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Leo Postman - Publications

Affiliations: 
University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 
Area:
Perception, memory

137 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
1983 Postman L, Knecht K. Encoding variability and retention Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 22: 133-152. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(83)90101-9  1
1982 Postman L. An examination of practice effects in recognition Memory & Cognition. 10: 333-340. PMID 7132710 DOI: 10.3758/BF03202425  1
1978 Postman L. Picture-word differences in the acquisition and retention of paired associates Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 4: 146-157. PMID 632757 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.4.2.146  1
1978 Postman L, Thompkins BA, Gray WD. The interpretation of encoding effects in retention Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 17: 681-705. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(78)90413-9  1
1977 Postman L, Gray W. Maintenance of prior associations and proactive inhibition Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 3: 255-263. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.3.3.255  1
1977 Postman L, Keppel G. Conditions of cumulative proactive inhibition Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 106: 376-403. DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.106.4.376  1
1977 Postman L, Kruesi E. The influence of orienting tasks on the encoding and recall of words Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 16: 353-369. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(77)80056-X  1
1975 Postman L. Tests of the generality of the principle of encoding specificity Memory & Cognition. 3: 663-672. DOI: 10.3758/BF03198232  1
1975 Postman L. Verbal learning and memory Annual Review of Psychology. 291-335.  1
1974 Postman L. Does imagery enhance long-term retention Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society. 3: 385-387. DOI: 10.3758/BF03333507  1
1974 Postman L, Burns S. Long-term retention as a function of word concreteness under conditions of free recall Memory & Cognition. 2: 703-708. DOI: 10.3758/BF03198144  1
1974 Postman L, Stark K, Burns S. Sources of proactive inhibition on unpaced tests of retention Amer.J.Psychol.. 87: 33-56.  1
1973 Postman L, Underwood BJ. Critical issues in interference theory. Memory & Cognition. 1: 19-40. PMID 24214472 DOI: 10.3758/BF03198064  1
1973 Postman L, Burns S. Experimental analysis of coding processes Memory & Cognition. 1: 503-507. DOI: 10.3758/BF03208917  1
1972 Postman L, Warren L. Test of the total-time hypothesis in free-recall learning Journal of Experimental Psychology. 96: 176-183. DOI: 10.1037/h0033504  1
1972 Postman L, Hasher L. Conditions of proactive inhibition in free recall Journal of Experimental Psychology. 92: 276-284. DOI: 10.1037/h0032074  1
1972 Postman L, Warren L. Temporal changes in interference under different paradigms of transfer Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 11: 120-128. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(72)80068-9  1
1972 Postman L, Stark K. On the measurement of retroactive inhibition in the A-B, A-D paradigm by the multiple-choice method: Reply to merryman Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 11: 465-473. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(72)80028-8  1
1971 Postman L. Organization and interference Psychological Review. 78: 290-302. DOI: 10.1037/h0031031  1
1970 Postman L, Burns S, Hasher L. Response availability and associative recall Journal of Experimental Psychology. 84: 404-411. DOI: 10.1037/h0029295  1
1970 Postman L. Experimental Analysis of Learning To Learn Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. 3: 241-297. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-7421(08)60401-6  1
1970 Postman L, Burns S, Hasher L. Studies of learning to learn X. Nonspecific transfer effects in free-recall learning Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 9: 707-715. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(70)80036-6  1
1969 Postman L, Stark K, Henschel D. Conditions of recovery after unlearning Journal of Experimental Psychology. 82: 1-24. DOI: 10.1037/h0028036  1
1969 Postman L, Stark K. Role of response availability in transfer and interference Journal of Experimental Psychology. 79: 168-177. DOI: 10.1037/h0026932  1
1969 McVaugh WH, Postman L. Studies of learning to learn IX. Temporal changes in nonspecific transfer Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 8: 745-753.  1
1969 Postman L, Stark K. The role of associative mediation in retroactive inhibition and facilitation Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 8: 790-798.  1
1968 Postman L. Hermann Ebbinghaus. The American Psychologist. 23: 149-157. PMID 4868396  1
1968 Keppel G, Postman L, Zavortink B. Studies of learning to learn: VIII. The influence of massive amounts of training upon the learning and retention of paired-associate lists Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 7: 790-796.  1
1968 Postman L, Keppel G, Zacks R. Studies of learning to learn: VII. The effects of practice on response integration Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 7: 776-784.  1
1968 Postman L. Studies of learning to learn: VI. General transfer effects in three-stage mediation Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 7: 659-664.  1
1968 Postman L, Keppel G. Conditions determining the priority of new items in free recall Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 7: 260-263.  1
1968 Postman L, Fraser J, Burns S. Unit-sequence facilitation in recall Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 7: 217-224.  1
1967 POSTMAN L, KEPPEL G. RETROACTIVE INHIBITION IN FREE RECALL Journal of Experimental Psychology. 74: 203-211. PMID 6048458 DOI: 10.1037/h0024592  1
1967 POSTMAN L, GREENBLOOM R. CONDITIONS OF CUE SELECTION IN THE ACQUISITION OF PAIRED-ASSOCIATE LISTS Journal of Experimental Psychology. 73: 91-100. PMID 6031674 DOI: 10.1037/h0024115  1
1967 Postman L. The effect of interitem associative strength on the acquisition and retention of serial lists Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 6: 721-728.  1
1967 Schwenn E, Postman L. Studies of learning to learn. V. Gains in performance as a function of warm-up and associative practice Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 6: 565-573.  1
1967 Keppel G, Postman L, Zavortink B. Response availability in free and modified free recall for two transfer paradigms Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 6: 654-660.  1
1967 Postman L, Stark K. Studies of learning to learn. IV. Transfer from serial to paired-associate learning Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 6: 339-353.  1
1966 Postman L, Goggin J. Whole versus part learning of paired-associate lists Journal of Experimental Psychology. 71: 867-877. PMID 5939366 DOI: 10.1037/h0023222  1
1966 Postman L. Reply to Greenwald Psychological Bulletin. 65: 383-388. PMID 5936346 DOI: 10.1037/h0023345  1
1966 Keppel G, Postman L. Studies of learning to learn: III. Conditions of improvement in successive transfer tasks Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 5: 260-267.  1
1966 Postman L. Differences between unmixed and mixed transfer designs as a function of paradigm Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 5: 240-248.  1
1965 Postman L. Unlearning under conditions of successive interpolation Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70: 237-245. PMID 14343250 DOI: 10.1037/h0022266  1
1965 Postman L, Keppel G, Stark K. Unlearning as a function of the relationship between successive response classes Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69: 111-118. PMID 14279765 DOI: 10.1037/h0021585  1
1965 Postman L, Stark K. The role of response set in tests of unlearning Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 4: 315-322.  1
1964 Postman L, Goggin J. Whole versus part learning of serial lists as a function of meaningfulness and intralist similarity Journal of Experimental Psychology. 68: 140-150. PMID 14194400 DOI: 10.1037/h0043058  1
1964 POSTMAN L, PHILLIPS LW. THE EFFECTS OF VARIABLE CONTEXTS ON THE ACQUISITION AND RETENTION OF PAIRED ASSOCIATES. The American Journal of Psychology. 77: 64-74. PMID 14130365  1
1964 Postman L. Acquisition and retention of consistent associative responses Journal of Experimental Psychology. 67: 183-190. PMID 14114917 DOI: 10.1037/h0040959  1
1964 Postman L. Studies of learning to learn II. Changes in transfer as a function of practice Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 3: 437-447.  1
1964 Postman L, Stark K. Proactive inhibition as a function of the conditions of transfer Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 3: 249-259.  1
1964 Postman L, Schwartz M. Studies of learning to learn. I. Transfer as a function of method of practice and class of verbal materials Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 3: 37-49.  1
1963 Postman L, Underwood BJ. Second California conference on verbal learning and verbal behavior Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 2: 203-215.  1
1963 Postman L. Does interference theory predict too much forgetting? Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 2: 40-48.  1
1963 Postman L, Stark K. Retroactive inhibition as a function of set during the interpolated task Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 1: 304-311.  1
1962 Postman L. The temporal course of proactive inhibition for serial lists Journal of Experimental Psychology. 63: 361-369. PMID 14488237 DOI: 10.1037/h0048063  1
1962 Postman L. The effects of language habits on the acquisition and retention of verbal associations Journal of Experimental Psychology. 64: 7-19. PMID 14488236 DOI: 10.1037/h0041123  1
1962 POSTMAN L. Repetition and paired-associate learning. The American Journal of Psychology. 75: 372-389. PMID 14488234  1
1962 Postman L. Retention as a function of degree of overlearning Science. 135: 666-667. PMID 14037399  1
1962 Postman L. Retention of first-list associations as a function of the conditions of transfer Journal of Experimental Psychology. 64: 380-387. DOI: 10.1037/h0043785  1
1962 Postman L. Transfer of training as a function of experimental paradigm and degree of first-list learning Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 1: 109-118.  1
1961 POSTMAN L. Spread of effect as a function of time and intraserial similarity. The American Journal of Psychology. 74: 493-505. PMID 14488235  1
1961 Postman L. Extra-experimental interference and the retention of words Journal of Experimental Psychology. 61: 97-110. PMID 13737424 DOI: 10.1037/h0049239  1
1961 POSTMAN L, SASSENRATH J. The automatic action of verbal rewards and punishments. The Journal of General Psychology. 65: 109-136. PMID 13737423  1
1961 Postman L, Phillips LW. Studies in incidental learning: IX. A comparison of the methods of successive and single recalls Journal of Experimental Psychology. 61: 236-241. PMID 13737422 DOI: 10.1037/h0042903  1
1961 Postman L. Human learning and audiovisual education Educational Communication and Technology Journal. 9: 68-78. DOI: 10.1007/BF02769479  1
1961 Postman L. Motivation and discrimination Acta Psychologica. 19: 707-710.  1
1960 Postman L, Adams PA. Studies in incidental learning: VIII. The effects of contextual determination Journal of Experimental Psychology. 59: 153-164. PMID 14434423 DOI: 10.1037/h0043216  1
1960 UNDERWOOD BJ, POSTMAN L. Extraexperimental sources of interference in forgeting. Psychological Review. 67: 73-95. PMID 13840363 DOI: 10.1037/h0041865  1
1959 POSTMAN L, RILEY DA. Degree of learning and interserial interference in retention. A review of the literature and an experimental analysis. Publications in Psychology. University of California (1868-1952). 8: 271-396. PMID 14434424  1
1958 Postman L, Adams PA. Studies in incidental learning: VII. Effects of frequency of exercise and length of list Journal of Experimental Psychology. 56: 86-94. PMID 13575701 DOI: 10.1037/h0047417  1
1958 POSTMAN L. Mediated equivalence of stimuli and retroactive inhibition. The American Journal of Psychology. 71: 175-185. PMID 13521028  1
1958 ROSENZWEIG MR, POSTMAN L. Frequency of usage and the preception of words. Science (New York, N.Y.). 127: 263-6. PMID 13506570  1
1957 POSTMAN L, RAU L. Retention as a function of the method of measurement. Publications in Psychology. University of California (1868-1952). 8: 217-270. PMID 13507254  1
1957 ROSENZWEIG MR, POSTMAN L. Intelligibility as a function of frequency of usage. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 54: 412-22. PMID 13491767 DOI: 10.1037/h0041465  1
1957 PLENDERLEITH M, POSTMAN L. Individual differences in intentional and incidental learning. British Journal of Psychology (London, England : 1953). 48: 241-248. PMID 13489194  1
1957 POSTMAN L, ADAMS PA. On recent studies of the law of effect in incidental learning. The American Journal of Psychology. 70: 642-646. PMID 13487841  1
1957 Postman L, Adams PA. Studies in incidental learning: VI, Intraserial interference Journal of Experimental Psychology. 54: 153-167. PMID 13475642 DOI: 10.1037/h0048798  1
1957 POSTMAN L. Karen's study of incidental learning as a function of meaningfulness. The American Journal of Psychology. 70: 465-466. PMID 13458526  1
1957 POSTMAN L, ROSENZWEIG MR. Perceptual recognition of words. The Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders. 22: 245-53. PMID 13429667  1
1957 POSTMAN L, RILEY DA. A critique of Köhler's theory of association. Psychological Review. 64: 61-72. PMID 13408395 DOI: 10.1037/h0043420  1
1957 Postman L, Adis-Castro G. Psychophysical methods in the study of word recognition Science. 125: 193-194. PMID 13390983  1
1956 PLENDERLEITH M, POSTMAN L. Discriminative and verbal habits in incidental learning. The American Journal of Psychology. 69: 236-243. PMID 13327084  1
1956 POSTMAN L, ROSENZWEIG MR. Practice and transfer in the visual and auditory recognition of verbal stimuli. The American Journal of Psychology. 69: 209-26. PMID 13327082  1
1956 Postman L, Adams PA, Bohm AM. Studies in incidental learning: V. Recall for order and associative clustering Journal of Experimental Psychology. 51: 334-342. PMID 13319602 DOI: 10.1037/h0046394  1
1956 Postman L, Adams PA. Studies in incidental learning: IV. The interaction of orienting tasks and stimulus materials Journal of Experimental Psychology. 51: 329-333. PMID 13319601 DOI: 10.1037/h0043781  1
1956 Postman L, Adams PA. Studies in incidental learning: III. Interserial interference Journal of Experimental Psychology. 51: 323-328. PMID 13319600 DOI: 10.1037/h0045775  1
1955 Postman L. The probability approach and nomothetic theory Psychological Review. 62: 218-225. PMID 14371899 DOI: 10.1037/h0046284  1
1955 POSTMAN L, ADAMS PA. Isolation and the law of effect. The American Journal of Psychology. 68: 97-105. PMID 14350104  1
1955 Postman L. Association theory and perceptual learning Psychological Review. 62: 438-446. PMID 13273560 DOI: 10.1037/h0049201  1
1955 PHILBRICK EB, POSTMAN L. A further analysis of learning without awareness. The American Journal of Psychology. 68: 417-424. PMID 13248975  1
1955 Goodnow JJ, Postman L. PROBABILITY LEARNING IN A PROBLEM-SOLVING SITUATION Journal of Experimental Psychology. 49: 16-22. PMID 13233459 DOI: 10.1037/h0047072  1
1955 Postman L, Adams PA, Phillips LW. STUDIES IN INCIDENTAL LEARNING: II. THE EFFECTS OF ASSOCIATION VALUE AND OF THE METHOD OF TESTING Journal of Experimental Psychology. 49: 1-10. PMID 13233457 DOI: 10.1037/h0039956  1
1954 POSTMAN L, ADAMS PA. Performance variables in the experimental analysis of the law of effect. The American Journal of Psychology. 67: 612-631. PMID 13228723  1
1954 Postman L, Phillips LW. Studies in incidental learning: I. The effects of crowding and isolation Journal of Experimental Psychology. 48: 48-56. PMID 13174732 DOI: 10.1037/h0060802  1
1954 Postman L, Conger B. Verbal habits and the visual recognition of words Science. 119: 671-673. PMID 13156647  1
1954 TOLMAN EC, POSTMAN L. Learning. Annual Review of Psychology. 5: 27-56. PMID 13149127 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ps.05.020154.000331  1
1954 POSTMAN L, TUMA AH. Latent learning in human subjects. The American Journal of Psychology. 67: 119-123. PMID 13138774  1
1953 Postman L. On the problem of perceptual defense Psychological Review. 60: 298-306. PMID 13100535 DOI: 10.1037/h0059241  1
1953 Postman L, Bronson WC, Gropper GL. Is there a mechanism of perceptual defense? Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 48: 215-224. PMID 13052343 DOI: 10.1037/h0054988  1
1953 POSTMAN L. Perception, motivation, and behavior. Journal of Personality. 22: 17-31.  1
1952 SOLOMON RL, POSTMAN L. Frequency of usage as a determinant of recognition thresholds for words. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 43: 195-201. PMID 14927822 DOI: 10.1037/h0054636  1
1952 POSTMAN L, JARRETT RF. An experimental analysis of 'learning without aware ness' The American Journal of Psychology. 65: 244-255. PMID 14923935  1
1952 POSTMAN L, CRUTCHFIELD RS. The interaction of need, set, and stimulus-structure in a cognitive task. The American Journal of Psychology. 65: 196-217. PMID 14923932  1
1952 Postman L. Retroactive inhibition in recall and recognition Journal of Experimental Psychology. 44: 165-169. PMID 12990758 DOI: 10.1037/h0057388  1
1952 Postman L, Bruner JS. Hypothesis and the Principle of Closure: The Effect of Frequency and Recency Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied. 33: 113-125. DOI: 10.1080/00223980.1952.9712823  1
1952 Postman L, Brown DR. The perceptual consequences of success and failure Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 47: 213-221. DOI: 10.1037/h0053993  1
1951 Postman L. The generalization gradient in recognition memory Journal of Experimental Psychology. 42: 231-235. PMID 14888827 DOI: 10.1037/h0057743  1
1951 POSTMAN L, LEYTHAM G. Perceptual selectivity and ambivalence of stimuli Journal of Personality. 19: 389-405. PMID 14874178  1
1951 Postman L, Schneider BH. Personal values, visual recognition, and recall Psychological Review. 58: 271-284. PMID 14864764 DOI: 10.1037/h0062787  1
1951 BRUNER JS, POSTMAN L, RODRIGUES J. Expectation and the perception of color The American Journal of Psychology. 64: 216-227. PMID 14829628  1
1950 POSTMAN L, SOLOMON RL. Perceptual sensitivity to completed and incompleted tasks. Journal of Personality. 18: 346-57. PMID 15412381  1
1950 POSTMAN L. Choice behavior and the process of recognition The American Journal of Psychology. 63: 576-583. PMID 14790023  1
1950 Bruner JS, Postman L, Mosteller F. A note on the measurement of reversals of perspective Psychometrika. 15: 63-72. DOI: 10.1007/BF02289179  1
1949 Postman L, Bruner JS. Multiplicity of set as a determinant of perceptual behavior Journal of Experimental Psychology. 39: 369-377. PMID 18150781 DOI: 10.1037/h0058224  1
1949 BRUNER JS, POSTMAN L. On the perception of incongruity; a paradigm Journal of Personality. 18: 206-223. PMID 15409076  1
1948 Postman L, Jenkins WO. An experimental analysis of set in rote learning: the interaction of learning instruction and retention performance Journal of Experimental Psychology. 38: 683-689. PMID 18893183 DOI: 10.1037/h0057311  1
1948 Postman L, Bruner JS. Perception under stress Psychological Review. 55: 314-323. PMID 18891201 DOI: 10.1037/h0058960  1
1948 POSTMAN L, EGAN JP, DAVIS J. Rate of recall as a measure of learning; the effects of retroactive inhibition. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 38: 535-46. PMID 18885701 DOI: 10.1037/h0060673  1
1948 BRUNER JS, POSTMAN L. Symbolic value as an organizing factor in perception The Journal of Social Psychology. 27: 203-208. PMID 18874621 DOI: 10.1080/00224545.1948.9918925  1
1948 Postman L, Bruner JS, McGinnies E. Personal values as selective factors in perception Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 43: 142-154. PMID 18861376 DOI: 10.1037/h0059765  1
1948 POSTMAN L, POSTMAN DL. Change in set as a determinant of retroactive inhibition The American Journal of Psychology. 61: 236-242. PMID 18859558  1
1948 JENKINS WO, POSTMAN L. Isolation and spread of effect in serial learning The American Journal of Psychology. 61: 214-221. PMID 18859555  1
1948 Postman L. Discussion of Stone's note on the law of effect Psychological Bulletin. 45: 344-345. DOI: 10.1037/h0056628  1
1947 Postman L, Kaplan HL. Reaction time as a measure of retroactive inhibition Journal of Experimental Psychology. 37: 136-145. PMID 20290454 DOI: 10.1037/h0055703  1
1947 POSTMAN L. Time-error as a function of the method of experimentation The American Journal of Psychology. 60: 101-108. PMID 20288865  1
1947 BRUNER JS, POSTMAN L. Tension and tension release as organizing factors in perception Journal of Personality. 15: 300-308. PMID 20273417  1
1947 POSTMAN L, PAGE R. Retroactive inhibition and psychophysical judgment The American Journal of Psychology. 60: 367-377. PMID 20254696  1
1947 Postman L. The history and present status of the law of effect Psychological Bulletin. 44: 489-563. DOI: 10.1037/h0057716  1
1946 POSTMAN L, BRUNER JS. The reliability of constant errors in psychophysical measurement The Journal of Psychology. 21: 293-299. PMID 21027261 DOI: 10.1080/00223980.1946.9917288  1
1946 Postman L, Senders VL. Incidental learning and generality of set Journal of Experimental Psychology. 36: 153-165. PMID 21024530 DOI: 10.1037/h0061788  1
1946 POSTMAN L, ALPER TG. Retroactive inhibition as a function of the time of interpolation of the inhibitor between learning and recall The American Journal of Psychology. 59: 439-449. PMID 20998473  1
1946 POSTMAN L. The time-error in auditory perception The American Journal of Psychology. 59: 193-219. PMID 20985341  1
1946 MILLER GA, POSTMAN L. Individual and group hoarding in rats The American Journal of Psychology. 59: 652-668. PMID 20279287  1
1946 Allport GW, Postman L. An analysis of rumor Public Opinion Quarterly. 10: 501-517. DOI: 10.1093/poq/10.4.501  1
1945 ALLPORT GW, POSTMAN LJ. The basic psychology of rumor. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences. 8: 61-81. PMID 21012248 DOI: 10.1111/j.2164-0947.1945.tb00216.x  1
1945 POSTMAN L, ZIMMERMAN C. Intensity of attitude as a determinant of decision time The American Journal of Psychology. 58: 510-518. PMID 21004457  1
1943 Postman L, Murphy G. The factor of attitude in associative memory Journal of Experimental Psychology. 33: 228-238. DOI: 10.1037/h0059096  1
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