Colin M. MacLeod - Publications

Affiliations: 
1978-2003 University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 
 2003- University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada 
Area:
attention, learning, and memory
Website:
https://uwaterloo.ca/psychology/people-profiles/colin-macleod

195 high-probability publications. We are testing a new system for linking publications to authors. You can help! If you notice any inaccuracies, please sign in and mark papers as correct or incorrect matches. If you identify any major omissions or other inaccuracies in the publication list, please let us know.

Year Citation  Score
2021 MacLeod CM. Canadian Journal of (Experimental) Psychology: The first 70 years. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Experimentale. PMID 34096745 DOI: 10.1037/cep0000253  0.01
2021 Forrin ND, Huynh AC, Smith AC, Cyr EN, McLean DB, Siklos-Whillans J, Risko EF, Smilek D, MacLeod CM. Attention spreads between students in a learning environment. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied. PMID 33705196 DOI: 10.1037/xap0000341  1
2021 Ozubko JD, Sirianni LA, Ahmad FN, MacLeod CM, Addante RJ. Correction to: Recallable but not Recognizable: The Influence of Semantic Priming in Recall Paradigms. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. PMID 33594646 DOI: 10.3758/s13415-021-00872-2  1
2021 Zhou Y, MacLeod CM. Production between and within: distinctiveness and the relative magnitude of the production effect. Memory (Hove, England). 1-12. PMID 33427599 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2020.1868526  0.04
2021 Ozubko JD, Sirianni LA, Ahmad FN, MacLeod CM, Addante RJ. Recallable but not recognizable: The influence of semantic priming in recall paradigms. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. PMID 33409957 DOI: 10.3758/s13415-020-00854-w  1
2020 MacLeod CM. Correction to: Memory & Cognition: The first 40 years. Memory & Cognition. PMID 33089451 DOI: 10.3758/s13421-020-01110-9  0.01
2020 MacLeod CM. Memory & Cognition: The first 40 years. Memory & Cognition. PMID 33006748 DOI: 10.3758/s13421-020-01104-7  0.01
2020 MacLeod CM. Zeigarnik and von Restorff: The memory effects and the stories behind them. Memory & Cognition. PMID 32291585 DOI: 10.3758/s13421-020-01033-5  0.01
2020 Roberts BRT, Fernandes MA, MacLeod CM. Re-evaluating whether bilateral eye movements influence memory retrieval. Plos One. 15: e0227790. PMID 31986171 DOI: 10.1371/Journal.Pone.0227790  0.96
2019 Pritchard VE, Heron-Delaney M, Malone SA, MacLeod CM. The Production Effect Improves Memory in 7- to 10-Year-Old Children. Child Development. PMID 31099041 DOI: 10.1111/Cdev.13247  0.01
2018 Jonker TR, Wammes JD, MacLeod CM. Drawing enhances item information but undermines sequence information in memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. PMID 30211591 DOI: 10.1037/Xlm0000610  1
2018 Jonker TR, MacLeod CM. Two sources of information in reconstructing event sequence. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. PMID 29648862 DOI: 10.1037/Xlm0000498  1
2017 Forrin ND, MacLeod CM. Contingency proportion systematically influences contingency learning. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. PMID 28975593 DOI: 10.3758/S13414-017-1424-4  1
2017 Forrin ND, MacLeod CM. This time it's personal: the memory benefit of hearing oneself. Memory (Hove, England). 1-6. PMID 28969489 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2017.1383434  1
2017 Lin OY, MacLeod CM. The Acquisition of Simple Associations as Observed in Color-Word Contingency Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. PMID 28758774 DOI: 10.1037/Xlm0000436  0.8
2017 Forrin ND, MacLeod CM. Relative speed of processing determines color-word contingency learning. Memory & Cognition. PMID 28585160 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-017-0721-4  1
2017 Forrin ND, MacLeod CM. Cross-modality translations improve recognition by reducing false alarms. Memory (Hove, England). 1-6. PMID 28462620 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2017.1321129  1
2016 Francis WS, MacLeod CM, Taylor RS. Joint Influence of Visual and Auditory Words in the Stroop Task. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. PMID 27743263 DOI: 10.3758/S13414-016-1218-0  0.01
2016 Jonker TR, MacLeod CM. Not All Order Memory Is Equal: Test Demands Reveal Dissociations in Memory for Sequence Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. PMID 27656871 DOI: 10.1037/Xlm0000301  1
2016 Forrin ND, MacLeod CM. Order information is used to guide recall of long lists: Further evidence for the item-order account. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie ExpéRimentale. 70: 125-38. PMID 27244354 DOI: 10.1037/Cep0000088  1
2016 Forrin ND, MacLeod CM. Auditory presentation at test does not diminish the production effect in recognition. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie ExpéRimentale. 70: 116-24. PMID 27244353 DOI: 10.1037/Cep0000092  1
2016 Bodner GE, MacLeod CM. The benefits of studying by production . . . And of studying production: Introduction to the special issue on the production effect in memory. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie ExpéRimentale. 70: 89-92. PMID 27244350 DOI: 10.1037/Cep0000094  1
2016 Forrin ND, Groot B, MacLeod CM. The d-Prime Directive: Assessing Costs and Benefits in Recognition by Dissociating Mixed-List False Alarm Rates. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. PMID 26820499 DOI: 10.1037/Xlm0000214  0.6
2015 Jonker TR, MacLeod CM. Disruption of relational processing underlies poor memory for order. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 41: 831-40. PMID 25329084 DOI: 10.1037/Xlm0000069  1
2015 Jonker TR, Seli P, MacLeod CM. Retrieval-Induced Forgetting and Context Current Directions in Psychological Science. 24: 273-278. DOI: 10.1177/0963721415573203  1
2015 Macleod CM. Freedom as non-domination and educational justice Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. DOI: 10.1080/13698230.2015.1033860  0.01
2015 Saville CWN, Beckles KDO, MacLeod CA, Feige B, Biscaldi M, Beauducel A, Klein C. A neural analogue of the worst performance rule: Insights from single-trial event-related potentials Intelligence. DOI: 10.1016/J.Intell.2015.12.005  0.01
2014 Jonker TR, Levene M, Macleod CM. Testing the item-order account of design effects using the production effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 40: 441-8. PMID 24219087 DOI: 10.1037/A0034977  1
2014 Putnam AL, Ozubko JD, Macleod CM, Roediger HL. The production effect in paired-associate learning: benefits for item and associative information. Memory & Cognition. 42: 409-20. PMID 24154982 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-013-0374-X  1
2014 Ozubko JD, Major J, MacLeod CM. Remembered study mode: support for the distinctiveness account of the production effect. Memory (Hove, England). 22: 509-24. PMID 23713784 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2013.800554  1
2014 Forrin ND, Jonker TR, MacLeod CM. Production improves memory equivalently following elaborative vs non-elaborative processing. Memory (Hove, England). 22: 470-80. PMID 23705973 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2013.798417  1
2014 MacLeod CM, Jonker TR, James G. Individual differences in remembering The Sage Handbook of Applied Memory. 385-403. DOI: 10.4135/9781446294703.n22  1
2013 Jonker TR, Seli P, MacLeod CM. Putting retrieval-induced forgetting in context: an inhibition-free, context-based account. Psychological Review. 120: 852-72. PMID 24219851 DOI: 10.1037/A0034246  1
2013 Keeley NB, Cromey CJ, Goodwin EO, Gibbs MT, Macleod CM. Predictive depositional modelling (DEPOMOD) of the interactive effect of current flow and resuspension on ecological impacts beneath salmon farms Aquaculture Environment Interactions. 3: 275-291. DOI: 10.3354/aei00068  0.01
2013 MacLeod CM. The six R's of remembering Canadian Psychology. 54: 38-49. DOI: 10.1037/a0030955  1
2012 Ozubko JD, Hourihan KL, MacLeod CM. Production benefits learning: the production effect endures and improves memory for text. Memory (Hove, England). 20: 717-27. PMID 22827717 DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2012.699070  1
2012 Jonker TR, Seli P, Macleod CM. Less we forget: retrieval cues and release from retrieval-induced forgetting. Memory & Cognition. 40: 1236-45. PMID 22733189 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-012-0224-2  1
2012 Lin OY, MacLeod CM. Aging and the production effect: a test of the distinctiveness account. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expã©Rimentale. 66: 212-6. PMID 22686153 DOI: 10.1037/a0028309  1
2012 Forrin ND, Macleod CM, Ozubko JD. Widening the boundaries of the production effect. Memory & Cognition. 40: 1046-55. PMID 22528825 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-012-0210-8  1
2012 Jonker TR, MacLeod CM. Retrieval-induced forgetting: testing the competition assumption of inhibition theory. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expã©Rimentale. 66: 204-11. PMID 22506876 DOI: 10.1037/A0027277  1
2012 MacLeod CM, Pottruff MM, Forrin ND, Masson ME. The next generation: the value of reminding. Memory & Cognition. 40: 693-702. PMID 22290594 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-012-0182-8  1
2012 Ozubko JD, Gopie N, MacLeod CM. Production benefits both recollection and familiarity. Memory & Cognition. 40: 326-38. PMID 22127849 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-011-0165-1  1
2012 Aramakis VB, Khamba BK, MacLeod CM, Poulos CX, Zack M. Alcohol selectively impairs negative self-relevant associations in young drinkers. Journal of Psychopharmacology (Oxford, England). 26: 221-31. PMID 21890583 DOI: 10.1177/0269881111416690  0.01
2011 MacLeod CM. I said, you said: the production effect gets personal. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 18: 1197-202. PMID 21938642 DOI: 10.3758/s13423-011-0168-8  1
2011 Danckert SL, MacLeod CM, Fernandes MA. Source-constrained retrieval influences the encoding of new information. Memory & Cognition. 39: 1374-86. PMID 21647810 DOI: 10.3758/S13421-011-0117-9  1
2011 Wilson DE, Muroi M, MacLeod CM. Dilution, not load, affects distractor processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance. 37: 319-35. PMID 21299322 DOI: 10.1037/a0021433  1
2011 Roefs A, Huijding J, Smulders FT, MacLeod CM, de Jong PJ, Wiers RW, Jansen AT. Implicit measures of association in psychopathology research. Psychological Bulletin. 137: 149-93. PMID 21219060 DOI: 10.1037/a0021729  1
2011 MacLeod CM. Hypnosis and the control of attention: where to from here? Consciousness and Cognition. 20: 321-4. PMID 19969472 DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2009.10.007  1
2010 Macleod CM. When learning met memory. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expã©Rimentale. 64: 227-40. PMID 21186907 DOI: 10.1037/a0021699  1
2010 Ozubko JD, Macleod CM. The production effect in memory: evidence that distinctiveness underlies the benefit. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 36: 1543-7. PMID 20804284 DOI: 10.1037/A0020604  1
2010 MacLeod CM, Gopie N, Hourihan KL, Neary KR, Ozubko JD. The production effect: delineation of a phenomenon. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 36: 671-85. PMID 20438265 DOI: 10.1037/A0018785  1
2010 Macleod CM. Primary goods, capabilities, and children Measuring Justice: Primary Goods and Capabilities. 174-192. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511810916.008  0.01
2009 Hourihan KL, Ozubko JD, MacLeod CM. Directed forgetting of visual symbols: evidence for nonverbal selective rehearsal. Memory & Cognition. 37: 1059-68. PMID 19933451 DOI: 10.3758/Mc.37.8.1059  1
2009 Gopie N, Macleod CM. Destination memory: stop me if I've told you this before. Psychological Science. 20: 1492-9. PMID 19891750 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02472.x  1
2008 Hourihan KL, Macleod CM. Directed forgetting meets the production effect: distinctive processing is resistant to intentional forgetting. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology = Revue Canadienne De Psychologie Expã©Rimentale. 62: 242-6. PMID 19071992 DOI: 10.1037/1196-1961.62.4.242  1
2008 Wilson DE, MacLeod CM, Muroi M. Practice in visual search produces decreased capacity demands but increased distraction. Perception & Psychophysics. 70: 1130-7. PMID 18717397 DOI: 10.3758/PP.70.6.1130  1
2008 Tomaszczyk JC, Fernandes MA, MacLeod CM. Personal relevance modulates the positivity bias in recall of emotional pictures in older adults. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 15: 191-6. PMID 18605502 DOI: 10.3758/Pbr.15.1.191  1
2007 Hourihan KL, MacLeod CM. Capturing conceptual implicit memory: the time it takes to produce an association. Memory & Cognition. 35: 1187-96. PMID 18035619 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03193592  1
2007 Zack M, Poulos CX, Aramakis VB, Khamba BK, MacLeod CM. Effects of drink-stress sequence and gender on alcohol stress response dampening in high and low anxiety sensitive drinkers. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 31: 411-22. PMID 17295725 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00322.x  1
2007 Buzsáki G, Hasher L, Anderson MC, MacLeod CM, Bjork RA. Inhibition Science of Memory: Concepts. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0014  0.16
2006 Hauer BJ, MacLeod CM. Endogenous versus exogenous attentional cuing effects on memory. Acta Psychologica. 122: 305-20. PMID 16458848 DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2005.12.008  1
2006 Dodd MD, Sheard ED, MacLeod CM. Re-exposure to studied items at test does not influence false recognition. Memory (Hove, England). 14: 115-26. PMID 16423748 DOI: 10.1080/09658210444000575  1
2006 Zack M, Poulos CX, Fragopoulos F, Woodford TM, MacLeod CM. Negative affect words prime beer consumption in young drinkers. Addictive Behaviors. 31: 169-73. PMID 15922513 DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.04.016  1
2005 Roefs A, Herman CP, Macleod CM, Smulders FT, Jansen A. At first sight: how do restrained eaters evaluate high-fat palatable foods? Appetite. 44: 103-14. PMID 15604037 DOI: 10.1016/J.Appet.2004.08.001  1
2005 Ohta N, MacLeod CM, Uttl B. Preface Dynamic Cognitive Processes. v. DOI: 10.1007/b139064  1
2005 Sheard ED, MacLeod CM. List method directed forgetting: Return of the selective rehearsal account Dynamic Cognitive Processes. 219-248. DOI: 10.1007/4-431-27431-6_10  1
2005 MacLeod CM, Uttl B, Ohta N. Dynamic cognitive processes in broad perspective Dynamic Cognitive Processes. 1-9. DOI: 10.1007/4-431-27431-6_1  1
2004 Dodd MD, MacLeod CM. False recognition without intentional learning. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 11: 137-42. PMID 15116999 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03206473  1
2004 Muroi M, Macleod CM. Integration versus separation in stroop-like counting interference tasks Japanese Psychological Research. 46: 56-64. DOI: 10.1111/J.1468-5884.2004.00236.X  1
2003 MacLeod CM, Sheehan PW. Hypnotic control of attention in the Stroop task: a historical footnote. Consciousness and Cognition. 12: 347-53. PMID 12941282 DOI: 10.1016/S1053-8100(03)00025-4  1
2003 Zack M, Poulos CX, Fragopoulos F, MacLeod CM. Effects of negative and positive mood phrases on priming of alcohol words in young drinkers with high and low anxiety sensitivity. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 11: 176-85. PMID 12755462 DOI: 10.1037/1064-1297.11.2.176  1
2003 Blyth MJ, Macleod CM, Asante DK, Kinninmonth AW. Iatrogenic nerve injury with the Russell-Taylor humeral nail. Injury. 34: 227-8. PMID 12623256 DOI: 10.1016/S0020-1383(01)00176-0  0.01
2003 MacLeod CM, Dodd MD, Sheard ED, Wilson DE, Bibi U. In Opposition to Inhibition Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. 43: 163-214. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-7421(03)01014-4  1
2002 MacLeod CM, Chiappe DL, Fox EF. The crucial roles of stimulus matching and stimulus identity in negative priming. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 9: 521-8. PMID 12412892 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03196308  1
2002 MacLeod CM, Bors DA. Presenting two color words on a single Stroop trial: evidence for joint influence, not capture. Memory & Cognition. 30: 789-97. PMID 12219895 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03196434  1
2002 Masson ME, MacLeod CM. Covert operations: orthographic recoding as a basis for repetition priming in word identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 28: 858-71. PMID 12219795 DOI: 10.1037//0278-7393.28.5.858  1
2002 Zack M, Toneatto T, MacLeod CM. Anxiety and explicit alcohol-related memory in problem drinkers. Addictive Behaviors. 27: 331-43. PMID 12118624 DOI: 10.1016/S0306-4603(01)00233-7  1
2002 MacLeod CM. Memory and cognition: Editorial Memory and Cognition. 30: 1-2.  1
2001 MacLeod CM, Hamid QA, Cameron L, Tremblay C, Brisco W. Anti-inflammatory activity of clarithromycin in adults with chronically inflamed sinus mucosa. Advances in Therapy. 18: 75-82. PMID 11446271  0.01
2001 MacFadyen RJ, MacLeod CM, Shiels P, Russell Smith W, MacDonald TM. Isolated diastolic heart failure as a cause of breathlessness in the community: the Arbroath study. European Journal of Heart Failure. 3: 243-8. PMID 11246063 DOI: 10.1016/S1388-9842(00)00153-7  0.01
2000 Masson ME, MacLeod CM. Taking the "text" out of context effects in repetition priming of word identification. Memory & Cognition. 28: 1090-7. PMID 11126933 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03211810  1
2000 Avery OT, Macleod CM, McCarty M. Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation of pneumococcal types: Induction of transformation by a desoxyribonucleic acid fraction isolated from Pneumococcus type III. Oswald Theodore Avery (1877-1955) Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. S3-8. PMID 11039746 DOI: 10.1097/00003086-200010001-00002  0.01
2000 MacLeod CM, MacDonald PA. Interdimensional interference in the Stroop effect: uncovering the cognitive and neural anatomy of attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 4: 383-391. PMID 11025281 DOI: 10.1016/S1364-6613(00)01530-8  1
2000 MacLeod CM, Daniels KA. Direct versus indirect tests of memory: directed forgetting meets the generation effect. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 7: 354-9. PMID 10909145 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03212993  1
2000 MacLeod CM, Masson MEJ. Repetition Priming in Speeded Word Reading: Contributions of Perceptual and Conceptual Processing Episodes Journal of Memory and Language. 42: 208-228. DOI: 10.1006/jmla.1999.2674  1
1999 MacLeod CM. The item and list methods of directed forgetting: test differences and the role of demand characteristics. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 6: 123-9. PMID 12199306 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03210819  1
1999 MacDonald PA, Antony MM, MacLeod CM, Swinson RP. Negative priming for obsessive-compulsive checkers and noncheckers. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 108: 679-86. PMID 10609432 DOI: 10.1037//0021-843X.108.4.679  1
1999 Zack M, Toneatto T, MacLeod CM. Implicit activation of alcohol concepts by negative affective cues distinguishes between problem drinkers with high and low psychiatric distress. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 108: 518-31. PMID 10466276 DOI: 10.1037/0021-843X.108.3.518  1
1999 Zack M, Toneatto T, MacLeod CM. Clinical use of benzodiazepines and decreased memory activation in anxious problem drinkers. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 23: 174-82. PMID 10029221 DOI: 10.1111/J.1530-0277.1999.Tb04041.X  1
1998 Kaul S, Christofalo B, Raymond RH, Stewart MB, Macleod CM. Effect of food on the bioavailability of stavudine in subjects with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 42: 2295-8. PMID 9736552  0.01
1998 MacDonald PA, MacLeod CM. The influence of attention at encoding on direct and indirect remembering. Acta Psychologica. 98: 291-310. PMID 9621835 DOI: 10.1016/S0001-6918(97)00047-4  1
1998 MacLeod CM, Hodder SL. Presenting two incongruent color words on a single trial does not alter Stroop interference. Memory & Cognition. 26: 212-9. PMID 9584430 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03201134  1
1998 MacLeod CM. Training on integrated versus separated Stroop tasks: the progression of interference and facilitation. Memory & Cognition. 26: 201-11. PMID 9584429 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03201133  1
1997 MacDonald PA, Antony MM, Macleod CM, Richter MA. Memory and confidence in memory judgements among individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder and non-clinical controls. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 35: 497-505. PMID 9159973 DOI: 10.1016/S0005-7967(97)00013-2  1
1997 Masson MEJ, MacLeod CM. Episodic Enhancement of Processing Fluency Psychology of Learning and Motivation - Advances in Research and Theory. 37: 155-210. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-7421(08)60502-2  1
1997 MacLeod CM, Masson MEJ. Priming patterns are different in masked word identification and word fragment completion Journal of Memory and Language. 36: 461-483. DOI: 10.1006/Jmla.1997.2501  1
1997 MacLeod CM. Is memory caught in the mesh? Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 20: 30.  1
1996 Szymanski KF, MacLeod CM. Manipulation of Attention at Study Affects an Explicit but Not an Implicit Test of Memory Consciousness and Cognition. 5: 165-75. PMID 8978529  0.01
1996 MacLeod CM. How Priming Affects Two Speeded Implicit Tests of Remembering: Naming Colors versus Reading Words Consciousness and Cognition. 5: 73-90. PMID 8978524  0.01
1996 Szymanski KF, MacLeod CM. Manipulation of attention at study affects an explicit but not an implicit test of memory. Consciousness and Cognition. 5: 165-75. PMID 8733929 DOI: 10.1006/ccog.1996.0010  1
1996 MacLeod CM. How priming affects two speeded implicit tests of remembering: naming colors versus reading words. Consciousness and Cognition. 5: 73-90. PMID 8733924 DOI: 10.1006/ccog.1996.0005  1
1996 MacLeod CM, Kampe KE. Word frequency effects on recall, recognition, and word fragment completion tests. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 22: 132-42. PMID 8648282 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.22.1.132  1
1996 Masson MEJ, Macleod CM. Contributions of Processing Fluency to Repetition Effects in Masked Word Identification Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. 50: 9-21. DOI: 10.1037/1196-1961.50.1.9  1
1995 Chiappe DL, Macleod CM. Negative priming is not task bound: A consistent pattern across naming and categorization tasks. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 2: 364-9. PMID 24203716 DOI: 10.3758/Bf03210973  1
1995 Lawrie SM, Hutchison JK, Sweeney SR, Fernando MR, McAdam CA, Monsour MR, Campbell TJ, MacLeod CM. Psychosis and substance abuse: cause, effect or coincidence? Scottish Medical Journal. 40: 174-6. PMID 8693334 DOI: 10.1177/003693309504000606  0.01
1995 Avery OT, MacLeod CM, McCarty M. Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation of pneumococcal types. Induction of transformation by a desoxyribonucleic acid fraction isolated from Pneumococcus type III. 1944. Molecular Medicine (Cambridge, Mass.). 1: 344-65. PMID 8521292 DOI: 10.1007/Bf03401572  0.01
1994 Thottan J, Adsett JF, Sibley KJ, MacLeod CM. Laboratory evaluation of the ion selective electrode for use in an automated soil nitrate monitoring system1 Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 25: 3025-3034. DOI: 10.1080/00103629409369243  0.01
1994 Golding JM, Long DL, Macleod CM. You Can′t Always Forget What You Want: Directed Forgetting of Related Words Journal of Memory and Language. 33: 493-510. DOI: 10.1006/Jmla.1994.1023  1
1993 Bors DA, MacLeod CM, Forrin B. Eliminating the IQ-RT correlation by eliminating an experimental confound Intelligence. 17: 475-500. DOI: 10.1016/0160-2896(93)90014-V  1
1992 Masson MEJ, MacLeod CM. Reenacting the Route to Interpretation: Enhanced Perceptual Identification Without Prior Perception Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 121: 145-176. DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.121.2.145  1
1991 MacLeod CM. Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: an integrative review. Psychological Bulletin. 109: 163-203. PMID 2034749 DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.109.2.163  1
1990 Weinberger MH, Black HR, Lasseter KC, Lewis GP, MacLeod CM, Pascual AV, Zager PG, DeSilva J, Gourley LA, Bennett DA. Diurnal blood pressure in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension treated with once-daily benazepril hydrochloride. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 47: 608-17. PMID 2188772 DOI: 10.1038/clpt.1990.82  0.01
1990 Besner D, Smith MC, MacLeod CM. Visual Word Recognition: A Dissociation of Lexical and Semantic Processing Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 16: 862-869. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.16.5.862  1
1989 Stavchansky S, Doluisio JT, Macleod CM, Szalkowski MB, Bachand RT, Heilman R, Sebree TB, Geary RS. One year administration of almitrine bismesylate (Vectarion) to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: pharmacokinetic analysis. Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition. 10: 247-55. PMID 2566339 DOI: 10.1002/Bdd.2510100304  0.01
1989 Stavchansky S, Doluisio JT, Macleod CM, Sebree TB, Heilman R, Bachand RT, Szalkowski MB, Geary RS. Relative bioavailability of almitrine bismesylate in humans. Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition. 10: 239-46. PMID 2566338 DOI: 10.1002/Bdd.2510100303  0.01
1989 Stavchansky S, Doluisio JT, Macleod CM, Szalkowski MB, Bachand RT, Heilman R, Sebree TB, Geary RS. Single oral dose proportionality pharmacokinetics of almitrine bismesylate in humans. Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition. 10: 229-37. PMID 2566337 DOI: 10.1002/Bdd.2510100302  0.01
1989 Luskin SS, Fitzsimmons WE, MacLeod CM, Luskin AT. Pharmacokinetic evaluation of the terfenadine-theophylline interaction. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 83: 406-11. PMID 2493044 DOI: 10.1016/0091-6749(89)90126-7  0.01
1989 Bassili JN, Smith MC, MacLeod CM. Auditory and Visual Word-Stem Completion: Separating Data-Driven and Conceptually Driven Processes The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 41: 439-453. DOI: 10.1080/14640748908402375  1
1989 MacLeod CM. Word Context During Initial Exposure Influences Degree of Priming in Word Fragment Completion Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 15: 398-406. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.15.3.398  1
1989 MacLeod CM. Directed Forgetting Affects Both Direct and Indirect Tests of Memory Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 15: 13-21. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.15.1.13  1
1989 Smith MC, MacLeod CM, Bain JD, Hoppe RB. Lexical Decision as an Indirect Test of Memory: Repetition Priming and List-Wide Priming as a Function of Type of Encoding Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 15: 1109-1118. DOI: 10.1037//0278-7393.15.6.1109  1
1988 Sheehan PW, Donovan P, MacLeod CM. Strategy manipulation and the Stroop effect in hypnosis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 97: 455-60. PMID 3204232 DOI: 10.1037//0021-843X.97.4.455  1
1988 MacLeod CM. Forgotten but not gone: savings for pictures and words in long-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 14: 195-212. PMID 2967343 DOI: 10.1037//0278-7393.14.2.195  1
1988 MacLeod CM, Dunbar K. Training and Stroop-like interference: evidence for a continuum of automaticity. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 14: 126-35. PMID 2963892 DOI: 10.1037//0278-7393.14.1.126  1
1986 Kang SS, Wong PW, Glickman PB, MacLeod CM, Jaffe IA. Protein-bound homocyst(e)ine in patients with rheumatoid arthritis undergoing D-penicillamine treatment. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 26: 712-5. PMID 3793964 DOI: 10.1002/j.1552-4604.1986.tb02978.x  0.01
1986 MacLeod CM, Bartley EA, Galante JO, Friedhoff LT, Dhruv R. Aztreonam penetration into synovial fluid and bone. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 29: 710-2. PMID 3707115 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.29.4.710  0.01
1986 MacLeod CM. Cross-modal recognition of pictures and descriptions without test-appropriate encoding Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society. 24: 21-24. DOI: 10.3758/BF03330492  1
1986 MacLeod CM, Jackson RA, Palmer J. On the relation between spatial ability and field dependence Intelligence. 10: 141-151. DOI: 10.1016/0160-2896(86)90011-5  1
1985 MacLeod CM. Learning a list for free recall: selective reminding versus the standard procedure. Memory & Cognition. 13: 233-40. PMID 4046824 DOI: 10.3758/BF03197686  1
1985 Wiseman S, MacLeod CM, Lootsteen PJ. Picture recognition improves with subsequent verbal information. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 11: 588-95. PMID 3160818 DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.11.3.588  1
1985 Palmer J, MacLeod CM, Hunt E, Davidson JE. Information processing correlates of reading Journal of Memory and Language. 24: 59-88. DOI: 10.1016/0749-596X(85)90016-6  1
1984 MacLeod CM, Bartley EA, Payne JA, Hudes E, Vernam K, Devlin RG. Effects of cirrhosis on kinetics of aztreonam. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 26: 493-7. PMID 6542764 DOI: 10.1128/AAC.26.4.493  0.01
1984 Dunbar K, MacLeod CM. A horse race of a different color: Stroop interference patterns with transformed words. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance. 10: 622-39. PMID 6238123 DOI: 10.1037/0096-1523.10.5.622  1
1984 MacLeod CM, Nelson TO. Response latency and response accuracy as measures of memory Acta Psychologica. 57: 215-235. DOI: 10.1016/0001-6918(84)90032-5  1
1981 Stoll RW, Cavanaugh JH, MacLeod CM. Beta-blocking effect of single oral doses of carteolol. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 30: 605-10. PMID 7297020 DOI: 10.1038/clpt.1981.211  0.01
1980 Macleod CM. Discovering and training the components of intelligence Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 3: 597-598. DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X0000707X  1
1979 Avery OT, MacLeod CM, McCarty M. Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation of pneumococcal types. Inductions of transformation by a desoxyribonucleic acid fraction isolated from pneumococcus type III. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 149: 297-326. PMID 33226  0.01
1979 MacLeod CM. Individual differences in learning and memory: A unitary information processing approach Journal of Research in Personality. 13: 530-545. DOI: 10.1016/0092-6566(79)90014-X  1
1978 MacLeod CM, Dekabian AS, Hunt E. Memory impairment in epileptic patients: selective effects of phenobarbital concentration. Science (New York, N.Y.). 202: 1102-4. PMID 715461 DOI: 10.1126/Science.715461  1
1978 Macleod CM, Hunt EB, Mathews NN. Individual differences in the verification of sentence-picture relationships Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 17: 493-507. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5371(78)90293-1  1
1978 Hunt E, MacLeod CM. The sentence-verification paradigm: A case study of two conflicting aproaches to individual differences Intelligence. 2: 129-144. DOI: 10.1016/0160-2896(78)90004-1  1
1975 MacLeod CM. Long term recognition and recall following directed forgetting J.Exp.Psychol.. 104: 271-279. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.1.3.271  1
1975 MacLeod CM. Long-term recognition and recall following directed forgetting Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory. 1: 271-279. DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.1.3.271  1
1974 Nelson TO, Macleod CM. Fluctuations in recall across successive test trials. Memory & Cognition. 2: 687-90. PMID 24203739 DOI: 10.3758/BF03198140  1
1966 MacLeod CM. Symposium on stability in dynamic microbial systems. II. Some thoughts on microbial taxonomy. The Quarterly Review of Biology. 41: 98-100. PMID 5946755 DOI: 10.1086/404935  0.01
1964 COX RP, MACLEOD CM. REGULATION OF ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE IN HUMAN CELL CULTURES. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia On Quantitative Biology. 29: 233-51. PMID 14278471  0.01
1964 FROHMAN LA, HALL CA, MACLEOD CM, PATERSON PY, BUSHELL J. SURVEILLANCE OF STAPHYLOCOCCAL INFECTIONS IN BELLEVUE HOSPITAL, NEW YORK. American Journal of Hygiene. 79: 336-48. PMID 14159953 DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a120388  0.01
1964 MACLEOD CM, HALL CA, FROHMAN LA. MORE TRANSPLANTED KIDNEYS. British Medical Journal. 1: 386-7. PMID 14085964 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.1.5380.386  0.01
1964 MACLEOD CM, HALL CA, FROHMAN LA. LUBRICATION OF JOINTS. British Medical Journal. 1: 384-5. PMID 14085963 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.1.5380.384  0.01
1963 OTTOLENGHI E, MACLEOD CM. GENETIC TRANSFORMATION AMONG LIVING PNEUMOCOCCI IN THE MOUSE. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 50: 417-9. PMID 14078607  0.01
1963 KRAUSS MR, MACLEOD CM. INTRASPECIES AND INTERSPECIES TRANSFORMATION REACTIONS IN PNEUMOCOCCUS AND STREPTOCOCCUS. The Journal of General Physiology. 46: 1141-50. PMID 14042996  0.01
1963 COX RP, MACLEOD CM. Repression of alkaline phosphatase in human cell cultures by cystine and cysteine. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 49: 504-10. PMID 14023576  0.01
1962 COX RP, MACLEOD CM. Alkaline phosphatase content and the effects of prednisolone on mammalian cells in culture. The Journal of General Physiology. 45: 439-85. PMID 13881912  0.01
1962 CHARACHE P, MacLEOD CM, WHITE P. Effects of silicate polymers on erythrocytes in presence and absence of complement. The Journal of General Physiology. 45: 1117-43. PMID 13878239  0.01
1961 COX RP, MACLEOD CM. Hormonal induction of alkaline phosphatase in human cells in tissue culture. Nature. 190: 85-7. PMID 13696139 DOI: 10.1038/190085a0  0.01
1960 FARRER SM, MACLEOD CM. Staphylococcal infections in a general hospital. American Journal of Hygiene. 72: 38-58. PMID 13821639 DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a120133  0.01
1959 MACLEOD CM, CHARACHE P, WHITE P. Some biological effects of silicates. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association. 71: 150-8. PMID 14419585  0.01
1959 JACKSON S, MACLEOD CM, KRAUSS MR. Determination of type in capsulated transformants on pneumococcus by the genome of non-capsulated donor and recipient strains. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 109: 429-38. PMID 13641567  0.01
1957 BRACCO RM, KRAUSS MR, ROE AS, MACLEOD CM. Transformation reactions between Pneumococcus and three strains of Streptococci. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 106: 247-59. PMID 13449235 DOI: 10.1084/jem.106.2.247  0.01
1956 MACLEOD CM, KRAUSS MR. Transformation reactions with two non-allelic R mutants of the same strain of Pneumococcus type VIII. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 103: 623-32. PMID 13319582  0.01
1956 MACLEOD CM, ROE AS. Effect of silicate on Gram staining and viability of pneumococci and other bacteria. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 103: 453-63. PMID 13306854 DOI: 10.1084/jem.103.4.453  0.01
1953 STOCKER BA, KRAUSS MR, MACLEOD CM. Quantitative experiments on pneumococcal transformation. The Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology. 66: 330-1. PMID 13109648  0.01
1953 MACLEOD CM, KRAUSS MR. Control by factors distinct from the S transforming principle of the amount of capsular polysaccharide produced by type III pneumococci. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 97: 767-71. PMID 13069634  0.01
1953 MACLEOD CM. Relation of the incubation period and the secondary immune response to lasting immunity to infectious diseases. Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 70: 421-5. PMID 13035135  0.01
1951 HEIDELBERGER M, MacLEOD CM, MARKOWITZ H, DiLAPI MM. Absence of a prosthetic group in a type-specific polysaccharide of pneumococcus. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 94: 359-62. PMID 14888817 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.94.5.359  0.01
1951 HEIDELBERGER M, MacLEOD CM, DILAPI MM. Antigenic potency in man of the specific polysaccharides of types I and V pneumococcus and their products of alkaline degradation. Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 66: 145-9. PMID 14814298  0.01
1950 Heidelberger M, Macleod CM, Markowitz H, Roe AS. IMPROVED METHODS FOR THE PREPARATION OF THE SPECIFIC POLYSACCHARIDES OF PNEUMOCOCCUS. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 91: 341-9. PMID 19871711 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.91.4.341  0.01
1950 MacLEOD CM, KRAUS MR. Relation of virulence of pneumococcal strains for mice to the quantity of capsular polysaccharide formed in vitro. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 92: 1-9. PMID 15422092  0.01
1950 STOLLERMAN GH, BERNHEIMER AW, MacLEOD CM. The association of lipoproteins with the inhibition of streptolysin S by serum. The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 29: 1636-45. PMID 14794795 DOI: 10.1172/JCI102408  0.01
1949 AUSTRIAN R, MacLEOD CM. Acquisition of M. protein by pneumococci through transformation reactions. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 89: 451-60. PMID 18124620  0.01
1949 AUSTRIAN R, MacLEOD CM. A type-specific protein from pneumococcus. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 89: 439-50. PMID 18113916  0.01
1948 HEIDELBERGER M, MacLEOD CM, DI LAPI MM. The human antibody response to simultaneous injection of six specific polysaccharides of pneumococcus. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 88: 369-72. PMID 18881495 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.88.3.369  0.01
1947 Macleod CM, Krauss MR. STEPWISE INTRATYPE TRANSFORMATION OF PNEUMOCOCCUS FROM R TO S BY WAY OF A VARIANT INTERMEDIATE IN CAPSULAR POLYSACCHARIDE PRODUCTION. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 86: 439-52. PMID 19871689  0.01
1947 Heidelberger M, Macleod CM, Hodges RG, Bernhard WG, di Lapi MM. ANTIBODY FORMATION IN MEN FOLLOWING INJECTION OF FOUR TYPE-SPECIFIC POLYSACCHARIDES OF PNEUMOCOCCUS. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 85: 227-30. PMID 19871610 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.85.3.227  0.01
1946 HEIDELBERGER M, MacLEOD CM. Antibody formation in volunteers following injection of pneumococci or their type-specific polysaccharides. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 83: 303-20. PMID 21019127 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.83.4.303  0.01
1946 HODGES RG, MacLEOD CM, BERNHARD WG. Epidemic pneumococcal pneumonia; pneumococcal carrier studies. American Journal of Hygiene. 44: 207-30. PMID 21003017 DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a119090  0.01
1946 HODGES RG, MacLEOD CM. Epidemic pneumococcal pneumonia; description of the epidemic. American Journal of Hygiene. 44: 183-92. PMID 21003015 DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a119088  0.01
1945 MacLEOD CM, HODGES RG. Prevention of pneumococcal pneumonia by immunization with specific capsular polysaccharides. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 82: 445-65. PMID 21006188  0.01
1945 Christensen LR, Macleod CM. A PROTEOLYTIC ENZYME OF SERUM: CHARACTERIZATION, ACTIVATION, AND REACTION WITH INHIBITORS. The Journal of General Physiology. 28: 559-83. PMID 19873436 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.28.6.559  0.01
1944 Avery OT, Macleod CM, McCarty M. STUDIES ON THE CHEMICAL NATURE OF THE SUBSTANCE INDUCING TRANSFORMATION OF PNEUMOCOCCAL TYPES : INDUCTION OF TRANSFORMATION BY A DESOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID FRACTION ISOLATED FROM PNEUMOCOCCUS TYPE III. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 79: 137-58. PMID 19871359 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.79.2.137  0.01
1942 Curnen EC, Macleod CM. THE EFFECT OF SULFAPYRIDINE UPON THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMMUNITY TO PNEUMOCOCCUS IN RABBITS. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 75: 77-92. PMID 19871170 DOI: 10.1084/jem.75.1.77  0.01
1941 Macleod CM, Avery OT. THE OCCURRENCE DURING ACUTE INFECTIONS OF A PROTEIN NOT NORMALLY PRESENT IN THE BLOOD : III. IMMUNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF THE C-REACTIVE PROTEIN AND ITS DIFFERENTIATION FROM NORMAL BLOOD PROTEINS. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 73: 191-200. PMID 19871072 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.73.2.191  0.01
1941 Macleod CM, Avery OT. THE OCCURRENCE DURING ACUTE INFECTIONS OF A PROTEIN NOT NORMALLY PRESENT IN THE BLOOD : II. ISOLATION AND PROPERTIES OF THE REACTIVE PROTEIN. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 73: 183-90. PMID 19871071 DOI: 10.1084/Jem.73.2.183  0.01
1941 Macleod CM, Mirick GS. Bacteriological Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Relation to Chemotherapy. American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health. 31: 34-8. PMID 18015366 DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.31.1.34  0.01
1940 Macleod CM. THE INHIBITION OF THE BACTERIOSTATIC ACTION OF SULFONAMIDE DRUGS BY SUBSTANCES OF ANIMAL AND BACTERIAL ORIGIN. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 72: 217-32. PMID 19871019 DOI: 10.1084/jem.72.3.217  0.01
1940 Macleod CM, Mirick GS, Curnen EC. Toxicity for Dogs of a Bactericidal Substance Derived from a Soil Bacillus Proceedings of the Society For Experimental Biology and Medicine. 43: 461-463. DOI: 10.3181/00379727-43-11232P  0.01
1939 Macleod CM. Metabolism of “Sulfapyridine-Fast” and Parent Strains of Pneumococcus Type I Proceedings of the Society For Experimental Biology and Medicine. 41: 215-218. DOI: 10.3181/00379727-41-10625P  0.01
1939 Macleod CM, Daddi G. A “Sulfapyridine-Fast” Strain of Pneumococcus Type I Proceedings of the Society For Experimental Biology and Medicine. 41: 69-71. DOI: 10.3181/00379727-41-10575P  0.01
1939 Macleod CM. Chemotherapy of pneumococcic pneumonia: Clinical lecture at st. louis session Journal of the American Medical Association. 113: 1405-1410. DOI: 10.1001/jama.1939.72800400006008a  0.01
1938 Dubos RJ, Macleod CM. THE EFFECT OF A TISSUE ENZYME UPON PNEUMOCOCCI. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 67: 791-7. PMID 19870755 DOI: 10.1084/jem.67.5.791  0.01
1938 Macleod CM, Hoagland CL, Beeson PB. THE USE OF THE SKIN TEST WITH THE TYPE SPECIFIC POLY-SACCHARIDES IN THE CONTROL OF SERUM DOSAGE IN PNEUMOCOCCAL PNEUMONIA. The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 17: 739-44. PMID 16694621 DOI: 10.1172/Jci101002  0.04
1937 MacLeod CM, Farr LE. Relation of the Carrier State to Pneumococcal Peritonitis in Young Children with the Nephrotie Syndrome Proceedings of the Society For Experimental Biology and Medicine. 37: 556-558. DOI: 10.3181/00379727-37-9639P  0.01
1937 Dubos RJ, MacLeod CM. Effect of a Heat-Resistant Enzyme Upon the Antigenicity of Pneumococci Proceedings of the Society For Experimental Biology and Medicine. 36: 696-697. DOI: 10.3181/00379727-36-9363P  0.01
1937 Horsfall FL, Goodner K, Macleod CM, Harris AH. Antipneumococcus rabbit serum as a therapeutic agent in lobar pneumonia Journal of the American Medical Association. 108: 1483-1490. DOI: 10.1001/jama.1937.02780180007003  0.01
1936 Horsfall FL, Goodner K, Macleod CM. TYPE SPECIFIC ANTIPNEUMOCOCCUS RABBIT SERUM. Science (New York, N.Y.). 84: 579-81. PMID 17748598 DOI: 10.1126/science.84.2191.579  0.01
Show low-probability matches.