schultz W. Risk-dependent reward value signal in human prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 106: 7185-90. PMID 19369207 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0809599106  1
2009 McCabe JA, Tobler PN, Schultz W, Dickinson A, Lupson V, Fletcher PC. Appetitive and aversive taste conditioning in a computer game influences real-world decision making and subsequent activation in insular cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 29: 1046-51. PMID 19176813 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3938-08.2009  1
2009 Gregorios-Pippas L, Tobler PN, Schultz W. Short-term temporal discounting of reward value in human ventral striatum. Journal of Neurophysiology. 101: 1507-23. PMID 19164109 DOI: 10.1152/jn.90730.2008  1
2009 Schultz W. Midbrain dopamine neurons: A retina of the reward system? Neuroeconomics. 321-329. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-374176-9.00021-X  1
2008 Tobler PN, Christopoulos GI, O'Doherty JP, Dolan RJ, Schultz W. Neuronal distortions of reward probability without choice. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 28: 11703-11. PMID 18987206 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2870-08.2008  1
2008 Schultz W, Preuschoff K, Camerer C, Hsu M, Fiorillo CD, Tobler PN, Bossaerts P. Explicit neural signals reflecting reward uncertainty. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 363: 3801-11. PMID 18829433 DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0152  1
2008 Schultz W. Introduction. Neuroeconomics: the promise and the profit. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 363: 3767-9. PMID 18829431 DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2008.0153  1
2008 Kobayashi S, Schultz W. Influence of reward delays on responses of dopamine neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 28: 7837-46. PMID 18667616 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1600-08.2008  1
2008 Fiorillo CD, Newsome WT, Schultz W. The temporal precision of reward prediction in dopamine neurons. Nature Neuroscience. 11: 966-73. PMID 18660807 DOI: 10.1038/nn.2159  1
2008 Hare TA, O'Doherty J, Camerer CF, Schultz W, Rangel A. Dissociating the role of the orbitofrontal cortex and the striatum in the computation of goal values and prediction errors. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 28: 5623-30. PMID 18509023 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1309-08.2008  1
2007 Schultz W. Multiple dopamine functions at different time courses. Annual Review of Neuroscience. 30: 259-88. PMID 17600522 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.neuro.28.061604.135722  1
2007 Tobler PN, Fletcher PC, Bullmore ET, Schultz W. Learning-related human brain activations reflecting individual finances. Neuron. 54: 167-75. PMID 17408585 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.03.004  1
2007 Schultz W. Behavioral dopamine signals. Trends in Neurosciences. 30: 203-10. PMID 17400301 DOI: 10.1016/j.tins.2007.03.007  1
2007 Tobler PN, O'Doherty JP, Dolan RJ, Schultz W. Reward value coding distinct from risk attitude-related uncertainty coding in human reward systems. Journal of Neurophysiology. 97: 1621-32. PMID 17122317 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00745.2006  1
2006 Kobayashi S, Nomoto K, Watanabe M, Hikosaka O, Schultz W, Sakagami M. Influences of rewarding and aversive outcomes on activity in macaque lateral prefrontal cortex. Neuron. 51: 861-70. PMID 16982429 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.08.031  1
2006 Schultz W. Behavioral theories and the neurophysiology of reward. Annual Review of Psychology. 57: 87-115. PMID 16318590 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.56.091103.070229  1
2006 Tobler PN, O'doherty JP, Dolan RJ, Schultz W. Human neural learning depends on reward prediction errors in the blocking paradigm. Journal of Neurophysiology. 95: 301-10. PMID 16192329 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00762.2005  1
2006 Blatter K, Schultz W. Rewarding properties of visual stimuli. Experimental Brain Research. 168: 541-6. PMID 16151778 DOI: 10.1007/s00221-005-0114-y  1
2005 Fiorillo CD, Tobler PN, Schultz W. Evidence that the delay-period activity of dopamine neurons corresponds to reward uncertainty rather than backpropagating TD errors. Behavioral and Brain Functions : Bbf. 1: 7. PMID 15958162 DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-1-7  1
2005 Tobler PN, Fiorillo CD, Schultz W. Adaptive coding of reward value by dopamine neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.). 307: 1642-5. PMID 15761155 DOI: 10.1126/science.1105370  1
2005 Cromwell HC, Hassani OK, Schultz W. Relative reward processing in primate striatum. Experimental Brain Research. 162: 520-5. PMID 15754177 DOI: 10.1007/s00221-005-2223-z  1
2004 Schultz W. Neural coding of basic reward terms of animal learning theory, game theory, microeconomics and behavioural ecology. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 14: 139-47. PMID 15082317 DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2004.03.017  1
2004 Borst A, Schultz W. Neurobiology of behaviour Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 14: 727-728. DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2004.10.019  1
2003 Tobler PN, Dickinson A, Schultz W. Coding of predicted reward omission by dopamine neurons in a conditioned inhibition paradigm. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 23: 10402-10. PMID 14614099  1
2003 Martin-Soelch C, Missimer J, Leenders KL, Schultz W. Neural activity related to the processing of increasing monetary reward in smokers and nonsmokers. The European Journal of Neuroscience. 18: 680-8. PMID 12911764 DOI: 10.1046/j.1460-9568.2003.02791.x  1
2003 Schultz W, Tremblay L, Hollerman JR. Changes in behavior-related neuronal activity in the striatum during learning. Trends in Neurosciences. 26: 321-8. PMID 12798602 DOI: 10.1016/S0166-2236(03)00122-X  1
2003 Fiorillo CD, Tobler PN, Schultz W. Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.). 299: 1898-902. PMID 12649484 DOI: 10.1126/science.1077349  1
2003 Cromwell HC, Schultz W. Effects of expectations for different reward magnitudes on neuronal activity in primate striatum. Journal of Neurophysiology. 89: 2823-38. PMID 12611937 DOI: 10.1152/jn.01014.2002  1
2002 Schultz W. Getting formal with dopamine and reward. Neuron. 36: 241-63. PMID 12383780 DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)00967-4  1
2001 Martin-Soelch C, Chevalley AF, Künig G, Missimer J, Magyar S, Mino A, Schultz W, Leenders KL. Changes in reward-induced brain activation in opiate addicts. The European Journal of Neuroscience. 14: 1360-8. PMID 11703464 DOI: 10.1046/j.0953-816X.2001.01753.x  1
2001 Martin-Soelch C, Leenders KL, Chevalley AF, Missimer J, Künig G, Magyar S, Mino A, Schultz W. Reward mechanisms in the brain and their role in dependence: evidence from neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 36: 139-49. PMID 11690610 DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0173(01)00089-3  1
2001 Watanabe M, Cromwell HC, Tremblay L, Hollerman JR, Hikosaka K, Schultz W. Behavioral reactions reflecting differential reward expectations in monkeys. Experimental Brain Research. 140: 511-8. PMID 11685405 DOI: 10.1007/s002210100856  1
2001 Martin-Sölch C, Magyar S, Künig G, Missimer J, Schultz W, Leenders KL. Changes in brain activation associated with reward processing in smokers and nonsmokers. A positron emission tomography study. Experimental Brain Research. 139: 278-86. PMID 11545466  1
2001 Schultz W. Reward signaling by dopamine neurons. The Neuroscientist : a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry. 7: 293-302. PMID 11488395  1
2001 Waelti P, Dickinson A, Schultz W. Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory. Nature. 412: 43-8. PMID 11452299 DOI: 10.1038/35083500  1
2001 Hassani OK, Cromwell HC, Schultz W. Influence of expectation of different rewards on behavior-related neuronal activity in the striatum. Journal of Neurophysiology. 85: 2477-89. PMID 11387394  1
2001 Suri RE, Schultz W. Temporal difference model reproduces anticipatory neural activity. Neural Computation. 13: 841-62. PMID 11255572 DOI: 10.1162/089976601300014376  1
2000 Schultz W. Multiple reward signals in the brain. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. 1: 199-207. PMID 11257908 DOI: 10.1038/35044563  1
2000 Künig G, Leenders KL, Martin-Sölch C, Missimer J, Magyar S, Schultz W. Reduced reward processing in the brains of Parkinsonian patients. Neuroreport. 11: 3681-7. PMID 11117472  1
2000 Hollerman JR, Tremblay L, Schultz W. Involvement of basal ganglia and orbitofrontal cortex in goal-directed behavior. Progress in Brain Research. 126: 193-215. PMID 11105648 DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(00)26015-9  1
2000 Schultz W, Dickinson A. Neuronal coding of prediction errors. Annual Review of Neuroscience. 23: 473-500. PMID 10845072 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.neuro.23.1.473  1
2000 Tremblay L, Schultz W. Modifications of reward expectation-related neuronal activity during learning in primate orbitofrontal cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 83: 1877-85. PMID 10758099  1
2000 Tremblay L, Schultz W. Reward-related neuronal activity during go-nogo task performance in primate orbitofrontal cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 83: 1864-76. PMID 10758098  1
2000 Schultz W, Tremblay L, Hollerman JR. Reward processing in primate orbitofrontal cortex and basal ganglia. Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). 10: 272-84. PMID 10731222  1
2000 Cavada C, Schultz W. The mysterious orbitofrontal cortex. foreword Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). 10: 205. PMID 10731216  1
1999 Schultz W. The Reward Signal of Midbrain Dopamine Neurons. News in Physiological Sciences : An International Journal of Physiology Produced Jointly by the International Union of Physiological Sciences and the American Physiological Society. 14: 249-255. PMID 11390860  1
1999 Contreras-Vidal JL, Schultz W. A predictive reinforcement model of dopamine neurons for learning approach behavior. Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 6: 191-214. PMID 10406133 DOI: 10.1023/A:1008862904946  1
1999 Suri RE, Schultz W. A neural network model with dopamine-like reinforcement signal that learns a spatial delayed response task. Neuroscience. 91: 871-90. PMID 10391468 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(98)00697-6  1
1999 Tremblay L, Schultz W. Relative reward preference in primate orbitofrontal cortex. Nature. 398: 704-8. PMID 10227292 DOI: 10.1038/19525  1
1999 Schultz W. The primate basal ganglia and the voluntary control of behaviour Journal of Consciousness Studies. 6: 31-45.  1
1998 Hollerman JR, Schultz W. Dopamine neurons report an error in the temporal prediction of reward during learning. Nature Neuroscience. 1: 304-9. PMID 10195164 DOI: 10.1038/1124  1
1998 Tremblay L, Hollerman JR, Schultz W. Modifications of reward expectation-related neuronal activity during learning in primate striatum. Journal of Neurophysiology. 80: 964-77. PMID 9705482  1
1998 Hollerman JR, Tremblay L, Schultz W. Influence of reward expectation on behavior-related neuronal activity in primate striatum. Journal of Neurophysiology. 80: 947-63. PMID 9705481  1
1998 Schultz W, Tremblay L, Hollerman JR. Reward prediction in primate basal ganglia and frontal cortex. Neuropharmacology. 37: 421-9. PMID 9704983 DOI: 10.1016/S0028-3908(98)00071-9  1
1998 Schultz W. Predictive reward signal of dopamine neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 80: 1-27. PMID 9658025  1
1998 Schultz W. The phasic reward signal of primate dopamine neurons. Advances in Pharmacology (San Diego, Calif.). 42: 686-90. PMID 9327992 DOI: 10.1016/S1054-3589(08)60841-8  1
1997 Thut G, Schultz W, Roelcke U, Nienhusmeier M, Missimer J, Maguire RP, Leenders KL. Activation of the human brain by monetary reward. Neuroreport. 8: 1225-8. PMID 9175118  1
1997 Schultz W. Dopamine neurons and their role in reward mechanisms. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 7: 191-7. PMID 9142754 DOI: 10.1016/S0959-4388(97)80007-4  1
1997 Schultz W, Dayan P, Montague PR. A neural substrate of prediction and reward. Science (New York, N.Y.). 275: 1593-9. PMID 9054347 DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5306.1593  1
1997 Schultz W. Chapter 17 Adaptive dopaminergic neurons report the appetitive value of environmental stimuli Advances in Psychology. 121: 317-335. DOI: 10.1016/S0166-4115(97)80103-3  1
1997 Schultz W. Reward responses of dopamine neurons: A biological reinforcement signal Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Including Subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). 1327: 3-12.  1
1995 Guigon E, Dorizzi B, Burnod Y, Schultz W. Neural correlates of learning in the prefrontal cortex of the monkey: a predictive model. Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). 5: 135-47. PMID 7620290  1
1994 Schultz W. Behavior-related activity of primate dopamine neurons. Revue Neurologique. 150: 634-9. PMID 7754301  1
1993 Schultz W, Apicella P, Ljungberg T. Responses of monkey dopamine neurons to reward and conditioned stimuli during successive steps of learning a delayed response task. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 13: 900-13. PMID 8441015  1
1993 Galbraith GC, Schultz W. Perceptual adaptation in the vestibulo-ocular system: EEG correlates of spatial and temporal rearrangement. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 77: 595-608. PMID 8247684 DOI: 10.2466/pms.1993.77.2.595  1
1993 Schultz W, Apicella P, Ljungberg T, Romo R, Scarnati E. Reward-related activity in the monkey striatum and substantia nigra. Progress in Brain Research. 99: 227-35. PMID 8108550  1
1992 Ljungberg T, Apicella P, Schultz W. Responses of monkey dopamine neurons during learning of behavioral reactions. Journal of Neurophysiology. 67: 145-63. PMID 1552316  1
1992 Romo R, Schultz W. Role of primate basal ganglia and frontal cortex in the internal generation of movements. III. Neuronal activity in the supplementary motor area. Experimental Brain Research. 91: 396-407. PMID 1483514 DOI: 10.1007/BF00227836  1
1992 Romo R, Scarnati E, Schultz W. Role of primate basal ganglia and frontal cortex in the internal generation of movements. II. Movement-related activity in the anterior striatum. Experimental Brain Research. 91: 385-95. PMID 1483513 DOI: 10.1007/BF00227835  1
1992 Schultz W, Romo R. Role of primate basal ganglia and frontal cortex in the internal generation of movements. I. Preparatory activity in the anterior striatum. Experimental Brain Research. 91: 363-84. PMID 1483512 DOI: 10.1007/BF00227834  1
1992 Schultz W, Apicella P, Scarnati E, Ljungberg T. Neuronal activity in monkey ventral striatum related to the expectation of reward. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 12: 4595-610. PMID 1464759  1
1992 Apicella P, Scarnati E, Ljungberg T, Schultz W. Neuronal activity in monkey striatum related to the expectation of predictable environmental events. Journal of Neurophysiology. 68: 945-60. PMID 1432059  1
1992 Schultz W. Activity of dopamine neurons in the behaving primate Seminars in Neuroscience. 4: 129-138. DOI: 10.1016/1044-5765(92)90011-P  1
1991 Apicella P, Ljungberg T, Scarnati E, Schultz W. Responses to reward in monkey dorsal and ventral striatum. Experimental Brain Research. 85: 491-500. PMID 1915708 DOI: 10.1007/BF00231732  1
1991 Apicella P, Scarnati E, Schultz W. Tonically discharging neurons of monkey striatum respond to preparatory and rewarding stimuli. Experimental Brain Research. 84: 672-5. PMID 1864338 DOI: 10.1007/BF00230981  1
1991 Ljungberg T, Apicella P, Schultz W. Responses of monkey midbrain dopamine neurons during delayed alternation performance. Brain Research. 567: 337-41. PMID 1817739 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(91)90816-E  1
1990 Schultz W, Romo R. Dopamine neurons of the monkey midbrain: contingencies of responses to stimuli eliciting immediate behavioral reactions. Journal of Neurophysiology. 63: 607-24. PMID 2329364  1
1990 Romo R, Schultz W. Dopamine neurons of the monkey midbrain: contingencies of responses to active touch during self-initiated arm movements. Journal of Neurophysiology. 63: 592-606. PMID 2329363  1
1989 Schultz W, Studer A, Romo R, Sundström E, Jonsson G, Scarnati E. Deficits in reaction times and movement times as correlates of hypokinesia in monkeys with MPTP-induced striatal dopamine depletion. Journal of Neurophysiology. 61: 651-68. PMID 2785168  1
1989 Romo R, Schultz W. Somatosensory input to dopamine neurones of the monkey midbrain: responses to pain pinch under anaesthesia and to active touch in behavioural context. Progress in Brain Research. 80: 473-8; discussion 46. PMID 2634283  1
1989 Schultz W, Romo R, Scarnati E, Sundström E, Jonsson G, Studer A. Saccadic reaction times, eye-arm coordination and spontaneous eye movements in normal and MPTP-treated monkeys. Experimental Brain Research. 78: 253-67. PMID 2599036 DOI: 10.1007/BF00228897  1
1989 Schultz W, Scarnati E, Sundström E, Romo R. Protection against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced parkinsonism by the catecholamine uptake inhibitor nomifensine: behavioral analysis in monkeys with partial striatal dopamine depletions. Neuroscience. 31: 219-30. PMID 2528081 DOI: 10.1016/0306-4522(89)90044-4  1
1988 Studer A, Sundström E, Jonsson G, Schultz W. Acute electrophysiological and neurochemical effects of administration of MPTP in mice. Neuropharmacology. 27: 923-31. PMID 3263584 DOI: 10.1016/0028-3908(88)90120-7  1
1988 Schultz W, Romo R. Neuronal activity in the monkey striatum during the initiation of movements. Experimental Brain Research. 71: 431-6. PMID 3169174 DOI: 10.1007/BF00247503  1
1988 Schultz W. MPTP-induced parkinsonism in monkeys: mechanism of action, selectivity and pathophysiology. General Pharmacology. 19: 153-61. PMID 3127268 DOI: 10.1016/0306-3623(88)90055-9  1
1987 Studer A, Schultz W. The catecholamine uptake inhibitor nomifensine depresses impulse activity of dopamine neurons in mouse substantia nigra. Neuroscience Letters. 80: 207-12. PMID 3683979  0.36
1987 Romo R, Schultz W. Neuronal activity preceding self-initiated or externally timed arm movements in area 6 of monkey cortex. Experimental Brain Research. 67: 656-62. PMID 3653323 DOI: 10.1007/BF00247297  1
1987 Schultz W, Romo R. Responses of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons to high-intensity somatosensory stimulation in the anesthetized monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology. 57: 201-17. PMID 3559672  1
1986 Schultz W. Responses of midbrain dopamine neurons to behavioral trigger stimuli in the monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology. 56: 1439-61. PMID 3794777  1
1986 Schultz W. Activity of pars reticulata neurons of monkey substantia nigra in relation to motor, sensory, and complex events. Journal of Neurophysiology. 55: 660-77. PMID 3701399  1
1986 Schultz W, Scarnati E, Sundström E, Tsutsumi T, Jonsson G. The catecholamine uptake blocker nomifensine protects against MPTP-induced parkinsonism in monkeys. Experimental Brain Research. 63: 216-20. PMID 3488228 DOI: 10.1007/BF00235666  1
1985 Schultz W, Studer A, Jonsson G, Sundström E, Mefford I. Deficits in behavioral initiation and execution processes in monkeys with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced parkinsonism. Neuroscience Letters. 59: 225-32. PMID 3877257 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(85)90201-0  1
1985 Romo R, Schultz W. Prolonged changes in dopaminergic terminal excitability and short changes in dopaminergic neuron discharge rate after short peripheral stimulation in monkey. Neuroscience Letters. 62: 335-40. PMID 3005922 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(85)90571-3  1
1985 Schultz W. Neuronal processes In Volved in initiating a behavioral act Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 8: 599. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X00045283  1
1984 Schultz W. Recent physiological and pathophysiological aspects of Parkinsonian movement disorders. Life Sciences. 34: 2213-23. PMID 6374348 DOI: 10.1016/0024-3205(84)90208-X  1
1982 Schultz W. Depletion of dopamine in the striatum as an experimental model of Parkinsonism: direct effects and adaptive mechanisms. Progress in Neurobiology. 18: 121-66. PMID 6813911 DOI: 10.1016/0301-0082(82)90015-6  1
1981 Schultz W, Wiesendanger R, Hess B, Ruffieux A, Wiesendanger M. The somatotopy of the gracile nucleus in cats with agenesis of a hindfoot. Experimental Brain Research. 43: 413-8. PMID 7262234 DOI: 10.1007/BF00238384  1
1978 Schultz W, Ungerstedt U. Short-term increase and long-term reversion of striatal cell activity after degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopamine system. Experimental Brain Research. 33: 159-71. PMID 700003  1
1978 Schultz W, Ungerstedt U. A method to detect and record from striatal cells of low spontaneous activity by stimulating the corticostriatal pathway. Brain Research. 142: 357-62. PMID 630392  1
1978 Schultz W, Ungerstedt U. Striatal cell supersensitivity to apomorphine in dopamine-lesioned rats correlated to behaviour. Neuropharmacology. 17: 349-53. PMID 566861  1
1978 Ungerstedt U, Ljungberg T, Schultz W. Dopamine receptor mechanisms: behavioral and electrophysiological studies. Advances in Biochemical Psychopharmacology. 19: 311-21. PMID 29451  1
1977 Hellweg FC, Schultz W, Creutzfeldt OD. Extracellular and intracellular recordings from cat's cortical whisker projection area: thalamocortical response transformation. Journal of Neurophysiology. 40: 463-79. PMID 874525  1
1976 Schultz W, Galbraith GC, Gottschaldt KM, Creutzfeldt OD. A comparison of primary afferent and cortical neurone activity coding sinus hair movements in the cat. Experimental Brain Research. 24: 365-81. PMID 1261624 DOI: 10.1007/BF00235004  1
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