William D. Willis - Publications

Affiliations: 
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 
Area:
pain physiology

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Year Citation  Score
2012 Raj PP, Hill CS, Racz G, Heavner J, Grabois M, Neill L, Willis W, Schade CM, Rashbaum R, Calodney A, Burton AW, Somerville J. The story of the Texas Pain Society: formation and function of a regional pain society. Pain Practice : the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain. 12: 57-65. PMID 21615858 DOI: 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2011.00472.x  1
2012 Westlund KN, Willis WD. Pain System The Human Nervous System. 1144-1186. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-374236-0.10032-X  1
2010 Lenz FA, Casey KL, Jones EG, Willis WD. The human pain system: Experimental and clinical perspectives The Human Pain System: Experimental and Clinical Perspectives. 1-638. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511770579  1
2010 Willis WD. Physiological Characteristics of Second-Order Somatosensory Circuits in Spinal Cord and Brainstem The Senses: a Comprehensive Reference. 6: 87-116. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012370880-9.00348-0  1
2010 Willis WD, Westlund KN. Dorsal Columns and Visceral Pain The Senses: a Comprehensive Reference. 5: 527-542. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012370880-9.00178-X  1
2010 Willis WD. Spinal Cord Pain Systems Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 287-297. DOI: 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01927-6  1
2009 Carlton SM, Du J, Tan HY, Nesic O, Hargett GL, Bopp AC, Yamani A, Lin Q, Willis WD, Hulsebosch CE. Peripheral and central sensitization in remote spinal cord regions contribute to central neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury. Pain. 147: 265-76. PMID 19853381 DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.09.030  1
2009 Willis WD. The role of TRPV1 receptors in pain evoked by noxious thermal and chemical stimuli. Experimental Brain Research. 196: 5-11. PMID 19294370 DOI: 10.1007/s00221-009-1760-2  1
2007 Willis WD. The somatosensory system, with emphasis on structures important for pain. Brain Research Reviews. 55: 297-313. PMID 17604109 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.05.010  1
2007 Adwanikar H, Ji G, Li W, Doods H, Willis WD, Neugebauer V. Spinal CGRP1 receptors contribute to supraspinally organized pain behavior and pain-related sensitization of amygdala neurons. Pain. 132: 53-66. PMID 17335972 DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2007.01.024  1
2007 Sun R, Yan J, Willis WD. Activation of protein kinase B/Akt in the periphery contributes to pain behavior induced by capsaicin in rats. Neuroscience. 144: 286-94. PMID 17084039 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2006.08.084  1
2006 Yan JY, Sun RQ, Hughes MG, McAdoo DJ, Willis WD. Intradermal injection of capsaicin induces acute substance P release from rat spinal cord dorsal horn. Neuroscience Letters. 410: 183-6. PMID 17101224 DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2006.09.072  1
2006 Bird GC, Han JS, Fu Y, Adwanikar H, Willis WD, Neugebauer V. Pain-related synaptic plasticity in spinal dorsal horn neurons: role of CGRP. Molecular Pain. 2: 31. PMID 17002803 DOI: 10.1186/1744-8069-2-31  1
2006 Zhang X, Wu J, Fang L, Willis WD. The effects of protein phosphatase inhibitors on the duration of central sensitization of rat dorsal horn neurons following injection of capsaicin. Molecular Pain. 2: 23. PMID 16846502 DOI: 10.1186/1744-8069-2-23  1
2006 Valencia-de Ita S, Lawand NB, Lin Q, Castañeda-Hernandez G, Willis WD. Role of the Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter in the development of capsaicin-induced neurogenic inflammation. Journal of Neurophysiology. 95: 3553-61. PMID 16709721 DOI: 10.1152/jn.01091.2005  1
2006 Willis WD. John Eccles' studies of spinal cord presynaptic inhibition. Progress in Neurobiology. 78: 189-214. PMID 16650518 DOI: 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2006.02.007  1
2006 Zhang X, Wu J, Lei Y, Fang L, Willis WD. Protein phosphatase 2A regulates central sensitization in the spinal cord of rats following intradermal injection of capsaicin. Molecular Pain. 2: 9. PMID 16549018 DOI: 10.1186/1744-8069-2-9  1
2006 Sun RQ, Tu YJ, Yan JY, Willis WD. Activation of protein kinase B/Akt signaling pathway contributes to mechanical hypersensitivity induced by capsaicin. Pain. 120: 86-96. PMID 16360265 DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2005.10.017  1
2006 Willis WD. Chapter 3 The Nociceptive Membrane: Historical Overview Current Topics in Membranes. 57: 73-111. DOI: 10.1016/S1063-5823(06)57002-4  1
2006 Willis WD. Pharmacology of the spinal cord Evoked Spinal Cord Potentials: An Illustrated Guide to Physiology, Pharmacology, and Recording Techniques. 34-39. DOI: 10.1007/4-431-30901-2_3  1
2006 Willis WD. Physiology of the spinal cord Evoked Spinal Cord Potentials: An Illustrated Guide to Physiology, Pharmacology, and Recording Techniques. 26-33. DOI: 10.1007/4-431-30901-2_2  1
2006 Willis WD. Neuroanatomical considerations Evoked Spinal Cord Potentials: An Illustrated Guide to Physiology, Pharmacology, and Recording Techniques. 3-25. DOI: 10.1007/4-431-30901-2_1  1
2006 Shimoji K, Willis WD. Evoked spinal cord potentials: An illustrated guide to physiology, pharmacology, and recording techniques Evoked Spinal Cord Potentials: An Illustrated Guide to Physiology, Pharmacology, and Recording Techniques. 1-215. DOI: 10.1007/4-431-30901-2  1
2005 Zhang X, Wu J, Lei Y, Fang L, Willis WD. Protein phosphatase modulates the phosphorylation of spinal cord NMDA receptors in rats following intradermal injection of capsaicin. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research. 138: 264-72. PMID 15919130 DOI: 10.1016/j.molbrainres.2005.05.001  1
2005 Bird GC, Lash LL, Han JS, Zou X, Willis WD, Neugebauer V. Protein kinase A-dependent enhanced NMDA receptor function in pain-related synaptic plasticity in rat amygdala neurones. The Journal of Physiology. 564: 907-21. PMID 15760935 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2005.084780  1
2005 Hoogerwerf WA, Gondesen K, Xiao SY, Winston JH, Willis WD, Pasricha PJ. The role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of pain in chronic pancreatitis. Bmc Gastroenterology. 5: 8. PMID 15745445 DOI: 10.1186/1471-230X-5-8  1
2005 Fang L, Wu J, Zhang X, Lin Q, Willis WD. Calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II regulates the phosphorylation of cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein of spinal cord in rats following noxious stimulation. Neuroscience Letters. 374: 1-4. PMID 15631885 DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2004.10.014  1
2005 Palecek J, Willis WD. Responses of neurons in the rat ventral posterior lateral thalamic nucleus to noxious visceral and cutaneous stimuli Thalamus and Related Systems. 3: 25-32. DOI: 10.1017/S1472928805000051  1
2004 Sun RQ, Tu YJ, Lawand NB, Yan JY, Lin Q, Willis WD. Calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor activation produces PKA- and PKC-dependent mechanical hyperalgesia and central sensitization. Journal of Neurophysiology. 92: 2859-66. PMID 15486424 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00339.2004  1
2004 Lawand NB, Reddig WJ, Cashin AE, Westlund KN, Willis WD. NMDA receptors and associated signaling pathways: a role in knee joint blood flow regulation. European Journal of Pharmacology. 499: 155-61. PMID 15363962 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.07.110  1
2004 Palecek J, Neugebauer V, Carlton SM, Iyengar S, Willis WD. The effect of a kainate GluR5 receptor antagonist on responses of spinothalamic tract neurons in a model of peripheral neuropathy in primates. Pain. 111: 151-61. PMID 15327819 DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2004.06.012  1
2004 Zou X, Lin Q, Willis WD. Effect of protein kinase C blockade on phosphorylation of NR1 in dorsal horn and spinothalamic tract cells caused by intradermal capsaicin injection in rats. Brain Research. 1020: 95-105. PMID 15312791 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2004.06.017  1
2004 Sun RQ, Lawand NB, Lin Q, Willis WD. Role of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the sensitization of dorsal horn neurons to mechanical stimulation after intradermal injection of capsaicin. Journal of Neurophysiology. 92: 320-6. PMID 15212441 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00086.2004  1
2004 Wang J, Ren Y, Zou X, Fang L, Willis WD, Lin Q. Sympathetic influence on capsaicin-evoked enhancement of dorsal root reflexes in rats. Journal of Neurophysiology. 92: 2017-26. PMID 15163667 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00145.2004  1
2004 Tu Y, Sun RQ, Willis WD. Effects of intrathecal injections of melatonin analogs on capsaicin-induced secondary mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats. Pain. 109: 340-50. PMID 15157695 DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2004.01.027  1
2004 Singh P, Cobb S, Rengifo-Cam W, Deng X, Willis W, Li Q. Locomotor activity and behavior of mutant mice deleted for gastrin gene expression. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology : An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society. 55: 269-78. PMID 15082883  1
2004 Lin Q, Zou X, Ren Y, Wang J, Fang L, Willis WD. Involvement of peripheral neuropeptide Y receptors in sympathetic modulation of acute cutaneous flare induced by intradermal capsaicin. Neuroscience. 123: 337-47. PMID 14698742 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2003.09.017  1
2003 Zhang X, Wu J, Fang L, Willis WD. The effects of protein phosphatase inhibitors on nociceptive behavioral responses of rats following intradermal injection of capsaicin. Pain. 106: 443-51. PMID 14659528 DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2003.09.002  1
2003 Fang L, Wu J, Zhang X, Lin Q, Willis WD. Increased phosphorylation of the GluR1 subunit of spinal cord alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate receptor in rats following intradermal injection of capsaicin. Neuroscience. 122: 237-45. PMID 14596864 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(03)00526-8  1
2003 Fang L, Wu J, Lin Q, Willis WD. Protein kinases regulate the phosphorylation of the GluR1 subunit of AMPA receptors of spinal cord in rats following noxious stimulation. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research. 118: 160-5. PMID 14559367 DOI: 10.1016/j.molbrainres.2003.08.002  1
2003 Palecek J, Willis WD. The dorsal column pathway facilitates visceromotor responses to colorectal distention after colon inflammation in rats. Pain. 104: 501-7. PMID 12927622 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(03)00075-7  1
2003 Feng Y, Cui M, Willis WD. [Effect of anticonvulsant gabapentin on visceral nociception and its relationship with amino acid neurotransmitters released from spinal cord]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban = Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences. 35: 307-10. PMID 12914253  1
2003 Palecek J, Paleckova V, Willis WD. Fos expression in spinothalamic and postsynaptic dorsal column neurons following noxious visceral and cutaneous stimuli. Pain. 104: 249-57. PMID 12855335 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(03)00013-7  1
2003 Sun RQ, Lawand NB, Willis WD. The role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the generation and maintenance of mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats after intradermal injection of capsaicin. Pain. 104: 201-8. PMID 12855330 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(03)00008-3  1
2003 Tsuruoka M, Arai YC, Nomura H, Matsutani K, Willis WD. Unilateral hindpaw inflammation induces bilateral activation of the locus coeruleus and the nucleus subcoeruleus in the rat. Brain Research Bulletin. 61: 117-23. PMID 12831996 DOI: 10.1016/S0361-9230(03)00099-6  1
2003 Hains BC, Willis WD, Hulsebosch CE. Temporal plasticity of dorsal horn somatosensory neurons after acute and chronic spinal cord hemisection in rat. Brain Research. 970: 238-41. PMID 12706267 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(03)02347-3  1
2003 Saab CY, Willis WD. The cerebellum: organization, functions and its role in nociception. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 42: 85-95. PMID 12668291 DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0173(03)00151-6  1
2003 Hains BC, Johnson KM, Eaton MJ, Willis WD, Hulsebosch CE. Serotonergic neural precursor cell grafts attenuate bilateral hyperexcitability of dorsal horn neurons after spinal hemisection in rat. Neuroscience. 116: 1097-110. PMID 12617951 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(02)00729-7  1
2003 Hains BC, Willis WD, Hulsebosch CE. Serotonin receptors 5-HT1A and 5-HT3 reduce hyperexcitability of dorsal horn neurons after chronic spinal cord hemisection injury in rat. Experimental Brain Research. 149: 174-86. PMID 12610685 DOI: 10.1007/s00221-002-1352-x  1
2003 Feng Y, Cui M, Willis WD. Gabapentin markedly reduces acetic acid-induced visceral nociception. Anesthesiology. 98: 729-33. PMID 12606919 DOI: 10.1097/00000542-200303000-00023  1
2003 Lin Q, Zou X, Fang L, Willis WD. Sympathetic modulation of acute cutaneous flare induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin in anesthetized rats. Journal of Neurophysiology. 89: 853-61. PMID 12574463 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00568.2002  1
2003 Palecek J, Paleckova V, Willis WD. Postsynaptic dorsal column neurons express NK1 receptors following colon inflammation. Neuroscience. 116: 565-72. PMID 12559111 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(02)00660-7  1
2003 Zhang HQ, Rong PJ, Zhang SP, Al-Chaer ED, Willis WD. Noxious visceral inputs enhance cutaneous tactile response in rat thalamus. Neuroscience Letters. 336: 109-12. PMID 12499052 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(02)01243-0  1
2003 Willis WD. Retrograde Signaling in the Nervous System: Dorsal Root Reflexes Handbook of Cell Signaling. 3: 607-614. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012124546-7/50712-9  1
2002 Willis WD, Zhang X, Honda CN, Giesler GJ. A critical review of the role of the proposed VMpo nucleus in pain. The Journal of Pain : Official Journal of the American Pain Society. 3: 79-94. PMID 14622792 DOI: 10.1054/jpai.2002.122949  1
2002 Wu J, Fang L, Lin Q, Willis WD. The role of nitric oxide in the phosphorylation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate-responsive element-binding protein in the spinal cord after intradermal injection of capsaicin. The Journal of Pain : Official Journal of the American Pain Society. 3: 190-8. PMID 14622772 DOI: 10.1054/jpai.2002.123653  1
2002 Zou X, Lin Q, Willis WD. The effects of sympathectomy on capsaicin-evoked fos expression of spinal dorsal horn GABAergic neurons. Brain Research. 958: 322-9. PMID 12470868 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(02)03621-1  1
2002 Zou X, Lin Q, Willis WD. Role of protein kinase A in phosphorylation of NMDA receptor 1 subunits in dorsal horn and spinothalamic tract neurons after intradermal injection of capsaicin in rats. Neuroscience. 115: 775-86. PMID 12435416 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(02)00490-6  1
2002 Bagust J, Willis WD. Differential effects of muscimol upon the firing frequency of large and small amplitude antidromic dorsal root action potentials in rat spinal cord in vitro. Neuroscience Letters. 330: 139-42. PMID 12231431 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(02)00747-4  1
2002 Zhang HQ, Al-Chaer ED, Willis WD. Effect of tactile inputs on thalamic responses to noxious colorectal distension in rat. Journal of Neurophysiology. 88: 1185-96. PMID 12205140  1
2002 Saab CY, Willis WD. Cerebellar stimulation modulates the intensity of a visceral nociceptive reflex in the rat. Experimental Brain Research. 146: 117-21. PMID 12192585 DOI: 10.1007/s00221-002-1107-8  1
2002 Saab CY, Garcia-Nicas E, Willis WD. Stimulation in the rat fastigial nucleus enhances the responses of neurons in the dorsal column nuclei to innocuous stimuli. Neuroscience Letters. 327: 17-20. PMID 12098490 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(02)00379-8  1
2002 Lin Q, Wu J, Willis WD. Effects of protein kinase a activation on the responses of primate spinothalamic tract neurons to mechanical stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology. 88: 214-21. PMID 12091547  1
2002 Fang L, Wu J, Lin Q, Willis WD. Calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II contributes to spinal cord central sensitization. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 22: 4196-204. PMID 12019337  1
2002 Palecek J, Paleckova V, Willis WD. The roles of pathways in the spinal cord lateral and dorsal funiculi in signaling nociceptive somatic and visceral stimuli in rats. Pain. 96: 297-307. PMID 11973002 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(01)00459-6  1
2002 Hains BC, Willis WD, Hulsebosch CE. Differential electrophysiological effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor on dorsal horn neurons following chronic spinal cord hemisection injury in the rat. Neuroscience Letters. 320: 125-8. PMID 11852178 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(02)00026-5  1
2001 Willis WD. Role of neurotransmitters in sensitization of pain responses. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 933: 142-56. PMID 12000017  1
2001 Wu J, Fang L, Lin Q, Willis WD. Nitric oxide synthase in spinal cord central sensitization following intradermal injection of capsaicin. Pain. 94: 47-58. PMID 11576744 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(01)00340-2  1
2001 Zou X, Lin Q, Willis WD. NMDA or non-NMDA receptor antagonists attenuate increased Fos expression in spinal dorsal horn GABAergic neurons after intradermal injection of capsaicin in rats. Neuroscience. 106: 171-82. PMID 11564427 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(01)00175-0  1
2001 Saab CY, Willis WD. Nociceptive visceral stimulation modulates the activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells. Experimental Brain Research. 140: 122-6. PMID 11500804 DOI: 10.1007/s002210100824  1
2001 Peng YB, Wu J, Willis WD, Kenshalo DR. GABA(A) and 5-HT(3) receptors are involved in dorsal root reflexes: possible role in periaqueductal gray descending inhibition. Journal of Neurophysiology. 86: 49-58. PMID 11431487  1
2001 Saab CY, Kawasaki M, Al-Chaer ED, Willis WD. Cerebellar cortical stimulation increases spinal visceral nociceptive responses. Journal of Neurophysiology. 85: 2359-63. PMID 11387382  1
2001 Willis WD, Zhang X, Honda CN, Giesler GJ. Projections from the marginal zone and deep dorsal horn to the ventrobasal nuclei of the primate thalamus. Pain. 92: 267-76. PMID 11323148 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(01)00268-8  1
2001 Ushida T, Willis WD. Changes in dorsal horn neuronal responses in an experimental wrist contracture model. Journal of Orthopaedic Science : Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association. 6: 46-52. PMID 11289586 DOI: 10.1007/s007760170024  1
2001 Willis WD, Westlund KN. The role of the dorsal column pathway in visceral nociception. Current Pain and Headache Reports. 5: 20-6. PMID 11252134  1
2000 Neugebauer V, Chen PS, Willis WD. Groups II and III metabotropic glutamate receptors differentially modulate brief and prolonged nociception in primate STT cells. Journal of Neurophysiology. 84: 2998-3009. PMID 11110827  1
2000 Lin Q, Zou X, Willis WD. Adelta and C primary afferents convey dorsal root reflexes after intradermal injection of capsaicin in rats. Journal of Neurophysiology. 84: 2695-8. PMID 11068011  1
2000 Zou X, Lin Q, Willis WD. Enhanced phosphorylation of NMDA receptor 1 subunits in spinal cord dorsal horn and spinothalamic tract neurons after intradermal injection of capsaicin in rats. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 20: 6989-97. PMID 10995844  1
2000 Nauta HJ, Soukup VM, Fabian RH, Lin JT, Grady JJ, Williams CG, Campbell GA, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Punctate midline myelotomy for the relief of visceral cancer pain. Journal of Neurosurgery. 92: 125-30. PMID 10763680  1
2000 Wu J, Fang L, Lin Q, Willis WD. Fos expression is induced by increased nitric oxide release in rat spinal cord dorsal horn. Neuroscience. 96: 351-7. PMID 10683575 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(99)00534-5  1
1999 Lin Q, Wu J, Willis WD. Dorsal root reflexes and cutaneous neurogenic inflammation after intradermal injection of capsaicin in rats. Journal of Neurophysiology. 82: 2602-11. PMID 10561430  1
1999 Wang CC, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Ascending projections from the area around the spinal cord central canal: A Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin study in rats. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 415: 341-67. PMID 10553119 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9861(19991220)415:3<341::AID-CNE3>3.0.CO;2-7  1
1999 Al-Chaer ED, Feng Y, Willis WD. Comparative study of viscerosomatic input onto postsynaptic dorsal column and spinothalamic tract neurons in the primate. Journal of Neurophysiology. 82: 1876-82. PMID 10515976  1
1999 Neugebauer V, Chen PS, Willis WD. Role of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype mGluR1 in brief nociception and central sensitization of primate STT cells. Journal of Neurophysiology. 82: 272-82. PMID 10400956  1
1999 Willis WD, Al-Chaer ED, Quast MJ, Westlund KN. A visceral pain pathway in the dorsal column of the spinal cord. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 96: 7675-9. PMID 10393879 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.14.7675  1
1999 Palecek J, Paleckova V, Willis WD. The effect of phorbol esters on spinal cord amino acid concentrations and responsiveness of rats to mechanical and thermal stimuli. Pain. 80: 597-605. PMID 10342421 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(98)00250-4  1
1999 Cui M, Feng Y, McAdoo DJ, Willis WD. Periaqueductal gray stimulation-induced inhibition of nociceptive dorsal horn neurons in rats is associated with the release of norepinephrine, serotonin, and amino acids. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 289: 868-76. PMID 10215665  1
1999 Willis WD. Dorsal root potentials and dorsal root reflexes: a double-edged sword. Experimental Brain Research. 124: 395-421. PMID 10090653 DOI: 10.1007/s002210050637  1
1999 Lin Q, Wu J, Peng YB, Cui M, Willis WD. Inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by spinal glycine and GABA is modulated by guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate. Journal of Neurophysiology. 81: 1095-103. PMID 10085336  1
1999 Lin Q, Wu J, Peng YB, Cui M, Willis WD. Nitric oxide-mediated spinal disinhibition contributes to the sensitization of primate spinothalamic tract neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 81: 1086-94. PMID 10085335  1
1999 Lin Q, Palecek J, Palecková V, Peng YB, Wu J, Cui M, Willis WD. Nitric oxide mediates the central sensitization of primate spinothalamic tract neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 81: 1075-85. PMID 10085334  1
1999 Lu GW, Willis WD. Branching and/or collateral projections of spinal dorsal horn neurons. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 29: 50-82. PMID 9974151 DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0173(98)00048-4  1
1998 Carlton SM, Rees H, Tsuruoka M, Willis WD. Memantine attenuates responses of spinothalamic tract cells to cutaneous stimulation in neuropathic monkeys. European Journal of Pain (London, England). 2: 229-38. PMID 15102383 DOI: 10.1016/S1090-3801(98)90019-2  1
1998 Dougherty PM, Willis WD, Lenz FA. Transient inhibition of responses to thermal stimuli of spinal sensory tract neurons in monkeys during sensitization by intradermal capsaicin. Pain. 77: 129-36. PMID 9766830 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(98)00079-7  1
1998 Rees H, Sluka KA, Urban L, Walpole CJ, Willis WD. The effects of SDZ NKT 343, a potent NK1 receptor antagonist, on cutaneous responses of primate spinothalamic tract neurones sensitized by intradermal capsaicin injection. Experimental Brain Research. 121: 355-8. PMID 9746141 DOI: 10.1007/s002210050468  1
1998 Feng Y, Cui M, Al-Chaer ED, Willis WD. Epigastric antinociception by cervical dorsal column lesions in rats. Anesthesiology. 89: 411-20. PMID 9710400 DOI: 10.1097/00000542-199808000-00018  1
1998 Sluka KA, Willis WD. Increased spinal release of excitatory amino acids following intradermal injection of capsaicin is reduced by a protein kinase G inhibitor. Brain Research. 798: 281-6. PMID 9666148 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(98)00428-4  1
1998 Wu J, Lin Q, McAdoo DJ, Willis WD. Nitric oxide contributes to central sensitization following intradermal injection of capsaicin. Neuroreport. 9: 589-92. PMID 9559921  1
1998 Tsuruoka M, Willis WD. Involvement of the locus coeruleus in analgesic effects of a low dose of naloxone during the inflammatory process. Experimental Brain Research. 119: 166-70. PMID 9535566 DOI: 10.1007/s002210050330  1
1998 Hirshberg RM, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Comments on editorials: Berkley, PAIN, 70 (1997) 1-2 and Gybels, PAIN, 70 (1997) 103-107. Pain. 74: 101-2. PMID 9514566  0.72
1998 Wu J, Lin Q, Lu Y, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Changes in nitric oxide synthase isoforms in the spinal cord of rat following induction of chronic arthritis. Experimental Brain Research. 118: 457-65. PMID 9504841  0.72
1998 Al-Chaer ED, Feng Y, Willis WD. On the brink of the philosophical ether Pain Forum. 7: 141-142.  1
1998 Al-Chaer ED, Feng Y, Willis WD. Visceral pain: A disturbance in the sensorimotor continuum? Pain Forum. 7: 117-125.  1
1997 Sluka KA, Rees H, Chen PS, Tsuruoka M, Willis WD. Capsaicin-induced sensitization of primate spinothalamic tract cells is prevented by a protein kinase C inhibitor. Brain Research. 772: 82-6. PMID 9406958 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(97)00876-7  1
1997 Al-Chaer ED, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Sensitization of postsynaptic dorsal column neuronal responses by colon inflammation. Neuroreport. 8: 3267-73. PMID 9351655  1
1997 Al-Chaer ED, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Nucleus gracilis: an integrator for visceral and somatic information. Journal of Neurophysiology. 78: 521-7. PMID 9242300  1
1997 Carlton SM, Rees H, Gondesen K, Willis WD. Dextrorphan attenuates responses of spinothalamic tract cells in normal and nerve-injured monkeys. Neuroscience Letters. 229: 169-72. PMID 9237485  0.8
1997 Sluka KA, Rees H, Chen PS, Tsuruoka M, Willis WD. Inhibitors of G-proteins and protein kinases reduce the sensitization to mechanical stimulation and the desensitization to heat of spinothalamic tract neurons induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin in the primate. Experimental Brain Research. 115: 15-24. PMID 9224830 DOI: 10.1007/PL00005675  1
1997 Sluka KA, Willis WD. The effects of G-protein and protein kinase inhibitors on the behavioral responses of rats to intradermal injection of capsaicin. Pain. 71: 165-78. PMID 9211478 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3959(97)03371-X  1
1997 Peng YB, Lin Q, Willis WD. Involvement of protein kinase C in responses of rat dorsal horn neurons to mechanical stimuli and periaqueductal gray descending inhibition. Experimental Brain Research. 114: 561-70. PMID 9187291 DOI: 10.1007/PL00005664  1
1997 Lawand NB, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Excitatory amino acid receptor involvement in peripheral nociceptive transmission in rats. European Journal of Pharmacology. 324: 169-77. PMID 9145768  0.72
1997 Lawand NB, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Blockade of joint inflammation and secondary hyperalgesia by L-NAME, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor. Neuroreport. 8: 895-9. PMID 9141060  1
1997 Sluka KA, Milton MA, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Differential roles of neurokinin 1 and neurokinin 2 receptors in the development and maintenance of heat hyperalgesia induced by acute inflammation. British Journal of Pharmacology. 120: 1263-73. PMID 9105701 DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0701044  0.92
1997 Lin Q, Peng YB, Wu J, Willis WD. Involvement of cGMP in nociceptive processing by and sensitization of spinothalamic neurons in primates. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 17: 3293-302. PMID 9096162  1
1997 Cameron AA, Cliffer KD, Dougherty PM, Garrison CJ, Willis WD, Carlton SM. Time course of degenerative and regenerative changes in the dorsal horn in a rat model of peripheral neuropathy. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 379: 428-42. PMID 9067834 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9861(19970317)379:3<428::AID-CNE8>3.0.CO;2-5  1
1997 Nauta HJ, Hewitt E, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Surgical interruption of a midline dorsal column visceral pain pathway. Case report and review of the literature. Journal of Neurosurgery. 86: 538-42. PMID 9046313 DOI: 10.3171/jns.1997.86.3.0538  0.72
1997 Willis WD, Westlund KN. Neuroanatomy of the pain system and of the pathways that modulate pain. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society. 14: 2-31. PMID 9013357 DOI: 10.1097/00004691-199701000-00002  1
1996 Tsuruoka M, Willis WD. Descending modulation from the region of the locus coeruleus on nociceptive sensitivity in a rat model of inflammatory hyperalgesia. Brain Research. 743: 86-92. PMID 9017234 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(96)01025-6  1
1996 Willis WD, Sluka KA, Rees H, Westlund KN. Cooperative mechanisms of neurotransmitter action in central nervous sensitization. Progress in Brain Research. 110: 151-66. PMID 9000723  0.92
1996 Rees H, Sluka KA, Lu Y, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Dorsal root reflexes in articular afferents occur bilaterally in a chronic model of arthritis in rats. Journal of Neurophysiology. 76: 4190-3. PMID 8985913  0.92
1996 Hirshberg RM, Al-Chaer ED, Lawand NB, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Is there a pathway in the posterior funiculus that signals visceral pain? Pain. 67: 291-305. PMID 8951923  0.72
1996 Peng YB, Lin Q, Willis WD. Effects of GABA and glycine receptor antagonists on the activity and PAG-induced inhibition of rat dorsal horn neurons. Brain Research. 736: 189-201. PMID 8930324 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(96)00668-3  1
1996 al-Chaer ED, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Potentiation of thalamic responses to colorectal distension by visceral inflammation. Neuroreport. 7: 1635-9. PMID 8904772  1
1996 Al-Chaer ED, Lawand NB, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Pelvic visceral input into the nucleus gracilis is largely mediated by the postsynaptic dorsal column pathway. Journal of Neurophysiology. 76: 2675-90. PMID 8899637  0.72
1996 Al-Chaer ED, Lawand NB, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Visceral nociceptive input into the ventral posterolateral nucleus of the thalamus: a new function for the dorsal column pathway. Journal of Neurophysiology. 76: 2661-74. PMID 8899636  0.72
1996 Lin Q, Peng YB, Willis WD. Inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by spinal glycine and GABA is reduced during central sensitization. Journal of Neurophysiology. 76: 1005-14. PMID 8871215  1
1996 Lin Q, Peng YB, Willis WD. Role of GABA receptor subtypes in inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract neurons: difference between spinal and periaqueductal gray inhibition. Journal of Neurophysiology. 75: 109-23. PMID 8822545  1
1996 Lin Q, Peng YB, Willis WD. Antinociception and inhibition from the periaqueductal gray are mediated in part by spinal 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) receptors. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 276: 958-67. PMID 8786576  1
1996 Peng YB, Lin Q, Willis WD. Involvement of alpha-2 adrenoceptors in the periaqueductal gray-induced inhibition of dorsal horn cell activity in rats. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 278: 125-35. PMID 8764343  1
1996 Lin Q, Peng YB, Willis WD. Possible role of protein kinase C in the sensitization of primate spinothalamic tract neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 16: 3026-34. PMID 8622132  1
1996 Peng YB, Lin Q, Willis WD. The role of 5-HT3 receptors in periaqueductal gray-induced inhibition of nociceptive dorsal horn neurons in rats. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 276: 116-24. PMID 8558419  1
1995 Willis WD. Neurobiology. Cold, pain and the brain. Nature. 373: 19-20. PMID 7800030 DOI: 10.1038/373019a0  1
1995 Cameron AA, Khan IA, Westlund KN, Willis WD. The efferent projections of the periaqueductal gray in the rat: a Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin study. II. Descending projections. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 351: 585-601. PMID 7721985 DOI: 10.1002/cne.903510408  0.72
1995 Cameron AA, Khan IA, Westlund KN, Cliffer KD, Willis WD. The efferent projections of the periaqueductal gray in the rat: a Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin study. I. Ascending projections. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 351: 568-84. PMID 7721984 DOI: 10.1002/cne.903510407  0.72
1995 Rees H, Sluka KA, Westlund KN, Willis WD. The role of glutamate and GABA receptors in the generation of dorsal root reflexes by acute arthritis in the anaesthetized rat. The Journal of Physiology. 484: 437-45. PMID 7602536  0.92
1995 Sluka KA, Rees H, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Fiber types contributing to dorsal root reflexes induced by joint inflammation in cats and monkeys. Journal of Neurophysiology. 74: 981-9. PMID 7500166  0.92
1995 Dougherty PM, Palecek J, Palecková V, Willis WD. Infusion of substance P or neurokinin A by microdialysis alters responses of primate spinothalamic tract neurons to cutaneous stimuli and to iontophoretically released excitatory amino acids. Pain. 61: 411-25. PMID 7478684  0.6
1994 Sluka KA, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Central Control of Peripheral Joint Inflammation and Heat Hyperalgesia. Progress in Pain Research and Management. 2: 359-371. PMID 24634572  0.92
1994 Palecek J, Palecková V, Dougherty PM, Willis WD. The effect of phorbol esters on the responses of primate spinothalamic neurons to mechanical and thermal stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology. 71: 529-37. PMID 8176422  0.6
1994 Cliffer KD, Willis WD. Distribution of the postsynaptic dorsal column projection in the cuneate nucleus of monkeys. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 345: 84-93. PMID 8089278 DOI: 10.1002/cne.903450106  1
1994 Palecek J, Palecková V, Dougherty PM, Willis WD. The effect of trans-ACPD, a metabotropic excitatory amino acid receptor agonist, on the responses of primate spinothalamic tract neurons. Pain. 56: 261-9. PMID 8022620  0.6
1994 Rees H, Sluka KA, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Do dorsal root reflexes augment peripheral inflammation? Neuroreport. 5: 821-4. PMID 8018857  0.92
1994 Lin Q, Peng Y, Willis WD. Glycine and GABAA antagonists reduce the inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract neurons produced by stimulation in periaqueductal gray. Brain Research. 654: 286-302. PMID 7987678 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(94)90491-X  1
1994 Sluka KA, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Inflammation-induced release of excitatory amino acids is prevented by spinal administration of a GABAA but not by a GABAB receptor antagonist in rats. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 271: 76-82. PMID 7965759  1
1994 Leem JW, Lee BH, Willis WD, Chung JM. Grouping of somatosensory neurons in the spinal cord and the gracile nucleus of the rat by cluster analysis. Journal of Neurophysiology. 72: 2590-7. PMID 7897476  0.96
1994 Sluka KA, Jordan HH, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Differential effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptor antagonists on spinal release of amino acids after development of acute arthritis in rats. Brain Research. 664: 77-84. PMID 7895049  0.92
1994 Dougherty PM, Palecek J, Palecková V, Willis WD. Neurokinin 1 and 2 antagonists attenuate the responses and NK1 antagonists prevent the sensitization of primate spinothalamic tract neurons after intradermal capsaicin. Journal of Neurophysiology. 72: 1464-75. PMID 7823080  0.6
1994 Willis WD. The role of the spinothalamic tract in the plastic changes in somatosensory thalamus and cortex caused by inflammation Aps Journal. 3: 183-186. DOI: 10.1016/S1058-9139(05)80316-X  1
1993 Leem JW, Willis WD, Chung JM. Cutaneous sensory receptors in the rat foot. Journal of Neurophysiology. 69: 1684-99. PMID 8509832  1
1993 Cameron AA, Dougherty PM, Garrison CJ, Willis WD, Carlton SM. The endogenous lectin RL-29 is transynaptically induced in dorsal horn neurons following peripheral neuropathy in the rat. Brain Research. 620: 64-71. PMID 8402200  0.8
1993 Sorkin LS, McAdoo DJ, Willis WD. Raphe magnus stimulation-induced antinociception in the cat is associated with release of amino acids as well as serotonin in the lumbar dorsal horn. Brain Research. 618: 95-108. PMID 8402183 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(93)90433-N  1
1993 Chung JM, Paik KS, Kim JS, Nam SC, Kim KJ, Oh UT, Hasegawa T, Chung K, Willis WD. Chronic effects of topical application of capsaicin to the sciatic nerve on responses of primate spinothalamic neurons. Pain. 53: 311-21. PMID 8351160 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3959(93)90227-G  1
1993 Leem JW, Willis WD, Weller SC, Chung JM. Differential activation and classification of cutaneous afferents in the rat. Journal of Neurophysiology. 70: 2411-24. PMID 8120590  0.96
1993 Sluka KA, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Joint inflammation and hyperalgesia are reduced by spinal bicuculline. Neuroreport. 5: 109-12. PMID 8110997  0.92
1993 Dougherty PM, Palecek J, Zorn S, Willis WD. Combined application of excitatory amino acids and substance P produces long-lasting changes in responses of primate spinothalamic tract neurons. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 18: 227-46. PMID 7687919 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(93)90003-I  1
1993 Willis WD. Mechanical allodynia. A role for sensitized nociceptive tract cells with convergent input from mechanoreceptors and nociceptors? Aps Journal. 2: 23-30. DOI: 10.1016/S1058-9139(05)80147-0  1
1992 Sorkin LS, Westlund KN, Sluka KA, Dougherty PM, Willis WD. Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. IV. Time-course of amino acid release into the lumbar dorsal horn. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 17: 39-50. PMID 1638274 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(92)90005-7  1
1992 Dougherty PM, Sluka KA, Sorkin LS, Westlund KN, Willis WD. Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. I. Parallel enhancement of responses of spinothalamic tract neurons to mechanical stimulation and excitatory amino acids. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 17: 1-13. PMID 1638273 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(92)90002-4  1
1992 Owens CM, Zhang D, Willis WD. Changes in the response states of primate spinothalamic tract cells caused by mechanical damage of the skin or activation of descending controls. Journal of Neurophysiology. 67: 1509-27. PMID 1629761  1
1992 Dougherty PM, Willis WD. Enhanced responses of spinothalamic tract neurons to excitatory amino acids accompany capsaicin-induced sensitization in the monkey. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 12: 883-94. PMID 1545244  1
1992 Westlund KN, Lu Y, Coggeshall RE, Willis WD. Serotonin is found in myelinated axons of the dorsolateral funiculus in monkeys. Neuroscience Letters. 141: 35-8. PMID 1508397 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(92)90328-5  1
1992 Cameron AA, Pover CM, Willis WD, Coggeshall RE. Evidence that fine primary afferent axons innervate a wider territory in the superficial dorsal horn following peripheral axotomy. Brain Research. 575: 151-4. PMID 1504776 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(92)90436-D  1
1992 Cliffer KD, Hasegawa T, Willis WD. Responses of neurons in the gracile nucleus of cats to innocuous and noxious stimuli: basic characterization and antidromic activation from the thalamus. Journal of Neurophysiology. 68: 818-32. PMID 1432050  1
1992 Carlton SM, Westlund KN, Zhang D, Willis WD. GABA-immunoreactive terminals synapse on primate spinothalamic tract cells. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 322: 528-37. PMID 1401247 DOI: 10.1002/cne.903220407  1
1992 Sorkin LS, McAdoo DJ, Willis WD. Stimulation in the ventral posterior lateral nucleus of the primate thalamus leads to release of serotonin in the lumbar spinal cord. Brain Research. 581: 307-10. PMID 1393535 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(92)90722-L  1
1992 Steinman JL, Carlton SM, Willis WD. The segmental distribution of afferent fibers from the vaginal cervix and hypogastric nerve in rats. Brain Research. 575: 25-31. PMID 1380393  0.8
1992 Sluka KA, Dougherty PM, Sorkin LS, Willis WD, Westlund KN. Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. III. Changes in substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide and glutamate in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 17: 29-38. PMID 1379098 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(92)90004-6  1
1992 Paleckova V, Palecek J, McAdoo DJ, Willis WD. The non-NMDA antagonist CNQX prevents release of amino acids into the rat spinal cord dorsal horn evoked by sciatic nerve stimulation. Neuroscience Letters. 148: 19-22. PMID 1363754 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(92)90794-8  1
1992 Westlund KN, Carlton SM, Zhang D, Willis WD. Glutamate-immunoreactive terminals synapse on primate spinothalamic tract cells. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 322: 519-27. PMID 1357007 DOI: 10.1002/cne.903220406  1
1992 Dougherty PM, Palecek J, Paleckova V, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. The role of NMDA and non-NMDA excitatory amino acid receptors in the excitation of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by mechanical, chemical, thermal, and electrical stimuli. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 12: 3025-41. PMID 1353793  1
1992 Westlund KN, Sun YC, Sluka KA, Dougherty PM, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. Neural changes in acute arthritis in monkeys. II. Increased glutamate immunoreactivity in the medial articular nerve. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 17: 15-27. PMID 1353392 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(92)90003-5  1
1992 Palecek J, Dougherty PM, Kim SH, Palecková V, Lekan H, Chung JM, Carlton SM, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract neurons to mechanical and thermal stimuli in an experimental model of peripheral neuropathy in primates. Journal of Neurophysiology. 68: 1951-66. PMID 1337100  1
1992 Palecek J, Palecková V, Dougherty PM, Carlton SM, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract cells to mechanical and thermal stimulation of skin in rats with experimental peripheral neuropathy. Journal of Neurophysiology. 67: 1562-73. PMID 1321241  0.8
1991 Simone DA, Sorkin LS, Oh U, Chung JM, Owens C, LaMotte RH, Willis WD. Neurogenic hyperalgesia: central neural correlates in responses of spinothalamic tract neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 66: 228-46. PMID 1919669  1
1991 Zhang DX, Owens CM, Willis WD. Short-latency excitatory postsynaptic potentials are evoked in primate spinothalamic tract neurons by corticospinal tract volleys. Pain. 45: 197-201. PMID 1876428 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3959(91)90188-4  1
1991 Zhang DX, Owens CM, Willis WD. Two forms of inhibition of spinothalamic tract neurons produced by stimulation of the periaqueductal gray and the cerebral cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 65: 1567-79. PMID 1875263  1
1991 Zhang DX, Owens CM, Willis WD. Intracellular study of electrophysiological features of primate spinothalamic tract neurons and their responses to afferent inputs. Journal of Neurophysiology. 65: 1554-66. PMID 1875262  1
1991 Willis WD. Role of the forebrain in nociception. Progress in Brain Research. 87: 1-12. PMID 1866442  1
1991 Westlund KN, Zhang D, Carlton SM, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. Noradrenergic innervation of somatosensory thalamus and spinal cord. Progress in Brain Research. 88: 77-88. PMID 1813936  1
1991 Dougherty PM, Willis WD. Enhancement of spinothalamic neuron responses to chemical and mechanical stimuli following combined micro-iontophoretic application of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid and substance P. Pain. 47: 85-93. PMID 1722895 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3959(91)90015-P  1
1991 Cameron AA, Cliffer KD, Dougherty PM, Willis WD, Carlton SM. Changes in lectin, GAP-43 and neuropeptide staining in the rat superficial dorsal horn following experimental peripheral neuropathy. Neuroscience Letters. 131: 249-52. PMID 1722299  0.8
1991 Carlton SM, Honda CN, Willcockson WS, Lacrampe M, Zhang D, Denoroy L, Chung JM, Willis WD. Descending adrenergic input to the primate spinal cord and its possible role in modulation of spinothalamic cells. Brain Research. 543: 77-90. PMID 1711404 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(91)91050-B  1
1991 Sorkin LS, Hughes MG, Liu D, Willis WD, McAdoo DJ. Release and metabolism of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the cat spinal cord examined with microdialysis. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 257: 192-9. PMID 1708424  1
1991 Dougherty PM, Willis WD. Modification of the responses of primate spinothalamic neurons to mechanical stimulation by excitatory amino acids and an N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist. Brain Research. 542: 15-22. PMID 1675920 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(91)90991-4  1
1990 Villanueva L, Cliffer KD, Sorkin LS, Le Bars D, Willis WD. Convergence of heterotopic nociceptive information onto neurons of caudal medullary reticular formation in monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Journal of Neurophysiology. 63: 1118-27. PMID 2358866  1
1990 Zhang DX, Carlton SM, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. Collaterals of primate spinothalamic tract neurons to the periaqueductal gray. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 296: 277-90. PMID 2358537 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902960208  1
1990 Westlund KN, Sorkin LS, Ferrington DG, Carlton SM, Willcockson HH, Willis WD. Serotoninergic and noradrenergic projections to the ventral posterolateral nucleus of the monkey thalamus. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 295: 197-207. PMID 2358512 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902950204  1
1990 Steinman JL, Faris PL, Mann PE, Olney JW, Komisaruk BR, Willis WD, Bodnar RJ. Antagonism of morphine analgesia by nonopioid cold-water swim analgesia: direct evidence for collateral inhibition. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 14: 1-7. PMID 2325940 DOI: 10.1016/S0149-7634(05)80155-1  1
1990 Carlton SM, Westlund KN, Zhang DX, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. Calcitonin gene-related peptide containing primary afferent fibers synapse on primate spinothalamic tract cells. Neuroscience Letters. 109: 76-81. PMID 2314643 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(90)90540-P  1
1990 Westlund KN, Carlton SM, Zhang D, Willis WD. Direct catecholaminergic innervation of primate spinothalamic tract neurons. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 299: 178-86. PMID 2229478 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902990205  1
1990 Dougherty PM, Willis WD. Long-lasting enhancement of excitability of spinothalamic tract neurones following combined application of excitatory amino acids and substance P in anaesthetized macaques Journal of Physiology. 425.  1
1990 Sorkin LS, McAdoo DJ, Willis WD. Release of serotonin following brainstem stimulation: Correlation with inhibition of nociceptive dorsal horn neurons Serotonin and Pain: Proceedings of the International Symposium On Serotonin and Pain. Ics879. 105-115.  1
1989 Surmeier DJ, Honda CN, Willis WD. Patterns of spontaneous discharge in primate spinothalamic neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 61: 106-15. PMID 2918338  1
1989 Carlton SM, Lamotte CC, Honda CN, Surmeier DJ, Delanerolle N, Willis WD. Ultrastructural analysis of axosomatic contacts on functionally identified primate spinothalamic tract neurons. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 281: 555-66. PMID 2708581 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902810406  1
1988 Ferrington DG, Downie JW, Willis WD. Primate nucleus gracilis neurons: responses to innocuous and noxious stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology. 59: 886-907. PMID 3367202  0.72
1988 Downie JW, Ferrington DG, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. The primate spinocervicothalamic pathway: responses of cells of the lateral cervical nucleus and spinocervical tract to innocuous and noxious stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology. 59: 861-85. PMID 3367201  0.6
1988 Surmeier DJ, Honda CN, Willis WD. Natural groupings of primate spinothalamic neurons based on cutaneous stimulation. Physiological and anatomical features. Journal of Neurophysiology. 59: 833-60. PMID 3367200  1
1988 Harmann PA, Carlton SM, Willis WD. Collaterals of spinothalamic tract cells to the periaqueductal gray: a fluorescent double-labeling study in the rat. Brain Research. 441: 87-97. PMID 3359245  0.8
1988 Willis WD. Anatomy and physiology of descending control of nociceptive responses of dorsal horn neurons: comprehensive review. Progress in Brain Research. 77: 1-29. PMID 3064163  1
1988 Willis WD. Dorsal horn neurophysiology of pain. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 531: 76-89. PMID 2898230  1
1988 Sorkin LS, Steinman JL, Hughes MG, Willis WD, McAdoo DJ. Microdialysis recovery of serotonin released in spinal cord dorsal horn. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 23: 131-8. PMID 2451773 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0270(88)90185-9  1
1987 Willis WD, Chung JM. Central mechanisms of pain. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 191: 1200-2. PMID 3692953  1
1987 Ferrington DG, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract cells in the superficial dorsal horn of the primate lumbar spinal cord. The Journal of Physiology. 388: 681-703. PMID 3656204  1
1987 Schaible HG, Schmidt RF, Willis WD. Convergent inputs from articular, cutaneous and muscle receptors onto ascending tract cells in the cat spinal cord. Experimental Brain Research. 66: 479-88. PMID 3609195 DOI: 10.1007/BF00270680  1
1987 Carlton SM, Honda CN, Denoroy L, Willis WD. Descending phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase projections to the monkey spinal cord: an immunohistochemical double labeling study. Neuroscience Letters. 76: 133-9. PMID 3587748 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(87)90704-X  1
1987 Schaible HG, Schmidt RF, Willis WD. Enhancement of the responses of ascending tract cells in the cat spinal cord by acute inflammation of the knee joint. Experimental Brain Research. 66: 489-99. PMID 3475211 DOI: 10.1007/BF00270681  1
1987 Willcockson HH, Carlton SM, Willis WD. Mapping study of serotoninergic input to diencephalic-projecting dorsal column neurons in the rat. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 261: 467-80. PMID 3301921 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902610402  0.8
1987 Carlton SM, Steinman JL, Hillman GR, Willis WD. Differential effects of p-chlorophenylalanine on indoleamines in brainstem nuclei and spinal cord of rats. II. Identification of immunohistochemically stained structures using computer-assisted image enhancement techniques. Brain Research. 426: 310-22. PMID 2961412  0.8
1987 Yezierski RP, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. Response properties of spinal neurons projecting to midbrain or midbrain-thalamus in the monkey. Brain Research. 437: 165-70. PMID 2827865 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(87)91539-3  1
1987 Steinman JL, Carlton SM, Haber B, Willis WD. Differential effects of p-chlorophenylalanine on indoleamines in brainstem nuclei and spinal cord of rats. I. Biochemical and behavioral analysis. Brain Research. 426: 297-309. PMID 2446710 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(87)90883-3  1
1986 Willis WD. Visceral inputs to sensory pathways in the spinal cord. Progress in Brain Research. 67: 207-25. PMID 3823472 DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)62764-8  1
1986 Ferrington DG, Sorkin LS, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract cells in the cat cervical spinal cord to innocuous and graded noxious stimuli. Somatosensory Research. 3: 339-58. PMID 3775154 DOI: 10.3109/07367228609144592  1
1986 Sorkin LS, Ferrington DG, Willis WD. Somatotopic organization and response characteristics of dorsal horn neurons in the cervical spinal cord of the cat. Somatosensory Research. 3: 323-38. PMID 3775153 DOI: 10.3109/07367228609144591  1
1986 Chung JM, Lee KH, Surmeier DJ, Sorkin LS, Kim J, Willis WD. Response characteristics of neurons in the ventral posterior lateral nucleus of the monkey thalamus. Journal of Neurophysiology. 56: 370-90. PMID 3760926  1
1986 Surmeier DJ, Honda CN, Willis WD. Temporal features of the responses of primate spinothalamic neurons to noxious thermal stimulation of hairy and glabrous skin. Journal of Neurophysiology. 56: 351-69. PMID 3760925  1
1986 Surmeier DJ, Honda CN, Willis WD. Responses of primate spinothalamic neurons to noxious thermal stimulation of glabrous and hairy skin. Journal of Neurophysiology. 56: 328-50. PMID 3760924  1
1986 Chung JM, Surmeier DJ, Lee KH, Sorkin LS, Honda CN, Tsong Y, Willis WD. Classification of primate spinothalamic and somatosensory thalamic neurons based on cluster analysis. Journal of Neurophysiology. 56: 308-27. PMID 3760923  1
1986 Hori Y, Endo K, Willis WD. Synaptic actions of cutaneous A delta and C fibers on primate hindlimb alpha-motoneurons. Neuroscience Research. 3: 411-29. PMID 3748473 DOI: 10.1016/0168-0102(86)90033-7  1
1986 Schaible HG, Schmidt RF, Willis WD. Responses of spinal cord neurones to stimulation of articular afferent fibres in the cat. The Journal of Physiology. 372: 575-93. PMID 3723420  1
1986 Willcockson WS, Kim J, Shin HK, Chung JM, Willis WD. Actions of opioids on primate spinothalamic tract neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 6: 2509-20. PMID 2875139  0.96
1985 Carlton SM, Chung JM, Leonard RB, Willis WD. Funicular trajectories of brainstem neurons projecting to the lumbar spinal cord in the monkey (Macaca fascicularis): a retrograde labeling study. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 241: 382-404. PMID 4086662 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902410310  1
1985 Cargill CL, Steinman JL, Willis WD. A fictive tail flick reflex in the rat. Brain Research. 345: 45-53. PMID 4063805  0.32
1985 Chung JM, Lee KH, Hori Y, Willis WD. Effects of capsaicin applied to a peripheral nerve on the responses of primate spinothalamic tract cells. Brain Research. 329: 27-38. PMID 3978447  0.96
1985 Willis WD. Pain pathways in the primate. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research. 176: 117-33. PMID 3923492  1
1985 Albe-Fessard D, Berkley KJ, Kruger L, Ralston HJ, Willis WD. Diencephalic mechanisms of pain sensation. Brain Research. 356: 217-96. PMID 3896408 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(85)90013-X  1
1985 Lee KH, Chung JM, Willis WD. Inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract cells by TENS. Journal of Neurosurgery. 62: 276-87. PMID 3871474 DOI: 10.3171/jns.1985.62.2.0276  0.96
1985 Willis WD. Central nervous system mechanisms for pain modulation. Applied Neurophysiology. 48: 153-65. PMID 3017206  1
1985 Willis WD. The pain system. The neural basis of nociceptive transmission in the mammalian nervous system. Pain and Headache. 8: 1-346. PMID 2983301  1
1985 Willis WD. Nociceptive pathways: anatomy and physiology of nociceptive ascending pathways. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 308: 253-70. PMID 2858882  1
1985 Huang LY, Carlton SM, Willis WD. Identification of spinothalamic tract cells in fresh, unfixed rat spinal cord. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 14: 91-6. PMID 2412075 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0270(85)90119-0  1
1984 Endo K, Hori Y, Willis WD. Postsynaptic potentials evoked in cat hindlimb motoneurons by C-fiber volleys. Neuroscience Letters. 44: 293-8. PMID 6728299 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(84)90038-7  1
1984 Chung K, Kevetter GA, Willis WD, Coggeshall RE. An estimate of the ratio of propriospinal to long tract neurons in the sacral spinal cord of the rat. Neuroscience Letters. 44: 173-7. PMID 6709231 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(84)90077-6  1
1984 Gerhart KD, Yezierski RP, Wilcox TK, Willis WD. Inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by stimulation in periaqueductal gray or adjacent midbrain reticular formation. Journal of Neurophysiology. 51: 450-66. PMID 6699675  0.72
1984 Chung JM, Lee KH, Hori Y, Endo K, Willis WD. Factors influencing peripheral nerve stimulation produced inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract cells. Pain. 19: 277-93. PMID 6472874  0.96
1984 Hori Y, Lee KH, Chung JM, Endo K, Willis WD. The effects of small doses of barbiturate on the activity of primate nociceptive tract cells. Brain Research. 307: 9-15. PMID 6467010  0.96
1984 Willis WD, Gerhart KD, Willcockson WS, Yezierski RP, Wilcox TK, Cargill CL. Primate raphe- and reticulospinal neurons: effects of stimulation in periaqueductal gray or VPLc thalamic nucleus. Journal of Neurophysiology. 51: 467-80. PMID 6422009  0.72
1984 Kevetter GA, Willis WD. Collateralization in the spinothalamic tract: new methodology to support or deny phylogenetic theories. Brain Research. 319: 1-14. PMID 6370375 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(84)90026-2  1
1984 Hori Y, Endo K, Willis WD. Synaptic actions of cutaneous A delta fibers on primate motoneurons. Brain Research. 299: 195-9. PMID 6326962 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(84)90808-4  1
1984 Willcockson WS, Chung JM, Hori Y, Lee KH, Willis WD. Effects of iontophoretically released peptides on primate spinothalamic tract cells. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 4: 741-50. PMID 6200579  0.96
1984 Willcockson WS, Chung JM, Hori Y, Lee KH, Willis WD. Effects of iontophoretically released amino acids and amines on primate spinothalamic tract cells. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 4: 732-40. PMID 6142933  0.96
1984 Chung JM, Fang ZR, Hori Y, Lee KH, Willis WD. Prolonged inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract cells by peripheral nerve stimulation. Pain. 19: 259-75. PMID 6089073  0.96
1984 Willis WD, Kevetter GA. The mammalian spinothalamic system and the parcellation hypothesis Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 7: 349-350. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X00018604  1
1983 Willcockson WS, Gerhart KD, Cargill CL, Willis WD. Effects of biogenic amines on raphe-spinal tract cells. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 225: 637-45. PMID 6864525  1
1983 Kevetter GA, Willis WD. Collaterals of spinothalamic cells in the rat. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 215: 453-64. PMID 6863593 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902150409  1
1983 Chung JM, Kevetter GA, Yezierski RP, Haber LH, Martin RF, Willis WD. Midbrain nuclei projecting to the medial medulla oblongata in the monkey. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 214: 93-102. PMID 6841679 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902140110  1
1983 Yezierski RP, Gerhart KD, Schrock BJ, Willis WD. A further examination of effects of cortical stimulation on primate spinothalamic tract cells. Journal of Neurophysiology. 49: 424-41. PMID 6834085  1
1983 Gerhart KD, Yezierski RP, Fang ZR, Willis WD. Inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by stimulation in ventral posterior lateral (VPLc) thalamic nucleus: possible mechanisms. Journal of Neurophysiology. 49: 406-23. PMID 6834084  0.72
1982 Haber LH, Moore BD, Willis WD. Electrophysiological response properties of spinoreticular neurons in the monkey. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 207: 75-84. PMID 7096640 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902070107  1
1982 Kevetter GA, Haber LH, Yezierski RP, Chung JM, Martin RF, Willis WD. Cells of origin of the spinoreticular tract in the monkey. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 207: 61-74. PMID 7096639 DOI: 10.1002/cne.902070106  1
1982 Kevetter GA, Willis WD. Spinothalamic cells in the rat lumbar cord with collaterals to the medullary reticular formation. Brain Research. 238: 181-5. PMID 7083013 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(82)90780-6  1
1982 Kenshalo DR, Leonard RB, Chung JM, Willis WD. Facilitation of the response of primate spinothalamic cells to cold and to tactile stimuli by noxious heating of the skin. Pain. 12: 141-52. PMID 7070824 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3959(82)90190-7  1
1982 Milne RJ, Foreman RD, Willis WD. Responses of primate spinothalamic neurons located in the sacral intermediomedial gray (Stilling's nucleus) to proprioceptive input from the tail. Brain Research. 234: 227-36. PMID 7059828 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(82)90864-2  1
1982 Yezierski RP, Wilcox TK, Willis WD. The effects of serotonin antagonists on the inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract cells produced by stimulation in nucleus raphe magnus or periaqueductal gray. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 220: 266-77. PMID 7057392  0.56
1982 Yezierski RP, Bowker RM, Kevetter GA, Westlund KN, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Serotonergic projections to the caudal brain stem: a double label study using horseradish peroxidase and serotonin immunocytochemistry. Brain Research. 239: 258-64. PMID 6178465 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(82)90848-4  1
1982 Willis WD. Mechanisms of medial brain stem stimulation-induced inhibition in spinothalamic neurons Fernstrom Foundation Series. 411-438.  1
1981 Milne RJ, Foreman RD, Giesler GJ, Willis WD. Convergence of cutaneous and pelvic visceral nociceptive inputs onto primate spinothalamic neurons. Pain. 11: 163-83. PMID 7322601 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3959(81)90003-8  1
1981 Foreman RD, Hancock MB, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract cells in the thoracic spinal cord of the monkey to cutaneous and visceral inputs. Pain. 11: 149-62. PMID 7322600 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3959(81)90002-6  1
1981 Gerhart KD, Yezierski RP, Giesler GJ, Willis WD. Inhibitory receptive fields of primate spinothalamic tract cells. Journal of Neurophysiology. 46: 1309-25. PMID 7320747  1
1981 Giesler GJ, Yezierski RP, Gerhart KD, Willis WD. Spinothalamic tract neurons that project to medial and/or lateral thalamic nuclei: evidence for a physiologically novel population of spinal cord neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 46: 1285-308. PMID 7320746  1
1981 Giesler GJ, Gerhart KD, Yezierski RP, Wilcox TK, Willis WD. Postsynaptic inhibition of primate spinothalamic neurons by stimulation in nucleus raphe magnus. Brain Research. 204: 184-8. PMID 7248744 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(81)90661-2  1
1981 Gerhart KD, Wilcox TK, Chung JM, Willis WD. Inhibition of nociceptive and nonnociceptive responses of primate spinothalamic cells by stimulation in medial brain stem. Journal of Neurophysiology. 45: 121-36. PMID 7205339  0.96
1981 Giesler GJ, Spiel HR, Willis WD. Organization of spinothalamic tract axons within the rat spinal cord. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 195: 243-52. PMID 6788822 DOI: 10.1002/cne.901950205  1
1981 Gerhart KD, Yezierski RP, Wilcox TK, Grossman AE, Willis WD. Inhibition of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by stimulation in ipsilateral or contralateral ventral posterior lateral (VPLc) thalamic nucleus. Brain Research. 229: 514-9. PMID 6272944  0.72
1980 Kenshalo DR, Giesler GJ, Leonard RB, Willis WD. Responses of neurons in primate ventral posterior lateral nucleus to noxious stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology. 43: 1594-614. PMID 7411178  1
1980 Haber LH, Martin RF, Chung JM, Willis WD. Inhibition and excitation of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by stimulation in region of nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis. Journal of Neurophysiology. 43: 1578-93. PMID 6251179  1
1979 Leonard RB, Willis WD. The organization of the electromotor nucleus and extraocular motor nuclei in the stargazer (Astroscopus y-graecum). The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 183: 397-413. PMID 762265 DOI: 10.1002/cne.901830211  1
1979 Willis WD. Supraspinal control of ascending pathways. Progress in Brain Research. 50: 163-74. PMID 551423 DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)60817-1  1
1979 Leonard RB, Rudomín P, Droge MH, Grossman AE, Willis WD. Locomotion in the decerebrate stingray. Neuroscience Letters. 14: 315-9. PMID 530507 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(79)96167-6  1
1979 Willis WD. Studies of the spinothalamic tract. Texas Reports On Biology and Medicine. 38: 1-45. PMID 231332  1
1979 Jordan LM, Kenshalo DR, Martin RF, Haber LH, Willis WD. Two populations of spinothalamic tract neurons with opposite responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine. Brain Research. 164: 342-6. PMID 218688 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(79)90034-9  1
1979 Willis WD. Effects of high threshold muscle afferent volleys on ascending pathways. Progress in Brain Research. 50: 105-11. PMID 121775 DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)60811-0  1
1979 Applebaum AE, Leonard RB, Kenshalo DR, Martin RF, Willis WD. Nuclei in which functionally identified spinothalamic tract neurons terminate. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 188: 575-85. PMID 118193 DOI: 10.1002/cne.901880405  1
1979 Willis WD, Kenshalo DR, Leonard RB. The cells of origin of the primate spinothalamic tract. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 188: 543-73. PMID 118192 DOI: 10.1002/cne.901880404  1
1979 Kenshalo DR, Leonard RB, Chung JM, Willis WD. Responses of primate spinothalamic neurons to graded and to repeated noxious heat stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology. 42: 1370-89. PMID 114612  1
1979 Chung JM, Kenshalo DR, Gerhart KD, Willis WD. Excitation of primate spinothalamic neurons by cutaneous C-fiber volleys. Journal of Neurophysiology. 42: 1354-69. PMID 114611  1
1979 Foreman RD, Schmidt RF, Willis WD. Effects of mechanical and chemical stimulation of fine muscle afferents upon primate spinothalamic tract cells. The Journal of Physiology. 286: 215-31. PMID 108391 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1979.sp012615  1
1979 Foreman RD, Kenshalo DR, Schmidt RF, Willis WD. Field potentials and excitation of primate spinothalamic neurones in response to volleys in muscle afferents. The Journal of Physiology. 286: 197-213. PMID 108390  1
1979 Martin RF, Haber LH, Willis WD. Primary afferent depolarization of identified cutaneous fibers following stimulation in medial brain stem. Journal of Neurophysiology. 42: 779-90. PMID 107285  1
1978 Leonard RB, Coggeshall RE, Willis WD. A documentation of an age related increase in neuronal and axonal numbers in the stingray, Dasyatis sabina, Leseuer. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 179: 13-21. PMID 8980715 DOI: 10.1002/cne.901790103  1
1978 Martin RF, Jordan LM, Willis WD. Differential projections of cat medullary raphe neurons demonstrated by retrograde labelling following spinal cord lesions. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 182: 77-88. PMID 701490 DOI: 10.1002/cne.901820106  1
1978 Coggeshall RE, Leonard RB, Applebaum ML, Willis WD. Organization of peripheral nerves and spinal roots of the Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina. Journal of Neurophysiology. 41: 97-107. PMID 621549  1
1978 Rudomín P, Leonard RB, Willis WD. Primary afferent depolarization and inhibory interactions in spinal cord of the stingray, Dasyatis sabina. Journal of Neurophysiology. 41: 126-37. PMID 621539  1
1978 Leonard RB, Rudomin P, Willis WD. Central effects of volleys in sensory and motor components of peripheral nerve in the stingray, Dasyatis sabina. Journal of Neurophysiology. 41: 108-25. PMID 621538  1
1978 Haber LH, Martin RF, Chatt AB, Willis WD. Effects of stimulation in nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis on the activity of spinothalamic tract neurons in the monkey. Brain Research. 153: 163-8. PMID 209875 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(78)91139-3  1
1978 Willis WD, Leonard RB, Kenshalo DR. Spinothalamic tract neurons in the substantia gelatinosa. Science (New York, N.Y.). 202: 986-8. PMID 102034  1
1978 Jordan LM, Kenshalo DR, Martin RF, Haber LH, Willis WD. Depression of primate spinothalamic tract neurons by iontophoretic application of 5-hydroxytryptamine. Pain. 5: 135-42. PMID 99715 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3959(78)90035-0  1
1978 Willis WD, Smith JT. Unusual patterns of antibiotic resistance from a clinically isolated R-factor [proceedings]. The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 30: 17P. PMID 32270  0.52
1977 Willis WD, Haber LH, Martin RF. Inhibition of spinothalamic tract cells and interneurons by brain stem stimulation in the monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology. 40: 968-81. PMID 407336  1
1977 Foreman RD, Schmidt RF, Willis WD. Convergence of muscle and cutaneous input onto primate spinothalamic tract neurons. Brain Research. 124: 555-60. PMID 403999 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(77)90956-8  1
1977 Beall JE, Applebaum AE, Foreman RD, Willis WD. Spinal cord potentials evoked by cutaneous afferents in the monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology. 40: 199-211. PMID 403249  0.76
1977 Foreman RD, Schmidt RF, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract cells to muscle, cutaneous and visceral input Federation Proceedings. 36.  1
1976 Applebaum ML, Clifton GL, Coggeshall RE, Coulter JD, Vance WH, Willis WD. Unmyelinated fibres in the sacral 3 and caudal 1 ventral roots of the cat. The Journal of Physiology. 256: 557-72. PMID 1271293 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1976.sp011339  1
1976 Willis WD, Núnez R, Rudomín P. Excitability changes of terminal arborizations of single Ia and Ib afferent fibers produced by muscle and cutaneous conditioning volleys. Journal of Neurophysiology. 39: 1150-9. PMID 993824  1
1976 Clifton GL, Coggeshall RE, Vance WH, Willis WD. Receptive fields of unmyelinated ventral root afferent fibres in the cat. The Journal of Physiology. 256: 573-600. PMID 944774 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1976.sp011340  1
1976 Foreman RD, Beall JE, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Effects of dorsal column stimulation on primate spinothalamic tract neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 39: 534-46. PMID 820836  0.76
1975 Hancock MB, Foreman RD, Willis WD. Convergence of visceral and cutaneous input onto spinothalamic tract cells in the thoracic spinal cord of the cat. Experimental Neurology. 47: 240-8. PMID 1140229 DOI: 10.1016/0014-4886(75)90253-8  1
1975 Willis WD, Maunz RA, Foreman RD, Coulter JD. Static and dynamic responses of spinothalamic tract neurons to mechanical stimuli. Journal of Neurophysiology. 38: 587-600. PMID 1127458  1
1975 Vance WH, Clifton GL, Coggeshall RE, Willis WD. Receptive field properties of unmyelinated ventral root afferents Federation Proceedings. 34: No. 957.  1
1974 Coggeshall RE, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Unmyelinated axons in the ventral roots of the cat lumbosacral enlargement. The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 153: 39-58. PMID 4817345 DOI: 10.1002/cne.901530105  1
1974 Coulter JD, Maunz RA, Willis WD. Effects of stimulation of sensorimotor cortex on primate spinothalamic neurons. Brain Research. 65: 351-6. PMID 4418726 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(74)90049-3  1
1974 Lucas ME, Willis WD. Identification of muscle afferents which activate interneurons in the intermediate nucleus. Journal of Neurophysiology. 37: 282-93. PMID 4273643  1
1974 Bryan RN, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Cells of origin of the spinocervical tract in the monkey. Experimental Neurology. 42: 574-86. PMID 4208190 DOI: 10.1016/0014-4886(74)90080-6  1
1974 Willis WD, Trevino DL, Coulter JD, Maunz RA. Responses of primate spinothalamic tract neurons to natural stimulation of hindlimb. Journal of Neurophysiology. 37: 358-72. PMID 4205568  1
1974 Vance WH, Szamier B, Willis WD. MEPPs and their correlation with morphology in electrocytes of Astroscopus Y graecum Federation Proceedings. 33: 1347.  1
1974 Foreman RD, Applebaum AE, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract neurons to electrical stimulation of peripheral nerves in the macaque Federation Proceedings. 33: 973.  1
1973 Coggeshall RE, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Unmyelinated fibers in the ventral root. Brain Research. 57: 229-33. PMID 4716756 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(73)90582-9  0.76
1973 Bryan RN, Trevino DL, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Location and somatotopic organization of the cells of origin of the spino-cervical tract. Experimental Brain Research. 17: 177-89. PMID 4714524 DOI: 10.1007/BF00235027  1
1973 Jordan LM, Willis WD. Effect of para-methoxyphenylethylamine on polysynaptic pathways and on interneurons in the cat lumbar spinal cord. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 185: 572-82. PMID 4712651  1
1973 Trevino DL, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Location of cells of origin of spinothalamic tract in lumbar enlargement of the monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology. 36: 750-61. PMID 4197341  1
1973 Maunz RA, Coulter JD, Willis WD. Responses of spinothalamic tract neurons to peripheral and central stimuli in macaque Federation Proceedings. 32: 1014.  1
1972 Bryan RN, Trevino DL, Willis WD. Evidence for a common location of alpha and gamma motoneurons Brain Research. 38: 193-196. PMID 5015999 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(72)90602-6  1
1972 Jordan LM, Willis WD, Matthews MA. Effects of para-methoxyphenylethylamine on reflexes and motoneurons in the cat lumbar spinal cord. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 181: 53-64. PMID 5013157  0.52
1971 Matthews MA, Willis WD, Williams V. Dendrite bundles in lamina IX of cat spinal cord: a possible source for electrical interaction between motoneurons? Anatomical Record. 171: 313-327. PMID 4939720  0.52
1970 Skinner RD, Willis WD, Hancock MB. Actions of ventral cord pathways on spinal neurons Experimental Neurology. 27: 318-333. PMID 5424591 DOI: 10.1016/0014-4886(70)90224-4  1
1970 Skinner RD, Willis WD. Spinal cord potentials produced by ventral cord volleys in the cat Experimental Neurology. 27: 305-317. PMID 5424590 DOI: 10.1016/0014-4886(70)90223-2  1
1970 Walker RJ, Willis JC, Willis WD. The action of para-methoxyphenylethylamine (PMPEA) on monosynaptic reflex transmission in the cat British Journal of Pharmacology. 38: 106-116. PMID 5413281  1
1970 Hancock MB, Willis WD, Harrison F. Viscerosomatic interactions in lumbar spinal cord of the cat Journal of Neurophysiology. 33: 46-58. PMID 5411515  1
1969 Willis WD, Skinner RD, Weir MA. Field potentials of alpha and gamma motoneurons and Renshaw cells in response to activation of motor axons Experimental Neurology. 25: 57-69. PMID 5811723  1
1969 Walker RJ, Willis JC, Willis WD. The effect of p-methoxyphenylethylamine (PMPEA) on monosynaptic reflexes in the cat British Journal of Pharmacology. 36. PMID 4388769  1
1968 Willis WD, Willis JC, Pocock MAW, Thompson WM. The effect of bulbocapnine on spinal reflexes Experimental Neurology. 20: 469-480. PMID 5656856  1
1968 Hubbard JI, Willis WD. The effects of depolarization of motor nerve terminals upon the release of transmitter by nerve impulses. The Journal of Physiology. 194: 381-405. PMID 4295699 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1968.sp008414  1
1968 Willis WD, Letbetter WD, Thompson WM. A small system of neurons in the mammalian spinal cord Brain Research. 9: 152-155. PMID 4235341  1
1967 Willis WD, Grace RR, Skinner RD. Ventral root afferent fibres and the recurrent inhibitory pathway Nature. 216: 1010-1011. PMID 6066545 DOI: 10.1038/2161010a0  1
1967 Willis WD, Willis JC, Thompson WM. Synaptic actions of fibers in the ventral spinal cord upon lumbosacral motoneurons Journal of Neurophysiology. 30: 382-397. PMID 6045201  1
1966 Willis WD, Willis JC, Thompson WM, Jones WC. A descending pathway which is monosynaptically excitatory to motoneurones [21] Nature. 211: 1182-1183. PMID 5970021 DOI: 10.1038/2111182a0  1
1966 Willis WD, Tate GW, Ashworth RD, Willis JC. Monosynaptic excitation of motoneurons of individual forelimb muscles Journal of Neurophysiology. 29: 410-424. PMID 5961158  1
1965 ECCLES RM, WILLIS WD. THE EFFECT OF REPETITIVE STIMULATION UPON MONOSYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION IN KITTENS. The Journal of Physiology. 176: 311-21. PMID 14286357 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1965.sp007552  1
1964 Willis WD, Willis JC. Location of renshaw cells [41] Nature. 204: 1214-1215. PMID 14264395 DOI: 10.1038/2041214b0  1
1963 Eccles RM, Shealy CN, Willis WD. Patterns of innervation of kitten motoneurones. The Journal of Physiology. 165: 392-402. PMID 16992141 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1963.sp007065  0.36
1963 ECCLES JC, SCHMIDT R, WILLIS WD. PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES ON PRESYNAPTIC INHIBITION. The Journal of Physiology. 168: 500-30. PMID 14067941 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1963.sp007205  1
1963 SCHMIDT RF, WILLIS WD. Intracellular recording from motoneurons of the cervical spinal cord of the cat Journal of Neurophysiology. 26: 28-43. PMID 13992039  1
1963 SCHMIDT RF, WILLIS WD. Depolarization of central terminals of afferent fibers in the cervical spinal cord of the cat Journal of Neurophysiology. 26: 44-60. PMID 13992038  1
1963 Eccles RM, Willis WD. Presynaptic inhibition of the monosynaptic reflex pathway in kittens The Journal of Physiology. 165: 403-420. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1963.sp007066  1
1962 Eccles JC, Magni F, Willis WD. Depolarization of central terminals of Group I afferent fibres from muscle. The Journal of Physiology. 160: 62-93. PMID 16992116 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1962.sp006835  1
1962 HUBBARD JI, WILLIS WD. Reduction of transmitter output by depolarization. Nature. 193: 1294-5. PMID 14449607 DOI: 10.1038/1931294a0  1
1962 HUBBARD JI, WILLIS WD. Hyperpolarization of mammalian motor nerve terminals. The Journal of Physiology. 163: 115-37. PMID 14449605 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1962.sp006961  1
1962 ECCLES JC, SCHMIDT RF, WILLIS WD. Presynaptic inhibition of the spinal monosynaptic reflex pathway. The Journal of Physiology. 161: 282-97. PMID 13889059  1
1962 ECCLES JC, ECCLES RM, SHEALY CN, WILLIS WD. Experiments utilizing monosynaptic excitatory action on motoneurons for testing hypotheses relating to specificity of neuronal connections. Journal of Neurophysiology. 25: 559-80. PMID 13889051  1
1961 ECCLES JC, OSCARSSON O, WILLIS WD. Synaptic action of group I and II afferent fibres of muscle on the cells of the dorsal spinocerebellar tract. The Journal of Physiology. 158: 517-43. PMID 13889058 DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1961.sp006783  1
Low-probability matches
1998 Al-Chaer ED, Feng Y, Willis WD. A role for the dorsal column in nociceptive visceral input into the thalamus of primates. Journal of Neurophysiology. 79: 3143-50. PMID 9636114  0.28
1985 Pratt RM, Willis WD. In vitro screening assay for teratogens using growth inhibition of human embryonic cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 82: 5791-4. PMID 3862095  0.12
1964 MAGNI F, WILLIS WD. SUBCORTICAL AND PERIPHERAL CONTROL OF BRAIN STEM RETICULAR NEURONS Archives Italiennes De Biologie. 102: 434-438. PMID 14196084  0.28
1964 MAGNI F, WILLIS WD. CORTICAL CONTROL OF BRAIN STEM RETICULAR NEURONS Archives Italiennes De Biologie. 102: 418-433. PMID 14196083  0.28
1964 Magni F, Willis WD. Afferent Connections to Reticulo-Spinal Neurons Progress in Brain Research. 12: 246-258. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)60626-3  0.28
1964 Willis WD, Magni F. The Properties of Reticulo-Spinal Neurons Progress in Brain Research. 12: 56-64. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)60617-2  0.28
1963 MAGNI F, WILLIS WD. IDENTIFICATION OF RETICULAR FORMATION NEURONS BY INTRACELLULAR Archives Italiennes De Biologie. 101: 681-702. PMID 14163922  0.28
1963 Magni F, Willis WD. Antidromic activation of neurones of the reticular formation of the brain stem Nature. 198: 592-594. DOI: 10.1038/198592a0  0.28
1997 Tsuruoka M, Hiruma Y, Willis WD. The subnucleus reticularis dorsalis is involved in antinociception produced by a low dose of naloxone during carrageenan-induced inflammation. Brain Research. 762: 264-8. PMID 9262188  0.24
1996 Tsuruoka M, Willis WD. Bilateral lesions in the area of the nucleus locus coeruleus affect the development of hyperalgesia during carrageenan-induced inflammation. Brain Research. 726: 233-6. PMID 8836566  0.24
1981 Willis WD. Effects of peripherally and centrally administered serotonin on primate spinothalamic neurons. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 133: 105-23. PMID 7315601  0.2
1980 Willis WD. Neurophysiology of nociception and pain in the spinal cord. Research Publications - Association For Research in Nervous and Mental Disease. 58: 77-92. PMID 7367744  0.2
1980 Stanojevi? M, Erway L, Ghelarducci B, Pompeiano O, Willis WD. A comparison of the response characteristics of cerebellar fastigial and vermal cortex neurons to sinusoidal stimulation of macular vestibular receptors. PflüGers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology. 385: 95-104. PMID 6104803 DOI: 10.1007/BF00588687  0.2
1985 Grove RI, Willis WD, Pratt RM. Inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism is not involved in dexamethasone-induced growth inhibition in embryonic palatal development. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Medicine. 17: 85-95. PMID 3856284  0.01
2016 Chen LY, Willis WD, Eddy EM. Targeting the Gdnf Gene in peritubular myoid cells disrupts undifferentiated spermatogonial cell development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. PMID 26831079 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517994113  0.12
2015 Clement TM, Inselman AL, Goulding EH, Willis WD, Eddy EM. Disrupting Cyclin Dependent Kinase 1 in Spermatocytes Causes Late Meiotic Arrest and Infertility in Mice. Biology of Reproduction. PMID 26490841 DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.115.134940  0.12
2013 Nakamura N, Dai Q, Williams J, Goulding EH, Willis WD, Brown PR, Eddy EM. Disruption of a spermatogenic cell-specific mouse enolase 4 (eno4) gene causes sperm structural defects and male infertility. Biology of Reproduction. 88: 90. PMID 23446454 DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.112.107128  0.12
2010 Inselman AL, Nakamura N, Brown PR, Willis WD, Goulding EH, Eddy EM. Heat shock protein 2 promoter drives Cre expression in spermatocytes of transgenic mice. Genesis (New York, N.Y. : 2000). 48: 114-20. PMID 20027617 DOI: 10.1002/dvg.20588  0.12
2010 Danshina PV, Geyer CB, Dai Q, Goulding EH, Willis WD, Kitto GB, McCarrey JR, Eddy EM, O'Brien DA. Phosphoglycerate kinase 2 (PGK2) is essential for sperm function and male fertility in mice. Biology of Reproduction. 82: 136-45. PMID 19759366 DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.109.079699  0.12
2008 Da Ros VG, Maldera JA, Willis WD, Cohen DJ, Goulding EH, Gelman DM, Rubinstein M, Eddy EM, Cuasnicu PS. Impaired sperm fertilizing ability in mice lacking Cysteine-RIch Secretory Protein 1 (CRISP1). Developmental Biology. 320: 12-8. PMID 18571638 DOI: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.03.015  0.12
2008 Odet F, Duan C, Willis WD, Goulding EH, Kung A, Eddy EM, Goldberg E. Expression of the gene for mouse lactate dehydrogenase C (Ldhc) is required for male fertility. Biology of Reproduction. 79: 26-34. PMID 18367675 DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.108.068353  0.12
2005 Rivkin E, Eddy EM, Willis WD, Goulding EH, Suganuma R, Yanagimachi R, Kierszenbaum AL. Sperm tail abnormalities in mutant mice with neo(r) gene insertion into an intron of the keratin 9 gene. Molecular Reproduction and Development. 72: 259-71. PMID 16015579 DOI: 10.1002/mrd.20335  0.12
2004 Miki K, Qu W, Goulding EH, Willis WD, Bunch DO, Strader LF, Perreault SD, Eddy EM, O'Brien DA. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-S, a sperm-specific glycolytic enzyme, is required for sperm motility and male fertility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101: 16501-6. PMID 15546993 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0407708101  0.12
2003 Cho C, Jung-Ha H, Willis WD, Goulding EH, Stein P, Xu Z, Schultz RM, Hecht NB, Eddy EM. Protamine 2 deficiency leads to sperm DNA damage and embryo death in mice. Biology of Reproduction. 69: 211-7. PMID 12620939 DOI: 10.1095/biolreprod.102.015115  0.12
2002 Miki K, Willis WD, Brown PR, Goulding EH, Fulcher KD, Eddy EM. Targeted disruption of the Akap4 gene causes defects in sperm flagellum and motility. Developmental Biology. 248: 331-42. PMID 12167408 DOI: 10.1006/dbio.2002.0728  0.12
2001 Cho C, Willis WD, Goulding EH, Jung-Ha H, Choi YC, Hecht NB, Eddy EM. Haploinsufficiency of protamine-1 or -2 causes infertility in mice. Nature Genetics. 28: 82-6. PMID 11326282 DOI: 10.1038/88313  0.12
1991 Eddy EM, McGee RS, Willis WD, O'Brien DA. Immunodissection of sperm surface modifications during epididymal maturation. Bulletin De L'Association Des Anatomistes. 75: 139-44. PMID 1782451  0.12
1990 Watanabe T, Willis WD, Pratt RM. Effect of retinoids on proliferation of human embryonic palatal mesenchymal cells in culture. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology. 36: 311-25. PMID 2081974  0.12
1986 Welsch F, Stedman DB, Willis WD, Pratt RM. Karyotype, growth, and cell cycle analysis of human embryonic palatal mesenchymal cells: relevance to the use of these cells in an in vitro teratogenicity screening assay. Teratogenesis, Carcinogenesis, and Mutagenesis. 6: 383-92. PMID 2878504  0.12
1985 Pratt RM, Kim CS, Goulding EH, Willis WD, Russell MM, Grove RI. Mechanisms of environmentally induced cleft palate. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research. 163: 283-7. PMID 3991631  0.12
1982 Pratt RM, Grove RI, Willis WD. Prescreening for environmental teratogens using cultured mesenchymal cells from the human embryonic palate. Teratogenesis, Carcinogenesis, and Mutagenesis. 2: 313-8. PMID 6130630  0.12
2016 Busada JT, Velte EK, Serra ND, Cook KK, Niedenberger BA, Willis WD, Goulding EH, Eddy EM, Geyer CB. Rhox13 is required for a quantitatively normal first wave of spermatogenesis in mice. Reproduction (Cambridge, England). PMID 27486269 DOI: 10.1530/REP-16-0268  0.01
2013 Willis WD, Diago-Cabezudo JI, Madec-Hily A, Aslam A. Medical resource use, disturbance of daily life and burden of hypoglycemia in insulin-treated patients with diabetes: results from a European online survey. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research. 13: 123-30. PMID 23402452 DOI: 10.1586/erp.12.80  0.01
2010 Tunis SL, Willis WD, Foos V. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in patients with type 2 diabetes on oral anti-diabetes drugs: cost-effectiveness in France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 26: 163-75. PMID 19919377 DOI: 10.1185/03007990903429765  0.01
2002 Willis WD. Long-term potentiation in spinothalamic neurons. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews. 40: 202-14. PMID 12589918 DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0173(02)00202-3  0.01
2002 Merkowitz SM, Maghami PG, Sharma A, Willis WD, Zakrzwski CM. A μNewton thrust-stand for LISA Classical and Quantum Gravity. 19: 1745-1750. DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/19/7/370  0.01
2002 Willis WD, Zakrzwski CM, Merkowitz SM. Development of a thrust stand to meet LISA mission requirements 38th Aiaa/Asme/Sae/Asee Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit 0.01
1997 Willis WD. Is central sensitization of nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord a variety of long-term potentiation? Neuroreport. 8: iii. PMID 9480005  0.01
1996 Willis TH, Willis WD. A quality performance management system for industrial construction engineering projects International Journal of Quality and Reliability Management. 13: 38-48. DOI: 10.1108/02656719610150605  0.01
1991 Willis WD, Koppe JA. Brain Browser: hypercard application for the Macintosh. Science (New York, N.Y.). 251: 1500-2. PMID 2006425  0.01
1986 Grove RI, Willis WD, Pratt RM. Studies on phosphatidylinositol metabolism and dexamethasone inhibition of proliferation of human palatal mesenchyme cells. Journal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology. Supplement. 2: 285-92. PMID 3491118  0.01
1985 DiAugustine RP, Walker MP, Klapper DG, Grove RI, Willis WD, Harvan DJ, Hernandez O. Beta-epidermal growth factor is the des-asparaginyl form of the polypeptide. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 260: 2807-11. PMID 2982837  0.01
1983 Grove RI, Willis WD, Pratt RM. Dexamethasone affects phosphatidylinositol synthesis and degradation in cultured human embryonic cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 110: 200-7. PMID 6838510  0.01
1971 Willis WD. The case for the Renshaw cell Brain, Behavior and Evolution. 4: 5-52. PMID 4331276  0.01
1971 Goodman WL, Willis WD, Vincent DA, Deaver BS. Quantized flux states of superconducting cylinders Physical Review B. 4: 1530-1538. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.4.1530  0.01
1969 Willis WD. The localization of functional groups of interneurons Ucla Forum in Medical Sciences. 11: 267-287. PMID 5397398  0.01
1952 WILLIS WD, BARGAR HM. Erythema multiforme exudativum report of a case treated with cortisone Medical Bulletin of the U. S. Army, Europe. United States. Army, Europe. Medical Division. 9: 160-163. PMID 14918712  0.01
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