Robert M. Sapolsky - Publications

Affiliations: 
Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 
Area:
Neuron death, stress, gene therapy
Website:
http://med.stanford.edu/profiles/Robert_Sapolsky/

336 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2018 De Miguel Z, Haditsch U, Palmer TD, Azpiroz A, Sapolsky RM. Adult-generated neurons born during chronic social stress are uniquely adapted to respond to subsequent chronic social stress. Molecular Psychiatry. PMID 29311652 DOI: 10.1038/s41380-017-0013-1  0.76
2015 Sapolsky RM. Stress and the brain: individual variability and the inverted-U. Nature Neuroscience. 18: 1344-6. PMID 26404708 DOI: 10.1038/nn.4109  1
2015 Martin LJ, Hathaway G, Isbester K, Mirali S, Acland EL, Niederstrasser N, Slepian PM, Trost Z, Bartz JA, Sapolsky RM, Sternberg WF, Levitin DJ, Mogil JS. Reducing social stress elicits emotional contagion of pain in mouse and human strangers. Current Biology : Cb. 25: 326-32. PMID 25601547 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.11.028  1
2014 Lee IP, Evans AK, Yang C, Works MG, Kumar V, De Miguel Z, Manley NC, Sapolsky RM. Toxoplasma gondii is dependent on glutamine and alters migratory profile of infected host bone marrow derived immune cells through SNAT2 and CXCR4 pathways. Plos One. 9: e109803. PMID 25299045 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109803  1
2014 Sorrells SF, Munhoz CD, Manley NC, Yen S, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids increase excitotoxic injury and inflammation in the hippocampus of adult male rats. Neuroendocrinology. 100: 129-40. PMID 25228100 DOI: 10.1159/000367849  1
2014 Xie R, Wang P, Cheng M, Sapolsky R, Ji X, Zhao H. Mammalian target of rapamycin cell signaling pathway contributes to the protective effects of ischemic postconditioning against stroke. Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation. 45: 2769-76. PMID 25013017 DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.005406  1
2014 Golcu D, Gebre RZ, Sapolsky RM. Toxoplasma gondii influences aversive behaviors of female rats in an estrus cycle dependent manner. Physiology & Behavior. 135: 98-103. PMID 24907696 DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.05.036  1
2014 Chetty S, Friedman AR, Taravosh-Lahn K, Kirby ED, Mirescu C, Guo F, Krupik D, Nicholas A, Geraghty AC, Krishnamurthy A, Tsai MK, Covarrubias D, Wong AT, Francis DD, Sapolsky RM, et al. Stress and glucocorticoids promote oligodendrogenesis in the adult hippocampus. Molecular Psychiatry. 19: 1275-83. PMID 24514565 DOI: 10.1038/mp.2013.190  1
2014 Evans AK, Strassmann PS, Lee IP, Sapolsky RM. Patterns of Toxoplasma gondii cyst distribution in the forebrain associate with individual variation in predator odor avoidance and anxiety-related behavior in male Long-Evans rats. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 37: 122-33. PMID 24269877 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2013.11.012  1
2013 Meaney MJ, Aitken DH, Bodnoff SR, Iny LJ, Tatarewicz JE, Sapolsky RM. Early postnatal handling alters glucocorticoid receptor concentrations in selected brain regions. Behavioral Neuroscience. 127: 637-41. PMID 24128353 DOI: 10.1037/a0034187  1
2013 Ruby NF, Fernandez F, Garrett A, Klima J, Zhang P, Sapolsky R, Heller HC. Spatial memory and long-term object recognition are impaired by circadian arrhythmia and restored by the GABAAAntagonist pentylenetetrazole. Plos One. 8: e72433. PMID 24009680 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072433  1
2013 Xie R, Cheng M, Li M, Xiong X, Daadi M, Sapolsky RM, Zhao H. Akt isoforms differentially protect against stroke-induced neuronal injury by regulating mTOR activities. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 33: 1875-85. PMID 23942361 DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.2013.132  1
2013 Works MG, Koenig JB, Sapolsky RM. Soluble TNF receptor 1-secreting ex vivo-derived dendritic cells reduce injury after stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 33: 1376-85. PMID 23756688 DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.2013.100  1
2013 Sorrells SF, Caso JR, Munhoz CD, Hu CK, Tran KV, Miguel ZD, Chien BY, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid signaling in myeloid cells worsens acute CNS injury and inflammation. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 33: 7877-89. PMID 23637179 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4705-12.2013  1
2013 Manley NC, Caso JR, Works MG, Cutler AB, Zemlyak I, Sun G, Munhoz CD, Chang S, Sorrells SF, Ermini FV, Decker JH, Bertrand AA, Dinkel KM, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM. Derivation of injury-responsive dendritic cells for acute brain targeting and therapeutic protein delivery in the stroke-injured rat. Plos One. 8: e61789. PMID 23613937 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061789  1
2013 Mitra R, Sapolsky RM, Vyas A. Toxoplasma gondii infection induces dendritic retraction in basolateral amygdala accompanied by reduced corticosterone secretion. Disease Models & Mechanisms. 6: 516-20. PMID 23104989 DOI: 10.1242/dmm.009928  1
2012 Harper KN, Fyumagwa RD, Hoare R, Wambura PN, Coppenhaver DH, Sapolsky RM, Alberts SC, Tung J, Rogers J, Kilewo M, Batamuzi EK, Leendertz FH, Armelagos GJ, Knauf S. Treponema pallidum infection in the wild baboons of East Africa: distribution and genetic characterization of the strains responsible. Plos One. 7: e50882. PMID 23284649 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050882  1
2012 Dagnino-Subiabre A, Pérez MÁ, Terreros G, Cheng MY, House P, Sapolsky R. Corticosterone treatment impairs auditory fear learning and the dendritic morphology of the rat inferior colliculus. Hearing Research. 294: 104-13. PMID 23088831 DOI: 10.1016/j.heares.2012.09.008  1
2012 Sapolsky RM. Importance of a sense of control and the physiological benefits of leadership. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109: 17730-1. PMID 23074254 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1215502109  1
2012 Sapolsky RM. Super Humanity. Scientific American. 307: 40-3. PMID 22928257 DOI: 10.1038/scientificamerican0912-40  1
2012 Mitra R, Sapolsky RM. Short-term enrichment makes male rats more attractive, more defensive and alters hypothalamic neurons. Plos One. 7: e36092. PMID 22567125 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036092  1
2012 Cheng MY, Lee AG, Culbertson C, Sun G, Talati RK, Manley NC, Li X, Zhao H, Lyons DM, Zhou QY, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM. Prokineticin 2 is an endangering mediator of cerebral ischemic injury. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109: 5475-80. PMID 22431614 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1113363109  1
2012 Kirby ED, Friedman AR, Covarrubias D, Ying C, Sun WG, Goosens KA, Sapolsky RM, Kaufer D. Basolateral amygdala regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis and fear-related activation of newborn neurons. Molecular Psychiatry. 17: 527-36. PMID 21670733 DOI: 10.1038/mp.2011.71  1
2011 Dass SA, Vasudevan A, Dutta D, Soh LJ, Sapolsky RM, Vyas A. Protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii manipulates mate choice in rats by enhancing attractiveness of males. Plos One. 6: e27229. PMID 22073295 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027229  1
2011 House PK, Vyas A, Sapolsky R. Predator cat odors activate sexual arousal pathways in brains of Toxoplasma gondii infected rats. Plos One. 6: e23277. PMID 21858053 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023277  1
2011 Sapolsky RM. Behavior. Sympathy for the CEO. Science (New York, N.Y.). 333: 293-4. PMID 21764734 DOI: 10.1126/science.1209620  1
2011 Cheng MY, Lee IP, Jin M, Sun G, Zhao H, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM. An insult-inducible vector system activated by hypoxia and oxidative stress for neuronal gene therapy. Translational Stroke Research. 2: 92-100. PMID 21603078 DOI: 10.1007/s12975-010-0060-2  1
2011 Liu L, Li Q, Sapolsky R, Liao M, Mehta K, Bhargava A, Pasricha PJ. Transient gastric irritation in the neonatal rats leads to changes in hypothalamic CRF expression, depression- and anxiety-like behavior as adults Plos One. 6. PMID 21589865 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019498  1
2011 Victoroff J, Quota S, Adelman JR, Celinska B, Stern N, Wilcox R, Sapolsky RM. Support for religio-political aggression among teenaged boys in Gaza: part II: neuroendocrinological findings. Aggressive Behavior. 37: 121-32. PMID 21274850 DOI: 10.1002/ab.20376  1
2011 O'Connell-Rodwell CE, Wood JD, Kinzley C, Rodwell TC, Alarcon C, Wasser SK, Sapolsky R. Male African elephants (Loxodonta africana) queue when the stakes are high Ethology Ecology and Evolution. 23: 388-397. DOI: 10.1080/03949370.2011.598569  1
2010 Munhoz CD, Sorrells SF, Caso JR, Scavone C, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids exacerbate lipopolysaccharide-induced signaling in the frontal cortex and hippocampus in a dose-dependent manner. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 30: 13690-8. PMID 20943909 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0303-09.2010  1
2010 Mitra R, Sapolsky RM. Gene therapy in rodent amygdala against fear disorders. Expert Opinion On Biological Therapy. 10: 1289-303. PMID 20662544 DOI: 10.1517/14712598.2010.509341  1
2010 Vyas A, Sapolsky R. Manipulation of host behaviour by Toxoplasma gondii: what is the minimum a proposed proximate mechanism should explain? Folia Parasitologica. 57: 88-94. PMID 20608470  1
2010 Victoroff J, Quota S, Adelman JR, Celinska B, Stern N, Wilcox R, Sapolsky RM. Support for religio-political aggression among teenaged boys in Gaza: Part I: psychological findings. Aggressive Behavior. 36: 219-31. PMID 20540161 DOI: 10.1002/ab.20348  1
2010 Lee AL, Campbell LB, Sapolsky RM. Neighbor effects of neurons bearing protective transgenes. Brain Research. 1339: 70-5. PMID 20417625 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.04.037  1
2010 Mitra R, Sapolsky RM. Expression of chimeric estrogen-glucocorticoid-receptor in the amygdala reduces anxiety. Brain Research. 1342: 33-8. PMID 20381473 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.03.092  1
2010 Dumas TC, Gillette T, Ferguson D, Hamilton K, Sapolsky RM. Anti-glucocorticoid gene therapy reverses the impairing effects of elevated corticosterone on spatial memory, hippocampal neuronal excitability, and synaptic plasticity. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 30: 1712-20. PMID 20130180 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4402-09.2010  1
2010 Singh MH, Brooke SM, Zemlyak I, Sapolsky RM. Evidence for caspase effects on release of cytochrome c and AIF in a model of ischemia in cortical neurons. Neuroscience Letters. 469: 179-83. PMID 19944742 DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.11.067  1
2010 Sorrells SF, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids can arm macrophages for innate immune battle. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 24: 17-8. PMID 19822202 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2009.10.004  1
2010 Meerson A, Cacheaux L, Goosens KA, Sapolsky RM, Soreq H, Kaufer D. Changes in brain MicroRNAs contribute to cholinergic stress reactions. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience : Mn. 40: 47-55. PMID 19711202 DOI: 10.1007/s12031-009-9252-1  1
2010 Navarrete CD, McDonald MM, Mott ML, Cesario J, Sapolsky R. Fertility and race perception predict voter preference for Barack Obama Evolution and Human Behavior. 31: 394-399. DOI: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2010.05.002  1
2010 Sapolsky RM. Primate Hierarchies and Personality Encyclopedia of Stress. 194-198. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012373947-6.00306-8  1
2010 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids - Adverse Effects on the Nervous System Encyclopedia of Stress. 185-190. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012373947-6.00176-8  1
2010 Sapolsky R. Gene Therapy and Protection from Stress-Induced Brain Damage Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 627-632. DOI: 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00094-2  1
2010 Sapolsky R. Social stress in adult primates Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 59-63. DOI: 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00088-7  1
2009 Sorrells SF, Caso JR, Munhoz CD, Sapolsky RM. The stressed CNS: when glucocorticoids aggravate inflammation. Neuron. 64: 33-9. PMID 19840546 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2009.09.032  1
2009 Zemlyak I, Manley N, Vulih-Shultzman I, Cutler AB, Graber K, Sapolsky RM, Gozes I. The microtubule interacting drug candidate NAP protects against kainic acid toxicity in a rat model of epilepsy. Journal of Neurochemistry. 111: 1252-63. PMID 19799711 DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.06415.x  1
2009 Mitra R, Adamec R, Sapolsky R. Resilience against predator stress and dendritic morphology of amygdala neurons. Behavioural Brain Research. 205: 535-43. PMID 19686780 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2009.08.014  1
2009 Zemlyak I, Sapolsky R, Gozes I. NAP protects against cytochrome c release: inhibition of the initiation of apoptosis. European Journal of Pharmacology. 618: 9-14. PMID 19619522 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.07.013  1
2009 Zemlyak I, Sapolsky R, Gozes I. NAP protects against cyanide-related microtubule destruction. Journal of Neural Transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996). 116: 1411-6. PMID 19551468 DOI: 10.1007/s00702-009-0252-7  1
2009 Mitra R, Ferguson D, Sapolsky RM. Mineralocorticoid receptor overexpression in basolateral amygdala reduces corticosterone secretion and anxiety. Biological Psychiatry. 66: 686-90. PMID 19500777 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.04.016  1
2009 Zemlyak I, Brooke SM, Singh MH, Sapolsky RM. Effects of overexpression of antioxidants on the release of cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor in the model of ischemia. Neuroscience Letters. 453: 182-5. PMID 19429031 DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.02.020  1
2009 Rodrigues SM, LeDoux JE, Sapolsky RM. The influence of stress hormones on fear circuitry. Annual Review of Neuroscience. 32: 289-313. PMID 19400714 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.neuro.051508.135620  1
2009 Mitra R, Ferguson D, Sapolsky RM. SK2 potassium channel overexpression in basolateral amygdala reduces anxiety, stress-induced corticosterone secretion and dendritic arborization. Molecular Psychiatry. 14: 847-55, 827. PMID 19204724 DOI: 10.1038/mp.2009.9  1
2009 Mitra R, Sapolsky RM. Effects of enrichment predominate over those of chronic stress on fear-related behavior in male rats. Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 12: 305-12. PMID 19051124 DOI: 10.1080/10253890802379955  1
2009 Rodrigues SM, Sapolsky RM. Disruption of fear memory through dual-hormone gene therapy. Biological Psychiatry. 65: 441-4. PMID 18973875 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.09.003  1
2009 Cheng MY, Sun G, Jin M, Zhao H, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM. Blocking glucocorticoid and enhancing estrogenic genomic signaling protects against cerebral ischemia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 29: 130-6. PMID 18797472 DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.2008.105  1
2009 Sapolsky R. Any kind of mother in a storm Nature Neuroscience. 12: 1355-1356. DOI: 10.1038/nn1109-1355  1
2009 Mitra R, Ferguson D, Sapolsky RM. Tracing of a basolateral amygdala neuron overlaid on an SK2-Βgal-expressing neuron Molecular Psychiatry. 14: 827. DOI: 10.1038/mp.2009.83  1
2008 Ruby NF, Hwang CE, Wessells C, Fernandez F, Zhang P, Sapolsky R, Heller HC. Hippocampal-dependent learning requires a functional circadian system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 105: 15593-8. PMID 18832172 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0808259105  1
2008 Ferguson D, Sapolsky R. Overexpression of mineralocorticoid and transdominant glucocorticoid receptor blocks the impairing effects of glucocorticoids on memory. Hippocampus. 18: 1103-11. PMID 18651616 DOI: 10.1002/hipo.20467  1
2008 Ferguson D, Lin S, Sapolsky R. Viral vector-mediated blockade of the endocrine stress-response modulates non-spatial memory. Neuroscience Letters. 437: 1-4. PMID 18423865 DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2008.03.016  1
2008 Mitra R, Sapolsky RM. Acute corticosterone treatment is sufficient to induce anxiety and amygdaloid dendritic hypertrophy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 105: 5573-8. PMID 18391224 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0705615105  1
2008 Zhang H, Ren C, Gao X, Takahashi T, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK, Zhao H. Hypothermia blocks beta-catenin degradation after focal ischemia in rats. Brain Research. 1198: 182-7. PMID 18241848 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2008.01.007  1
2008 Ju KL, Manley NC, Sapolsky RM. Anti-apoptotic therapy with a Tat fusion protein protects against excitotoxic insults in vitro and in vivo. Experimental Neurology. 210: 602-7. PMID 18207142 DOI: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2007.12.008  1
2007 Manley NC, Bertrand AA, Kinney KS, Hing TC, Sapolsky RM. Characterization of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression following a kainate model of status epilepticus. Brain Research. 1182: 138-43. PMID 17950261 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2007.08.092  1
2007 Sung JH, Zhao H, Roy M, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Viral caspase inhibitor p35, but not crmA, is neuroprotective in the ischemic penumbra following experimental stroke. Neuroscience. 149: 804-12. PMID 17945431 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2007.07.030  1
2007 Zhao H, Wang JQ, Shimohata T, Sun G, Yenari MA, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Conditions of protection by hypothermia and effects on apoptotic pathways in a rat model of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion. Journal of Neurosurgery. 107: 636-41. PMID 17886565 DOI: 10.3171/JNS-07/09/0636  1
2007 Zemlyak I, Manley N, Sapolsky R, Gozes I. NAP protects hippocampal neurons against multiple toxins. Peptides. 28: 2004-8. PMID 17869381 DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2007.08.004  1
2007 Zhao H, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM. General versus specific actions of mild-moderate hypothermia in attenuating cerebral ischemic damage. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 27: 1879-94. PMID 17684517 DOI: 10.1038/sj.jcbfm.9600540  1
2007 Vyas A, Kim SK, Sapolsky RM. The effects of toxoplasma infection on rodent behavior are dependent on dose of the stimulus. Neuroscience. 148: 342-8. PMID 17683872 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2007.06.021  1
2007 Ferguson D, Sapolsky R. Mineralocorticoid receptor overexpression differentially modulates specific phases of spatial and nonspatial memory. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 27: 8046-52. PMID 17652595 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1187-07.2007  1
2007 Wenzel HJ, Vacher H, Clark E, Trimmer JS, Lee AL, Sapolsky RM, Tempel BL, Schwartzkroin PA. Structural consequences of Kcna1 gene deletion and transfer in the mouse hippocampus. Epilepsia. 48: 2023-46. PMID 17651419 DOI: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2007.01189.x  1
2007 Calabrese EJ, Bachmann KA, Bailer AJ, Bolger PM, Borak J, Cai L, Cedergreen N, Cherian MG, Chiueh CC, Clarkson TW, Cook RR, Diamond DM, Doolittle DJ, Dorato MA, Duke SO, ... ... Sapolsky RM, et al. Biological stress response terminology: Integrating the concepts of adaptive response and preconditioning stress within a hormetic dose-response framework. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 222: 122-8. PMID 17459441 DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2007.02.015  1
2007 Vyas A, Kim SK, Giacomini N, Boothroyd JC, Sapolsky RM. Behavioral changes induced by Toxoplasma infection of rodents are highly specific to aversion of cat odors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 104: 6442-7. PMID 17404235 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0608310104  1
2007 Sorrells SF, Sapolsky RM. An inflammatory review of glucocorticoid actions in the CNS. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 21: 259-72. PMID 17194565 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2006.11.006  1
2007 Davis AS, Zhao H, Sun GH, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Gene therapy using SOD1 protects striatal neurons from experimental stroke. Neuroscience Letters. 411: 32-6. PMID 17110031 DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2006.08.089  1
2007 Sorrells SF, Sapolsky RM. Reply to Letter to the Editor Re: "An inflammatory review of glucocorticoids in the CNS" by Sorrells et al. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 21:259-272, 2007 Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 21: 990. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2007.06.004  1
2006 Zhao H, Shimohata T, Wang JQ, Sun G, Schaal DW, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Hypothermia Blocks Nuclear β-catenin Translocation Downstream of glycogen synthase kinase 3-β in Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Rats: Paper 12. Neurosurgery. 58: 400-401. PMID 28180426 DOI: 10.1227/01.neu.0000310167.07842.4d  0.92
2006 Zhao H, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Phosphoinositide-3-kinase/akt survival signal pathways are implicated in neuronal survival after stroke. Molecular Neurobiology. 34: 249-70. PMID 17308356 DOI: 10.1385/MN:34:3:249  1
2006 Nicholas A, Munhoz CD, Ferguson D, Campbell L, Sapolsky R. Enhancing cognition after stress with gene therapy. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 26: 11637-43. PMID 17093085 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3122-06.2006  1
2006 Zhao H, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Interrupting reperfusion as a stroke therapy: ischemic postconditioning reduces infarct size after focal ischemia in rats. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 26: 1114-21. PMID 16736038 DOI: 10.1038/sj.jcbfm.9600348  1
2006 Zemlyak I, Nimon V, Brooke S, Moore T, McLaughlin J, Sapolsky R. Gene therapy in the nervous system with superoxide dismutase Brain Research. 1088: 12-18. PMID 16630587 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.02.109  1
2006 Munhoz CD, Lepsch LB, Kawamoto EM, Malta MB, Lima Lde S, Avellar MC, Sapolsky RM, Scavone C. Chronic unpredictable stress exacerbates lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappaB in the frontal cortex and hippocampus via glucocorticoid secretion. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 26: 3813-20. PMID 16597735 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4398-05.2006  1
2006 Sapolsky RM. Culture in animals: The case of a non-human primate culture of low aggression and high affiliation Social Forces. 85: 217-233. DOI: 10.1353/sof.2006.0142  1
2006 Sapolsky RM. Social cultures among nonhuman primates Current Anthropology. 47: 641-656. DOI: 10.1086/504162  1
2006 Olsson T, Sapolsky R. The Healthy Cortisol Response Stress in Health and Disease. 214-225. DOI: 10.1002/3527609156.ch11  1
2006 Bradshaw GA, Sapolsky RM. Mirror, mirror American Scientist. 94: 487-489.  1
2006 Sapolsky RM. Stress and the city Natural History. 115: 72.  1
2006 Sapolsky RM. A natural history of peace Foreign Affairs. 85: 104-120.  1
2005 Sapolsky R. Sik of poverty Scientific American. 293: 92-99. PMID 16323696  1
2005 Chang P, Cheng E, Brooke S, Sapolsky R. Marked differences in the efficacy of post-insult gene therapy with catalase versus glutathione peroxidase Brain Research. 1063: 27-31. PMID 16257394 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2005.09.032  1
2005 Zhao H, Shimohata T, Wang JQ, Sun G, Schaal DW, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Akt contributes to neuroprotection by hypothermia against cerebral ischemia in rats. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 25: 9794-806. PMID 16237183 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3163-05.2005  1
2005 Deary IJ, Batty D, Gottfredson LS, Sapolsky RM. Human hierarchies, health, and IQ [5] (multiple letters) Science. 309: 703. PMID 16051772 DOI: 10.1126/science.309.5735.703  1
2005 MacPherson A, Dinkel K, Sapolsky R. Glucocorticoids worsen excitotoxin-induced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in hippocampal cultures. Experimental Neurology. 194: 376-83. PMID 16022865 DOI: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2005.02.021  1
2005 Hairston IS, Little MT, Scanlon MD, Barakat MT, Palmer TD, Sapolsky RM, Heller HC. Sleep restriction suppresses neurogenesis induced by hippocampus-dependent learning. Journal of Neurophysiology. 94: 4224-33. PMID 16014798 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00218.2005  1
2005 Zemlyak I, Brooke S, Sapolsky R. Estrogenic protection against gp120 neurotoxicity: Role of microglia Brain Research. 1046: 130-136. PMID 15878158 DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2005.03.049  1
2005 Sapolsky RM. The influence of social hierarchy on primate health. Science (New York, N.Y.). 308: 648-52. PMID 15860617 DOI: 10.1126/science.1106477  1
2005 Zhao H, Yenari MA, Cheng D, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Biphasic cytochrome c release after transient global ischemia and its inhibition by hypothermia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 25: 1119-29. PMID 15789032 DOI: 10.1038/sj.jcbfm.9600111  1
2005 Lazarov O, Robinson J, Tang YP, Hairston IS, Korade-Mirnics Z, Lee VM, Hersh LB, Sapolsky RM, Mirnics K, Sisodia SS. Environmental enrichment reduces Abeta levels and amyloid deposition in transgenic mice. Cell. 120: 701-13. PMID 15766532 DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2005.01.015  1
2005 Yenari MA, Sapolsky RM. Gene therapy in neurological disease. Methods in Molecular Medicine. 104: 75-88. PMID 15454665  1
2005 Dinkel K, Sapolsky RM. Adverse glucocorticoid actions and their relevance to brain ageing Neuroimmune Biology. 4: 331-346. DOI: 10.1016/S1567-7443(04)80022-X  1
2004 Nair SM, Karst H, Dumas T, Phillips R, Sapolsky RM, Rumpff-van Essen L, Maslam S, Lucassen PJ, Joëls M. Gene expression profiles associated with survival of individual rat dentate cells after endogenous corticosteroid deprivation. The European Journal of Neuroscience. 20: 3233-43. PMID 15610156 DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2004.03819.x  1
2004 Sapolsky RM. The frontal cortex and the criminal justice system. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 359: 1787-96. PMID 15590619 DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2004.1547  1
2004 Sapolsky RM. Organismal stress and telomeric aging: an unexpected connection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101: 17323-4. PMID 15579535 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0408041101  1
2004 Dumas TC, Powers EC, Tarapore PE, Sapolsky RM. Overexpression of calbindin D(28k) in dentate gyrus granule cells alters mossy fiber presynaptic function and impairs hippocampal-dependent memory. Hippocampus. 14: 701-9. PMID 15318329 DOI: 10.1002/hipo.10210  1
2004 Kaufer D, Ogle WO, Pincus ZS, Clark KL, Nicholas AC, Dinkel KM, Dumas TC, Ferguson D, Lee AL, Winters MA, Sapolsky RM. Restructuring the neuronal stress response with anti-glucocorticoid gene delivery. Nature Neuroscience. 7: 947-53. PMID 15300253 DOI: 10.1038/nn1296  1
2004 Sapolsky RM. Mothering style and methylation. Nature Neuroscience. 7: 791-2. PMID 15280887 DOI: 10.1038/nn0804-791  1
2004 Sapolsky RM. Is impaired neurogenesis relevant to the affective symptoms of depression? Biological Psychiatry. 56: 137-9. PMID 15271580 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.04.012  1
2004 Bliss TM, Ip M, Cheng E, Minami M, Pellerin L, Magistretti P, Sapolsky RM. Dual-gene, dual-cell type therapy against an excitotoxic insult by bolstering neuroenergetics. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 24: 6202-8. PMID 15240812 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0805-04.2004  1
2004 Suleman MA, Wango E, Sapolsky RM, Odongo H, Hau J. Physiologic manifestations of stress from capture and restraint of free-ranging male African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine : Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. 35: 20-4. PMID 15193069  1
2004 Zhao H, Yenari MA, Cheng D, Barreto-Chang OL, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Bcl-2 transfection via herpes simplex virus blocks apoptosis-inducing factor translocation after focal ischemia in the rat. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 24: 681-92. PMID 15181376 DOI: 10.1097/01.WCB.0000127161.89708.A5  1
2004 Sapolsky RM, Share LJ. A pacific culture among wild baboons: its emergence and transmission. Plos Biology. 2: E106. PMID 15094808 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020106  1
2004 Gu W, Zhao H, Yenari MA, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Catalase over-expression protects striatal neurons from transient focal cerebral ischemia. Neuroreport. 15: 413-6. PMID 15094494 DOI: 10.1097/00001756-200403010-00006  1
2004 Gip P, Hagiwara G, Sapolsky RM, Cao VH, Heller HC, Ruby NF. Glucocorticoids influence brain glycogen levels during sleep deprivation. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology. 286: R1057-62. PMID 14962825 DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00528.2003  1
2004 Zhao H, Yenari MA, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Mild postischemic hypothermia prolongs the time window for gene therapy by inhibiting cytochrome C release. Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation. 35: 572-7. PMID 14726551 DOI: 10.1161/01.STR.0000110787.42083.58  1
2004 Dinkel K, Dhabhar FS, Sapolsky RM. Neurotoxic effects of polymorphonuclear granulocytes on hippocampal primary cultures. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101: 331-6. PMID 14684829 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0303510101  1
2004 Hairston IS, Peyron C, Denning DP, Ruby NF, Flores J, Sapolsky RM, Heller HC, O'Hara BF. Sleep deprivation effects on growth factor expression in neonatal rats: a potential role for BDNF in the mediation of delta power. Journal of Neurophysiology. 91: 1586-95. PMID 14668298 DOI: 10.1152/jn.00894.2003  1
2004 Sapolsky RM. Social status and health in humans and other animals Annual Review of Anthropology. 33: 393-418. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.anthro.33.070203.144000  1
2004 Sapolsky RM. Of mice, men, and genes Natural History. 113: 21-24+31.  1
2003 Zhao H, Yenari MA, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Prospects for the treatment of stroke using gene therapy. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. 3: 357-72. PMID 19810903 DOI: 10.1586/14737175.3.3.357  1
2003 Sapolsky RM. Stress and plasticity in the limbic system. Neurochemical Research. 28: 1735-42. PMID 14584827 DOI: 10.1023/A:1026021307833  1
2003 Hoehn B, Yenari MA, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Glutathione peroxidase overexpression inhibits cytochrome C release and proapoptotic mediators to protect neurons from experimental stroke. Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation. 34: 2489-94. PMID 14500933 DOI: 10.1161/01.STR.0000091268.25816.19  1
2003 Roy M, Sapolsky RM. The neuroprotective effects of virally-derived caspase inhibitors p35 and crmA following a necrotic insult. Neurobiology of Disease. 14: 1-9. PMID 13678661 DOI: 10.1016/S0969-9961(03)00083-4  1
2003 Sapolsky RM. Altering behavior with gene transfer in the limbic system. Physiology & Behavior. 79: 479-86. PMID 12954442 DOI: 10.1016/S0031-9384(03)00153-7  1
2003 Lee AL, Dumas TC, Tarapore PE, Webster BR, Ho DY, Kaufer D, Sapolsky RM. Potassium channel gene therapy can prevent neuron death resulting from necrotic and apoptotic insults. Journal of Neurochemistry. 86: 1079-88. PMID 12911616  1
2003 Yenari MA, Zhao H, Giffard RG, Sobel RA, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Gene therapy and hypothermia for stroke treatment. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 993: 54-68; discussion 79. PMID 12853295  1
2003 Wingfield JC, Sapolsky RM. Reproduction and resistance to stress: when and how. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 15: 711-24. PMID 12834431  1
2003 Lim MC, Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. gp120 neurotoxicity fails to induce heat shock defenses, while the over expression of hsp70 protects against gp120. Brain Research Bulletin. 61: 183-8. PMID 12832005 DOI: 10.1016/S0361-9230(03)00113-8  1
2003 Zhao H, Yenari MA, Cheng D, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Bcl-2 overexpression protects against neuron loss within the ischemic margin following experimental stroke and inhibits cytochrome c translocation and caspase-3 activity. Journal of Neurochemistry. 85: 1026-36. PMID 12716434  1
2003 Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. Effects of glucocorticoids in the gp120-induced inhibition of glutamate uptake in hippocampal cultures. Brain Research. 972: 137-41. PMID 12711086 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(03)02517-4  1
2003 Banks WA, Altmann J, Sapolsky RM, Phillips-Conroy JE, Morley JE. Serum leptin levels as a marker for a syndrome X-like condition in wild baboons. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 88: 1234-40. PMID 12629112 DOI: 10.1210/jc.2002-021695  1
2003 Roy M, Sapolsky RM. The exacerbation of hippocampal excitotoxicity by glucocorticoids is not mediated by apoptosis. Neuroendocrinology. 77: 24-31. PMID 12624538 DOI: 10.1159/000068337  1
2003 Abbott DH, Keverne EB, Bercovitch FB, Shively CA, Mendoza SP, Saltzman W, Snowdon CT, Ziegler TE, Banjevic M, Garland T, Sapolsky RM. Are subordinates always stressed? A comparative analysis of rank differences in cortisol levels among primates. Hormones and Behavior. 43: 67-82. PMID 12614636 DOI: 10.1016/S0018-506X(02)00037-5  1
2003 Sapolsky RM. Gene therapy for psychiatric disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 160: 208-20. PMID 12562564 DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.160.2.208  1
2003 Dinkel K, MacPherson A, Sapolsky RM. Novel glucocorticoid effects on acute inflammation in the CNS. Journal of Neurochemistry. 84: 705-16. PMID 12562515 DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.2003.01604.x  1
2003 Sapolsky RM. Neuroprotective gene therapy against acute neurological insults. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. 4: 61-9. PMID 12511862 DOI: 10.1038/nrn1006  1
2003 Sapolsky RM. The Pleasure (and Pain) of "Maybe" Natural History. 112: 22-25.  1
2002 Dinkel K, Ogle WO, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids and central nervous system inflammation. Journal of Neurovirology. 8: 513-28. PMID 12476346 DOI: 10.1080/13550280290100914  1
2002 Zemlyak I, Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. Protection against gp120-induced neurotoxicity by an array of estrogenic steroids. Brain Research. 958: 272-6. PMID 12470862 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(02)03558-8  1
2002 Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid exacerbation of gp120 neurotoxicity: role of microglia. Experimental Neurology. 177: 151-8. PMID 12429218 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.2002.7956  1
2002 Sapolsky RM. Chickens, eggs and hippocampal atrophy. Nature Neuroscience. 5: 1111-3. PMID 12404003 DOI: 10.1038/nn1102-1111  1
2002 Kelly S, Zhang ZJ, Zhao H, Xu L, Giffard RG, Sapolsky RM, Yenari MA, Steinberg GK. Gene transfer of HSP72 protects cornu ammonis 1 region of the hippocampus neurons from global ischemia: influence of Bcl-2. Annals of Neurology. 52: 160-7. PMID 12210785 DOI: 10.1002/ana.10264  1
2002 Lee AL, Ogle WO, Sapolsky RM. Stress and depression: possible links to neuron death in the hippocampus. Bipolar Disorders. 4: 117-28. PMID 12071509 DOI: 10.1034/j.1399-5618.2002.01144.x  1
2002 Brooke SM, McLaughlin JR, Cortopassi KM, Sapolsky RM. Effect of GP120 on glutathione peroxidase activity in cortical cultures and the interaction with steroid hormones. Journal of Neurochemistry. 81: 277-84. PMID 12064474 DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.2002.00825.x  1
2002 Maggioncalda AN, Sapolsky RM. Disturbing behaviors of the orangutan. Scientific American. 286: 60-5. PMID 12030092  1
2002 Kemnitz JW, Sapolsky RM, Altmann J, Muruthi P, Mott GE, Stefanick ML. Effects of food availability on serum insulin and lipid concentrations in free-ranging baboons. American Journal of Primatology. 57: 13-9. PMID 11977122 DOI: 10.1002/ajp.1083  1
2002 Maggioncalda AN, Czekala NM, Sapolsky RM. Male orangutan subadulthood: a new twist on the relationship between chronic stress and developmental arrest. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 118: 25-32. PMID 11953942 DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.10074  1
2002 Roy M, Hom JJ, Sapolsky RM. HSV-mediated delivery of virally derived anti-apoptotic genes protects the rat hippocampus from damage following excitotoxicity, but not metabolic disruption. Gene Therapy. 9: 214-9. PMID 11859425 DOI: 10.1038/sj.gt.3301642  1
2002 Sapolsky RM. Cheaters and chumps Natural History. 111: 20-24.  1
2001 Dumas TC, Sapolsky RM. Gene therapy against neurological insults: sparing neurons versus sparing function. Trends in Neurosciences. 24: 695-700. PMID 11718873 DOI: 10.1016/S0166-2236(00)01956-1  1
2001 Roozendaal B, Phillips RG, Power AE, Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM, McGaugh JL. Memory retrieval impairment induced by hippocampal CA3 lesions is blocked by adrenocortical suppression. Nature Neuroscience. 4: 1169-71. PMID 11713467 DOI: 10.1038/nn766  1
2001 Hairston IS, Ruby NF, Brooke S, Peyron C, Denning DP, Heller HC, Sapolsky RM. Sleep deprivation elevates plasma corticosterone levels in neonatal rats. Neuroscience Letters. 315: 29-32. PMID 11711207 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(01)02309-6  1
2001 Hoehn B, Ringer TM, Xu L, Giffard RG, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK, Yenari MA. Overexpression of HSP72 after induction of experimental stroke protects neurons from ischemic damage. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 21: 1303-9. PMID 11702045 DOI: 10.1097/00004647-200111000-00006  1
2001 Sapolsky RM. Depression, antidepressants, and the shrinking hippocampus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 98: 12320-2. PMID 11675480 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.231475998  1
2001 Neylan TC, Canick JD, Hall SE, Reus VI, Sapolsky RM, Wolkowitz OM. Cortisol levels predict cognitive impairment induced by electroconvulsive therapy. Biological Psychiatry. 50: 331-6. PMID 11543735 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3223(01)01119-2  1
2001 Ogle WO, Sapolsky RM. Gene therapy and the aging nervous system. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development. 122: 1555-63. PMID 11511396 DOI: 10.1016/S0047-6374(01)00286-X  1
2001 Yenari MA, Dumas TC, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Gene therapy for treatment of cerebral ischemia using defective herpes simplex viral vectors. Neurological Research. 23: 543-52. PMID 11474812 DOI: 10.1179/016164101101198802  1
2001 Yenari MA, Dumas TC, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Gene therapy for treatment of cerebral ischemia using defective herpes simplex viral vectors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 939: 340-57. PMID 11462790  1
2001 Gupta A, Ho DY, Brooke S, Franklin L, Roy M, McLaughlin J, Fink SL, Sapolsky RM. Neuroprotective effects of an adenoviral vector expressing the glucose transporter: a detailed description of the mediating cellular events. Brain Research. 908: 49-57. PMID 11457430 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(01)02572-0  1
2001 Roy M, Hom J, Sapolsky RM. Neuroprotection with herpes simplex vectors expressing virally derived anti-apoptotic agents. Brain Research. 901: 12-22. PMID 11368945 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(01)02034-0  1
2001 Xu L, Sapolsky RM, Giffard RG. Differential sensitivity of murine astrocytes and neurons from different brain regions to injury. Experimental Neurology. 169: 416-24. PMID 11358455 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.2001.7678  1
2001 Sapolsky RM. Atrophy of the hippocampus in posttraumatic stress disorder: how and when? Hippocampus. 11: 90-1. PMID 11345129 DOI: 10.1002/hipo.1026  1
2001 Phillips RG, Monje ML, Giuli LC, Meier TJ, Yenari MA, Kunis D, Sapolsky RM. Gene therapy effectiveness differs for neuronal survival and behavioral performance. Gene Therapy. 8: 579-85. PMID 11320403 DOI: 10.1038/sj.gt.3301397  1
2001 Bliss TM, Sapolsky RM. Interactions among glucose, lactate and adenosine regulate energy substrate utilization in hippocampal cultures. Brain Research. 899: 134-41. PMID 11311874 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(01)02218-1  1
2001 Yenari MA, Minami M, Sun GH, Meier TJ, Kunis DM, McLaughlin JR, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Calbindin d28k overexpression protects striatal neurons from transient focal cerebral ischemia. Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation. 32: 1028-35. PMID 11283407  1
2001 Sapolsky RM. Cellular defenses against excitotoxic insults. Journal of Neurochemistry. 76: 1601-11. PMID 11259476 DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.2001.00203.x  1
2001 Howard SA, Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. Mechanisms of estrogenic protection against gp120-induced neurotoxicity. Experimental Neurology. 168: 385-91. PMID 11259126 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.2000.7619  1
2000 Sapolsky RM, Finch CE. Alzheimer's disease and some speculations about the evolution of its modifiers. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 924: 99-103. PMID 11193810  1
2000 Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. The effects of steroid hormones in HIV-related neurotoxicity: a mini review. Biological Psychiatry. 48: 881-93. PMID 11074226 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3223(00)00922-7  1
2000 Sapolsky RM. The possibility of neurotoxicity in the hippocampus in major depression: a primer on neuron death. Biological Psychiatry. 48: 755-65. PMID 11063972 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3223(00)00971-9  1
2000 Sapolsky RM. Stress hormones: good and bad. Neurobiology of Disease. 7: 540-2. PMID 11042072 DOI: 10.1006/nbdi.2000.0350  1
2000 Dumas TC, McLaughlin JR, Ho DY, Lawrence MS, Sapolsky RM. Gene therapies that enhance hippocampal neuron survival after an excitotoxic insult are not equivalent in their ability to maintain synaptic transmission. Experimental Neurology. 166: 180-9. PMID 11031094 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.2000.7500  1
2000 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids and hippocampal atrophy in neuropsychiatric disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry. 57: 925-35. PMID 11015810  1
2000 Tsai DJ, Ho JJ, Ozawa CR, Sapolsky RM. Long-term expression driven by herpes simplex virus type-1 amplicons may fail due to eventual degradation or extrusion of introduced transgenes. Experimental Neurology. 165: 58-65. PMID 10964485 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.2000.7454  1
2000 Roy M, Sapolsky RM. Reply Trends in Neurosciences. 23: 411. PMID 10941189  0.96
2000 Fujikawa DG, Roy M, Sapolsky RM. Confusion between neuronal apoptosis and activation of programmed cell death mechanisms in acute necrotic insults [2] (multiple letters) Trends in Neurosciences. 23: 410-411. PMID 10941188 DOI: 10.1016/S0166-2236(00)01601-5  1
2000 Ozawa CR, Ho JJ, Tsai DJ, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM. Neuroprotective potential of a viral vector system induced by a neurological insult. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 97: 9270-5. PMID 10908682 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.160503997  1
2000 Sephton SE, Sapolsky RM, Kraemer HC, Spiegel D. Diurnal cortisol rhythm as a predictor of breast cancer survival. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 92: 994-1000. PMID 10861311  1
2000 Fink SL, Ho DY, McLaughlin J, Sapolsky RM. An adenoviral vector expressing the glucose transporter protects cultured striatal neurons from 3-nitropropionic acid. Brain Research. 859: 21-5. PMID 10720611 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(99)02401-4  1
2000 Phillips RG, Lawrence MS, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM. Limitations in the neuroprotective potential of gene therapy with Bcl-2. Brain Research. 859: 202-6. PMID 10719065 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(99)02453-1  1
2000 Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. A cautionary note: the actions of adenosine agonists and antagonists may be reversed under certain conditions in primary cultures. Brain Research Bulletin. 51: 307-12. PMID 10704780 DOI: 10.1016/S0361-9230(99)00238-5  1
2000 Sapolsky RM, Romero LM, Munck AU. How do glucocorticoids influence stress responses? Integrating permissive, suppressive, stimulatory, and preparative actions. Endocrine Reviews. 21: 55-89. PMID 10696570 DOI: 10.1210/edrv.21.1.0389  1
2000 Maggioncalda AN, Czekala NM, Sapolsky RM. Growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone concentrations in captive male orangutans: implications for understanding developmental arrest. American Journal of Primatology. 50: 67-76. PMID 10588436 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(200001)50:1<67::AID-AJP6>3.0.CO;2-V  1
1999 Sapolsky RM. An outsider's commentary. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine. 15: 72-5. PMID 10955978  1
1999 Finch CE, Sapolsky RM. The evolution of Alzheimer disease, the reproductive schedule, and apoE isoforms. Neurobiology of Aging. 20: 407-28. PMID 10604433 DOI: 10.1016/S0197-4580(99)00053-6  1
1999 Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Gene therapy using viral vectors for acute neurologic insults. Neurology. 53: 1922-31. PMID 10599759  1
1999 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids, stress, and their adverse neurological effects: relevance to aging. Experimental Gerontology. 34: 721-32. PMID 10579633 DOI: 10.1016/S0531-5565(99)00047-9  1
1999 Yenari MA, Giffard RG, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. The neuroprotective potential of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70). Molecular Medicine Today. 5: 525-31. PMID 10562718 DOI: 10.1016/S1357-4310(99)01599-3  1
1999 Dumas T, McLaughlin J, Ho D, Meier T, Sapolsky R. Delivery of herpes simplex virus amplicon-based vectors to the dentate gyrus does not alter hippocampal synaptic transmission in vivo. Gene Therapy. 6: 1679-84. PMID 10516716 DOI: 10.1038/sj.gt.3300997  1
1999 Phillips RG, Meier TJ, Giuli LC, McLaughlin JR, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM. Calbindin D28K gene transfer via herpes simplex virus amplicon vector decreases hippocampal damage in vivo following neurotoxic insults. Journal of Neurochemistry. 73: 1200-5. PMID 10461912 DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1999.0731200.x  1
1999 Howard SA, Nakayama AY, Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid modulation of gp120-induced effects on calcium-dependent degenerative events in primary hippocampal and cortical cultures. Experimental Neurology. 158: 164-70. PMID 10448428 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.1999.7080  1
1999 Brooke SM, Bliss TM, Franklin LR, Sapolsky RM. Quantification of neuron survival in monolayer cultures using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay approach, rather than by cell counting. Neuroscience Letters. 267: 21-4. PMID 10400239 DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(99)00315-8  1
1999 Maggioncalda AN, Sapolsky RM, Czekala NM. Reproductive hormone profiles in captive male orangutans: implications for understanding developmental arrest. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 109: 19-32. PMID 10342462 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199905)109:1<19::AID-AJPA3>3.0.CO;2-3  1
1999 Ajilore OA, Sapolsky RM. In vivo characterization of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in rat hippocampus using glucocorticoid neuroendangerment as an endpoint. Neuroendocrinology. 69: 138-44. PMID 9986927 DOI: 10.1159/000054412  1
1998 Yenari MA, Fink SL, Sun GH, Chang LK, Patel MK, Kunis DM, Onley D, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Gene therapy with HSP72 is neuroprotective in rat models of stroke and epilepsy. Annals of Neurology. 44: 584-91. PMID 9778256 DOI: 10.1002/ana.410440403  1
1998 Iyer AM, Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids interact with gp120 in causing neurotoxicity in striatal cultures. Brain Research. 808: 305-9. PMID 9767177 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(98)00819-1  1
1998 Brooke SM, Howard SA, Sapolsky RM. Energy dependency of glucocorticoid exacerbation of gp120 neurotoxicity. Journal of Neurochemistry. 71: 1187-93. PMID 9721744  1
1998 Meier TJ, Ho DY, Park TS, Sapolsky RM. Gene transfer of calbindin D28k cDNA via herpes simplex virus amplicon vector decreases cytoplasmic calcium ion response and enhances neuronal survival following glutamatergic challenge but not following cyanide. Journal of Neurochemistry. 71: 1013-23. PMID 9721726  1
1998 Sapolsky RM, Ho DY, McLaughlin J. The ins and outs of on and off. Nature Biotechnology. 16: 516. PMID 9624676 DOI: 10.1038/nbt0698-516  1
1998 Sapolsky RM. The stress of Gulf War syndrome. Nature. 393: 308-9. PMID 9620793 DOI: 10.1038/30606  1
1998 McIntosh LJ, Cortopassi KM, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids may alter antioxidant enzyme capacity in the brain: kainic acid studies. Brain Research. 791: 215-22. PMID 9593900 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(98)00104-8  1
1998 McIntosh LJ, Hong KE, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids may alter antioxidant enzyme capacity in the brain: baseline studies. Brain Research. 791: 209-14. PMID 9593898 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(98)00115-2  1
1998 Roozendaal B, Sapolsky RM, McGaugh JL. Basolateral amygdala lesions block the disruptive effects of long-term adrenalectomy on spatial memory. Neuroscience. 84: 453-65. PMID 9539216 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4522(97)00538-1  1
1998 Sapolsky RM, Share LJ. Darting terrestrial primates in the wild: a primer. American Journal of Primatology. 44: 155-67. PMID 9503127 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1998)44:2<155::AID-AJP6>3.0.CO;2-V  1
1997 Sapolsky RM, Alberts SC, Altmann J. Hypercortisolism associated with social subordinance or social isolation among wild baboons. Archives of General Psychiatry. 54: 1137-43. PMID 9400351  1
1997 Sapolsky RM, Spencer EM. Insulin-like growth factor I is suppressed in socially subordinate male baboons. The American Journal of Physiology. 273: R1346-51. PMID 9362298  1
1997 Sapolsky RM. The importance of a well-groomed child. Science (New York, N.Y.). 277: 1620-1. PMID 9312858 DOI: 10.1126/science.277.5332.1620  1
1997 Meier TJ, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM. Increased expression of calbindin D28k via herpes simplex virus amplicon vector decreases calcium ion mobilization and enhances neuronal survival after hypoglycemic challenge. Journal of Neurochemistry. 69: 1039-47. PMID 9282926  1
1997 Lawrence MS, McLaughlin JR, Sun GH, Ho DY, McIntosh L, Kunis DM, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Herpes simplex viral vectors expressing Bcl-2 are neuroprotective when delivered after a stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 17: 740-4. PMID 9270490 DOI: 10.1097/00004647-199707000-00003  1
1997 Lee S, Williamson J, Lothman EW, Szele FG, Chesselet MF, Von Hagen S, Sapolsky RM, Mattson MP, Christakos S. Early induction of mRNA for calbindin-D28k and BDNF but not NT-3 in rat hippocampus after kainic acid treatment. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research. 47: 183-94. PMID 9221916 DOI: 10.1016/S0169-328X(97)00043-0  1
1997 Ho DY, Sapolsky RM. Gene therapy for the nervous system. Scientific American. 276: 116-20. PMID 9163944  1
1997 Virgin CE, Sapolsky RM. Styles of male social behavior and their endocrine correlates among low-ranking baboons. American Journal of Primatology. 42: 25-39. PMID 9108969 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1997)42:1<25::AID-AJP2>3.0.CO;2-0  1
1997 Ajilore OA, Sapolsky RM. Application of silicon microphysiometry to tissue slices: detection of metabolic correlates of selective vulnerability. Brain Research. 752: 99-106. PMID 9106445 DOI: 10.1016/S0006-8993(96)01456-4  1
1997 Yehuda R. Stress and glucocorticoid. Science (New York, N.Y.). 275: 1662-3. PMID 9072828 DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5306.1662  1
1997 Fink SL, Chang LK, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM. Defective herpes simplex virus vectors expressing the rat brain stress-inducible heat shock protein 72 protect cultured neurons from severe heat shock. Journal of Neurochemistry. 68: 961-9. PMID 9048741  1
1996 Landfield PW, McEwen BS, Sapolsky RM, Meaney MJ. Hippocampal cell death. Science (New York, N.Y.). 272: 1249b-51b. PMID 17832183 DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5266.1249b  1
1996 Sapolsky RM. Stress, Glucocorticoids, and Damage to the Nervous System: The Current State of Confusion. Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 1: 1-19. PMID 9807058  1
1996 McIntosh LJ, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids may enhance oxygen radical-mediated neurotoxicity. Neurotoxicology. 17: 873-82. PMID 9086511  1
1996 Smith-Swintosky VL, Pettigrew LC, Sapolsky RM, Phares C, Craddock SD, Brooke SM, Mattson MP. Metyrapone, an inhibitor of glucocorticoid production, reduces brain injury induced by focal and global ischemia and seizures. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 16: 585-98. PMID 8964797 DOI: 10.1097/00004647-199607000-00008  1
1996 Chan RS, Huey ED, Maecker HL, Cortopassi KM, Howard SA, Iyer AM, McIntosh LJ, Ajilore OA, Brooke SM, Sapolsky RM. Endocrine modulators of necrotic neuron death. Brain Pathology (Zurich, Switzerland). 6: 481-91. PMID 8944318  1
1996 Ho DY, McLaughlin JR, Sapolsky RM. Inducible gene expression from defective herpes simplex virus vectors using the tetracycline-responsive promoter system. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research. 41: 200-9. PMID 8883953 DOI: 10.1016/0169-328X(96)00097-6  1
1996 Romero LM, Sapolsky RM. Patterns of ACTH secretagog secretion in response to psychological stimuli. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 8: 243-58. PMID 8861280 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2826.1996.04441.x  1
1996 Brooke SM, Trafton JA, Sapolsky RM. Autofluorescence as a confound in the determination of calcium levels in hippocampal slices using fura-2AM dye. Brain Research. 706: 283-8. PMID 8822368 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(95)01209-5  1
1996 McIntosh LJ, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids increase the accumulation of reactive oxygen species and enhance adriamycin-induced toxicity in neuronal culture. Experimental Neurology. 141: 201-6. PMID 8812153 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.1996.0154  1
1996 Sapolsky RM, Trafton J, Tombaugh GC. Excitotoxic neuron death, acidotic endangerment, and the paradox of acidotic protection. Advances in Neurology. 71: 237-44; discussion 2. PMID 8790802  1
1996 Sapolsky RM. Why stress is bad for your brain. Science (New York, N.Y.). 273: 749-50. PMID 8701325  1
1996 Landfield PW, McEwan BS, Sapolsky RM, Meaney MJ. Hippocampal cell death. Science (New York, N.Y.). 272: 1249-51. PMID 8650531  1
1996 Fink SL, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM. Energy and glutamate dependency of 3-Nitropropionic acid neurotoxicity in culture. Experimental Neurology. 138: 298-304. PMID 8620928 DOI: 10.1006/exnr.1996.0068  1
1996 Lawrence MS, Sun GH, Kunis DM, Saydam TC, Dash R, Ho DY, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK. Overexpression of the glucose transporter gene with a herpes simplex viral vector protects striatal neurons against stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 16: 181-5. PMID 8594048 DOI: 10.1097/00004647-199603000-00001  1
1996 Lawrence MS, Ho DY, Sun GH, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM. Overexpression of Bcl-2 with herpes simplex virus vectors protects CNS neurons against neurological insults in vitro and in vivo. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 16: 486-96. PMID 8551333  1
1996 Tsai LW, Sapolsky RM. Rapid stimulatory effects of testosterone upon myotubule metabolism and sugar transport, as assessed by silicon microphysiometry Aggressive Behavior. 22: 357-364. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(1996)22:5<357::AID-AB4>3.0.CO;2-G  1
1996 Sapolsky RM. Why should an aged male baboon ever transfer troops? American Journal of Primatology. 39: 149-157.  1
1995 Sapolsky RM. Social subordinance as a marker of hypercortisolism. Some unexpected subtleties. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 771: 626-39. PMID 8597436 DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1995.tb44715.x  1
1995 Sapolsky RM. Do the salutary effects of food restriction occur because of or despite of the accompanying hyperadrenocorticism? Neurobiology of Aging. 16: 849-50; discussion 8. PMID 8532121 DOI: 10.1016/0197-4580(95)00068-P  1
1995 Romero LM, Levine S, Sapolsky RM. Patterns of adrenocorticotropin secretagog release in response to social interactions and various degrees of novelty. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 20: 183-91. PMID 7899537 DOI: 10.1016/0306-4530(94)00052-C  1
1995 Romero LM, Levine S, Sapolsky RM. Adrenocorticotropin secretagog release: stimulation by frustration and paradoxically by reward presentation. Brain Research. 676: 151-6. PMID 7796164 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(95)00111-3  1
1995 Lawrence MS, Ho DY, Dash R, Sapolsky RM. Herpes simplex virus vectors overexpressing the glucose transporter gene protect against seizure-induced neuron loss. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 92: 7247-51. PMID 7638175 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.92.16.7247  1
1995 McEwen BS, Sapolsky RM. Stress and cognitive function. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 5: 205-16. PMID 7620309 DOI: 10.1016/0959-4388(95)80028-X  1
1995 Ho DY, Saydam TC, Fink SL, Lawrence MS, Sapolsky RM. Defective herpes simplex virus vectors expressing the rat brain glucose transporter protect cultured neurons from necrotic insults. Journal of Neurochemistry. 65: 842-50. PMID 7616244  1
1995 Ho DY, Fink SL, Lawrence MS, Meier TJ, Saydam TC, Dash R, Sapolsky RM. Herpes simplex virus vector system: analysis of its in vivo and in vitro cytopathic effects. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 57: 205-15. PMID 7609584 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0270(94)00150-F  1
1994 Brooke SM, de Haas-Johnson AM, Kaplan JR, Sapolsky RM. Characterization of mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors in primate brain. Brain Research. 637: 303-7. PMID 8180810 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(94)91249-1  1
1994 Lawrence MS, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids accelerate ATP loss following metabolic insults in cultured hippocampal neurons. Brain Research. 646: 303-6. PMID 8069678 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(94)90094-9  1
1994 Brooke SM, de Haas-Johnson AM, Kaplan JR, Manuck SB, Sapolsky RM. Dexamethasone resistance among nonhuman primates associated with a selective decrease of glucocorticoid receptors in the hippocampus and a history of social instability. Neuroendocrinology. 60: 134-40. PMID 7969770 DOI: 10.1159/000126743  1
1994 Sapolsky RM. The physiological relevance of glucocorticoid endangerment of the hippocampus. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 746: 294-304; discussion . PMID 7825884  1
1994 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids, stress and exacerbation of excitotoxic neuron death Seminars in the Neurosciences. 6: 323-331. DOI: 10.1006/smns.1994.1041  1
1993 Elliott EM, Mattson MP, Vanderklish P, Lynch G, Chang I, Sapolsky RM. Corticosterone exacerbates kainate-induced alterations in hippocampal tau immunoreactivity and spectrin proteolysis in vivo. Journal of Neurochemistry. 61: 57-67. PMID 8515288  1
1993 Tombaugh GC, Sapolsky RM. Endocrine features of glucocorticoid endangerment in hippocampal astrocytes. Neuroendocrinology. 57: 7-13. PMID 8479618 DOI: 10.1159/000126335  1
1993 Sapolsky RM. Primate models, supermonkeys, and weaklings. Biological Psychiatry. 33: 311-2. PMID 8471688 DOI: 10.1016/0006-3223(93)90319-9  1
1993 Elliott EM, Sapolsky RM. Corticosterone impairs hippocampal neuronal calcium regulation--possible mediating mechanisms. Brain Research. 602: 84-90. PMID 8448661 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(93)90245-I  1
1993 Sapolsky RM. Endocrinology alfresco: psychoendocrine studies of wild baboons. Recent Progress in Hormone Research. 48: 437-68. PMID 8441854  1
1993 Ho DY, Mocarski ES, Sapolsky RM. Altering central nervous system physiology with a defective herpes simplex virus vector expressing the glucose transporter gene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 90: 3655-9. PMID 8386379  1
1993 Sapolsky RM, Vogelman JH, Orentreich N, Altmann J. Senescent decline in serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations in a population of wild baboons. Journal of Gerontology. 48: B196-200. PMID 8366259  1
1993 Tombaugh GC, Sapolsky RM. Evolving concepts about the role of acidosis in ischemic neuropathology. Journal of Neurochemistry. 61: 793-803. PMID 8360684  1
1993 Raley-Susman KM, Sapolsky RM, Kopito RR. Cl-/HCO3- exchange function differs in adult and fetal rat hippocampal neurons. Brain Research. 614: 308-14. PMID 8348323 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(93)91049-X  1
1993 Redish DM, Raley-Susman KM, Sapolsky RM. Inhibition of acidification rate in cultured fibroblasts by glucocorticoids. Application of silicon microphysiometry to endocrinology. Hormone and Metabolic Research = Hormon- Und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones Et MéTabolisme. 25: 264-7. PMID 8330861 DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-1002093  1
1993 Sapolsky RM. Potential behavioral modification of glucocorticoid damage to the hippocampus. Behavioural Brain Research. 57: 175-82. PMID 8117422 DOI: 10.1016/0166-4328(93)90133-B  1
1993 Romero LM, Plotsky PM, Sapolsky RM. Patterns of adrenocorticotropin secretagog release with hypoglycemia, novelty, and restraint after colchicine blockade of axonal transport. Endocrinology. 132: 199-204. PMID 7678213 DOI: 10.1210/endo.132.1.7678213  1
1992 Elliott EM, Sapolsky RM. Corticosterone enhances kainic acid-induced calcium elevation in cultured hippocampal neurons. Journal of Neurochemistry. 59: 1033-40. PMID 1645163  1
1992 Tombaugh GC, Yang SH, Swanson RA, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids exacerbate hypoxic and hypoglycemic hippocampal injury in vitro: biochemical correlates and a role for astrocytes. Journal of Neurochemistry. 59: 137-46. PMID 1613495 DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1992.tb08884.x  1
1992 Alberts SC, Sapolsky RM, Altmann J. Behavioral, endocrine, and immunological correlates of immigration by an aggressive male into a natural primate group. Hormones and Behavior. 26: 167-78. PMID 1612563 DOI: 10.1016/0018-506X(92)90040-3  1
1992 Stein-Behrens BA, Elliott EM, Miller CA, Schilling JW, Newcombe R, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids exacerbate kainic acid-induced extracellular accumulation of excitatory amino acids in the rat hippocampus. Journal of Neurochemistry. 58: 1730-5. PMID 1560229  1
1992 Raley-Susman KM, Miller KR, Owicki JC, Sapolsky RM. Effects of excitotoxin exposure on metabolic rate of primary hippocampal cultures: application of silicon microphysiometry to neurobiology. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 12: 773-80. PMID 1545239  1
1992 Sapolsky RM. Do glucocorticoid concentrations rise with age in the rat? Neurobiology of Aging. 13: 171-4. PMID 1542376 DOI: 10.1016/0197-4580(92)90025-S  1
1992 Romero LM, Raley-Susman KM, Redish DM, Brooke SM, Horner HC, Sapolsky RM. Possible mechanism by which stress accelerates growth of virally derived tumors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 89: 11084-7. PMID 1438318 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.89.22.11084  1
1992 Stein-Behrens BA, Sapolsky RM. Stress, glucocorticoids, and aging. Aging (Milan, Italy). 4: 197-210. PMID 1420403 DOI: 10.1007/BF03324092  1
1992 Tombaugh GC, Sapolsky RM. Corticosterone accelerates hypoxia- and cyanide-induced ATP loss in cultured hippocampal astrocytes. Brain Research. 588: 154-8. PMID 1356586 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(92)91356-J  1
1992 Sapolsky RM. Cortisol concentrations and the social significance of rank instability among wild baboons. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 17: 701-9. PMID 1287688 DOI: 10.1016/0306-4530(92)90029-7  1
1991 Meaney MJ, Aitken DH, Bhatnagar S, Sapolsky RM. Postnatal handling attenuates certain neuroendocrine, anatomical, and cognitive dysfunctions associated with aging in female rats. Neurobiology of Aging. 12: 31-8. PMID 2002881 DOI: 10.1016/0197-4580(91)90036-J  1
1991 Sapolsky RM. Energetics and neuron death: hibernating bears or starving refugees? Neurobiology of Aging. 12: 348-9; discussion 35. PMID 1961369 DOI: 10.1016/0197-4580(91)90018-F  1
1991 Raley-Susman KM, Cragoe EJ, Sapolsky RM, Kopito RR. Regulation of intracellular pH in cultured hippocampal neurons by an amiloride-insensitive Na+/H+ exchanger. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 266: 2739-45. PMID 1847131  1
1991 Sapolsky RM, Altmann J. Incidence of hypercortisolism and dexamethasone resistance increases with age among wild baboons. Biological Psychiatry. 30: 1008-16. PMID 1756195 DOI: 10.1016/0006-3223(91)90121-2  1
1991 Sapolsky RM, Stein-Behrens BA, Armanini MP. Long-term adrenalectomy causes loss of dentate gyrus and pyramidal neurons in the adult hippocampus. Experimental Neurology. 114: 246-9. PMID 1748198 DOI: 10.1016/0014-4886(91)90041-A  1
1991 Sapolsky RM. Testicular function, social rank and personality among wild baboons. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 16: 281-93. PMID 1745697 DOI: 10.1016/0306-4530(91)90015-L  1
1991 Sapolsky RM, Zola-Morgan S, Squire LR. Inhibition of glucocorticoid secretion by the hippocampal formation in the primate. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 11: 3695-704. PMID 1744687  1
1991 Virgin CE, Ha TP, Packan DR, Tombaugh GC, Yang SH, Horner HC, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids inhibit glucose transport and glutamate uptake in hippocampal astrocytes: implications for glucocorticoid neurotoxicity. Journal of Neurochemistry. 57: 1422-8. PMID 1680166 DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1991.tb08309.x  1
1990 Sapolsky RM, Uno H, Rebert CS, Finch CE. Hippocampal damage associated with prolonged glucocorticoid exposure in primates. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 10: 2897-902. PMID 2398367  1
1990 Sapolsky RM. Stress in the wild. Scientific American. 262: 116-23. PMID 2294581  1
1990 Sapolsky RM. A. E. Bennett Award paper. Adrenocortical function, social rank, and personality among wild baboons. Biological Psychiatry. 28: 862-78. PMID 2268690 DOI: 10.1016/0006-3223(90)90568-M  1
1990 Sapolsky RM, Plotsky PM. Hypercortisolism and its possible neural bases. Biological Psychiatry. 27: 937-52. PMID 2185849 DOI: 10.1016/0006-3223(90)90032-W  1
1990 Sapolsky RM, Armanini MP, Packan DR, Sutton SW, Plotsky PM. Glucocorticoid feedback inhibition of adrenocorticotropic hormone secretagogue release. Relationship to corticosteroid receptor occupancy in various limbic sites. Neuroendocrinology. 51: 328-36. PMID 2157997  1
1990 Tombaugh GC, Sapolsky RM. Mild acidosis protects hippocampal neurons from injury induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation. Brain Research. 506: 343-5. PMID 2154291 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(90)91277-N  1
1990 Armanini MP, Hutchins C, Stein BA, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid endangerment of hippocampal neurons is NMDA-receptor dependent. Brain Research. 532: 7-12. PMID 2149301 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(90)91734-X  1
1990 Horner HC, Packan DR, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids inhibit glucose transport in cultured hippocampal neurons and glia. Neuroendocrinology. 52: 57-64. PMID 2118608  1
1990 Packan DR, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid endangerment of the hippocampus: tissue, steroid and receptor specificity. Neuroendocrinology. 51: 613-8. PMID 2113998  1
1990 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids, hippocampal damage and the glutamatergic synapse. Progress in Brain Research. 86: 13-23. PMID 1982366  1
1990 Tombaugh GC, Sapolsky RM. Mechanistic distinctions between excitotoxic and acidotic hippocampal damage in an in vitro model of ischemia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism : Official Journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 10: 527-35. PMID 1971825 DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.1990.94  1
1990 Tombaugh GC, Sapolsky RM. Hippocampal glutamine synthetase: insensitivity to glucocorticoids and stress. The American Journal of Physiology. 258: E894-7. PMID 1970712  1
1989 Sapolsky RM, Stein BA. Status epilepticus-induced hippocampal damage is modulated by glucose availability. Neuroscience Letters. 97: 157-62. PMID 2919000 DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(89)90156-0  1
1989 Sapolsky RM, Morrow EA, Tombaugh GC. Venn diagrams and neuronal vulnerability. Neurobiology of Aging. 10: 613-4; discussion 61. PMID 2812238 DOI: 10.1016/0197-4580(89)90150-4  1
1989 Sapolsky RM, Armanini MP, Sutton SW, Plotsky PM. Elevation of hypophysial portal concentrations of adrenocorticotropin secretagogues after fornix transection. Endocrinology. 125: 2881-7. PMID 2555130 DOI: 10.1210/endo-125-6-2881  1
1989 Sapolsky RM. Hypercortisolism among socially subordinate wild baboons originates at the CNS level. Archives of General Psychiatry. 46: 1047-51. PMID 2554841  1
1988 Sapolsky RM, Packan DR, Vale WW. Glucocorticoid toxicity in the hippocampus: in vitro demonstration. Brain Research. 453: 367-71. PMID 3401775 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(88)90180-1  1
1988 Sapolsky RM, Meaney MJ. Postmortem decay in glucocorticoid binding in human and primate brain. Brain Research. 448: 182-5. PMID 3390714 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(88)91117-1  1
1988 Sarrieau A, Dussaillant M, Sapolsky RM, Aitken DH, Olivier A, Lal S, Rostène WH, Quirion R, Meaney MJ. Glucocorticoid binding sites in human temporal cortex. Brain Research. 442: 157-60. PMID 3359250  1
1988 Meaney MJ, Aitken DH, van Berkel C, Bhatnagar S, Sapolsky RM. Effect of neonatal handling on age-related impairments associated with the hippocampus. Science (New York, N.Y.). 239: 766-8. PMID 3340858  1
1988 Sapolsky RM. Individual differences and the stress response: studies of a wild primate. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 245: 399-411. PMID 3228021 DOI: 10.1006/smns.1994.1033  1
1988 Stein BA, Sapolsky RM. Chemical adrenalectomy reduces hippocampal damage induced by kainic acid. Brain Research. 473: 175-80. PMID 3208122 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(88)90332-0  1
1988 McEwen BS, Brinton RE, Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid receptors and behavior: implications for the stress response. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 245: 35-45. PMID 3067561  1
1988 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC. Stress-induced suppression of luteinizing hormone concentrations in wild baboons: role of opiates. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 66: 722-6. PMID 2831246 DOI: 10.1210/jcem-66-4-722  1
1987 Sapolsky RM, Mott GE. Social subordinance in wild baboons is associated with suppressed high density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations: the possible role of chronic social stress. Endocrinology. 121: 1605-10. PMID 3665834 DOI: 10.1210/endo-121-5-1605  1
1987 Meaney MJ, Aitken DH, Sapolsky RM. Thyroid hormones influence the development of hippocampal glucocorticoid receptors in the rat: a mechanism for the effects of postnatal handling on the development of the adrenocortical stress response. Neuroendocrinology. 45: 278-83. PMID 3574606  1
1987 Sapolsky RM. Second generation questions about senescent neuron loss. Neurobiology of Aging. 8: 547-8. PMID 3431627 DOI: 10.1016/0197-4580(87)90128-X  1
1987 Sapolsky RM, Else JG. Bovine tuberculosis in a wild baboon population: epidemiological aspects. Journal of Medical Primatology. 16: 229-35. PMID 3305954  1
1987 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoids and hippocampal damage Trends in Neurosciences. 10: 346-349. DOI: 10.1016/0166-2236(87)90065-8  1
1986 Sapolsky RM. Stress-induced elevation of testosterone concentration in high ranking baboons: role of catecholamines. Endocrinology. 118: 1630-5. PMID 3948796 DOI: 10.1210/endo-118-4-1630  1
1986 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid toxicity in the hippocampus: reversal by supplementation with brain fuels. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 6: 2240-4. PMID 3746406  1
1986 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid toxicity in the hippocampus. Temporal aspects of synergy with kainic acid. Neuroendocrinology. 43: 440-4. PMID 3736786 DOI: 10.1159/000124561  1
1986 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS. The neuroendocrinology of stress and aging: the glucocorticoid cascade hypothesis. Endocrine Reviews. 7: 284-301. PMID 3527687 DOI: 10.1210/edrv-7-3-284  1
1986 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS. The adrenocortical axis in the aged rat: impaired sensitivity to both fast and delayed feedback inhibition. Neurobiology of Aging. 7: 331-5. PMID 3024042  1
1986 Walker CD, Sapolsky RM, Meaney MJ, Vale WW, Rivier CL. Increased pituitary sensitivity to glucocorticoid feedback during the stress nonresponsive period in the neonatal rat. Endocrinology. 119: 1816-21. PMID 3019645 DOI: 10.1210/endo-119-4-1816  1
1986 Plotsky PM, Otto S, Sapolsky RM. Inhibition of immunoreactive corticotropin-releasing factor secretion into the hypophysial-portal circulation by delayed glucocorticoid feedback. Endocrinology. 119: 1126-30. PMID 3015567 DOI: 10.1210/endo-119-3-1126  1
1986 Sapolsky RM, Meaney MJ. Maturation of the adrenocortical stress response: neuroendocrine control mechanisms and the stress hyporesponsive period. Brain Research. 396: 64-76. PMID 3011218 DOI: 10.1016/0165-0173(86)90010-X  1
1985 Meaney MJ, Aitken DH, Bodnoff SR, Iny LJ, Sapolsky RM. The effects of postnatal handling on the development of the glucocorticoid receptor systems and stress recovery in the rat. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. 9: 731-4. PMID 4089200 DOI: 10.1016/0278-5846(85)90050-8  1
1985 Meaney MJ, Sapolsky RM, Aitken DH, McEwen BS. [3H]dexamethasone binding in the limbic brain of the fetal rat. Brain Research. 355: 297-300. PMID 4084786 DOI: 10.1016/0165-3806(85)90054-9  1
1985 Sapolsky RM. Glucocorticoid toxicity in the hippocampus: temporal aspects of neuronal vulnerability. Brain Research. 359: 300-5. PMID 4075151 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(85)91440-4  1
1985 Sapolsky RM, Pulsinelli WA. Glucocorticoids potentiate ischemic injury to neurons: therapeutic implications. Science (New York, N.Y.). 229: 1397-400. PMID 4035356  1
1985 Sapolsky RM, McEwen BS. Down-regulation of neural corticosterone receptors by corticosterone and dexamethasone. Brain Research. 339: 161-5. PMID 4027612 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(85)90638-9  1
1985 Sapolsky RM, Donnelly TM. Vulnerability to stress-induced tumor growth increases with age in rats: role of glucocorticoids. Endocrinology. 117: 662-6. PMID 4017953 DOI: 10.1210/endo-117-2-662  1
1985 Sapolsky RM. A mechanism for glucocorticoid toxicity in the hippocampus: increased neuronal vulnerability to metabolic insults. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 5: 1228-32. PMID 3998819  1
1985 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS. Prolonged glucocorticoid exposure reduces hippocampal neuron number: implications for aging. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 5: 1222-7. PMID 3998818  1
1985 Sapolsky RM, Meaney MJ, McEwen BS. The development of the glucocorticoid receptor system in the rat limbic brain. III. Negative-feedback regulation. Brain Research. 350: 169-73. PMID 3986611 DOI: 10.1016/0165-3806(85)90261-5  1
1985 Meaney MJ, Sapolsky RM, McEwen BS. The development of the glucocorticoid receptor system in the rat limbic brain. II. An autoradiographic study. Brain Research. 350: 165-8. PMID 3986610 DOI: 10.1016/0165-3806(85)90260-3  1
1985 Meaney MJ, Sapolsky RM, McEwen BS. The development of the glucocorticoid receptor system in the rat limbic brain. I. Ontogeny and autoregulation. Brain Research. 350: 159-64. PMID 3986609 DOI: 10.1016/0165-3806(85)90259-7  1
1985 Meaney MJ, Aitken DH, Bodnoff SR, Iny LJ, Tatarewicz JE, Sapolsky RM. Early postnatal handling alters glucocorticoid receptor concentrations in selected brain regions. Behavioral Neuroscience. 99: 765-70. PMID 3843740  1
1985 Sapolsky RM. Stress-induced suppression of testicular function in the wild baboon: role of glucocorticoids. Endocrinology. 116: 2273-8. PMID 2986942 DOI: 10.1210/endo-116-6-2273  1
1984 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS, Rainbow TC. Do vasopressin-related peptides induce hippocampal corticosterone receptors? Implications for aging. The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society For Neuroscience. 4: 1479-85. PMID 6726343  1
1984 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS. Stress down-regulates corticosterone receptors in a site-specific manner in the brain. Endocrinology. 114: 287-92. PMID 6690273 DOI: 10.1210/endo-114-1-287  1
1984 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS. Glucocorticoid-sensitive hippocampal neurons are involved in terminating the adrenocortical stress response. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 81: 6174-7. PMID 6592609  1
1984 Felt BT, Sapolsky RM, McEwen BS. Regulation of hippocampal corticosterone receptors by a vasopressin analogue. Peptides. 5: 1225-7. PMID 6531275 DOI: 10.1016/0196-9781(84)90193-1  1
1983 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS. The adrenocortical stress-response in the aged male rat: impairment of recovery from stress. Experimental Gerontology. 18: 55-64. PMID 6683660 DOI: 10.1016/0531-5565(83)90051-7  1
1983 Sapolsky RM, Krey LC, McEwen BS. Corticosterone receptors decline in a site-specific manner in the aged rat brain. Brain Research. 289: 235-40. PMID 6661643 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(83)90024-0  1
1983 Sapolsky RM, McEwen BS, Rainbow TC. Quantitative autoradiography of [3H]corticosterone receptors in rat brain. Brain Research. 271: 331-4. PMID 6616181  1
1983 Sapolsky RM. Individual differences in cortisol secretory patterns in the wild baboon: role of negative feedback sensitivity. Endocrinology. 113: 2263-7. PMID 6315347 DOI: 10.1210/endo-113-6-2263  1
1982 Sapolsky RM. The endocrine stress-response and social status in the wild baboon. Hormones and Behavior. 16: 279-92. PMID 6890939 DOI: 10.1016/0018-506X(82)90027-7  1
1980 Sapolsky RM, Eichenbaum H. Thalamocortical mechanisms in odor-guided behavior. II. Effects of lesions of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus and frontal cortex on odor preferences and sexual behavior in the hamster. Brain, Behavior and Evolution. 17: 276-90. PMID 7397487  1
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